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Billionaires With Big Ideas Are Privatizing American Science

Billionaires With Big Ideas Are Privatizing American Science

A decade ago, Anousheh Ansari, a Texas engineer who made a fortune in telecommunications, financed a $10 million prize competition for the first private craft that could send three people into space. Her success spawned a boom. Private donors now back dozens of science awards, and the government offers hundreds of its own, motivated, according to a White House study, “by the success of philanthropic and private sector prizes.”

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Journal of American Science 2014;10(5)

Journal of American Science 2014;10(5)

Abstract: Introduction: Code Blue training is essential for nurses, as nurses often discover the patients of in- hospital cardiac arrest. Aim: the study aims to investigate the effect of frequent application of Code Blue training program on the performance of pediatric nurses. Material and Method: Quasi-experimental design was used. Simple randomization sampling of 22 pediatric nurses who are working in pediatric inpatient departments at King Fahad Hospital of University composed the study subjects. Observation checklist of pediatric nurses’ performance and the training program were developed by the researcher according to American Heart Association guidelines, 2011 and Hospital Policy for Code Blue. The study subjects received the training program for three times in two weeks interval. Nurses’ performance of Code Blue was assessed before and after each session. Results: It is revealed from the present study that frequent Code Blue training program enhances the performance of pediatric nurses. This upward trend is evidenced by the statistical significant differences in nurses’ performance before and after each session of the training program implementation (first session Z=4.109/ p<0.001, second session Z= 4.116/ p < 0.001, third session Z=4.024/ p < 0.001). Additionally, significant differences were demonstrated between the first and second sessions, and between the second and third sessions [(before Z=4.114/ p <0.001, after Z=3.511/ p <0.001), (before Z= 3.966 / p <0.001, after Z= 3.542/ p <0.001) respectively]. Conclusion and Recommendation: the frequent application of Code Blue training program enhances the performance of the pediatric nurses, and it is recommended from this study that pediatric nurses should attend Code Blue training frequently.
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Journal of American Science 2015;11(2)

Journal of American Science 2015;11(2)

of the bone-implant interface and so reduce implant loading (Ciftçi and Canay 2000). The results of the present study showed that zirconium prosthetic material receive[r]

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The Jeremiad in American Science Fiction Literature, 1890-1970

The Jeremiad in American Science Fiction Literature, 1890-1970

This somewhat modifies the American jeremiad’s initial formula, which posited the New World as a redemptive outpost for the rest of the world (that is, Europe, but the scope increased alongside the United States’ imperial ambitions). As we saw earlier, Bercovitch holds the jeremiad in deep suspicion because it transmutes dissent from the status quo into an affirmation of American exceptionalism. But the language of nation, as Glaude argues, was a way for the African-American jeremiad of the eighteenth and nineteenth centuries to articulate political critique: to demand that the nation honor its founding promise and to exhort the public to positive, material action to fulfill that promise. In his own exegesis of the American prophetic literary tradition, George Shulman acknowledges the divisive role of the jeremiad, but argues that “we should also resist the fantasy of escaping the nation, which still is the organizing center of political life,” since American prophets “invoke and trouble national political identity by dramatizing what is costly, fantastical, and fateful in it” (25, emphasis in original). Part of the price paid by the United States, in Du Bois’s vision, was the human cost of empire: a cost dramatized by America’s legacy of slavery, Jim Crow laws, and social apartheid. Though often dramatized by images drawn from the national mythos, the America of
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That Does Not Compute: Unpacking the Fembot in American Science Fiction.

That Does Not Compute: Unpacking the Fembot in American Science Fiction.

