ancient Middle East’s

Top PDF ancient Middle East’s:

Concept of Leadership in the Ancient History and Its Effects on the Middle East

Concept of Leadership in the Ancient History and Its Effects on the Middle East

Abstract This paper is not written for political reasons. This study presents the perceptions about how the communities lived in the Middle East, which has been the center for religious, economic and political conflicts throughout history and how it has been ruled since the ancient times and how they can be ruled today. The aim of the study is to reveal the origins of the lifestyle of Middle Eastern people whom have only been gathered together under the hegemony of a leader. The Sumerian community, who has organized city kingdoms, formed the first legal state structure that puts the governor to the center and accordingly was the earliest monarchic kingdom system in history. By the invention of writing and the development of transportation, multinational states like the Akkadian Dynasty which ruled over large areas, has rapidly prospered. All the states which have been established in the Middle East following the Akkadian Dynasty were ruled by the monarchy system. The leaders, who hold the political and military power in the Middle East, had un-reachable place upon the people’s minds. When compared with communities living in the other regions of the world, people of the Middle East are closer to the decentralizing thought system. This study, tries to give answers within the limits of the article, to such questions as “Who is a leader for the Middle Eastern people?”, “What are the characteristics of a leader for the Middle Eastern people?” and “Can a leader be democratic?”
Show more

9 Read more

Ancient Migratory Events in the Middle East: New Clues from the Y-Chromosome Variation of Modern Iranians

Ancient Migratory Events in the Middle East: New Clues from the Y-Chromosome Variation of Modern Iranians

Population samples from the following neighbouring countries/ regions were used for comparison: Ethiopian Amhara (ETA, N = 48), Ethiopian Oromo (ETO, N = 78) [18]; Iraqi from Baghdad (IRQ, N = 154) [19], [20]; Sardinian (SARD, N = 520) [21]; Tunisian (TUN, N = 148) [22]; Central Turkish (C-TK, N = 152), Eastern Turkish (E-TK, N = 208), Western Turkish (W- TK, N = 163) [23]; Arab from Egypt (EG-A, N = 147), Omani (OMA, N = 121) [3]; Austro-Asiatic Indian (IND-AA, N = 64), Dravidian Indian (IND-D, N = 353), Indo-European Indian (IND- IE, N = 224), Tibeto-Burman Indian (IND-TB, N = 87), Burush- aski Pakistani (PAK-B, N = 20), Dravidian Pakistani (PAK-D, N = 25), Indo-European Pakistani (PAK-IE, N = 132) [24]; United Arab Emirates (UAE, N = 164), Yemeni (YEM, N = 62), Qatari (QAT, N = 72) [25]; Saudi Arabian (SAR, N = 157) [26]; Albanian and Former Yugoslavia Republic of Macedonia Albanian (ALB, N = 119), Balkarian (BK, N = 38), Bosnia-Erzegovinian (BOS, N = 255) Croatian (CRO, N = 118), Czech (CZE, N = 75), Georgian (GEO, N = 66), Greek (GRE, N = 149), Hungarian (HUG, N = 53), North-East Italian (NEI, N = 67), Polish (POL, N = 99), Slovenian (SLV, N = 75), Ukrainian (UKR, N = 92) [27]; Iraqi Marsh Arab (IRM, N = 143) [20]; South-West Altaian (SW- ALT, N = 30), South-East Altaian (SE-ALT, N = 89) [28]; North Afghanistan (N-AF, N = 44), South Afghanistan (S-AF, N = 146) [29].
Show more

15 Read more

Higher Education in the Middle East:
Opportunities and Challenges for U.S. Universities and Middle East Partners

Higher Education in the Middle East: Opportunities and Challenges for U.S. Universities and Middle East Partners

In addition to questions over the role that money, grants, and profits play in this process, are concerns I hold regarding the delicate historic and contemporary relationship between the peoples of the Middle East and the United States. The Middle East has much to gain from close ties with the United States and so to0 does the United States have much to gain and learn. While “American-styled universities” where “English is the mode of instruction” may be a major draw in the region, there are costs associated with these terms and wishes. In the long term the Middle East will be best served through the maintenance and flourishing of Omani, Kuwaiti, Jordanian, Egyptian Universities among many others. American universities may always have a role to play, but the Middle East is its own unique region with ancient cultures and traditions. These cultures and traditions have much to offer the world and we should be cautions of the role American universities may have in potentially altering or filtering how students from the Middle East view themselves and their national identities.
Show more

24 Read more

The Middle East is now a changing

The Middle East is now a changing

Turkey’’s contribution to Middle East security can be analyzed under two main categories. First, Turkey is emerging as a role model in the Middle East. This does not imply a hegemonic relationship but rather points toward an alternative path for reform and economic development. There are two competing systems in this part of the world: the EU system associated with peace, democracy and economic develop- ment, and the Middle Eastern system characterized by instability, authoritarianism and economic stagnation. Turkey’’s reform process showed that the latter is not an unavoidable destiny for the countries of the region and raised hopes for consigning the chaos and instability in a number of coun- tries to the dustbin. In this respect, Syria and Iran highly appreciate Turkey’’s EU membership process and consider a European Turkey as a model for develop- ing their own relations with the EU. Turkey has also demonstrated that the twin
Show more

