Co-construction of Science and Society

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Inferences on the construction of the critical sense from environmental education in science education

Inferences on the construction of the critical sense from environmental education in science education

Every human being needs to interact with the environment in which he is inserted, and today, this interaction has become even more important since society has undergone numerous transformations that require the subjects not only to adapt to this process of change, but to take positions and speak critically against the facts that permeate our reality. For the individual to be able to develop their knowledge and improve their ideas, it is necessary to articulate the reflections on the knowledge they already have to the new, in a permanent process that favors the critical apprehension of reality. Considered in its broadest dimension, critical thinking is one of the mechanisms through which it is possible to better understand the world, positioning itself in front of it, contributing significantly to the review and construction of new knowledge. Critically thinking involves knowledge about one's own knowledge, because the critical thinker must understand that there are several types and styles of thoughts, reflections, inferences and communication, depending on the context in which they are inserted. Today's society is characterized by being constantly thought of. We, as active subjects in our social interactions, act, we think, by questioning ourselves; we do not take for granted the reality around us, but we do know of the existence of other contexts and other practices that "quote" our normality. Constantly, we must filter information and engage in society to survive due to the plurality of life forms and ways of doing. We must decide on the plurality of possible options, knowing that “for life” is something that happens neither at work nor at marriage (FLECHA; TORTAJADA, 2000, p. 26). For this, the formation of the critical, autonomous subject

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Empirical Research on the Industrial R & D Investment and “Two Oriented Society” Construction in China—On the Analysis of Anhui Industrial Sector

Empirical Research on the Industrial R & D Investment and “Two Oriented Society” Construction in China—On the Analysis of Anhui Industrial Sector

Third, lead the trend of science and technology to modest changes in science and technology center. Anhui province is in rapid development stage of industrializations which the pursuit of rapid economic growth is the focus at this stage, but we can’t put the resources and the environment aside, be should be careful to avoid the “pollution first, first damage control after” industrialized road. Judging from the empirical results, R & D funds and S & T personnel are associated with economic development more, description of input and output focus in Anhui industrial sector is dominated by the economy. The government could adopt appropriate fiscal policy, tax policy by directing resource of science and technology flows to balance between resource and environment de- velopment.

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Racial Science and British Society, 1930 62

Racial Science and British Society, 1930 62

Such observations are of particular import given Schaffer’s argument that key aspects of the construction of immigration policy cannot genuinely be understood without reference to the influence both of the prevailing scientific orthodoxy, which was by no means a cloistered undertaking, and wider social attitudes themselves which in many instances helped to mould scientific opinion itself. By taking this holistic approach Schaffer’s study has much to commend it. Contrary to several previous studies Schaffer makes a convincing case for stating that far from being a period in which race disappeared as a concept the 1930s was a period in which the concept of race was ‘reconsidered and rearticulated’ (p. 16). His dissection of four racial studies reveals that far from dissipating during the inter-war period a ‘near total consensus’ remained within the scientific community that the scientific concept of race ‘continued to mean something’. However, doubts about the ‘origins and importance’ of the concept were increasingly being expressed, which, Schaffer observed represented something of a ‘sea change’ (p. 25) even if it did not signal a sudden diminution of biological thinking.

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SCIENCE, SOCIETY AND CIVILIZATION IN THE HISTORY OF SCIENCE

SCIENCE, SOCIETY AND CIVILIZATION IN THE HISTORY OF SCIENCE

on the reality observed by students (inductively), by a continuing critical reflection. Therefore, turning from teaching based on principles to teaching (also) based on broad and historical– cultural themes would be crucial. In this way, both a student is the protagonist, and schools training experts teacher (teach, work and publish) to provide a setting on teaching research aimed at the critical re–construction of scientific meanings along with ideas and contents. Fo- cusing on sciences and their inter–relationships, a larger base of analysis should be adopted: history, historical epistemology, logics and foundations of sciences. Thus, a multidisciplinary teaching based on large themes–problems toward a scientific education, science & society stud- ies, based on different formulations of the same theory would be appreciated. The relationship between sciences, strategies, methods is taken into account to try to define a re–thinking on the problem of theorization and of modelling within educational problems. 13 In this context, the