Dale “Diz” Coba, the mastermind of the Stepford operation, takes the Cold War-era advertising concept of “dynamic obsolescence” (D. Halberstam 127) to another level. His consumerist ideology amidst an industry-created need to constantly upgrade one’s high tech appliances and status symbols is the motivation for his invention of commodity wives. When Joanna asks, desperately, why she should be murdered and replaced with a robot double, Dale Coba replies, arrogantly, “Because we can.” If you have the resources to elevate women to the “next stage,” why wouldn’t you use them? Diz sees himself as another in the great tradition of American know-how, the same mix of moxy and skill that lead to a man on the moon six years earlier. Diz, himself middle-aged and unmarried, has successfully assembled a group of skilled men with specialized knowledge and access to all of the most up-to-date technologies. With his singular vision, Diz takes pride in his accomplishment as a feat of know-how, not a cruel
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Journal of American Science 2014;10(7) Egypt.

Journal of American Science 2014;10(7) Egypt.

The purpose of this study is to present our experience with laparoscopic management for ovarian torsion in children and adolescent with a focus on the procedures of adnexal conservation[r]

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apsa Political Science An Ideal Liberal Arts Major the american political science association

apsa Political Science An Ideal Liberal Arts Major the american political science association

To pursue the study of politics further, you can take advanced under- graduate courses about specific institutions, policies, and aspects of political life in the United States, other nations or internationally. Political science majors select courses that interest and prepare them for either (a) profes- sional or graduate education, (e.g law school, business school, or graduate studies in political science or related fields of public policy, public admin- istration, and international relations); or (b) careers that can be entered with a B.A. degree (e.g ranging from serving as a legislative assistant to serving as an aid worker in Mozambique).
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American Journal of Marine Science

American Journal of Marine Science

Approximately all the true mangrove species (four Species) and its associates that have been recorded from Nigeria, occurs in Asarama - Andoni mangal estuary in Rivers State parts of[r]

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Science, Technology, and American Diplomacy: Background and Issues for Congress

Science, Technology, and American Diplomacy: Background and Issues for Congress

Bureau of Oceans and International Environmental and Scientific Affairs (OES) OES coordinates international S&T cooperative activities throughout the federal government. 8 Within OES is the Health, Space, and Science Directorate, which works with federal agencies on S&T policy issues. 9 In addition, some U.S. embassies have bilateral Environment, Science, Technology, and Health foreign service officers. Embassies may host their own country-specific activities such as joint research grants, junior scientist visit grants, events, and workshops. Some have a joint board that includes both scientists from the host country as well as government scientists to oversee these activities. 10 There are also “hubs” that focus on environmental issues on a regional basis.
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The Science of Error: Mesmerism and American Fiction, 1784-1890

The Science of Error: Mesmerism and American Fiction, 1784-1890

Four periodical abridgements of the Franklin report, each of which was reprinted multiple times in different locations along the Atlantic coast, determined the bulk of what American readers would have encountered. The first group of redactions includes many printings of an article patterned after a Charleston, SC piece of February 1785, "Extract of a Letter from a Gentleman at Paris" [3]. The first appearance of this article is in a London paper in 1784: "A Wanderer." However, the numerous subsequent American printings for the most part take the Charleston essay as their source. This article appeared in early 1785 in Philadelphia; Providence; Falmouth, MA; Newburyport, MA; Salem, Hartford, CT; Burlington, NJ and elsewhere. A second, smaller group of newspapers gave a more detailed redaction of the report, including direct quotations from Mesmer's own work. This article appeared in Boston in 1785 as "Account of the Report of the Committee" 163-66, and was also printed in Worcester and New Haven periodicals. Thirdly, two nearly identical articles on Mesmer's "pretended discovery" gave the Franklin report extensive treatment, appearing in New York and Philadelphia in the summer of 1785: see "Animal Magnetism!" [Supplement 1]. Finally, a fourth set of articles, detailing the Franklin commission's experiments and their results, also appeared that summer in New York, Philadelphia, Boston, and Salem: see "Following Are the Principal Experiments" [Supplement 1].
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Liminal identity in contemporary American