9 Read more

Auxiliaries at war in the Middle East

Auxiliaries at war in the Middle East

In a BBC Radio Four interview on 9 October, UK Defence Secretary Michael Fallon declared that the war against Islamic State (IS) in the Middle East ‘can only be won on the ground, but it can also only be won by a home army, not by America or Britain’. According to Fallon, this was the main lesson to be learned from recent Western interventions in Iraq and in Afghanistan, where occupation by Western forces had ostensibly triggered full-blown insurgencies. Rather than deploying ground forces, the West should restrict its role to training and

31 Read more

Middle East respiratory syndrome

Middle East respiratory syndrome

17. Korea Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Corrigen- dum to “Middle East Respiratory Syndrome Coronavirus Out- break in the Republic of Korea, 2015” [Volume 6, Issue 4, August 2015, 269-278]. Osong Public Health Res Perspect 2016; 7: 138. 18. World Health Organization. Infection prevention and con- trol during health care for probable or confirmed cases of Mid- dle East respiratory syndrome coronavirus (MERS-CoV) infec- tion. June 4, 2015 (http://apps .who .int/ iris/ bitstream/ 10665/ 174652/ 1/ WHO_MERS_IPC_15 .1_eng .pdf?ua=1).

11 Read more

Middle East: Scenarios and Dynamics

Middle East: Scenarios and Dynamics

Middle East has become, since decades, a crucial region in the international system for political, geostrategic and economical reasons. Whether you are working in private sector, journalism, NGOs, public agencies or consultancies, you’ll increasingly have the need to acquire specific competences to face the challenges arising from working with this fascinating yet complex area.

8 Read more

NEGOTIATING MIDDLE EAST PEACE

NEGOTIATING MIDDLE EAST PEACE

Walter Laqueur and Barry Rubin, eds., The Israel-Arab Reader: A Documentary History of the Middle East Conflict (New York: Penguin Books, 2001), 6 th edition?. Quandt, Peace Process[r]

6 Read more

Haward Technology Middle East

Haward Technology Middle East

Haward Technology Middle East will award 1.8 CEUs (Continuing Education Units) or 18 PDHs (Professional Development Hours) for participants who completed the total tuition hours of this program. One CEU is equivalent to ten Professional Development Hours (PDHs) or ten contact hours of the participation in and completion of Haward Technology programs. A permanent record of a participant’s involvement and awarding of CEU will be maintained by Haward Technology. Haward Technology will provide a copy of the participant’s CEU and PDH Transcript of Records upon request.
Show more

8 Read more

The sectarian revolution in the Middle East

The sectarian revolution in the Middle East

often so, their own identities were not necessarily sectarian, because it was understood to work in mobilizing followers and demonizing enemies. Regimes framed the threat from the ‘Other’ in sectarian terms, oppositions then relied on militant sectarian discourse to mobilize fighters and fighting spirit (to make up for their usually inferior weaponry) and regimes were then pushed to rely more and more on defensive sectarian asabiyya. But what has made this elite and counter-elite instrumentalization of sectarianism, that for many years had failed to move the Arab street, so potent that it rapidly polarized the mass grass roots, increasing squeezing out all those in the middle? What had changed was the unprecedented wave of state failures unleashed by the uprisings inside several states – Iraq, Syria, Libya, Yemen – in which central governments lost their monopoly of legitimate violence to armed oppositions and lost control of swathes of territory as well as their ability to deliver security and services on which citizen loyalty was contingent. 18
Show more

19 Read more

The Middle East Quartet of Mediators: Understanding Multiparty Mediation in the Middle East Peace Process

The Middle East Quartet of Mediators: Understanding Multiparty Mediation in the Middle East Peace Process

Taken together, previous research in peacemaking, negotiation, mediation, the Palestinian-Israeli peace process, and US foreign policy goes a long way toward answering the question of [r]

320 Read more

Rail PPP s in the Middle East. MEED Presentation 27 September 2005

Rail PPP s in the Middle East. MEED Presentation 27 September 2005

Æ Arrangers of debt and equity for infrastructure projects Æ The joint venture is already engaged on infrastructure projects in the region Æ Team on the ground experienced in transport including rail – eg Seoul Subway No 9 and Yongin LRT in S Korea, London Underground PPP in the UK

13 Read more

Europe, Africa & The Middle East. EAME Support Services User s Guide

Europe, Africa & The Middle East. EAME Support Services User s Guide

Anyone from a covered customer site may place a call to the Micros-Fidelio or authorized Distributor Support Center to request support. However, it is recommended that one or more Property Experts be identified as needed at each site that will act as a Primary Contact. Each support site has designated Primary Contact(s) linked to each customer site record in our call tracking database. Primary Contacts are usually more senior staff who are knowledgeable about the installed Micros or Micros-Fidelio software and/or hardware and how it is used in the customer specific environment.
Show more