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The Contribution of Society to the Construction of Individual Intelligence

The Contribution of Society to the Construction of Individual Intelligence

The methodology o f Embodied Artificial Intelligence (EAI) approach which h as influenced research into robotics and adaptive systems has according to Erich Prem [36] a number of implications for cognitive science: “Cognition is a timely p rocess driven by forces internal and external t o the system, cognition h appens in close interaction with the world, often in o rder to manipulate the world.” [36]. If we replace ‘world’ by ‘social world’ then Prem's citation relates nicely to our notion of socially situated intelligence. For an embodied agent situatedness in the world matters, as for a social agent situatedness in the social world matters. A stronger claim, for which evidence is increasing bu t not yet sufficient, is that human intelligence (e.g. problem-solving abilities) has evolved in evolutionary terms literally as a side-effect of social i ntelligence (cf. our discussion on autism and the social intelligence hypothesis in this paper). Thus, research into socially situated intelligent, e.g. studying simulation models of human interactions/societies, or building embodied artifacts like robots, can p rovide valuable input t o this discussion. We almost never learn about our social environment i n a passive, detached way bu t through constant interaction with it in o rder to achieve our social (and other) goals.

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Consumption in Crime: Fashion as the Construction of a Criminal Self in Society

Consumption in Crime: Fashion as the Construction of a Criminal Self in Society

4 from dispositions; a person is made into a personality through their specific experiences. One might say that there is no core in a person, rather dispositions upon which experiences are projected, interpreted as it were, i.e., transformed into models of the world and of the self in the world— understandings. The disposition screens are the area upon which experiences becomes visible into a specific condition that the person is in, and thus make up their phenomenological personality. A person’s personality in this way can be said to be based on esthetic experiences with esthetics taken to mean, first, sensations of any kind and, second, following Schiller, sensations that build a personality. So, one could say that personhood precedes personality, being precedes identity and thus, of course, self-identification. This, to us, is in part congruent with Thomas Metzinger’s view on the human mind when he presents his metaphor the Ego Tunnel (2009). The concept of the “ego tunnel” is a visualization aiming at making the idea of the self as a process more accessible to a wider audience than those specifically engaged to the philosophy of mind and cognitive science. Metzinger presents his most developed theory of self-as-process in his seminal work, Being No One (2004) where he makes a philosophical account of recent developments in cognitive science. As Graham Harman (2011) points out, Metzinger not only makes the case for self-as-process but also for philosophy basing itself in science, much like ancient philosophy. Harman writes, “If you agree with Metzinger that up-to-date empirical work should replace a priori intuitions into the nature of the human subject, then you too will feel surrounded by widespread reactionary resentment on topics pertaining to the mind”, (ibid.: 11). Harman obviously does not wholly agree but at the same time explains that what Metzinger is confronting are a priori assumptions regarding the existence of an independent self. In Being No One, Metzinger presents his theory of mind; he writes (somewhat polemically) that,

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Mathematics in Advancements of Science and Technology "Boon for Society"

Mathematics in Advancements of Science and Technology "Boon for Society"

Mathematics is of central importance to modern society. It provides the vital underpinning of the knowledge of economy. It is essential in the physical sciences, technology, business, financial services and many areas of ICT. It is also of growing importance in biology, medicine and many of the social sciences. Mathematics forms the basis of most scientific and industrial research and development. Increasingly, many complex systems and structures in the modern world can only be understood using mathematics and much of the design and control of high-technology systems depends on mathematical inputs and outputs. Economics of the society is developed by establishment of industries. The applied mathematics like computational science, applied analysis, optimization, differential equation, data analysis and discrete mathematics etc are essential in industrial field. By application of mathematical