television science fiction

Liminal identity in contemporary American television science fiction

embody absence and a mere object for male desire whereas, a man, as the perceiving subject, embodies presence. 27 Furthermore, in addition to the symbolising of loss, the process of menstruation involves the dissolution of boundaries demarcating the interior and exterior of the human body and would, therefore, appear to be an isomorphic equivalent of the concept of liminality itself, which is often construed simultaneously as emasculating and threatening. As Dawn Heinecken asserts,“the boundaries of the female body are flexible, permeable, more easily threatened with invasion than the tightly contained male body; at the same time the very liminality of the female body is threatening, evoking anxieties about mortality” (Heinecken 2003, 137). This convergence of womanhood, penetrability and absence emerges as a recurrent theme in cultural representations of femininity, with the bodily processes involving loss often cited as a reason why this confluence. Although the shared sex of each of the female unliving protagonists in my chosen texts would appear to support this theory, in Chapter Five I draw upon the work of Judith Butler (Butler 1990; 1993) to question whether this kind of biologically essentialist argument is actually helpful or theoretically sound. Suffice to say here that, at least superficially, as far as the representation of unliving protagonists in American television Science
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The Role of Chinese American Librarians in Library and Information Science Diversity

The Role of Chinese American Librarians in Library and Information Science Diversity

In many studies on race and ethnic diversity in LIS, the attention has been focused on recruitment or retention; for example, Kim’s study on recruiting LIS students of color (2008) and Riley-Reid’s literature review on retention issues of library faculty of color (2017). The starting point of these researches is from the perspective of the organization. There are some studies from individuals’ perceptions; for example, Vinopal’s ClimateQUAL study on staff perceptions about the organization’s climate (2016) and Alabi’s research on racial microaggression (2015). As studies about the diversity have become central to LIS, “[i]dentifying research opportunities related to diversity and underrepresented populations can occur in numerous ways. Any specific population can serve as the starting point for research” (Jaeger, Bertot, & Franklin, 2010, p. 177). Inspired by ALA’s diversity agenda, the authors attempt to explore diversity issues related to Chinese American librarians. The literature review reveals that with bilingual and bicultural backgrounds, Chinese American librarians have played a key service role to Chinese communities and LIS within the U.S. and have acted as a bridge between mainstream American culture and the Chinese culture to fill language and cultural gaps (Jiang, 2012, p. 11; Liu, 2001, p. 59; Zhao, 2012, p. 12; Zhou, 2003, p. 18). However, a review of the literature on LIS diversity shows a rather limited discussion of diversity programs involving Chinese American librarians. It is hoped that this study will fill in the gap by gathering evidence about diversity initiatives engaged in by CALA members and facilitating further discussion about how the role of Chinese American librarians in diversity efforts can be improved.
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The Evolution of Science in a Latin-American Country: Genetics and Genomics in Brazil

The Evolution of Science in a Latin-American Country: Genetics and Genomics in Brazil

A list similar to that of Table 4 is given in Table 5, regarding molecular medical genetics/genomics in Brazil. The list is even more incomplete than that of Table 3, but gives infor- mation about research being carried out in eight cities, by 38 investigators. Medical genetics/genomics is thriving in Brazil; these workers have their own national society and are engaged in a large number of research projects. Two international networks should be mentioned: the Latin American Study of Congenital Malformations (ECLAMC in the Spanish denomination), coordinated in Rio de Janeiro and Buenos Aires by Eduardo E. Castilla and Iêda Orioli; and the Latin American Reference Center for Inborn Errors of Metabolism, headed by Roberto Giugliani in Porto Alegre. Both have been operating for several decades now, and their results have furnished important data for these two areas of study.
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HEALTHY PEOPLE LIBRARY PROJECT. American Association for the Advancement of Science. HIVand AIDS. The Science Inside

HEALTHY PEOPLE LIBRARY PROJECT. American Association for the Advancement of Science. HIVand AIDS. The Science Inside

