Medical Center, Seoul, Korea on the 23rd to 24th August 2014. The workshop was aimed at enhancing the knowledge of Asian young doctors on gynecologic oncology, sharing up-to-date knowledge about the management and care of gynecologic cancer patients in Asian countries, and renewing old acquaintances and making new ones. A total of 179 par- ticipants from 17 countries (Korea, Japan, China, Indonesia, Nepal, India, Malaysia, Myanmar, Thailand, Zimbabwe, Philip- pines, Mongolia, Hong Kong, Singapore, Sri Lanka, Taiwan, and USA) participated in the workshop, which comprised AsianSociety of Gynecologic Oncology International
received vakf interests. Significant vakf donations in favor of madrasa were characteristic to the Central Asian region. For example, 33 madrasa of high type possessed vakf property of 2 mln 815 thousand tanga or 422 255 gold roubles. Those money were given to construction of madrasa, teachers wages, scholarship for successful students having low income and charitable purposes. Rendering support the needy and unfortunate was characteristic to all strata of a society irrespective of their social status and wealth. It was an unwritten law of community, integral part of its mentality. Thus from annual budget of Fergana dekhkan's family with an average income 40 kopeks, rather significant amount in that period, was allocated to give alms to beggars. Well-known ethnographer and expert in way of life in Turkestan V. P. Nalivkin stated “aspiration to render help the needy and distressed was a characteristic feature of Central Asians, giving sadaka (alms) and kafarat (alms given for conscience' sake) were the most common affairs. If someone wished to carry out a great charitable donation, first of all, he addressed to mosques and schools”. The cause was respectfully stressed by a traveler E. K. Meiendorf: “Setting up a school is regarded as a pious matter and financial support to school children from poor families to be a duty”.
Suicidal behaviour is a global public health concern that leads to not only an immense financial burden on society, but also incurs a hefty psychological toll on survivors and their loved ones. Each year, 10 – 20 million individuals attempt suicide and over 800,000 lives are lost . Despite the fact that Asian countries account for about 60 % of global suicides , there is inadequate resources to tackle the magnitude of the problem in this region. This is com- pounded by the lack of reliable statistics and rigourous suicide research. While extant literature has data on epi- demiologic characteristics and trends of suicide methods common in Asia , the gaps in knowledge on the influ- ence of various characteristics and risk factors on different
While Western culture values individualism, self-determination, independence, and autonomy, Asian culture tends to be more relationship- based and collective. Autonomy and independence are not symbols of maturity and adulthood. Family members want and expect a mutual dependence relationship and reciprocity. Family cohesiveness and harmony are more important than privacy and personal gain. The religious influence of Confucius is evident in that the most important virtues include respect for elders and filial piety. Sung (1995) has identified two dimensions of modern filial piety in South Korea—behavior (sacrifice, responsibility, and repayment) and emotion (harmony, love, and respect). The Korean ethic of parent care is grounded in sacrifice, which transcends self-interest. Filial piety is, in part, a desire of children to repay what they owe their parents. It implies that a son owes his parents material and spiritual support in their old age.
Where some of the papers in this volume deal with nation building in the democratising former East European states in the wider ideological context of liberal democratic thought, this paper aims to present a view of democracy and democratisation from an alternative, ‘Asian’ perspective. South East Asian nations, such as Singapore, have attempted to articulate and practise forms of ‘Asian’ democracy as a response to, and in rejection of, Western liberal democratic models. In these countries, there is not so much a programme of reform and liberalization, as an attempt to evolve a form of democracy suited to an ‘Asian’ society. To this end, efforts have been made by political leaders to articulate what ‘Asian’ values are, and Singapore will be used as an example of how a government has promoted a set of values regarded to be congruent with their form of ‘Asian’ democracy. By examining the history texts in Singapore, and comparing the different contexts in which European and ‘Asian’ values are embedded and used, the paper will elucidate the ways in which the nature of ‘Asian’ values and democracy differ from those advocated in Europe, and the implications of this for citizenship education.
A long-live elder means a long-live source of benevolence. (In the highly individualistic society, people in middle adulthood becomes the time for excessive greed because of their high positions in society.) Not only do human live an inordinate number of years before reproduction begins, they are granted an absolutely outlandish stretch of time after reproduction ends. Mate fertility diminishes in the second half of life, though it does not come to a clear-cut end. Female fertility does end abruptly. When women experience menopause at about fifty, their child bearing years are over. If a female chimpanzee could live a life as woman, the chimpanzee would have menopause at the age of eighty or ninety. William Hamilton 114 noted that, "the behavior of a post-reproductive animal may be expected to be entirely altruistic." The post-reproductive elders thus tend to be more generous and compassion, especially, when elders are respected as leaders and advisers in society. The stage social life for middle adulthood is the collectivistic social life for the current society and for the future society. The long-term contribution to benefit the coming generations called "generativity" by Erik Erikson 115 .
