This thesis mainly studies the relationship between sports lifestyle and physical health of collegestudents. Taking 300 students in Lvliang College as subjects, by the way of the literature review, questionnaire surveys, physical tests, mathematical statistics and so on, this paper analyzes stu- dents’ body quality and physical health. In this paper, constituent elements of sports lifestyle in- clude: sports behavior subject, behavior characteristics, behavior benefit (the article names the four different kinds of lifestyle excellent-grade, good-grade, middle-grade and bad-grade); physi- cal health include: body shape, body function and body quality. This article analyzes and compares some factors of body shape, body function and body quality, such as weight, vital capacity, BMI, lung index, 50-meter, 800-meters (girls), 1000-meters (boys), sit and reach, one-minute sit-up (girls), and pull-up (boys). The results show that students with good sports lifestyle have better physical health than students with bad sports lifestyle. It is quite visible that a good sports lifestyle is a vital factor of students’ physical level. Setting a good sports lifestyle can improve body quality, promote the development of flexibility, speed and stamina, which eventually promote the all- round development of students’ physique. At the end of this thesis, the author suggests that col- lege students should form a positive and healthy life behavior.
From table 1.5, it is clear that the mean and S.D. scores of mental health of arts stream collegestudents having low mobile addiction are 114.04 & 9.98 respectively, whereas for commerce stream students having low mobile addiction, these are 118.36 & 10.16 respectively. The calculated ‘t’ value for 55 degree of freedom is 1.579 which is less than the table value (1.96) at 0.05 level of significance. It means that there is no significant difference between arts and commerce stream students having low mobile addiction on mental health. Hence
Most poor collegestudents have complicated and difficult living conditions. According to statistics (Gilbody, 2018), 73% of the poor students from the coun- tryside or town, their home are often in remote areas, farmer income is low, can’t go out to work for various reasons, the family no sustained economic sources and protection; six percent of poor students are orphans or single parent families, while one or both of the parents died of illness, and the family econom- ic poverty is accompanied by a heavy psychological trauma (Wei, 2008). 50% of poor students, their parents or grandparents and other family members, lose la- bor ability, the status of the perennial is ill in bed, this not only spent a lot of money, but also the consumption of health workers to take care of the family economy; About 26% of the poor students belong to more than two families, which is mainly rural, with large family expenses and unable to support many children. These unfavorable factors bring the spirit of the poor collegestudents and living pressures and worries, let them early to bear the burden of life, also give their character, personality and social cognitive complex effects. On the one hand, they are self-reliant, strong-willed, positive and able to face difficulties and challenges head-on. On the other hand, the special growth background and life experience can make them pessimistic, negative, cowardly, rebellious, aggressive and so on.
Collegestudents have a higher risk of making unhealthy lifestyle choices that could influence their health and wellbeing. This may be associated to their newfound freedom from direct parental guidance and typical peer pressure they face during young adult years . This is also linked with changes and new responsibilities like greater control over their health and exploration of choices. However, this also presents a stressful experience as these young adults need to adapt to changes in their life. These changes may include increased academic workloads, new environments and financial and social pressures . Statistics from the World Health Organization (WHO) (2017) indicated that of the 56.4 million deaths worldwide in 2015, more than half (54%) were due to the top 10 causes. These are ischemic heart disease and stroke, lower respiratory infection, chronic pulmonary disease, lung cancer, diabetes, diarrheal diseases, alzheimer‟s disease, tuberculosis and road injury . All of these can be closely linked to health- related behaviors which can be prevented through good health practices. According to  there is evidence that many students engage in various unhealthy and risky health practices, and other negative practices, which may produce long-term adverse effects on their health. It further indicates that poor health practices such as alcohol and tobacco use, physical inactivity and unhealthy dietary practices may lead to non communicable diseases (NCDs) such as cardiovascular diseases, cancers, respiratory diseases, diabetes and other NCDs which account for 28% of all fatalities . Conversely, other risk includes ignoring hand hygiene which is a contributive factor to infectious diseases. The high probability of having these diseases can be related to other factors such as stress, nutrition, environment or weak immune system. Collegestudents may
Abstract: The purpose of the present gender study is to compare collegestudents’ self-efficacy profiles in health care behavior. The overall sample consisted of 1,995 subjects: 862 women and 1,133 men. All subjects were freshman students enrolled in The Autonomous University of Chihuahua. The average age was 18.18 years (SD=0.68). A quantitative methodology aided in the survey-like descriptive design. The self-efficacy perception differences found between men and women suggest that any kind of action aimed at improving perceived self-efficacy must take gender into consideration. Further research should seek these findings in larger samples.
signiﬁcantly associated with HRQOL in the physical health, social relationships, and environment domains. Considering the signi ﬁ cant negative relationships of precollege and in-college bullying-victimization experiences with HRQOL among collegestudents, it is reasonable to suggest that previous exposure to bullying victimization may have latent effects that could be triggered by future bullying-related traumatization. Therefore, whether their bullying- victimization experiences up until college might exacerbate over time into later adulthood remains unclear and requires further investigations. In addition, although no bullying
SIGNIFICANCE OF THE STUDY: Internet addicted students face Psychological problems, academic problems and health problems among them decreases of self esteem is one of the problem of Internet addiction. Mental health is the ability to balance feelings, desires, ambitions and ideas in one‟s life. It means the ability to face and concept the realities of life. On the other hand adjustment is a continuous process by which a person varies his behavior to establish a harmonious relationship between himself and his environment. This study is to find out the impact of Internet addiction on the mental health and adjustment of collegestudents and it helps to become aware of the problems of Internet addiction.
