Asian countries: Indonesia, Turkey, and Vietnam

Top PDF Asian countries: Indonesia, Turkey, and Vietnam:

Project for Simplifying Visa Regulations for High-end Group Tourists from Southeast Asian Countries. (India/Vietnam/Indonesia/Cambodia/ Myanmar/Laos)

Project for Simplifying Visa Regulations for High-end Group Tourists from Southeast Asian Countries. (India/Vietnam/Indonesia/Cambodia/ Myanmar/Laos)

 The application of group visa to Taiwan can submit via Taiwan Tourism Bureau Representative Office.4.  Category of group.[r]

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Japan’s Positive and Negative Aid Sanctions Policy Toward Asian Countries: Case Studies of Thailand and Indonesia

Japan’s Positive and Negative Aid Sanctions Policy Toward Asian Countries: Case Studies of Thailand and Indonesia

this year two trainees in charge of coordination of foreign aid from each of these five countries” (MOFA, 1993: 35). c) Vietnam Vietnam is another Asian country that made serious efforts to liberalise its economy and implemented a number of reforms in the country’s political system. For example, a revised constitution was promulgated in Vietnam in April 1992 after constitutional amendments were passed by Parliament. The most distinctive feature of the new constitution is clear separation of the functions of the Communist party and the government. As for individual rights, the right to leave the country was guaranteed; the right to receive and transmit information, freedom of speech, press, associations and demonstrations were stipulated by law more clearly than before (Furuoka, 2006).
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Japan’s Positive and Negative Aid Sanctions Policy Toward Asian Countries: Case Studies of Thailand and Indonesia

Japan’s Positive and Negative Aid Sanctions Policy Toward Asian Countries: Case Studies of Thailand and Indonesia

this year two trainees in charge of coordination of foreign aid from each of these five countries” (MOFA, 1993: 35). c) Vietnam Vietnam is another Asian country that made serious efforts to liberalise its economy and implemented a number of reforms in the country’s political system. For example, a revised constitution was promulgated in Vietnam in April 1992 after constitutional amendments were passed by Parliament. The most distinctive feature of the new constitution is clear separation of the functions of the Communist party and the government. As for individual rights, the right to leave the country was guaranteed; the right to receive and transmit information, freedom of speech, press, associations and demonstrations were stipulated by law more clearly than before (Furuoka, 2006).
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Present status of renal replacement therapy in Asian countries as of 2016: Cambodia, Laos, Mongolia, Bhutan, and Indonesia

Present status of renal replacement therapy in Asian countries as of 2016: Cambodia, Laos, Mongolia, Bhutan, and Indonesia

Lao People’ s Democratic Republic (PDR) is a land-locked country located in the heart of the Indochina Peninsula of Southeast Asia, bordered by Cambodia to the south, China to the north, Vietnam to the east, Thailand to the west, and Myanmar to the northwest. The country covers 236,800 km 2 , stretching 1700 km from north to south and 500 km from east to west at the widest point, and has a population of approximately 7,000,000. The capital city is Vientiane, and the official currency is the kip. Regarding religion, 55% of the total population are Buddhists, 35% Animists, and 10% of other faiths. Almost 40% of the population live in poverty and 26% live on less than 1 USD per day. Only half of the population are literate. The country is run by a single party, the Lao People’s Revolutionary Party. Ethnically, 60% of the population is Lao and 40% are minority ethnic groups.
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Trends in Globalization of Select Asian Countries

Trends in Globalization of Select Asian Countries

11 Mongolia 5.5 24 Qatar 2.7 37 Russian_Fed. -0.2 12 Cambodia 5.5 25 Georgia 2.7 38 Brunei -1.2 13 Indonesia 5 26 Kuwait 2.5 39 Yemen. -28.1 Whatever be the status of economic prosperity of a few rich countries in Asia that have geological fortune and location advantages, they jointly house not more than 2.5 or at most 3 percent of total population in Asia. Other countries have to prosper by being industrious as well as by exploitation of comparative advantages. Some counties have exhibited such efforts and hence Japan, Israel, South Korea and Russia have developed and, China, Philippines, Cyprus, Turkey, India, Thailand, Vietnam, etc. have made significant progress. On the other hand, there are many countries yet to make any significant headway to fast economic development.
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Governance and Foreign Aid in ASIAN Countries