Soybeans, widely considered as a healthful food, have played a major role in the Asian diet since centuries ago . It is best known for the components – ample soy proteins and isoflavones, which have potential effects in prevention and treatment of chronic diseases (heart diseases, kidney disease,
osteoporosis, diabetes) and some cancers (breast cancer) [47, 48]. Because of a deficiency in the essential amino acid methionine, soy protein is not an ideal protein; however its cholesterol-lowering properties make it a substitution for animal protein recommended for patients with elevated cholesterol [47, 49]. Besides, the 8th International Symposium on the Role of Soy in Health Promotion and Chronic Disease prevention and Treatment reported that soy foods have positive effect on bone health, in preventing and treating breast cancer, and reproductive and hormonal effects in men . Noel et al.’s study found a favorable effect of unsweetened, non-fried soy items on type 2 diabetes in a Chinese Singaporeans, whereas an adverse effect of sweetened soybean drink on type 2 diabetes was also found .
This paper is written within the context of a visible shift in Asia's economic orientation towards closer RCI as well as progressive globalization and rising economic prosperity in the region over the last two decades. Underlying Asia's remarkable export-led growth in recent decades is the development of production networks in which manufacturing activities are split into small steps, with each step assigned to the most cost-effective location across the region (Borrus, Ernst, and Haggard ed., 2000). Production networks exist in key industries (e.g., electronics and automobiles) and facilitate exports from East Asian firms. These networks, which initially developed among members of the Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN) in the 1980s and 1990s, have expanded to include the People's Republic of China’s (PRC) massive economy (Kuroiwa and Heng ed., 2008). With the upgrading of local suppliers and falling logistics costs over time, production networks have become more regionalized as intra-regional trade has expanded. For instance, in East Asia alone, the share of intra-regional trade as a portion of total trade rose from 43% to 53% between 1990 and 2008, which is indicative of increasingly intertwined economic activity among Asian economies (ADB, 2008). This brand of export-oriented “open regionalism” has created supply chains and regional hubs for global production networks, which, in turn, have boosted productivity, cut costs, enticed investment, and fostered technology transfers. The consolidation of these gains and the future competitiveness of Asia's trade and production networks depend on efficient, reliable, and seamless infrastructure links.
On a beautiful, sunny and warm August 5 th in the Bucktown area of Chicago, a group of seventeen flavorists and guests made a
trip to The Bayless Gardens ( http://www.rickbayless.com/about-rick-bayless/the-bayless-gardens/ ). This organic garden, tucked away in a 3 lot residential parcel in the neighborhood, supplies the greens and spices to the local restaurants of the world-famous chef Rick Bayless. We were given a private tour of the garden by Mr. Bayless’ professional gardener Mr. Bill Shores, who was also a speaker at last year’s local Chicago meeting of the Society. During the one hour tour, Mr. Shores gave us all insight into the wide variety of botanicals he oversees for Chef Bayless. After the tour was over, we all made a short trip further into Downtown Chicago for fresh margaritas and a 5 course private meal at Bayless’ famous restaurant, Topolobampo. The meal was prepared in a live presentation by the staff in Bayless’ private library kitchen, complete with one of the world’s largest collection of cookbooks from all over the culinary world. http://www.rickbayless.com/restaurants/private-dining/ . This experience was heightened by the Chef’s descriptions of each course and the inspirations that led to that creation. A great time was had by all during this unique opportunity.
If you have any questions about the status of your Society for Asian Art membership, please contact the SAA office, (415) 581-3701 or email@example.com . Thank you.
The Chinese New Year greeting, 年年有餘 (nian nian you yu), is a wish for abundance.
If we compare the returns of the alternative investments in the sample with those of traditional Bonds, they do not look very superior. This is due to the very untypical sample distribution of Bonds. For later analysis we correct the mean return levels of all assets to weaken the problems caused by these rather unusual specifics. Those rather strange properties might be caused by the crisis on the stock market which negatively affects many hedge fund strategies as well. Therefore the hedge fund index used as proxy for investments in Asian hedge funds might also have suffered more than usual. Introduced into a portfolio of Bonds and Stocks, the alternative assets still have the potential to provide for diversification even if they are not adjusted at all. This is shown by setting up equally weighted portfolios. Table 2 contains the descriptive statistics of the portfolios with different fractions of alternative investments (0% in the first column means that 0% are invested in alternative investments, i.e. the portfolio contains of 50% Bonds and 50% Stocks. 20% means that 20% are invested in alternative investments (10% in Hedge Funds and 10% in REITs), the remaining 80% are invested in traditional asset classes (40% in Bonds and 40% in Stocks), etc.).
