Ecotourism is natural based travel that conserves the environment, sustains the well-being of the local communities, and involves environmental interpretation and education. A number of literature reviews have been published focusing on specific aspects of the ecotourism market segmentation, ecological impacts of wildlife viewing, and community-based ecotourism, but there has been minimal attention to critical areas such as quality control, the industry, external environments or institutions. In order to further promote related studies, it is important to conduct a comprehensive review on ecotourism so that recent research progresses can be summarized and future research directions can be identified. Accordungly, this paper aims to conduct a bibliometricreview on ecotourism to glean the past, current and future perspectives on ecotourism. Based on 1,889 articles published from 2001 to 2018 and searched from Web of Science, a systematic method combining bibliometric analysis and network analysis is applied to uncover the dynamic trends, academic collaboration and research hotspots. Results show that the overall publication quantity had been gradually improved. The key journals include Journal of Hospitality and Tourism Management, Annals of Tourism Research, Conservation Biology and Biological Conservation. Authors from USA have the most publications and international co-authorships, followed by Australia and England, while the most influential institution is the Chinese Academy of Science followed by Griffith University. Moreover, research keywords have been identified, including ecotourism, management, biodiversity, national park, sustainability and sustainable tourism. In order to further improve research in this field, it is crucial to combine different methods so that more innovative perspectives can be presented. Research findings from this study will provide limitations, and suggestions for future research.
Business Model Innovation: a bibliometricreview
_________________________________________________________________________________ articles, how we described each of those authors
groups factors and lines of research involved in each one of the factors. The factor analysis procedures in the bibliometric study, using co- citation, aim at identifying the fields of knowledge through the affinity of citations and was also used in the work of Mazieri and Soares (2015). In that paper, the objective was to evaluate the group factors of authors in the Big Data field. Mazieri and Soares not only assessed the group factors by affinity and citations, but also proposed a discussion based in the Resource-Based View to theorize and conceptualize Big Data. We understand a similar approach could be used to analyze the Business Models theme, aim of this investigation.
General information for each relevant entry is recorded, such as author, date of publication, and title. Entries are categorized according to reference type, con- tent and topic. The reference types include journal article, report, thesis, book or book chapter, conference proceed- ing (abstract), registered study, and other (e.g. electronic citation, presentations, unpublished work). The content type includes: primary research articles (henceforth re- ferred to as original research), review (secondary analysis or discussion of other researchers' primary research), commentary (editorial or letter commenting on others’ primary research), policy document, practice guidelines, programme evaluation, conference summary or report, and other content (e.g. grant proposals or study proto- cols). Categories are not mutually exclusive such that sin- gle entries can contribute to multiple categories. Items which are both available in English and another language are categorized as English. Entries obtained from clinical trial registries are removed from the library once
Facing the crescent transmission of Zika virus in Brazil and elsewhere, the objective of this study was to analyze the number and features of publications since the discovery of the virus until May 2016. A e review of literature using the single descriptor "Virus Zika" to reach researches around the world. Were found 428 papers and 321 analyzed in this study, of which 59.8% were indexed in PubMed database. The increasing number of publications of different aspect of the virus and epidemics is remarkable and show the rapid answer from research institutes, universities and groups, financial agencies to face this emergent public health threat.
information and communication technologies in the delivery of rural health care in general practice settings. Liaw and Humphreys 25 warn about the ‘eHealth paradox’ in that although rural areas stand to benefit from eHealth but have the poorest infrastructure, resources, capacity and capability for successful implementation and uptake. However a recent Cochrane review about the role of telemedicine versus face- to-face patient care concludes that telecommunication technologies are feasible, but there is little evidence for clinical benefit 26 . The review further states the feasibility of randomized trials on telemedicine in clarifying issues and advised policy-makers about recommending increased use and investment in unevaluated technologies.
Page | 5 Our search was guided by the 'Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses' (Moher et al. 2009), which provides clear guidelines for communicating the pro- cedures used in identifying sources for a review (see Figure 1). In constructing our search strate- gy, we began with the choice of where to seek for sources. Scholars frequently rely on reposito- ries of documents such as Google Scholar, Scopus and the WoS when conducting systematic reviews of research. In Turkey, the Council of Higher Education (CoHE) has emphasized schol- arly publication in WoS-indexed journals, thereby heightening its relevance for this review. At the same time, however, the WoS has been criticized for its lack of coverage of both manage- ment (Mongeon and Paul-Hus 2016) and EDLM journals (Author In press). For this reason, prior reviews of EDLM research have often employed hybrid search strategies that also include spe- cialized EDLM journals that are not indexed in the WoS (e.g., Hallinger 2018a; Oplatka and Ar- ar 2017). In this review, we followed a two-stage 'hybrid' strategy.
indexed in Scopus; however, some data from ESCI have been taken into account in order to compare them with those obtained in Scopus. The coverage of the journal in these databases does not exactly coincide, both in the number of annual articles and in the documentary typ- ology of the articles included. For example, in Scopus, the journal is indexed from 2012 to 2018, while it has been indexed in ESCI on a regular basis since 2015. These differences in index coverage create discrepancies in bibliometric indicators, depending on whether they are extracted from one or the other database.
