Apulu and Emmanuel (2011) carried empirical study to investigate reasons for non-utilization of ICT by SMEs in Nigeria. The found that majority of Nigeria SMEs utilizes basic ICT such as word processing, fixed landlines, printers and fax machines but rarely use the computer for advance, functions such as business analysis, planning and decision making. There are other key factors that inhibit these SMEs from effectively utilizing ICT in their various business, electricity and infrastructural inadequacy. Oladejo, et al. (2014) carried out an empirical study to investigate the Strength of ICT adoption on performance of food and beverages SMEs operation. Data collected were coded and analyzed using frequency table and simple percentage while non-parametric statistic test, ANOVA was used to text the formulated hypothesis using SPSS analysis package. The study concludes that ICT has a positive effect on the performance of selected SMEs in food, fruit drink and beverages firms operation in Nigeria. Mahmoud, Umar and Usman (2014) examine the implication of information and commutation technology (ICT) infrastructure in Nigeria SME, the study employs opinion survey. Analysis of data was conducted using tables and charts. They found that SMEs in Nigeria did not seem to be acquiring relevant ICT infrastructures. La, (2007) investigated the factor inhibiting ICT diffusion and intensive utilization, he found that one of the major factor is poor physical infrastructure.
The student survey consisted of ten multiple choice questions. Each multiple choice question contained options ranging from (A) to (G). Participants selected the most correct answer from their point of view. It was a prerequisite to answers all questions on the survey, as failure to do so voided the respondent’s participation. Three out of the ten multiple choice questions in the survey had “other” as an option with a corresponding space for a written comment. The option of “other” was only selected and filled out when the answers provided were not sufficient or more detail was required. There were no right or wrong answers as the perceptions and opinions of the participants were of the utmost importance. A total of 195 students participated in the survey. All participants were enrolled in an IT degree or computing related course at the tertiary institution in Nigeria. Participation was entirely optional and made known to all respondent. Students from the Federal University of Technology ,Minna, the Federal University of Technology,Akure and state College of Education Minna, formed the sample set. Students completed the survey in a paper based hard copy survey. The paper based hardcopy surveys were submitted as optional participation and completed after the student’s lectures and/or tutorials of their relevant IT courses. A brief summary of the major statistics and findings for each question from the survey are as follows:
It is important to notice that motor oil does not wear out, it becomes contaminated after a cycle of use. A proper treatment technology allows to remove priority pollutants (polyaromatic hydrocarbons, toxic metals, chlorinated hydrocarbons) from used oil, so used motor oil can be re-refined to base lubricating oil, processed into fuel oil or applied as a stocks for petroleum-based production.
Older day’s web system mainly deals large collection of documents whereas recently documents always linked or embedded with lot of collection of multimedia documents with different types of files, heterogeneous data such as images, videos, audios. Millions of web pages are added every day and million of others are modified or deleted. The main aim of web content mining is knowledge discovery. While retrieval of data is difficult so that we need to find different new algorithms used to improve the system and also recent days we are using multilevel data bases , multidimensional data bases and web query systems. Most of the popular algorithms are used only numeric, character, text data types. The use of multimedia data is complicated or not suitable for current system, all the above most of the proposed algorithms are not fulfilling the requirements for web technology. All present web pages are Dynamic nature so data base cannot be assumed to be static. Most of the previous Content management support algorithms more flexible to static, while we use dynamic it’s require new suitable algorithm. The traditional way of retrieving images from data bases is to assign text annotations to image data. Presently we are using different types of data bases like Web site image database, web site text data base, web site video data base, web site image text data bases. On this finding or improving new filtering approaches is necessary to improve web multimedia meta data bases otherwise it leads poor interpretability of mining result.
some women may not access ICT and so may not contribute to socio-economic development. There is, therefore, the need to lower costs and introduce regional tarrifs to mitigate the bais (Hafkin, 2002). More, the continued insistence on standards like we saw last year in Kenya [in which most Chinese phones which permit access to the internet were banned] may mean that cheap mobile phones may soon be out of the market and so most women and men with low income will not have access to them. Hafkin, (2007) insists that there is need to analyze who needs ICT and for what purpose in the event that choices are made. It is also vital that user-friendly technology be supported especially for those who are illiterate. In terms of location, most cybercafés, like those in Migori town, are centered on the main highway [Migori-Isebania] that crosses the town. More, users of these cybercafés are predominantly young male adults who frequent these facilities for several reasons; among them being to watch pornography. It is therefore difficult for girls and women who are expected to be prudent to visit these cafes for the fear of being mistaken. A typical example is one cybercafé owned by a Christian. The cybercafé is located behind the shops along Migori-Isebania road. Given its location and because it allows for privacy, it is mostly visited by middle aged male and female adults. However, culturally, frequent visit to these kind of cybers by women may not be welcomed as the public domain is a male preserve. Hence, women’s mobility in the public domain is restricted. There is, therefore, the need for internet content regulation to mitigate this prejudice alongside awareness advocacy in planning and implementing infrastructure (Hafkin, 2002).
