attitude toward Christianity

Top PDF attitude toward Christianity:

The psychometric properties of the Slovenian translation of the Francis Scale of Attitude toward Christianity : a study among Roman Catholic undergraduate students

The psychometric properties of the Slovenian translation of the Francis Scale of Attitude toward Christianity : a study among Roman Catholic undergraduate students

While the formal statistics of reliability are relatively easy to calculate for an attitude scale (Livingston, 1988), the question of assessing validity is more problematic (Ebel, 1961; Zeller, 1988). Steps towards examining the construct validity of this scale can be made by assessing the extent to which certain predictions about the theoretical variations in attitude scores are reflected empirically (Cronbach & Meehl, 1955; Orton, 1987). While attitudes alone may not be simple or direct predictors of behaviour (Ajzen, 1988; Eiser & van der Pligt, 1988), substantial evidence suggests a fairly close relationship between attitude towards religion and religious behaviour, as demonstrated by repeated studies using the Francis scale of attitude toward Christianity among children and adolescents (Francis, 1989). In the present study attitude scores correlated +0.58 (p<.001) with church attendance and +0.66 (p<.001) with personal prayer. These statistics support the construct validity of the attitude scale within the sample.
Show more

17 Read more

Shaping attitude toward Christianity among year seven pupils : the influence of sex, church, home and primary school

Shaping attitude toward Christianity among year seven pupils : the influence of sex, church, home and primary school

In the mid-1970s, Francis (1978a, 1978b) argued for the primacy of the attitudinal dimension of religion for explaining the correlates, antecedents and consequences of individual differences in religiosity during childhood and adolescence, and into adulthood. He also proposed the 24-item Likert-type Francis Scale of Attitude toward Christianity as a method by which disparate empirical studies could be integrated in order to construct a coherent picture of the location of religiosity throughout the life-span. By the mid 1990s, Kay and Francis (1996) drew together around 100 independent studies that had used this instrument to assess the developing picture, and the number of studies reported in the literature has continued to expand since then. In terms of the antecedents of individual differences in religiosity during adolescence, attention has focused on four key areas usefully described as: personal, church, family, and school.
Show more

15 Read more

The Chinese translation of the Francis Scale of Attitude toward Christianity : factor structure, internal consistency reliability, and construct validity among Protestant Christians in Shanghai

The Chinese translation of the Francis Scale of Attitude toward Christianity : factor structure, internal consistency reliability, and construct validity among Protestant Christians in Shanghai

Participants were asked to complete the Chinese translation of the Francis Scale of Attitude toward Christianity (Francis, Lewis, & Ng, 2002). The scale consists of 24 items concerned with affective response toward God, Jesus, bible, prayer, and church. The items are assessed on a five-point Likert scale ranging from 5 (agree strongly) to 1 (disagree strongly). Eight questions are reversed for scoring purposes, such that, when summed, higher scores indicate more positive attitudes.

11 Read more

Monitoring attitude toward Christianity among year 5 and year 6 students attending Church in Wales primary schools

Monitoring attitude toward Christianity among year 5 and year 6 students attending Church in Wales primary schools

A series of recent papers has argued that the students themselves are central to shaping and to determining the prevailing ethos of schools, and that, as a consequence, the assessment of student attitudes may provide an important indicator of school ethos (Francis & Penny, 2012; Francis, Penny, & Baker, 2012). Working within this research tradition, the aim of the present paper is to report on a new empirical study concerned with monitoring attitude toward Christianity among students attending Church in Wales primary schools in order to assess the Christian ethos of these schools. Before examining the data generated by this new empirical study, the context is set by discussing the two core areas: the historical
Show more

26 Read more

Temporal stability of the Francis Scale of Attitude toward Christianity: Test retest data over five weeks

Temporal stability of the Francis Scale of Attitude toward Christianity: Test retest data over five weeks