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Teaching science in a multicultural, multi-faith society

Teaching science in a multicultural, multi-faith society

Over the last twenty years or so, issues to do with equality in science education have, encouragingly, been taken on board to an increasing extent by professional associations, textbook authors, publishers, Examination Boards, individual teachers and other science education professionals (Thorp, Deshpande and Edwards, 1994; Cobern, 1996; Guzzetti and Williams, 1996). No longer is it implicitly assumed, for instance, that physics is largely an activity undertaken predominantly by white middle class men interested only in car acceleration and the motion of cricket balls. More generally, a greater number of teachers realise that the content of what they teach and the way they teach can turn pupils onto science or off it.

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Role of Modern Education in Re-construction of Islamic Society

Role of Modern Education in Re-construction of Islamic Society

The main aims and objectives of the modern education do not match with the very purposes of Islamic society. According to Mingolo (2000) there are four aims of the Eurocentric modernity which modern education has preached. These are “Christianize, civilize, modernize and marketize”.12To promote these four aims the Modern education has been used. The structure of the course, the content of the curriculum, the philosophy of education, the aims and objective, all have been derived from the basics values of Greek, Roman, and modern European civilization. According to Foucault (1983) “Modern schooling is designed to (re)produce modern subjects who will in turn contribute to the reproduction of the modern/colonial world system through the reproduction of the dominant culture within particular nation-states. State mass compulsory education is a political structure of individualization techniques and totalization procedures”.13

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Support Science by Publishing in Scientific Society Journals

Support Science by Publishing in Scientific Society Journals

Author choices of journals to publish their findings have changed in recent decades. Beginning in the 1980s, scientists, funding agencies, and administrators increasingly assessed the quality of a research article not by characterizing the article and its impact but by transferring a supposed metric of journal quality and impact to all of the articles published in it. The JIF has been widely derided for the lack of transparency in how it is calculated, for focusing on only a 2-year window of citations, for its sensitivity to highly cited papers and to the popularity of subdisciplines (e.g., medicine versus agriculture), and for its focus on the quality of the journal rather than on the quality of individual articles (6, 7). Nevertheless, the JIF remains a major consideration for many scientists in choosing journals for publication of their work. The “glam” journals maintain their high JIFs by limiting their size to create artificial scarcity. In contrast, society journals have a mandate to serve their fields and constituencies by dissemi- nating relevant scientific information that is of high quality regardless of its potential short-term impact. Consequently, society journals publish more papers than the “glam” journals, which dilutes the contribution of highly cited papers to their JIFs, keeping them relatively low.

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Innovation and Dynamic Capabilities of  The Construction Firm

Innovation and Dynamic Capabilities of The Construction Firm

Abstract:- In modern conditions the firm's innovation policy is a major factor in its sustainable development. Since its creation the theory of the company's dynamic capabilities is associated with the development of innovation as a prerequisite for realizing competitive advantages and corporate goals. Dynamic capabilities are seen as a factor for change, reconfiguration of existing resources and building new resources and competencies within the company that allow the development of new products and the development of new processes. Therefore, the purpose of the study is to reveal the role of the dynamic capabilities and the impact of the dynamic environment for the development of innovations and the realization of the company goals by developing a conceptual model: "Dynamic capabilities - Innovation in product/ process – Competitive advantage" to be applied and tested in the activities of the construction firm.

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Combined DEA and Classification Analysis with Case Study of Building Construction Company

Combined DEA and Classification Analysis with Case Study of Building Construction Company

Based on the analysis by the DEA method, efficient building construction companies are less efficient than inefficient ones. Recorded for efficient domestic building construction there are 12.6% of companies and inefficient there is 87.4% in Southeast Asia. But on the data, there is an imbalance between efficient building construction companies as a minority group and inefficient as a majority group. The SMOTE (Synthetic Minority Oversampling Technique) method is one solution to overcome unbalanced data by adding (oversampling) minority groups [10]. The next step to explain the characteristics of efficient building construction companies, researchers analyzed by classical analysis method of classification tree. The use of classification trees is intended to identify the characteristics of efficient and inefficient variables. With the overall prediction accuracy of 83.79% in domestic building construction companies, these four variables can predict efficient domestic building construction companies with sensitivity 75.27% and inefficient companies with specificity 92.31%.

