Busmanagement system is used for the purpose of tracking, this is done by the help of GPS. In the existing system only admin can track the location of the buses. The admin who has rights can only access this system. In this existing system the admin receive the message about the condition of buses, the travelling speed of the bus and the system sends the message when the bus is delayed and cancelled due to various reasons. All this functions are accessed only by the admin not by the students, faculties or others.
This paper highlights the implementation of an Intelligent BusManagement System to curb the current challenges and problems such as overloading and smoking in the bus. RFID-based public transport ticketing systems rely on widespread networks of RFID readers that locate the user within the transport network in real time to be able to verify whether he can travel at that time with the ticket he holds. This system also builds a common platform for integrated monitoring and passengers information services by informing about seat availability and displaying the current location of the bus at the bus station. This paper presents the details of all system components and the system will be beneficent for the people as it will minimize the dependency to use their own vehicles.
This paper deals with the implementation of an intelligent bus monitoring system based on current challenges and problem. This system would overcome significant drawbacks of wired inter- faces, i.e. there would be no interruption of operation owing to physical damage and wireless Blue- tooth technology would enable easier access to the device where physical wires and connections may be difficult to install. The result show that the choice of integrated technology used in the sys- tem is suitable to monitor and manage a vehicle transportation system.
The major impact of this measure is on the transport system. The GPS monitoring system helps to better control and plan PT services, leading to an improved quality of service, increasing the attractiveness of this mode, therefore inducing higher bus patronage. The improvement of transport quality will have a social and economic impact because we will be able to create appropriate planning for PT vehicles on every route. The Incident Management System will also improve the quality of PT services by solving problems that passengers report.
Abstract: Nowadays due to the increase in the number of school bus services, authentication is becoming an unmanageable task which results in a possibility of an unauthorized use of bus services and raises the risk of insecurity to school students and causes both physical and mental harm to the students. The conventional passenger management practices require an employee for each bus to authenticate the subscription passes which is a time-consuming task. Another school busmanagement system has been proposed in 2015 using RFID which can be misemployed. To enhance the efficiency of passenger’s management system this paper proposes a novel method for school bus subscription management system using face recognition technology in which a highly efficient cascade classifier algorithm is used for face detection and linear binary pattern histogram algorithm (LBPH) is used for feature extraction and selection. The entire system is programmed using python according to the demand of face recognition technology, python is provided open source computer vision (OpenCV) library support for enhanced face recognition applications. The equipment used in the school bus can distinguish teachers, parents and students and prevents the unauthorized use of bus services and responds by texting the bus administrator about unauthorized access and suggests taking the immediate action and checks the validity of existing users and suggests for renewal after expiry by a short message service(SMS).
With rapid raise in population, vehicular traffic has increased in leaps and bounds. Road accidents have been on the rise every day. The system is more acute especially in metros and large towns. Besides, an exponential improvement in technology has lead to a fast moving world. The aim of organizations is to carry out work in a fast and efficient manner and at the same time cutting down the expenses incurred. With this perspective in mind, a fuzzy expert system has been designed for busmanagement system. This system considers a large set of input parameters and frames decisions. The chief focus of the system is to provide a threshold limit beyond which the number of accidents as well as the expenditure incurred can be cut down. The unique feature of the system is to simulate relationships between parameters which are difficult to compute mathematically. A specific instance of the relationship between speed of the vehicle and wear and tear has been clearly illustrated.
The discussion of bus shelters within transportation planning literature in the United States is limited. Those scholarly works that do exist call into question the importance of shelters within a transit network. Trips on transit also include a great deal of time spent between the destination and the transit stop or station; in the United States, “out-of-vehicle time share of trips has increased” due to longer distances associated with suburban expansion (Iseki & Taylor 2010, p. 24). The bus shelter, then, is not significant within planning so much because of the amount of time travelers spend waiting there, as it is important as a symbol of the transit system and a means of revenue for both transit agencies and advertisers. In one study in southern California, transit patrons identified safety (“an emergency contact method” and “safety at night”) as the most in need of improvement at transit stops, followed by reliability (“schedule adherence” and “wait time”) (Iseki & Taylor 2010, p. 33). At least according to this study, the appearance of a shelter is not as important as feeling protected from crime at a bus stop, and having on-schedule, reliable transit service. The importance of maintaining a quality network of shelters, then, is likely more beneficial to the operators of said shelters than it is to the people using them each day.