The Francis Scale of Attitude toward Christianity short-form is a self-report measure of attitude toward Christianity concerned with attitudes to topics including the Bible, prayer, church, God, and Jesus. It is scored on a five-point scale ranging from ‘agree strongly’ (5) through ‘uncertain’ (3) to ‘disagree strongly’ (1). Sample questions include ‘I know that Jesus helps me’ and ‘I think the Bible is out of date’ (reversed scored). Scores on the 24-item version can range from 24 to 140, and for the 7-item version between 7 and 35, with higher scores on the scales indicating a more positive attitude toward Christianity. The 7 items of the short-form are embedded within the 24- item version.
Show more

11 Read more

The psychometric properties of the Italian translation of the Francis Scale of Attitude toward Christianity : a study among Catholic adolescents

The psychometric properties of the Italian translation of the Francis Scale of Attitude toward Christianity : a study among Catholic adolescents

3 By the mid-1990s Kay and Francis (1996) identified around 100 independent studies that had employed the Francis Scale of Attitude toward Christianity and began to draw together the cumulative contribution to knowledge that develops from disparate studies being united by a common instrument. In a more recent review, Francis (2009) discussed the advantages of organising and integrating empirical research in the psychology of religion around the attitudinal dimension on the grounds that the attitudinal dimension gets closest to the heart of an individual’s religion.
Show more

10 Read more

Assessing student attitude toward Christianity in Church in Wales primary schools : does aided status make a difference?

Assessing student attitude toward Christianity in Church in Wales primary schools : does aided status make a difference?

psychometric properties of the Francis Scale of Attitude toward Christianity translated, for example, into Arabic (Munayer, 2000), Czech (Francis, Quesnell, & Lewis, 2010), Chinese (Tiliopolous, Francis, & Jiang, 2013), Dutch (Francis & Hermans, 2000), French (Lewis & Francis, 2003), German (Francis & Kwiran, 1999), Italian (Crea, Baiocco, Ioverno, Buzzi, & Francis, 2014), Greek (Youtika, Joseph, & Diduca, 1999), Norwegian (Francis & Enger, 2002), Portugese (Ferreira & Neto, 2002), Romanian (Francis, Ispas, Robbins, Ilie, & Iliescol, 2009), Serbian (Flere, Francis, & Robbins, 2011), Slovenian (Flere, Klansjek, Francis, & Robbins, 2008), Spanish (Campo-Arias, Oveido, Dtaz, & Cogollo, 2006), Swedish (Eek, 2001), and Welsh (Evans & Francis, 1996). While the Francis Scale of Attitude toward Christianity has its origins in research conducted during the 1970s (Francis, 1978a, 1978b) a number of subsequent studies conducted with the original English language form of the instrument have continued to support its consistency reliability and construct validity, including work reported by Francis, Lankshear, and Eccles (in press).
Show more

24 Read more

The Romanian translation of the Francis Scale of Attitude Toward Christianity: internal consistency reliability, re test reliability and construct validity among undergraduate students within a Greek Orthodox Culture

The Romanian translation of the Francis Scale of Attitude Toward Christianity: internal consistency reliability, re test reliability and construct validity among undergraduate students within a Greek Orthodox Culture

In order to contribute to a growing international research programme concerned with the correlates, antecedents and consequences of individual differences in attitude toward religion, the Francis Scale of Attitude toward Christianity was translated into Romanian and applied within a cultural context shaped by the Greek Orthodox tradition. Data provided by a sample of 158 students (mainly in their late teens and early twenties) supported the internal

15 Read more

Temporal stability of the Francis Scale of attitude toward Christianity among 9  to 11 year old English children: test retest data over six weeks

Temporal stability of the Francis Scale of attitude toward Christianity among 9 to 11 year old English children: test retest data over six weeks

FRANCIS, L. J., GREER, J. E., & GIBSON, H. M. (1991) Reliability and validity of a short measure of attitude toward Christianity among secondary school pupils in England, Scotland, and Northern Ireland. Collected Original Resources in Education, 15(3), fiche 2, G09.