Governance and Foreign Aid in ASIAN Countries

became negative in 2008 and government effectiveness in 2008 become zero, while all other remains negative. Tajikstan, Turknenis, Uzbekistan all shows a negative trend in the achievement of good governance. In the case of the Thailand voice and accountability was positive in 2002 and 2005 but became negative in 2008 and political stability showed a positive score in 2002 but deteriorated and became negative in 2005 and 2008 whereas government effectiveness and regulatory quality remain positive in Thailand. Rule of law was positive in 2002 and 2005 but became negative in 2008 whereas control of corruption was below zero throughout. In Turkey government effectiveness and regulatory quality both shows positive score but regulatory quality shows a remarkable improvement. In Vietnam political stability shows a positive score and improvement but all other indicator are below zero and on a deteriorating trend.
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The Challenges Posed by Globalization for Economic Liberalization in Two Asian Transitional Countries: Laos and Vietnam

The Challenges Posed by Globalization for Economic Liberalization in Two Asian Transitional Countries: Laos and Vietnam

At worst, tinkering with existing laws and regulations—accompanied by poor performance in implementation—succeeds in only further complicating what has become a remarkably labyrinthine regulatory regime, for Vietnam in particular, thereby adding to the opacity of these host country business environments. 29 At best, the benefits to be derived from ‘micro’ tinkering are wholly discounted by on-going macro hurdles that confront both foreign and domestic business: non-convertibility of the currency; regulations that oblige firms to exchange any foreign exchange earnings into local currency; hassles incurred when dealing with a petulant customs service; scant recourse to law in areas such as intellectual property rights, etc. One observer recently commented that foreign “investors will return [to Vietnam] only when the government demonstrates the necessary seriousness of purpose to convince prudent executives to put their money at risk”. 30 The policy-makers in Laos and Vietnam know this, but are wrong to think that repeated re-drafting of a few laws will be sufficient to display a seriousness of purpose. Above and beyond improving the legislative framework, the gestures have to be more convincing, more imaginative, and more oriented towards a rapidly changing international business environment. And they must not be discounted by references to ‘imperialism’ by the Secretary General of the Communist Party—the single most powerful man in Vietnam. A lot of foreign investors jumped into Laos and Vietnam with both feet during the early 1990s and promptly ‘lost their shirts’; the next tranche are likely to be more cautious.
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DIALECTICS OF ISLAM, POLITICS AND GOVERNMENT IN SOUTHEAST

ASIAN COUNTRIES: A Comparison of Indonesia and Thailand

DIALECTICS OF ISLAM, POLITICS AND GOVERNMENT IN SOUTHEAST ASIAN COUNTRIES: A Comparison of Indonesia and Thailand

In the history of general elections in Indonesia, the sound of Islamic parties and Islamic mass-based party reached the top of his voice gains in 1955 general elections which is about 48%. But in the subsequent eras, the voice of Islamic parties and Islamic mass-based party continued to decline precipitously. Even in the 1999 election, the votes of Islamic-based party only 18% of the overall vote. This happens because several things, among others are: First, a mistake in reading the sociological reality of the ummah. Islam abangan has less interested towards religion labeled party, whereas they are the majority of voters. Second, the movement in the religious community as results of socio-economic transformation. So that’s why the Islamic ummah in general only accept Islam as a religion, not as a political party. Third, the political accommodation of political party which outside the Islamic party against the interests of the ulama. Fourth, by the Islamic party politicians, Islam just for politicization and used as a political commodity without a sincere intention to fight for Islam. Fifth, influential Muslims leaders prefer to build their own party. Lastly, more Islamic party appeared exclusivity perceived threats from other segments of the electorate. 15 In the past, Islamic parties are often considered to represent the Muslims so that the aspirations of the people are often identified with the aspirations of the party, even though they are not. Because only some Muslims who entered the party with Islamic principles. 16
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Berdal Aral* eight prominent Muslim countries, namely Turkey, Indonesia, Malaysia, Pakistan,