The core communication technology behind the system is based on Web Services and results demonstrate that this simple approach is accurate and appropriate for rural areas in Trinidad. The Bus Coming tracking system proposed in this paper has shown to be capable of effectively compensating for the inaccuracies associated with raw location data generated by consumer level mobile devices (smart phones). Thus even very low cost devices without accurate location capabilities can be used within the Bus Coming system to extract accurate location data. Given the accuracy of the Bus Coming system, rural areas should look first to a bus and passenger based bus tracking system thereby providing more useful information than a bus and bus stop based bus tracking system.
manpower training system will be a very important work for the development of social enterprises. In manpower training project section includes: service and operations, management and business, and social entrepreneurs. On incubation time includes: short-term skills training, interim management capability training, theory and analysis of long-term capability- building. In accordance with the actual requirements of the operation environment, the training program plans and designs curriculum, teaching hours and teaching methods. Thus, there will be a systematic and efficient manpower training system for various patterns of social enterprises needs to help the operations of social enterprises. There are three patterns of training program: the concept of social enterprise, job training of social enterprise managers, and long-term planning of university curriculum.
to these travelers, a proposal of establishing an Organization for Transportation and Terminals was introduced in 1949. However, it was not seriously considered until 1974 when construction of the first terminal of Tehran (South Terminal) was started by Municipality of Tehran (Hagigatian et al., 2015). Finally, following the glorious victory of Islamic Revolution, Terminal Law was approved by the Revolutionary Council which promoted Tehran Municipality to establish the Organization for Transportation and Terminals, and since then, the organization obtained a legal personality and financial independence (Savadkoohi, 2006). Now, Terminals and Transportation Organization of Tehran Municipality mainly manages the function of four large terminals (South, West, East, and Beihaghi) and construction of several new non-central terminals including new Poonak Terminal, Ayatollah Saeedi, Sheikh Fazlolah, and new Tehran East Central Terminal (Babazadeh et al.,2015). The experience of South Bus Terminal was enough for travel agents to recognize the problem of bus traffic from south Tehran to western and northern cities and think about the idea of constructing West Bus Terminal. In 1991, construction of the largest bus terminal of the country was started out at this place (Ramezani and shabankho, 2013). In second half of 1996, Tehran West Bus Terminal, with an area of 50 hectares, was inaugurated with presence of the president of the time, Ayatollah Hashemi Rafsanjani. So far the largest terminal of the country, Tehran West Terminal is built on two floors; on the ground floor, sales agents’ offices are and business-service booths are based, and the upper floor is assigned to Terminal management office and administrative offices of the travel agents (Babazadeh et al., 2015).
In IEEE-30 bus system,we apply the GSA congestion method.This method reduced the losses in the line due to less losses the cost of the system is not increase.Before the congestion management the line losses is more than as compare to after congestion management.Before congestion management the line losses is 25.4509 and after GSA congestion the losses is 10.8848. The total line loss after and before congestion as shown in table.
The public transport available on sharing basis for the benefits of general public. It includes city buses, trolley buses, trams, passenger trains, ferries and rapid transit like metro and subbase. The main reason why the people choose public transportation over other modes of transport are its subsidized rates, environment-friendly attributes and easy accessibility. Firstly, public transport is very economical allowing the large population to have access to it. Using a bus or train to commute is comparatively cheaper than using a private car. If people have their own car they have to spend a lot of money on fuel, car servicing, repairs and insurance. Secondly, public transport can preserve the environment by reducing the amount of pollution. With an increase in the use of public transportation, there will be a resonable dip in the number of private vehicles on the road, therefore improving the environment and in addition, solving the traffic congestion issues. The overloading of the Indian bus, by flouting there rules ignoring the safety norms is resulting in mounting road mishaps in the state. Along with the uncertainty in time, there is also an apprehension regarding the capacity of bus. Thus determining capacity of any given bus is equally important to the arriving time estimation. The increasing accident involving good vehicles is mainly due to overloading, rash driving and traffic congestion, according to MaheshChand, Chief project coordinator, National Transportation Planning and Research Center(NATPAC). In order to provide necessary bus data to all passengers,we propose a smart bus station where the incoming buses of the station will be displaced on the LCDs and announced by the speakers. An intelligent smart bus station removes the barriers for public transport usage and creates the positive impact about the bus journey.