marginalization, as well as to reinforce inclusive practices, solidarity, and social inclusion, considering the difference as an expression of life and human singularity. Conte,Ourique e Basegio (2017) state that, through this perspective, the ATs can expand the possibilities of autonomy and social interaction, enhancing participation in society as a fundamental right of any human being. According to Marcelino e Pilon (2016), even though it seems simple, the process of choosing an equipment of assistance that provides conditions to improve the performance and execution of a daily activity can be extremely difficult. All needs and difficulties faced by the user have to be taken into consideration, all along with the conditions of the environment and the family or possible caregiver. Altogether, these factors define whether the AT will be actually effective and successful or not. Da Costa et al (2015) describe that there are several factors interconnected that lead to giving up on the use of the AT, such as overweight, uncomfortable design, function, mobility and access limitations and transportation issues. In addition to an interdisciplinary approach, the professional must analyze the user of an assistive technology from different points of view,
Prensky (2001) defined the generation born before 1980 as “digital immigrants” and the others “digital natives”, but this study showed that most of the participants in this study disagreed with Prensky and proposed another term between these two which was suitable for their condition. But, they added that their students were digital natives and technology competent because they learnt how to use a new application faster than participants and the older generations. According to Bennett (2012), researchers have not agreed on the differences between the digital natives and immigrants in terms of technology use and self-efficacy. Romero, Guitert, Sangra, and Bullen (2013) found few differences between the students born before 1982 and in or after 1982 in their use and preferences of m-ICT. They also added that these differences were caused by the use of ICT rather than their age. In this study, the majority of the participants indicated that there was no big difference between them and their students. According to them, their students were generally technology addicted but they did not know the appropriate use of technology in the courses. This finding is consistent with previous studies. Teo (2015) states that, for young people, technology is necessary and they think that they are technologically skilled based on their use of personal technologies. However, Keengwe (2007) found that students did not appropriately use available technologies in the educational environment although they were proficient in using many technologies for communication. Hence, Keengwe (2007) claims that students need direct instruction about technology use in education and faculty should model the appropriate use of technology in order to help students to perceive technology use as valuable. The participants in this study also emphasized this fact and complained about their students’ limited ability to use technology for educational purpose. They indicated that students could not use the technology in the educational setting appropriately. Thus, they explained the apps and demonstrated their usage in the class to the students in their lectures.
The increasing new technologies in our daily lives have affected most of socio-economic activities. In Nigeria, the educational system and standards at almost all levels were comparable to others within the developed World between 1970 to early 1990. However the decline in standard became obvious from late 1990. This is partly because over the past decades information and communication technology (ICT) system had drastically changed the techniques for teaching and learning, beliefs, values, culture, religion and entire way of life Agba (2001). The most relatively affected areas include education systems, commerce and industry, manufacturing process, and social system.
School is a privileged space where student builds the base of education. Nowadays education is everybody’s right, something that haven’t always happened is looking at the educational trajectory over time. One of main foundations for building and formation of individuals is reading that is able to value different languages exist in school space, they are originating from empirical relationship between individual and the where he is inserted in, expressing – so – origin and evolution of a people’s culture, in speaking or writing. National Curricular Parameters value speaking and writing learning in school because the human material is richer and mainly the most concrete meterial of a language and a people studying. A society identity can be studied and understood from its speakers in their real process of comunication, and school is the ideal space for changing and conviviality among people, where they position critically, give different opnion and make their world knowledge deeper from a communicative context which is offered by the language, what provides knowledge coherence and buldings and more thinking, dinamic and investigative actions in a educational and worldwide scenery in constant transformation in connection with innovation and technology.