Berdal Aral* eight prominent Muslim countries, namely Turkey, Indonesia, Malaysia, Pakistan,

By contrast to the wide media coverage which it received at its inception in 1997, D-8 has since faded into oblivion. Too many of the drawbacks, disadvantages and pitfalls played themselves out to subvert D-8. Political instability and turmoil in the majority of member states, including Turkey where the architect of D-8, Necmettin Erbakan, has been ousted, first, from power and, then, from politics altogether, while former deputy prime minister of Malaysia, Anwar Ibrahim was put in prison on a myriad of charges only to be released in 2004. Nawaz Sharif, the prime minister of Pakistan, was likewise toppled by a military coup, while President Suharto of Indonesia was forced to step down through a combination of domestic opposition and international pressure. Turkey and Malaysia have also been struck by devastating economic and financial crisis in the last five years with unpleasant social and political consequences. Not surprisingly, perhaps, the political will, idealism and determination behind D-8 have accordingly receded. At least during its heydays, D-8 was looked upon by many as the incipient model of a future Islamic common market on account of the pronounced goal of an ever-widening process of economic co-operation and deepening trade ties among the participant states that comprised a majority of Muslims worldwide.
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Present status of renal replacement therapy at 2015 in Asian countries (Myanmar, Vietnam, Thailand, China, and Japan)

Present status of renal replacement therapy at 2015 in Asian countries (Myanmar, Vietnam, Thailand, China, and Japan)

Present status of RRT in China The number of patients with CKD has been increasing worldwide. Similar to other developed countries, CKD patients have already reached 10.8% of the total popula- tion in China. However, with a huge population of more than 1.3 billion, this equates to 130 million CKD pa- tients. In the coming decades, there will be more than 1 million patients with ESRD, which will impose a huge burden on government healthcare budgets. Even so, there are still many counties across China without HD centers. The causes of this situation include economic, traffic, medical support, and educational reasons, among others. The central government has launched a major project to reach such patients, especially in rural or re- mote areas. The number of patients receiving mainten- ance HD has increased rapidly due to government support. The number of HD patients was 234632 in 2011, 248016 in 2012, 283581 in 2013, and 339227 in 2014. However, there are still differences in prevalence among provinces in China.
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Low-Carbon Transport Policy in Four ASEAN Countries: Developments in Indonesia,

 the Philippines, Thailand and Vietnam

Low-Carbon Transport Policy in Four ASEAN Countries: Developments in Indonesia, the Philippines, Thailand and Vietnam

as usual. However, stabilisation or an absolute reduction in GHG emissions from transport is not likely in the near future, nor are long-term plans in place that enable a transition to climate-compatible transport development. With regard to policy research, we found that applying the taxonomy of policy components of Cashore and Howlett can readily be applied to structure the comparative policy on sustainable transport in ASEAN countries. The analysis results in relevant insights into similarities and differences in policy emphasis. Future research using this framework could be carried out to observe changes in low-carbon transport policy, both at the national and urban level. Other research topics include the role of institutional development and transport policymaking process. Finally, it would be relevant to know how climate change can be better reflected in and used as a driver for transport policy would be relevant in connection to the transformational change required in transport policy in order to meet long-term climate change objectives.
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Social Health Insurance In Three Asian Countries: China, Thailand and Vietnam 1 July 2014 Roli Talampas Asian Center UP Diliman

Social Health Insurance In Three Asian Countries: China, Thailand and Vietnam 1 July 2014 Roli Talampas Asian Center UP Diliman

Quick Lesson 2  Attempts to pool resources in order to expand services and coverage in the three countries have had to contend with political and structural issues. The same is true for the Philippines. Thinking that more people covered would mean higher utlization and more resources has actually given rise to incidence of abuse, fraud, and selective benefit. That is unfortunate. Changing