While it is clear that closed, hierarchical governance models will become in- creasingly untenable (Alford, 2009; Edelmann et al., 2012; Bryson et al., 2014; Malito and Umbach, 2015; Ropret et al., 2018), the research problem faced when analysing the post-NPM literature is the lack of studies examining the multitude of possible public governance models (PGM) with sufficient com- prehensiveness, especially in Central and Eastern European (CEE) states. This leads to limitations on the application of concrete governance models in man- aging/governing the public administration system. Although different works often mention the system of public administration there is in fact no such sys- tem: there are only many systems present (Hammerschmid, et al. 2016; Bevir, 2011; Ongaro, 2010; Osborne, 2010; Painter & Peters, 2010; Peters, 2009; Ropret et al., 2018). The public governance models we know of today remain overly idealistic and too general or partial, or do not give details concerning why, how and when any of them will be effective/successful (Kovač and Bil- eišis, 2017; Pollitt and Bouckaert, 2011). For example, one-size-fits-all solu- tions neither take account of regional administrative traditions and cultures nor specific national circumstances (De Vries and Nemec, 2013; Drechsler, 2014; Hupe and van der Krogt, 2013). Regarding the legal determination of public administration in Central Europe, and at the same time to resolve in- terdisciplinary problems, reforms must be managed not only by regulation or management but holistically (Kovač and Jukić, 2016; Ropret et al., 2018). Accordingly, a deficiency of every governance model, such as (Neo) Weberian theory, (post) NPM, good or digital governance, is that the individual model is only useful for particular challenges or areas encountered by politicians and officials (Kovač and Bileišis, 2017). Based on this literature review, the need for a critical evaluation of public governance model (PGM) literature proves as vital in providing the scientific foundations for overcoming complex con- temporary public governance issues, related to multi-level governance, dele- gation of powers and decentralization, business globalization, digitalization, the 4th industrial revolution, migrations, nationalism and interstate conflicts, environmental change and several others. With the regulatory approaches of the 19th and 20th century, we are simply unable to respond any faster to the complexities of the 21st century.
As expected, after analysing the most active institutions in the publication of articles in this field, the United States and the United Kingdom are also the countries with the highest volume of articles (Table 4). The United States has 57 articles, with 1076 citations and an h- index of 13, clearly leading the ranking in all these elements. The United Kingdom is the second most active country, with 25 articles, 674 citations and an h-index of 11. Other relevant countries in this field are Spain, Germany and Russia. It is also worth noting the presence of countries like Nigeria (7 articles) and Ukraine (4 articles), not usual in most bibliometric rankings. Table 4 also shows the number of articles (A/Pop) and citations (C/Pop) in relation to the population of each country.
5. Velmurugan,C(July-sept-2013).Bibliometric Analysis with special reference to Authorship Pattern and collaborative Research output of Annals of Library and Information Studies for the year 2007-2012.International Journal of Digital Library Services,3(3),13-21.
Advances in genetic technology and biological understanding in the last 100 years have opened a new era of discovery and investigation. In the centennial year of the journal GENETICS, we quantify the remarkable shifts in genetic research through textual analysis of publications. We characterize changes in the focus of genetic research by studying all available abstracts and titles of papers published since 1916 in GENETICS. We docu- ment a massive expansion in publications in genetics, beginning in the 1950s, and accelerating in the 1980s, as genetic research expanded globally from a few initial locations. We also describe changes in word usage over time, reﬂecting evolving research interests, methods, and organisms. For example, we observe stable use of Drosophila in genetics research throughout the century. In contrast, we document rapid increases in human genetic research and extreme expansion in use of model or- ganisms, including Escherichia coli, Arabidopsis thaliana, Caenorhabditis elegans, and Saccharomyces cerevisiae, and a later decline in use of prokaryotes. We use bibliometric analyses to measure the most prominent research trends as reﬂected in the journal GENETICS.
During the Italian research assessment exercise, the national agency ANVUR performed an experiment to assess agreement between grades attributed to journal articles by informed peer review (IR) and by bibliometrics. A sample of articles was evaluated by using both methods and agreement was analyzed by weighted Cohen’s kappas. ANVUR presented results as indicating an overall “good” or “more than adequate” agreement. This paper re-examines the experiment results according to the available statistical guidelines for interpreting kappa values, by showing that the degree of agreement (always in the range 0.09-0.42) has to be interpreted, for all research fields, as unacceptable, poor or, in a few cases, as, at most, fair. The only notable exception, confirmed also by a statistical meta-analysis, was a moderate agreement for economics and statistics (Area 13) and its sub-fields. We show that the experiment protocol adopted in Area 13 was substantially modified with respect to all the other research fields, to the point that results for economics and statistics have to be considered as fatally flawed. The evidence of a poor agreement supports the conclusion that IR and bibliometrics do not produce similar results, and that the adoption of both methods in the Italian research assessment possibly introduced systematic and unknown biases in its final results. The conclusion reached by ANVUR must be reversed: the available evidence does not justify at all the joint use of IR and bibliometrics within the same research assessment exercise.