allocation of resources; and coordination of different actions and actors that are involved in the S&T policy. Also authors such as Dasgupta and David (1994), Chalmers et al (2014), European Science Foundation (2013), acknowledge the importance of explicit priority setting exercise and argue that priority setting provides the basis for shared vision and long term research agenda. Furthermore, it is imperative to note that priority setting is crucial in the sense that it necessitates proper identification and integration of stakeholders. In addition, it is vital in ensuring the optimal utilization of the scarce resources. Priority setting is as significant to Ethiopia where STI activities are haphazardly coordinated the scant financial resources seriously constraining efforts in the area. The STI Policy (2010) identified areas of research and technology priorities to deal with the major socio-economic, political, legal and technological problems of the country. The document recognizes nine areas of research and technology priority programs that are enumerated as follows: (1) agricultural productivity improvement program, (2) Industrial Productivity and Quality Program, (3) Biotechnology; (4) Energy Technology; (5) Construction Technology; (6) Materials Technology; (7) Electronics and Micro-Electronics; (8) ICT and Telecommunications; (9) Water Technology.
Companies have been active in different areas like as industrial, service, technology, etc. Together with development of technology, companies began to benefit from advanced technology and equipment. Technology sector which is conducting activities on these technologies began to gain importance with each passing day. The sector has become a growing sector in the world and Turkey. Technology sector in the Turkey reached 83.1 billion TL by 18 percent growth in 2015. Research is expected to grow between 15-20% for this sector in Turkey (TUSIAD report, 2015). In 1980, the developments in information and communication technology offered many opportunities to business community. The share of trade of technology sector showed a very rapid increase until the 2000s. After the 2001 crisis, the sector recovered and time of sector was observed to 19% growth rate over. In the 21st century, developments have gained speed. Technology has increased importance of development due to current developments in this sector and other sectors. Information and technology became important to all sector in world countries, especially in economy (Bulu, Eraslan and Kaya, 2006; Aydın, 2012).
Pulse oximetry has been shown to be a useful noninvasive tool for evaluation of the respiratory system since its intro- duction about 30 years ago. Since that time, significant technological advances in commercially available pulse oximeters have been achieved, enabling better diagnosis and monitoring of patients. The great success of pulse oximetry masks the fact that it is still burdened by an inherent potential error of 3%–4% in measurements carried out on critically ill patients and preterm newborns. It seems that the inaccuracy problem is inherent in the current technology, and significant improvement in accuracy can be achieved only through a fundamental modification of pulse oximetry. In the current review, we hypothesized that at least partly, the low level of accuracy in pulse oximetry can be attributed to the empirical calibration that is essential for the execution of conventional
The participants agreed that time constrain is a critical challenge in technology transfer between academia and industry especially when it involves contract research and contract manufacturing because researchers are locked onto their agreement. Most of the participants pointed that, it is crucial for researchers to follow the timeframe and schedule to ensure that the technology transfer can be done within the time stated in the agreement between researcher and industry. The first and second participants mentioned that, industries are unwilling to wait for a long duration of time as they foreseeing the potential for them to be less competitive in the market in doing so, thus it pressuring the academia need to work in the same tempo as them. Thus, it is concluded that researcher should be more alert with the current demand and put utmost effort to predict the future needs to ensure the technology is fully developed and ready to enter market on the right time.
greenhouse gases with consequences for climate change. Innovations that enhance learning in the classroom or the community increasingly embed and diffuse telecommunication and multimedia technologies. The intersections of urban sustainability, planning, pedagogy, and technology are briefly reviewed in this paper. It turns out that urban planning and design paradigms—particularly those with an emphasis on systemic knowledge, holistic views of both the natural and built environments, collaboration, communication, and reflective practice— synergize with environmental sustainability goals. Furthermore, these very features are ingredients for effective education for urban sustainability, particularly in conjunction with advanced telecommunication and multimedia technologies.
graph (Figure1) shows the proportion of unbanked in the identified 25 countries. This shows that India is the second largest financially excluded country in the world with more than half of its population considered as unbanked or underbanked. At the same time, India is one of the fastest growing markets for mobile phones. According to TRAI’s monthly Indian Telecom subscription report in Feb 2017, total mobile subscriber base has reached 1100million. Thus for countries like India where more than half of the proportion of households are financially underserved, the banking brick and mortar network is not a feasible solution and leveraging technology and innovative products and services are the best solution. Government of India has recognised this opportunity as early as 2008 and has formulated a number of initiatives to target mobile banking services, yet the adoption of mobile banking is slow. This paper attempts to identify the limitations of the current programs and discusses if blockchain may help closing the gaps theoretically, by analysing the existing narratives of applications of blockchain implemented to accelerate financial inclusion around the world especially in countries Kenya and Philippines.