8 Read more

The internal consistency reliability and construct validity of the Francis Scale of Attitude toward Christianity among 8  to 11 year old students in Wales

The internal consistency reliability and construct validity of the Francis Scale of Attitude toward Christianity among 8 to 11 year old students in Wales

While the formal statistics of reliability are relatively easy to calculate for an attitude scale (Livingston, 1988), the question of assessing validity is more problematic (Ebel, 1961; Zeller, 1988). Steps towards assessing the construct validity of this scale can be made by assessing the extent to which certain predictions about the theoretical variations in attitude scores are reflected empirically (Cronbach & Meehl, 1955; Orton, 1987). While attitudes alone may not be simple or direct predictors of behaviour (Ajzen, 1988; Eiser & van der Pligt, 1988), substantial evidence suggests a fairly close relationship between attitude toward religion and religious behaviour, as demonstrated by repeated studies using the Francis Scale of Attitude toward Christianity among children and adolescents, (Francis, 1989). In these earlier studies the consistent findings report higher correlations between attitude toward religion and personal prayer than between attitude toward religion and church attendance. These findings are consistent with the view that personal prayer, like attitude, gets close to the heart of an individual’s religiosity, while church attendance may be more subject to social constraints. The data presented in table 2 demonstrate a higher correlation between attitude and personal prayer than between attitude and church attendance among each of the three year groups. These statistics support the construct validity of the attitude scale within the sample.
Show more

21 Read more

The psychometric properties of the Serbian translation of the Francis Scale of Attitude toward Christianity : a study among Eastern Orthodox Christians

The psychometric properties of the Serbian translation of the Francis Scale of Attitude toward Christianity : a study among Eastern Orthodox Christians

The Francis Scale of Attitude toward Christianity is a 24-item Likert-type instrument concerned with affective responses toward God, bible, Jesus, prayer, and church. The items had been translated into Serbian and then back-translated into English in order to test for inaccuracies and ambiguities. Each item is assessed on a five-point scale: agree strongly, agree, not certain, disagree, and disagree strongly.

16 Read more

Personality and attitude toward Christianity among churchgoers: a replication

Personality and attitude toward Christianity among churchgoers: a replication

Eysenck’s dimensional model of personality maintains that normal personality can be most adequately and economically described in terms of the three orthogonal dimensions of Extraversion, Neuroticism and Psychoticism (Eysenck and Eysenck, 1975). Scores on the Extraversion scale range from introverted social detachment to extraverted social engagement. Scores on the Neuroticism scale range from emotional stability to emotional lability (and precursors of neurotic disorder). Scores on the Psychoticism scale range from tender-mindedness to tough-mindedness (and precursors of psychotic disorder). This model of personality has proved to be productive within the psychology of religion in a series of studies using the Francis Scale of Attitude toward Christianity, an instrument designed to assess positive and negative feelings about Jesus, God, the Bible, prayer and church in Christian and post-Christian cultures (Francis, Lewis, Philipchalk, Brown, & Lester, 1995).
Show more

8 Read more

Psychological health and attitude toward Christianity: a study among pupils attending Catholic schools in the Netherlands

Psychological health and attitude toward Christianity: a study among pupils attending Catholic schools in the Netherlands

The third study in the series reported on the administration of the Francis Scale of Attitude toward Christianity alongside the abbreviated Revised Eysenck Personality Questionnaire among two samples of secondary school pupils in Northern Ireland: 1,093 attending Protestant schools and 1,266 attending Catholic schools (Francis, Robbins, ap Siôn, Lewis, & Barnes, 2007). These data demonstrated that among both religious communities a positive attitude toward Christianity was associated with neither higher nor lower neuroticism scores, but was associated with lower psychoticism scores. Thus, there was no evidence to associate a positive attitude toward Christianity with poorer levels of psychological health among adolescents in Northern Ireland, and some evidence to associate a positive attitude toward Christianity with better levels of psychological health (in terms of lower psychoticism scores).
Show more

21 Read more

The attitudinal dimension of religiosity : an empirical study among 13  to 15 year old students