Top journals from both the perspective of productivity and sustainability are Journal of Business Research. Marketing Science, Information & Management, Decision Support Systems, Electronic Commerce Research and Applications, Psychology & Marketing, and Online Information Review. These journals secured position both in the list of top 10 journals from productivity perspective and also in the list of top 11 journals from sustainability perspective. For creating the list of top sustainability journals, 11 journals were included so as to keep the uniformity in judgment in including all the journals with 9 years of publication.
quantitative systematic approach to present an objective, novel and integrated review of the field. The application of this novel approach can assist the academic community to position themselves to visibly understand the structure, theoretical foundation, key concepts and themes as a step towards developing an integrated and robust framework for the adventure tourism field. Our findings reveal three major research areas in the current adventure tourism literature including: adventure tourism experience; destination planning and development; and adventure tourism operators. Predominantly research has focused on the adventure tourism experience, while less attention has been given to destination planning and development, and adventure tourism operators. These latter two areas are in themselves a demonstration of the theoretical complexity of establishing adventure tourism enterprises within local community and environmental planning contexts as they become overlaid with tourist-centric destination management and marketing of the products on offer.
The number of citations that a paper receives is a signifi- cant indicator of its influence and contribution to a cer- tain field [1 – 3]. Citation analysis is an important measurement for assessing the academic significance of a paper [1 – 3]; it is a bibliometric method used to inves- tigate the characteristics of a paper ’ s citations. Many bibliometric studies have been conducted to investigate the top-cited papers in medical fields, such as diabetes, hypertension, osteoporosis, imaging, dentistry, cardiac surgery, and orthopaedics [4 – 10].
The purpose of this paper was to identify and to explore the extent of research done in the field of ethical climate. The Web of Science core collection database was explored to find out the publications done in the field from 1970 until February 2020. This analysis had also attempted to uncover the key areas that researchers have focused on, the top journals, top authors, top countries and top publications in the field of ethical climate. Based on the bibliometric analysis approach, this paper was able to reveal that the field of ethical climate is very much under the focus of researchers, and the highest number of publications was observed in 2019. The journal of Business Ethics was among the top journal in the field whereas the journal of Nursing Ethics and the Journal of Business Research came in 2nd and 3rd, respectively. The keyword co- occurrences when used for analysis, also revealed that ethical climate research is now focusing on concepts such as: ethical leadership, moral distress, organizational climate, and employee burnout. With respect to the highest number of documents published in the research on ethical climate, the top author in the field was traced to Borhani, Fariba with eight publications. The strongest publication with the highest of 535 citations was traced to ‘Bad Apples, Bad Cases, and Bad Barrels: Meta-Analytic Evidence About Sources of Unethical Decisions at Work’ by Kish-Gephart, Harrison and Treviño  (2010). This was published in the Journal of Applied Psychology. Among the countries, the USA was noted to be the top country, with the highest total link strength, and highest number of publications, followed by China and Turkey, respectively. CONTRIBUTION, LIMITATION AND FUTURE RECOMMENDATION OF THE STUDY
Although the above review of TCT relies primarily on Williamson’s work over the past few decades (Williamson & Ouchi, 1981; Williamson, 1979, 1981, 1985, 1994), there are other notable scholars in this line of research exploring the very issue of why firms exist and do what they do. For example, over six decades ago Ronald Coase (1937), best known as the forefather of transaction cost theory, foresaw the transaction costs that arise when transactions are conducted through the market. The core insight awarding him the Nobel prize is that decision makers are situated at a boundary where using a pareto efficiency approach they have to constantly compare the transaction costs of using the market against those of managing exchanges internally. Internalizing the transactions optimizes the relative value of the exchange. In essence, the market price mechanism is replaced by fiat.
The main goal of the current study was to examine the trends of “Open Innovation” for the past 5 years and determine the key-phrases associated with the research topic. In this papers, we presented the various key-phrases, institutions, authors, journals, countries and sub fields for “Open Innovation” published research and indexed by SCOPUS. Results indicated that the interest in “Open Innovation” research increases steadily. The USA is leading the pack as expected compared to China which is at the 6 th position among top 10 countries. Although the USA produced the highest number of publications, its FWCI is not of the top scores. Thus, we believe that both quality and quantity should be taken into consideration for impactful research. This bibliometric analysis uncovers the importance of “Open Innovation” area and its multi-disciplinary applications. The increasing number of publications and citations suggested that “Open Innovation” is gradually becoming a hot topic. In future, researchers should collect more bibliometric information from other