co-authored papers, published in the English language, by authors affiliated with institutional (e.g. universities and research centres) or governmental (e.g. national Antarctic programs) entities from AFoPS Members’ countries. These data can be retrieved using Web of Science (WoS) and Scopus databases to collect all the scientific publications from Asian authors. The use of only one database might be limiting because some journals are not listed in these databases. As per Whitley (2002), relying only on one indexing software, can produce non-accurate results, hence, the use of the two above mentioned services. Having an overview on scientific co-authored publications is important to understand the results achieved, to date, through collaboration towards an international polar community. Similarly, it is also possible to analyse the involvement of Asian countries in the Antarctic Treaty System analysing the number of Background, Information and Working Papers submitted to ATCM. The quantitative analysis of these data should include both the papers submitted by a single country and co-authored ones to be able to understand the impact that AFoPS has within ATCM. The joint use of semi-structured interviews, with the qualitative analysis of scientific publications co-authored by Asian researchers, will improve our understanding of the role that AFoPS, through co-operative projects, can play in Antarctica and how this can affect the balance of power within the Antarctic Treaty System.
Finally, MANAA has a record of public rhetoric, particularly through their staging of protests but also through their website, which tracks organizational histories and events. By analyzing MANAA‘s public goals and objectives, one can see how it views itself within the Asian American community and what it strives to be as an organization. 182 First, its goals and objectives emphasize MANAA‘s responsibility to monitor negative depictions, educate the public about representation and its effects, discourage negative stereotyping, and importantly advocate for positive representations. However, MANAA does also seek to organize a network for Asian Americans and for more relevant news coverage of Asian American issues. Indeed, MANAA‘s rhetoric seeks to center MANAA within a larger Asian American community as a place for the Asian American media activist community to unite, while providing those away from Los Angeles with the tools to address issues in their own towns. Indeed, the educational dimension of MANAA is becoming more prominent over time. For example, Ono and Pham provide an analysis of MANAA‘s ―Memo from MANAA to Hollywood: Asian Stereotypes.‖ This memo appeared as early as 1998 in the winter issue of MANAA‘s Eyes & Ears newsletter and is featured under the ―All-Time Popular Articles‖ in the footer of the MANAA homepage. It argues that the open memo format sets up a list of ―Stereotypes‖ and then challenges the
This chapter contends there is evidence of a ‘corporatist’ model of media in existence within the UK, because the media cooperate on matters of national welfare as dictated by the government. This is due to the position of the BBC, independent of the government but simultaneously ‘dependent’ upon it for the licence fee and terms of agreement. The unique position of the BBC, and its role in reflecting the nation has been critiqued by a number of scholars (Christians et al., 2009; Cottle 1997; Dawes, 2017; Hall 1990, 1993, 2013; Mills, 2016; Price, 2007; Tracey, 1998; Freedman, 2008). Tracey (1998) has documented the declining role of public service broadcasting in the UK, arguing that the “democratically significant institution” is experiencing an assault on its existence and core purpose, due largely to political ideologies which have advantaged economic principles in the creative sector. Furthermore, he argues the historical impetus for strong regulation of broadcasting was due to the state’s underlying logic that audiences should be offered material to elevate their knowledge, leading to the BBC embracing a paternalistic tone. However, in the contemporary digital era that is marked by audience fragmentation, public service providers have been forced to re-examine their purpose and mission. Tracey suggests that the changes implemented in the 1980s and 1990s to restructure the BBC in order to make it efficient economically reflected the growing significance of an ideology that seeks to serve specific and particular interests (Tracey, 1998). An argument set out by Christians et al., (2009: 22) is that as a result the media is inherently aligned to the social, political and cultural elites and thus attempts to showcase a vision of “national cultural unity,” one that is not shared by people who are not aligned to, or involved in, these groups. This has led to an over-reliance on elite and official sources and voices within the news (see Hall, 2013); therefore, less powerful groups, voices and alternative viewpoints, are absent from the mainstream version of events. This exacerbates the problem: the message delivered to audiences reflects the views of the dominant group, and the exclusion of minority voices within the message serves to further alienate some groups in society. It is, therefore, hardly surprising that, in the UK, subscription for foreign television services is higher amongst minority audiences, many of whom opt to consume media content in their preferred languages (Ofcom, 2013).