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Development of Co operative Society App using Android

Development of Co operative Society App using Android

Charity Donation service has been implemented in the application. This service enables the transactions within different accounts. The main objective of applying payment gateway is to make donations. If anyone wants to donate a small pay to the society, then it can be done by this service. This page contains a form and a submit option as shown in figure 4.1.a. This activity links the application to the payment gateway where further transaction is carried out as shown in figure 4.1.b.

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Manning’s Children: Responses to Rerum Novarum in Victoria 1891 to 1966

Manning’s Children: Responses to Rerum Novarum in Victoria 1891 to 1966

And historians too may have given Moran less than his due. Would the Moran of O’Farrell’s strictures, who ‘left to himself … thought in unrealistic vaguenesses, pious sentiments attempts to please everybody and cautious platitudes’ and whose pronouncements lacked ‘either originality or clear practical application’, have aroused so passionate an antipathy on the part of a co-religionist as that exhibited by Donovan? 64 Or have attracted so passionate an approbation as was expressed following his death by the ALP leaders whose cause his support had so boldly advanced? Or have inspired the President of Australia’s newly created Arbitration Court, Henry Bournes Higgins, to incorporate the encyclical’s concept of a just wage – a wage sufficient to support a wife and three children ‘in reasonable and frugal comfort’ as understood by a civilised community’ – in his seminal 1907 Harvester Case judgement? And might not O’Farrell’s censure of Moran for a supposed lack of interest in the nuts and bolts of reform have missed the point that it was a specifically moral and ethical guidance that his priestly office was called upon to provide?

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Science in Society: a Challenging Frontier for Science Policy

Science in Society: a Challenging Frontier for Science Policy

• Citizens of many modern European countries naturally expect to be given a say on matters that might aff ect their lives substantially. Especially in a knowledge-based society, where knowledge is becoming the main source of production, and where the welfare of individuals and groups depends crucially on the availability of, and access to, the right kind of knowledge, citizens can rightly insist on having a say on how knowl- edge is produced and to whom it gets distributed. Arguably this is their democratic right and the scientifi c community should have a special obliga- tion to listen to the concerns of citizens who may be adversely aff ected by the application of cer- tain forms of research and even ensure that these concerns are voiced in the fi rst place. It follows, therefore, that public awareness and recognition is necessary for ensuring suffi cient political and fi nancial support of science (by governments and parliaments). Taxpayers’ endorsement of the pur- pose and priorities of publicly funded research has to be earned. This applies to all fields of science, including the humanities and social sci- ences.

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Ecology, a science in the midst of society

Ecology, a science in the midst of society

Moreover, it is clear that an ecological way of thinking is maturing, for instance into a phenomenon that does not touch physical or chemical sciences. I do not know if Hans Jonas can be considered as an ecological philosopher, but what is certain is that his book Responsibility principle (1979) has greatly influenced Green thinking and society in Germany. He emphasizes the urgency for a radical change in the role of science and technology in western societies. He argues that scientific and technical progress can be dangerous far beyond the military fallout, through its consequences to the global equilibria of the biosphere and the integrity of mankind. For Hans Jonas, sciences and technology threaten the quality of our life, or even the sur- vival of our future generations.