The attitudinal dimension of religiosity : an empirical study among 13 to 15 year old students

Christian contexts (Francis & Penny, 2013). Females are also consistently shown to record higher scores on the Francis Scale of Attitude toward Christianity than males (Kay & Francis, 1996). Empirical studies concerned with purpose in life in particular have demonstrated that sex functions as a significant predictor of purpose life among adults (Pearson & Sheffield, 1974, 1975; Nygren et al., 2005). Francis, Jewell, & Robbins (2010), for example, found that men experience higher levels of purpose in life than women. The consensus established by studies conducted among young people is that sex is generally unrelated to purpose in life (Francis & Burton, 1994; Francis, 2000b, 2005b; Robbins & Francis, 2005). However, a study reported by Shek (1986) found that sex does function as a significant predictor of purpose in life among school-aged students. While Penny, Francis, & Robbins (under review) and the findings of the previous chapter have demonstrated that sex differences in religiosity can be accounted for by individual differences in personality, these findings are in need of replication to be considered generalisable. This chapter addresses the uncertainty surrounding this issue by controlling for the influence that sex may, or may not have on the relationship between purpose in life and affective religiosity.
Show more

425 Read more

The internal consistency reliability and construct validity of the Santosh Francis Scale of Attitude toward Hinduism among students in India

The internal consistency reliability and construct validity of the Santosh Francis Scale of Attitude toward Hinduism among students in India

The Chinese translation of the Francis Scale of Attitude toward Christianity: Factor structure, internal consistency reliability... SANTOSH-FRANCIS SCALE OF ATTITUDE TOWARD HINDUISM.[r]

19 Read more

The Williams Scale of Attitude toward Paganism: development and application among British Pagans

The Williams Scale of Attitude toward Paganism: development and application among British Pagans

The construct validity of the instruments following in the tradition of the Francis Scale of Attitude toward Christianity has generally been demonstrated in the initial stages by examining the association between the attitude scores and measures of personal and public religious practice. In the case of the present study, after controlling for sex differences, there were significant partial correlations between scores recorded on the Williams Scale of Attitude toward Paganism and both frequency of public religious practice and rituals (r = .35, p<.01) and frequency of private religious practice and rituals (r = .23, p<.05). The magnitude of these
Show more

27 Read more

Assessing attitude towards religion : the Astley–Francis Scale of attitude towards theistic faith

Assessing attitude towards religion : the Astley–Francis Scale of attitude towards theistic faith

religiosity, including: abortion attitudes (Fawcett, Andrews, & Lester, 2000); alcohol attitudes (Francis, Fearn, & Lewis, 2005), altruism (Eckert & Lester, 1997); conservatism (Lewis & Maltby, 2000); dissociation (Dorahy & Lewis, 2001); dogmatism (Francis, 2001; Francis & Robbins, 2003); gender orientation (Francis & Wilcox, 1996, 1998; Francis, 2005); general health (Francis, Robbins, Lewis, Quigley, & Wheeler, 2004); intelligence (Francis, 1998); obsessionality (Lewis, 1996; Maltby, 1997); paranormal belief (Williams, Francis, & Robbins, 2006); prosocial values (Schludermann, Schludermann, & Huynh, 2000); psychological adjustment (Schludermann, Schludermann, Needham, & Mulenga, 2001); psychological health (Francis & Burton, 2007; Francis, Robbins, ap Sion, Lewis, & Barnes, 2007); psychological wellbeing (Francis, Hills, Schludermann, & Schludemann, 2008); purpose in life (French & Joseph, 1999); and science attitudes (Francis & Greer, 2001). In order to test whether the growing body of evidence regarding the correlates, antecedents and consequences of attitudes toward religion (established in a Christian context by means of the Francis Scale of Attitude toward Christianity) also held true in a Jewish context, Francis and Katz (2007) developed a comparable instrument, the Katz-Francis Scale of Attitude toward Judaism. In order to achieve a proper comparability between the two instruments the attempt was made to translate each of the original 24 items in a way appropriate for a Hebrew speaking Jew living in Israel. The psychometric properties of the instrument were assessed on a sample of 618 Hebrew-speaking undergraduate students attending Bar-Ilan University.
Show more