24 Read more

Seeking stability: Israel s approach to Middle East and North África - Analysis

Seeking stability: Israel s approach to Middle East and North África - Analysis

The   campaign   (ongoing   at   the   time   of   writing)   for   the   March   2015   Israeli   parliamentary   elections   has   been   largely   fought   over   economic   and   hard-­‐security   issues.   Still   some   Israeli   politicians   have   debated   the   merits   and   flaws   of   the   post-­‐2011   MENA   policies.   Opposition   leaders  have  questioned  the  lack  of  urgency  in  dealing  with  the  Israeli-­‐Palestinian  conflict,  and   the  absence  of  a  pro-­‐active  diplomatic  strategy  towards  the  region.  New  political  leadership   may  lead  to  a  re-­‐evaluation  of  some  of  the  pro-­‐status  quo  and  pro-­‐stability  assumptions  that   have  guided  Israeli  foreign  policy  so  far.  However,  it  is  more  likely  that  continuity,  rather  than   change,  will  define  the  overall  strategy  of  the  next  government  of  Israel  towards  the  Middle   East  and  North  Africa.  
Show more

8 Read more

Frontier Specialty coffee s emergence in China, India, the Middle East and Russia

Frontier Specialty coffee s emergence in China, India, the Middle East and Russia

In the Middle East, “the scene is all about franchises, which become the safer bet for getting tourists and locals through the doors,” says Rosco Franklin, Coffee Planet’s roastmaster. “The general standard of coffees here is still not high, but more people, led by Western expats and Western-oriented brands, are learning more about quality in their cup. Roasteries like us have a job to do, and we feel we are playing an important role in the development of specialty coffee consumption.”

7 Read more

Middle East Banking & Finance

Middle East Banking & Finance

Latham & Watkins is a leading Middle East and global legal adviser involved on complex regional and international corporate insolvencies, restructurings and workouts. The firm’s regional restructuring and insolvency group works seamlessly with “front end” finance and corporate specialists to advise corporations, banks, creditors’ committees, hedge funds, sponsors, insurance companies and other financial institutions on cohesive strategic approaches to workouts, restructurings and bankruptcy cases ranging from single asset debtors to large multi-national corporate insolvencies.
Show more

11 Read more

Middle East Regional Office

Middle East Regional Office

The Middle East Regional Offi ce (MERO) of the Offi ce of Inspector General (OIG) initiated this work under the authority of the Inspector General Act of 1978, as amended, due to concerns about the Department’s exercise of control over the performance of security contractors. In particular, the Bureau of Diplomatic Se- curity was concerned that Triple Canopy’s training records were not suffi cient to determine whether its personnel were properly trained. Overall, the objectives of this review were to determine: (1) the requirements and provisions of the contract; (2) whether contract performance measures have been established and are being achieved; (3) how well the Department has administered the contract to provide proper oversight of Triple Canopy’s performance in Baghdad, Iraq; (4) whether the contract is being effectively managed; (5) the suffi ciency of Triple Canopy’s training, qualifi cation, and personnel records for security guards, supervisors, and managers supporting the contract in Baghdad, Iraq; and (6) whether Department contracts include FAR clause 52.222-50, which provides for termination of a contract if the contractor engages in severe forms of traffi cking in persons.
Show more

59 Read more

Haward Technology Middle East

Haward Technology Middle East

Haward Technology Middle East will award 3.0 CEUs (Continuing Education Units) or 30 PDHs (Professional Development Hours) for participants who completed the total tuition hours of this program. One CEU is equivalent to ten Professional Development Hours (PDHs) or ten contact hours of the participation in and completion of Haward Technology programs. A permanent record of a participant’s involvement and awarding of CEU will be maintained by Haward Technology. Haward Technology will provide a copy of the participant’s CEU and PDH Transcript of Records upon request.
Show more

7 Read more

Haward Technology Middle East

Haward Technology Middle East

Haward Technology Middle East will award 3.0 CEUs (Continuing Education Units) or 30 PDHs (Professional Development Hours) for participants who completed the total tuition hours of this program. One CEU is equivalent to ten Professional Development Hours (PDHs) or ten contact hours of the participation in and completion of Haward Technology programs. A permanent record of a participant’s involvement and awarding of CEU will be maintained by Haward Technology. Haward Technology will provide a copy of the participant’s CEU and PDH Transcript of Records upon request.
Show more

9 Read more

Economic Development in the Middle East

Economic Development in the Middle East

Bush outlined the necessary steps to achieve greater development in the MENA region in his so called Greater Middle East Initiative. The document suggested methods to promote political freedom, equality for women, access to education, advancement to greater openness in the MENA region, creation of free trade zones in the region, new financing for small businesses and helping in overseeing elections (Brezinski, 2004). However, the Initiative received a negative reaction from Arab nations, especially as a result of the ongoing conflict in Iraq (Dinmore and Khalaf, 2004, Holland, 2004, IMF, 2004). Increased violence has caused international companies to scale back their investments in Iraq leaving the U.S. to carry most of the burden to rebuild the country in time for the transfer of sovereignty from the U.S.-led coalition to an interim Iraqi government by June 2004 (The Economist Intelligence Unit, 2004B).
Show more

38 Read more

Show all 10000 documents...