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Scanning the Science-Society Horizon

Scanning the Science-Society Horizon

news events or the academic calendar, giving the example of ‘Full Moon’ which fol- lowed a monthly cycle, this leads to the interesting insight that “motivation of people to look for information on the full moon phenomenon each month does not stem from reading about it in the news or learning about it in school, but rather from their direct experience of this event” (p. 824). Their discussion of the limitations of their study include some limitations that apply to this thesis. They note that the search queries people use are a ‘Behavioural Measure’: “By entering a search query people reveal that they are thinking about a topic but we do not know the nature of their thoughts.” (p. 825) which is also a limitation of studying what people write in Tweets. They go on to say “Online research tools represent to some degree the interests of people from industrialized societies, usually from middle and upper class families, who use the internet’s resources to pursue their science interests” (p. 825).

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Accelerators for Science and Society

Accelerators for Science and Society

accomplish the futuristic accelerators. The superconducting magnets and superconducting RF technologies are very crucial in these developments. The superconducting technology of today is based on research on superconductivity which is nearly 100 years old. Bulk Nb continues to be the material of choice in making SC cavities in building RF structures. Accelerating field gradients of 20 to 30 MV/m are now routinely achieved. Research and technology development is ongoing to reach higher gradients of the order of 100 MV/m using the normal conducting resonators. Fields, as high as, 70 MV/m have been demonstrated in the Compact Linear Collider(CLIC) test facility at CERN. Research is underway to develop Superconducting material Nb 3 Sn (T c =18.3°K) as the next generation alternative to bulk Nb (T c =9.2°K). It is proposed to utilize Nb 3 Sn in the development superconducting magnets required for High Luminosity LHC programme to achieve higher magnetic fields above 10 T or so. In addition to the development of new materials, powerful Klystrons/ solid state amplifiers, beam diagnostics, beam dynamics, etc. will all have to be upgraded to suit the requirement of the future accelerators. These are exciting challenges in a broader area of accelerator science and technology. For more information on the International accelerator programme, interested readers may see (PIPAC, 2017) and the various articles covered in this conference.

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Stem cells research: a boon for science and society

Stem cells research: a boon for science and society

Stem cell research has emerged as an innovative scientific tool in the field of science such as biology, drug discovery, regenerative medicine and toxicological studies which allow us to develop novel techniques for restoration and replacement of damaged tissue. Stem cells are unspecialized cells which show the capacity to develop various cell types in the body. These are derived from a variety of sources (embryos, umbilical cord, blood and placentas) and are classified on the basis of their sources, origin and development and plasticity of differentiation. These also aid to the mechanism of disease evolution and thereby assists in the development of safer and effective drugs. Stem cells are known to treat various diseases such as Alzheimer's, Parkinson's, cancer, Type I diabetes, cardiovascular, gastrointestinal, urogenital, ocular and neurodegenerative diseases. Though stem cell has proved its effectiveness for various chronic illnesses, the hurdles lie in the fact that, research involves the destruction of an embryo or foetus which therefore raises sharp ethical and political controversies. These issues need to be discussed along with scientific challenges to ensure that stem cell research is carried out in an ethical manner. This review article provides a new insight in stem cell research which offers great promises for the benefit of science and society.

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Globalization Discourse and Cultural Construction Struggling to Create Better Life and the Better Society

Globalization Discourse and Cultural Construction Struggling to Create Better Life and the Better Society

Modern culture has been refurbished by the globalization process. Apparently globalization has deployed certain multifarious and multi-functional process in order to reenact this world society. Some of them are internationalization, Westernization, modernization, de- territorialization, universalization, liberalization and respatialization (Scholte, 2005:16).Globalization has been a feature of the human condition for several countries. In recent years, particularly in the aftermath of the Cold war, globalization conditions have accelerated with increasingly permeable national borders, easily penetrated by flows of capital, people and information. To a large extent , this process has been justified by ideologies of liberalism and concomitant support for free markets, free trade, and freedom of ideas (Hasbullah and Morrison, 2004: 08).The phenomenon of globalization may be addressed in terms of material and ideological dimensions, recognizing that these are at once intersecting and yet possessed of distinct features.“Taken together, the different trends described so far suggest a general structural shift in the construction of identity under contemporary conditions of intense globalization, namely, towards increased hybridization”

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