21 Read more

Attitude towards Christianity and New Age beliefs among undergraduate students in Slovenia : a study in implicit religion

Attitude towards Christianity and New Age beliefs among undergraduate students in Slovenia : a study in implicit religion

employed in a number of research contexts designed to map the correlates, consequences and antecedents of the attitudinal dimension of traditional religiosity. For example, recent studies have been published on the relationship between attitude toward Christianity and abortion- related attitudes (Fawcett, Andrews, & Lester, 2000), alcohol-related attitudes (Francis, Fearn, & Lewis, 2005), Catholic schools (Flynn & Mok, 2002); conservatism (Lewis & Maltby, 2000), disassociation (Dorahy & Lewis, 2001), dogmatism (Francis, 2001), gender role orientation (Francis, 2005), general health (O’Connor, Cobb, & O’Connor, 2003), happiness (Francis, Jones & Wilcox, 2000), music (Bourke, 2000), paranormal belief (Williams, Francis, & Robbins, 2006), personality (Bourke, Francis, & Robbins, 2005), pre-marital sex (Francis, 2006), pro-social values (Schludermann, Schludermann, & Huynh, 2000),
Show more

27 Read more

[1]; [2]; [3]; [4]; [5]; [6]; [7] . In regards to this, the

[1]; [2]; [3]; [4]; [5]; [6]; [7] . In regards to this, the

Table 1 provides principal component solution of feeling toward promotion. It’s constructed six (6) dimensions. Promising, attractive, convinced, hopeful, inspire, interested, decent, and satisfied are grouped as first dimension, bored, depressed, uninterested, dubious, and tired of as second dimension, proud, stimulate, and strong as third dimension, withstand and challenging as fourth dimension, creative, reflective, and skeptical as fifth dimension, and contemplative as sixth dimension. Trust has a factor loading less than 0.5 so that it’s excluded from further analysis. There are two (2) indicators don’t show factor loading above 0.5. Therefore the two (2) indicators do not use for further analysis.
Show more

5 Read more

Current Conditions and Worker Attitudes in End of Life Care for the Elderly in Korea

Current Conditions and Worker Attitudes in End of Life Care for the Elderly in Korea

questions on supernatural belief (for a total of 27 questions divided into seven categories). A higher score in each section indicates stronger feelings on that section’s content. The answer choices for each question range from “1. Not true” to “7. True” on a seven point scale. For measuring attitudes on care for the sick and dying, this study employed a linear scale for measuring medical professionals’ attitudes on care for terminal patients, in the form of FATCOD-Form B-J (the Japanese version of the Frommelt Attitudes Towards Care of the Dying scale), developed for use with doctors and allied health professionals.[4,5,6,7] This is composed of 30 questions concerning three superordinate concepts related to attitudes on terminal care held by care providers who work with terminal patients and those patients’ families. Superordinate concept (I), “positivity of care for patients facing death”, is covered by 16 questions concerning such topics as “positive approach to communication with patients facing death”, “attitude toward care for patients facing death which is free from fear”, and “attitude which finds value in care for patients facing death”. Superordinate concept (II), “cognizance of care which focuses on the patient and the family”, is covered by 13 questions on such items as “awareness of the need for support from the family for the patient”, “attitude of respect for the patient’s interests and decision-making”, and “way of thinking about care for families”. Superordinate concept (III), “way of thinking about death” is addressed by a single question. This study does not endorse the use of this single question which cannot be dealt with as a factor, and so this third superordinate concept was excluded from the results. Responses were chosen from a five point scale: “strongly agree”, “agree”, “couldn’t say either way”, “disagree”, “strongly disagree”. A higher score indicated a more proactive or positive attitude toward terminal care (with half the items inverted).
Show more

8 Read more

Show all 10000 documents...