This paper, focused on developing a framework for the manufacturing of technologies for local industry in Africa using Ghana as the case sought to identify causes of technology underdevelopment in Ghana. Ghana’s industrialisation efforts have been faced with persistent failures despite the large acquisition of capital-intensive technologies and, in a broader scope, the historic narrative of Africa’s technology lag, accounting for the rudimentary state of its indigenous technologies. In this view, this study took a cautious approach in its methodology. A mix-research approach was therefore employed, comprising, ethnography, grounded theory and case study. The Findings, among other things, identified ethnic division as a major factor inhibiting knowledge exchange thereby preventing deployment and growth of indigenous technologies. In addition, Government efforts have been devoid of emphasis to meet the technology needs of the local industry, instead sought to develop high-tech, like nano- technology, to catch up with the advanced world. A framework was therefore proposed in this study for the manufacturing of production technologies for the local industry. The study concluded that the framework can only be effective with the presence of a strong technical, vocational and research background, hence, the relevance of their institutions to the development of technology in Ghana.
conducted to investigate the relationship between Library management and the adoption of Information and Communication Technology (ICT) in University Libraries in Akwa-Ibom and Cross River States, Nigeria. To achieve this, two hypotheses were formulated to guide the study. Survey research design was adopted for the study using a total of one hundred and fifty (150) respondents, through purposive sampling technique. A validated questionnaire with a reliability Data collected were analyzed through the use of Pearson Product Moment Correlation Analysis technique. The testing was carried out at .05 level of significance. Results of the analysis among other things revealed that, planning of library services and fing have statistically significant relationship with the adoption of ICT in University libraries in ased on the findings of the study, it was recommended rder to improve ICT competences among institutional administrators. It was equally suggested that library staffs and education planners should be properly trained in the use of ICT in library operations in other to enhance the advantages derivable
be that information and communication technologies have opportunities to interact with human beings in ways that render the taken for granted views on technology as being artifacts subject to control obsolete. Hence the importance of writers such as Georges Bataille that offer new conceptual frameworks for analyses of new emergent technologies that seeks to overturn and reach beyond the functionalist and technical- instrumental rationality instituted by classic social theory. The managerial and organizational implications of information and communication technologies have a great potential and we are only seeing its first consequences in terms of the emergence of virtual organization (see e.g. Jackson, 1999; Schultze and Orlikowski, 2001). In the future, the very ideas of management and organization may be radically altered as a consequence of the new possibilities derived from information and communication technologies, the Internet, and virtual reality.
demonstrate its uniqueness in order to maintain their competitive advantage (Barney, 1991). Innovation refers to the explanation to modify or develop a new idea, product or service, procedures, policies and ways of doing different things that generate changes and competitive advantages (Hansen and Birkinshaw, 2007; Robbin, 1996). Under this argument research was based on the resource based view, where ve a combination of tangible and intangible resources generate benefits to the organization by being inimitable and irreplaceable (Grant, 1991; Penrose, 1959; Wernerfelt, 1995; Barney, 1991; Bontis, 1999). In Higher Education Institutions (HEI), the ICT forms a new type of rapport, being fundamental in the management of schools, teaching, research, and dissemination of art, science and university extension; that is, they are tools that are engaged in the process of technological change (Gómez, Martínez, uner, 2013). HEI in Mexico, being in a technological transition as part of the internationalization of higher education is inescapable the study of innovation processes influenced by Several empirical evidences confirm that educational orted by the Information and Communications Technology is now considered a worldwide priority (Bocconi,
rather than disbursed to the cooperatives. Add to this, is a problem of present property relations wherein women have no ownership rights. For this, an immediate step of Common resource pool of water and biomass needs to be extended to women, and which should be separated from landownership. There is also a need to institionalise the right of women to resources and stabilising the arrangement for equitable water sharing with minimum water assurance and sharing of the usufruct from common as well as private wasteland development at public cost. They have also thought of introducing women corporations in the state, like Mahila VIkas Mahamandal. And lastly, technology, support services and continuing education for sustainable productivity enhancement of the land and water resources. For instance, Organisation like KRISHI VIGYAN KENDRAS; BHARAT GYAN VIGYAN SAMITI are building capacities of local organisations in the ALL INDIA WATERSHED PROGRAMME.