Reporting 03.08.064 The property system must provide the capability for an entity using the total life-cycle method of measuring deferred maintenance to present the following for each major class of PP&E: (1) The original date of the maintenance forecast and an explanation for any changes to the forecast, (2) Prior year balance of the cumulative deferred maintenance amount, (3) The dollar amount of the maintenance requirement estimated for the reporting period, (4) The dollar amount of maintenance actually performed during the period, (5) The difference between the forecast and actual maintenance, (6) Any adjustments to the scheduled amounts deemed necessary, and (7) The ending cumulative balance for the reporting period for each major class of asset experiencing deferred maintenance.
a) if Cover is provided by this Policy in respect of the Sums Insured stated in the Schedule or the balance of such Sums Insured remaining after deduction for any other DAMAGE occurring during the same Period of Insurance unless the Company shall have agreed to reinstate any such Sum Insured
PA42-010 Profit or loss on sale of financial assets must be equal on the balance sheet and the income statement PA42-012 The analysis of the disposal of property, plant and equipment by partner must equal account total PA42-014 The analysis of the purchase of property, plant and equipment by partner must equal account total PA42-016 The analysis of the disposal of investment property by partner must equal account total
The activities at site include deriving material balance, identifying waste flow lines, monitoring of characteristics, evaluating performance of pollution control equipment/system, assessing environmental quality, holding discussions with the management and finally preparing the draft report. Interviews should be carried out with various cross sections of the staff engaged in production, laboratory/quality control , R & D, environment management , so as to understand different operation mechanisms. Having a fair idea on the manufacturing process reconnaissance surveys should be made to be familiar with layout of the plant and process operations, and to understand possible impact on the surrounding environment. Various activities to be carried out at site are discussed in detail in the following paragraphs.
The primary objective is to design a chemical plant for the production of nitric acid by ammonia oxidation process. Firstly, the description about the need of process design and which process to choose among the available for the production. Next step is performing material and energy balance for all equipment. Further, designing of all major equipment of the plant has to be done, followed by utilities and finally, the economic feasibility of the project has to be checked.
extract of leaves of three species of Choisya; C. Aztec-Pearl, C. ter- nata and C. ternata var. sundance. Countercurrent chromatography (CCC) is a form of liquid-liquid partition chromatography where the stationary phase is held inside the column without the use of a solid support (Conway, 1990). In modern CCC equipment, the column can rotate in one axis, generating hydrostatic equi- librium of the two immiscible liquid phases (the stationary phase and the mobile phase), or it can rotate in a planetary motion (two rotation axes), generating a hydrodynamic equilibrium of the two phases. HSCCC machines have hydrodynamic equilibrium of the two liquid phases and have been largely used for the fractionation and puriﬁcation of natural products (Leitão et al., 2012; Friesen et al., 2015). Many different solvent systems have been used for the puriﬁcation of alkaloids using modern hydrostatic or hydro- dynamic equipment. Ionizable compounds like alkaloids can be puriﬁed using a technique called pH-zone reﬁning CCC, devel- oped by Ito in the 1990s (Ito and Ma, 1996), a modiﬁcation of the CCC technique that uses acids or bases as retainers and/or eluters. In a study from Fang et al. (2011) a compilation of several sol- vent systems for the puriﬁcation of alkaloids from herbs, by both HSCCC and pH-zone-reﬁning CCC is presented. In that review it is reported the separation of 94 alkaloids from more than thirty dif- ferent plant sources by conventional HSCCC using thirteen different solvent systems. The authors report that more than 67% of the alka- loids were puriﬁed with hexane–ethyl acetate–methanol–water (the so-called HEMWat system) and CHCl 3 –MeOH–H 2 O. In fact,
Thermal power plants have always played an important role in China's energy structure. In the thermal power production process, the tight coupling between the equipment, the complex system composition, and the high temperature, high pressure and high-speed rotation of the equipment, the thermal power plantequipment has been at a high failure rate. With the de- velopment of thermal power units to large ca- pacity and high parameters, the impact of unit failures has increased significantly. Once the unit is shut down, it will not only cause large economic losses to the power plant itself, but also cause power grid accidents in serious cases, causing serious social consequences. Therefore, it is particularly urgent and important to strengthen the management of power gen- eration equipment [1-2] .