This paper outlines implementation of RFID for a bus detection mechanism to help blind in travelling from one place to another. Generally, journey in a bus is a safe and comfort factor but navigation in outdoor environments is highly difficult for those who have congenital blindness or blindness from a very young age. Several solutions have been proposed like walking stick or white cane, guide dogs and GPS guidelines to deal with this difficulty. Although some of them have shown to be useful in real scenarios, they involve an important deployment effort or use artifacts that are not natural for blind users. Therefore, this paper aims to develop a bus detection prototype using Radio Frequency Identification (RFID) for blind with two prototypes one at the bus stop and the other one inside the bus.The key components for these prototypes are voice ic and two zigbee units along withtwo switches for accepting and rejecting a bus request.
This paper incorporated two voltage-dependent load mod- els into an algorithm for improving a static voltage stability margin based on the SSV of the power flow Jacobian matrix. An iterative linear programming technique was used to determine the optimal loading pattern that maximizes the SSV. Using the IEEE 14-bus system, we studied the impact of the load models on the optimal SSV of the full power flow Jacobian matrix (including terms corresponding to the voltage-dependent load models) and the corresponding optimal loading patterns. We found that use of different ZIP models resulted in the same optimal loading patterns, but use of induction machine models changed the optimal loading pattern, pointing to the importance of properly modeling loads when implementing such an algorithm. Comparing SSVs across systems with different load models proved difficult since structural changes in the power flow Jacobian matrix affect the magnitude of the SSV. Therefore, we also explored the impact of maximizing the SSV of the conventional Jacobian matrix, which is the same for each load model but does not reflect the physical system. This work raises the question of how to compare static voltage stability margins across systems with structural differences.
For Type C isolation, the isolators are placed on the front- end so that it well protects all the components as long as the EMI signals are within the tolerance of the isolators. The isolator can directly receive, filter out, and isolate the bus signal with EMI. On the other hand, if the EMI signals are sufficiently large, the bus signals will still be affected. However, the CAN bus error detection mechanism may also be carried out to set the modes of re-transmission, stop-transmission, or Bus off. It should be mentioned that delay transmission error and bit error are generally not occurred in this type of isolation scheme as long as the EMI does not directly attack the frame during the transmission.
Public transport has become a part of live. Most people reach from homes to workplace or school using public transportation. People can lose their time in transportation because of undesirable waiting without the information of bus. People also have the right to know where the bus is now and the time that bus will departure. There are a kinds of service that all public transport systems must provide especially public bus.
UPFC provides much more flexibility than the SSSC for controlling the line active and reactive power because active power can be transferred from the shunt converter to the series converter, through the DC bus . In addition to allow control of the line active and reactive power, the UPFC provides an additional degree of freedom. Its shunt converter operating as a STATCOM controls voltage by absorbing or generating reactive power. Both the series and shunt converters use a Voltage-Sourced Converter (VSC) connected on the secondary side of a coupling transformer. The VSCs use forced-commutated power electronic devices such as Gate Turn-Off (GTO) thyristors to synthesize a voltage from a DC voltage source. The common capacitor connected on the DC side of the VSCs acts as a DC voltage source.
The hardware part consists of Transmitter and Receiver. Transmitter is placed on the bus and receiver is on the administrator’s side. The transmitter will transmits the values of position of the bus via GPS and when the relay is toggled it also transmits the value of RFID tag which will be scan by our RFID reader i.e. placed on our transmitter. Both GPS device as well as RFID tag transmits the alphanumeric values. The respective information which is sent by the transmitter is received by the receiver, receiver collects this information and with the help of software part all the required output will be shown on the screen.