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Structural Change, Economic Growth and Poverty in OIC countries: the case of Indonesia, Malaysia, Nigeria and Turkey

Structural Change, Economic Growth and Poverty in OIC countries: the case of Indonesia, Malaysia, Nigeria and Turkey

8: Conclusions and recommendations The analysis presented in the preceding sections has shown that countries that were able to achieve sustained economic growth and development, and exceptional poverty reduction were those that succeeded in effectively transforming their productive activities from low to high productivity sectors; and diversified their economies from monoculture, depending on export of a single natural resource or a number of agricultural raw materials, to manufacturing and exports of finished products. It has also been observe in the above discussions that Malaysia and Turkey had some advantages over Nigeria and Indonesia in terms of political stability, human development and economic management as well as demographic transformation. In fact, Indonesia was also better placed than Nigeria in terms of these factors. These factors helped these countries to be able to have sustained economic growth, structural transformation and be able to substantially reduce poverty. The stability of government (be it civilian or military) over a sustained period of time, having the will for changing the productive structure in the economy, enables the country to develop solid foundations in form of provision of basic infrastructure, human resource development, legal and other institutions that support effective and efficient functioning of the market.
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Structural Change, Economic Growth and Poverty in OIC countries: the case of Indonesia, Malaysia, Nigeria and Turkey.

Structural Change, Economic Growth and Poverty in OIC countries: the case of Indonesia, Malaysia, Nigeria and Turkey.

33 the previous plan and build upon what was accomplished despite the fact that, like in many other countries, many suggested policies were not effectively accomplished. Policy modifications also took place in the course of implementing of the successive plans. For instance, during the Fourth Five-Year Plan, the government started laying more emphasis on private sector development, labour-intensive production and export oriented projects. It was also during that period the government embarked on the reform process introduced by Prime Minister Ozal due to the financial crisis that challenged the economy at the time. The Fifth Plan saw more private sector participation and less government intervention targeting only investments in infrastructure in key sectors such as energy and transport, and supervisory role in the economy. Turkey continued to implement its Five-Year Plans overcoming various economic crises emanating from both domestic as well as foreign challenges. The current development plan under implementation is the Ninth (2007-2013). During the period 2004 to 2008, the country experienced substantial growth averaging close to 7 percent of annual GDP while GDP per capita increased dramatically by nearly 94 percent ($5.8 in 1994 to $11.2 in 2008). Also during the same period the country has made a significant progress in other aspects of socio-economic development such as poverty reduction and human development as embodied in its indicators of the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs).
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Pioneering Asian Franchise Brands: Pho24 in Vietnam

Pioneering Asian Franchise Brands: Pho24 in Vietnam

To a large extent the franchise brand management model developed in Vietnam seems unique. However in broad terms it can be generalised to an extent into what we term an “Asian partnership model of franchise brand management”. The characteristics of this model include the partial or full separation of the franchisee role and the franchise brand operation management role. As explained, this reflects the lack of mum and pop franchisee owners, with potentially separate people owning the franchisee (through investment) and others running the operations. This is particularly true of the Vietnam operations, but also true of Pho24 operations in Singapore as well. Separate research by the authors, reveals that this pattern of separate ownership and management is common in India as well and possibly other Asian countries. Typically, Asian people interested in managing franchises lack the capital and equally people with capital to invest in a franchisee lack interest or time to manage the franchise. This is the people dilemma that underpins the necessity for the Asian partnership model of franchise brand management.
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Footwear Export Competitiveness of Indonesia and Vietnam

Footwear Export Competitiveness of Indonesia and Vietnam

Figure 1. Manufacturing labor costs per hour for China, Vietnam, Mexico from 2016 to 2020 (in U.S. dollars) Source: Duffin (2019). Therefore, one of the triggers of the declining trend in world import demand for Indonesian footwear products is because foreign companies prefer to invest in other countries like Vietnam and Cambodia. It is based on one of them because the wages of workers in Vietnam are cheap (Indonesia Ministry of Trade, 2020). Furthermore, in the last five years, the minimum wage is the highest compared to China and Vietnam. Indonesia’s minimum wage increase reached 37.95% compared to China, only 17.5%, and Vietnam by 26%. High minimum wages can cause unemployment. In the interim analysis, the company will choose to move the factory to an area with a lower UMR. As a result, layoffs occur.
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Review of Experience of Social Health Insurance in Three Asian Countries: China, Thailand, and Vietnam Rolando G. Talampas