The daily courses of the heat balance components over the vegetatively active and inactive surfaces differ substantially. The largest outgoing flux over the inactive surface is the sensible heat flux, used for heating the air. Over the active surfaces (evaporating areas), the largest outgoing flux is always the latent heat flux. This leads to the conclusion that the plant cover and its plant development stage plays a double role in the process of shaping the structure of heat balance of ecosystems. Growing plants intensify the transpiration process, which consumes the larger part of energy from net radiation, the energy which could potentially heat air or soil. On the other hand, when plants are fully developed and ripened, they fulfil an entirely different function. By insulating the influx of heat to soil and reducing evaporation from the surface of the soil (they do not transpire themselves), they become the least evaporating element of the landscape and, at the same time, an element which devotes most of its accumulated heat for the sensible heat flux and consequently for heating the air.
Q9-4 These would be an involuntary safety cost. These costs must be capitalized as part of property, plant and equipment. The logic is that if the new sprinkling system was not installed the building would not comply with the safety code and would be shut down. Therefore, these costs are recognized as an asset because without them the building would not be able to provide a future benefit.
C.J. Barner et al (2003) defined OEE and explore the purpose of this concept in modern operations. Their work discussed OEE as a total measure of performance that relates the availability of the process to the productivity and quality of the product. In their research, they also stated that the concept of OEE was appropriate to all operations containing plant and machinery. It was discussed that OEE can be used with an internally focused benchmark where an organization set improvement objectives. The research has shown that the most successful method of employing OEE is to use cross-functional teams aimed at improving the competitiveness of business.
Where maintenance access is or is likely to be required to a particular roof or plantequipment located on it, consideration shall be given to the installation of plant platforms, ladder brackets, roof anchor and/or static line systems to provide for ongoing safety on the roof. The extent of these requirements to be confirmed prior to the project going to tender with the representatives listed in Appendix ‘A’ of this document.
(8) where the coordinates of the phase space x, r - the degree of incompleteness of manufacture of the product (corresponding position), and the effective time of processing. Construction of kinetic equations is one of the major problems of statistical theory of production lines management systems [6,19,28]. The kinetic equation (7), (8) takes on real sense after the establishment of the form of function G ( t , S , ) . At motion of the object of labor on a technological route, an equipment has an impact on the object of labor, changing it qualitatively and quantitatively. The stochastic process impact of equipment on the object of labor is described by a distribution density ( t , S , ~ , ) of a random variable , where ~ and - the intensity of the transfer of resources to the object of labor before and after exposure . The cross-section random process for regulatory trajectory, that characterizes the rate of transfer of resources at time t at the point of a technological route with the coordinate S is a random variable  with the distribution density ( t , S , ~ , ) . The probability that the result of the impact of the equipment on the object of labor the value would be in range ( ; + d ) is the value ( t , S , ~ , ) d , and the total probability of transition to any state is unity:
The surface, through which the exchange between energy and matter takes place, is called an active surface. Hence, both the surface of the bare soil and that of a field with well-developed plant cover can be qualified as an active surface. A surface of this kind absorbs short-wave sun radiation and emits long-wave radiation whose intensity depends on the temperature of the surface (Kêdziora, 1995). The exchange of vapour between the soil and atmosphere, as well as the exchange of energy during the evaporation process connected with it, also takes place through an active surface. One of the ways of the micrometeorological description of our environment is the presentation of the heat balance structure of the active surface. It is assumed that the fluxes coming to the surface have positive values and the outgoing have negative values. In literature it is usually described as an equation (Boyen et al., 1976; Kêdziora, 1995; Monteith, 1977; Oke, 1978; Paszyñski, 1972):
The bulk density-relation is a procedure I devised and defined as finding the bulk density of a powdered material and subsequently determining its (actual) density in relation it to a known density of another (other) standard powdered material(s). This involves relating the density of one or more standard powdered material with known true density to determine that of the unknown powdered substance i.e. Kankara clay. The equipment required are a digital weighing balance, a measuring cylinder, standard samples and the insoluble substance (Kankara clay) whose density is to be determined In this method, laboratory procured samples of calcium carbonate and PVC are to be used as the standard materials with known true densities and Kankara clay is to be the substance with unknown true density. The bulk densities of the standard material and the Kankara clay are first determined as given below;