For more than two decades, the best minds in the world of science and medicine have tried valiantly to develop a vaccine to stamp out AIDS, arguably one of the most dreaded and mysterious diseases in history. And although significant scientific and medical breakthroughs have emerged, a vaccine— and, eventually, a cure—for AIDS remains elusive. Yet, rather than feeling embattled, a large fellowship of researchers the world over continues to believe that a vaccination against HIV transmission is within reach. Their methods differ, but they are united in their commit- ment to conducting cutting-edge research that will finally put an end to the disease. Some researchers focus on closely examining the virus itself in culture cells in the laboratory. Others rely on protocols using adult volun- teers. Still others, like Dr. Louis Picker, are convinced that the answer to the problem of AIDS lies with primates, the group of animals that includes monkeys, gorillas, and humans.
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Sports Experiences as Funds of Knowledge for Science: College Students’ Ideas about Science in American Football

Sports Experiences as Funds of Knowledge for Science: College Students’ Ideas about Science in American Football

When science instruction harnesses students’ funds of knowledge as assets, several positive outcomes result. These include improving learning outcomes (Barton & Tan, 2009) and increasing interest and participation (Cowie, Jones, & Otrel-Cass, 2011; Rohandi & Md Zain, 2011). When these funds of knowledge are coupled with authentic science inquiry projects, researchers have also noted gains such as a greater sense of academic agency, opportunities to gain expertise, and increased identification with science (Rivera Maulucci, Brown, Grey, & Sullivan, 2014). The supportive environment that values students’ funds of knowledge has even improved in- and out- of-class behaviors and improved student and teacher relationships (Rohandi & Md Zain, 2011). Finally, the opportunity for often-marginalized students to become experts and share their experiences with other class members can increase student self-efficacy and pride in their culture (Stevens, Andrade, & Page, 2016). Thus, by tapping into students’ funds of knowledge, instructors can both improve content understand and empower their students as learners.
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American Journal of Police Science:  Legal Abstracts and Notes

American Journal of Police Science: Legal Abstracts and Notes

Their convictions based upon their confessions obtained as a result of the questioning were reversed by the Supreme Court which held inadmissible the confessions made by the accused whil[r]

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American Journal of Sports Science and Medicine

American Journal of Sports Science and Medicine

Biomechanics is essentially the study of forces and their effects on living bodies. It is the physics of human motion. Biomechanics is the branch of science concerned with understanding the interrelationship of structures and functions of living things, with respect to the kinematics and kinetics of motion [1]. Biomechanics in sport incorporates a detailed analysis of sport movements in order to minimize the risk of injury and improve sports performance [2].It is also refers to the description, detailed analysis and assessment of human movement during sport activities [3]. Kinematics describes motion, including the pattern and speed of movement sequencing by the body segment, which often translates to the degree of coordination an individual displays, while kinetics studies the actions of forces associated with motion [4]. Sport kinematics analysis studies the positions, angles, velocities and accelerations of body segments and joints Athletes and coaches are always striving to reach peak performance. The current available evidence suggests that the use of technology makes it possible for coaches to provide their athletes with the best possible opportunities to achieve maximal performance [5]. There are skeletal, muscular and neurological considerations we also need to consider when describing biomechanics.
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American Journal of Materials Science and Engineering

American Journal of Materials Science and Engineering

- recycled aggregates of fine fraction (recycled sand) and coarse (recycled gravel) from fresh concrete of toupie.. A cement: CEMII / 32.5 R CE NF from Calcia Bussac meeting the Frenc[r]

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American Journal of Materials Science and Engineering

American Journal of Materials Science and Engineering

The objective of this work is on the one hand to study the inhibition properties of two antidiabetic drugs; tolbutamide and gliclazide as an aluminium inhibitor corrosion in 1M acid[r]

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American Journal of Materials Science and Engineering

American Journal of Materials Science and Engineering

Abstract The behavior of S235 metal, a general purpose metal construction material in Senegal, has been studied in perchloric acid solution in the presence of gum arabic from Senega[r]

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