Review of Experience of Social Health Insurance in Three Asian Countries: China, Thailand, and Vietnam Rolando G. Talampas

IV. Summary of Findings Some of the key findings of this review are the following: 1. China, Thailand and Vietnam have had pre-existing SHI schemes 154 (of varying lengths of implementation, forms, scopes, and impacts) that are being integrated, expanded and deepened for UHC. UHC or more commonly UC in these countries is largely aimed at improving access of entire population, quality of service, and financial protection. Voluntary and private insurance schemes though exist side by side with SHIs. Some sections of the Chinese, Thai, and Viet populations have been sensitive to insurance enrolment on account of (lack of) information about SHI and, more commonly, cost entailed by their participation. Their service utilizations too typically differ as to income class while their actual entitlements are dependent on the scheme that they have enrolled into. Quality of health service, while generally improving, has been affected by geographical location of patients, technology and resource availability, fund counterparting (if any), income class, and payment scheme for IP and OP services, among others. Rapid commodification of health services and pharmaceuticals in Vietnam seems to have slowed down enrolment and utilization of even public health resources.
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Description of the agricultural development in Vietnam and Theasean Countries (south east asian countries) = A mezőgazdasági fejlődés Vietnámban és Dél-Kelet-Ázsia országaiban

Description of the agricultural development in Vietnam and Theasean Countries (south east asian countries) = A mezőgazdasági fejlődés Vietnámban és Dél-Kelet-Ázsia országaiban

As well as in the White paper about “Efficient agriculture, stronger economies in ASEAN” implemented by Syngenta and the Business Council for Sustainable Development Singapore, 2016, there is one more literature to supplement for the common circumstance of ASEAN countries such as: “Agriculture has played and continues to play an important role in the ASEAN region despite its declining contribution to the region’s GDP during the last two decades. It is viewed as an important driver for social, inclusive growth; an important source of export earnings in support of economic development; a guarantor of food availability to its citizens for staple and non-staple food items; and a source of employment directly and through agriculture-related, value adding activities.”;
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“Pharmacoeconomic Studies of Vaccination in Southeast Asian Countries: A Systematic Review” by Dwi Endarti, Arthorn Riewpaiboon, Indonesia.

“Pharmacoeconomic Studies of Vaccination in Southeast Asian Countries: A Systematic Review” by Dwi Endarti, Arthorn Riewpaiboon, Indonesia.

The review indicates that cost utility analysis was the most popular method used in economic evaluation of vaccination conducted in Southeast Asia countries. In accordance with WHO recommendation for economic evaluation of vaccination program that CUA is the preferred form of economic evaluation. 1 In addition, CUA which the outcome of interest is measured in a unit of utility (e.g. disability-adjusted life-years (DALYs) averted or quality-adjusted life-years (QALYs)) is more useful to decision-makers with abroad mandate than is CEA because of its broad applicability. 5 Other good point of economic evaluations of vaccination in Southeast Asia is that the calculating and presenting ICER which was adopted in almost all studies. With ICER, it is easy for the readers to make direct comparisons between interventions and conclude whether a new intervention is noteworthy compared to the existing one. 5
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Energy price increases in developing countries : case studies of Colombia, Ghana, Indonesia, Malaysia, Turkey, and Zimbabwe

Energy price increases in developing countries : case studies of Colombia, Ghana, Indonesia, Malaysia, Turkey, and Zimbabwe

Direct pardal- impacts include effects on costs, output and consumption in the industrial sector and impacts on consumption and weLfare of household consumes Macroeconomic impacts i[r]

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