More than half (60%) of the students had visited a dentist during the last 12 months, which is a higher proportion than that found in the survey of the total Kuwaiti popula- tion (39%) . However, toothbrushing frequency of twice a day or more was not common; only one third of the respondents were brushing as generally recommend- ed. Also the proportion of those students who were brush- ing less than once a day was high (20%), corresponding to the respective proportion in the illiterate population (24%) in the only national oral health survey in 1984– 1985 . A slightly higher proportion of twice-a-day brushers have been reported among 12-year-old Kuwaitis (47% among boys and 62% among girls)  and Saudi Arabian schoolchildren . In Lebanon, the proportion of twice-a-day brushers among collegestudents was also
Although the proportion of collegestudents is higher in France than what is observed in other countries, non- college-attending peers also have unique circumstances. For instance, unlike many O.E.C.D. countries (Organization for Economic Co-operation and Development), where young people are entitled to welfare benefits such as job- seeker’s allowance as soon as their reach 18, youths who are neither students nor working have to wait until their 25th birthday to receive welfare benefits (Revenu de Solidarité Active). Furthermore, the unemployment rate for the age category 15–24 year-old in metropolitan France is currently running at 23.7 % (24.4 % among women and 22.9 % among men) according to the INSEE Labor Market survey 1 as compared to 18 % for the European Union. Elevated unemployment rates among young adults in Europe and the deterioration of the labor market due to the economic crisis could have a negative effect on their mental health and well-being as they lead to social exclusion and stigmatization . Together, these ele- ments point to the importance of understanding how mental health status relates to occupational status in young adults residing in France, though this has never been specifically examined.
alarming rates. Taken together, the lack of publicity about the harm caused to health drives its onset, especially among students and collegestudents, who believe that smoking this tobacco derivative is a safe habit (Menezes et al., 2015).Researchers have shown that numerous toxic agents found in cigarettes and proven to be associated with the development of various pathologies are also found in hookah. Among these toxic components are CO, tar, carcionogens, heavy metals (arsenic, cobalt, chromium and lead) and high levels of nicotine, responsible for causing dependence(Borger, 2017). In the present study, a significant association of occasional hookah use was verified in the multivariate analysis, with a per capita income higher than R$ 2,000.00 and alcohol intake. It seems that the use of hookah is more prevalent in adolescents with higher purchasing power (Malta et al., 2018; Haider et al., 2016), in this study, higher-income students were 1.8 times more likely to occasionally use hookah. Reinforcing these results, in a cross-sectional epidemiological study of 495 students enrolled in public and private schools, hookah use was significantly associated with being enrolled in private schools (RP = 2.23 (1.73; 2.88)) and performing work activities (RP = 1.80 (1.17; 2.78) (Reveles et al., 2013). It is worth noting that the equipment used for hookah smoking and the tobacco blend (maassel) are not as affordable as traditional cigarettes, a fact that possibly favors its use among higher-income people. It was also observed that students who intake alcohol are 5.6 times more likely to occasionally use hookah than students who do not. Similar data have already been described in the national and international literature (Malta et al., 2018; Rahman et al., 2014). For example, a study conducted in Brazil using data from the National School Health Survey showed that hookah use was positively associated with regular alcohol use (OR = 5.15) (Malta et al., 2018).
and Living of Area. It was “There is no significant differences between Urban Mental Health . Living of Area Environment Mastery was not NS). This is not significant 0.01 and 0.05 levels because they obtained ‘F’ value are low than table values at 0.01 and 0.05. In the present study was found that Urban and Rural dents not significant differences from . The findings of the supported the hypothesis, they are hypothesis Accepted the present study. Its means that there is no significant difference between Urban and Rural Collegestudents dimension on Environment
Tobacco use among collegestudents, though linked with other substance use, is less widespread, has trended downward, and displays complex patterns. Mental health issues also have a role to play in students’ well-being at college. A growing number of students have mental health issues when they enter college or experience such problems as anxiety or depression due to the stress of college life. The likelihood of substance use may also be increased among more marginalized students—such as lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender students, international students, and racial and ethnic minorities—all of whom are more likely to experience tension regarding their identity and social acceptance. The roles of environmental factors, largely involving availability of and access to substances, and mental health issues connected to students’ substance use are explored in greater depth in other sections of this information and resource kit.
Based on the work of Oman et al. , the developmen- tal asset measure used in this study was developed and validated for collegestudents . The survey contains 28 items and measures eight developmental assets. The first asset is “ Family Communication ” with three items (response options 1 = almost never; 2 = some of the time; 3 = usually; 4 = almost always). A sample Family Communication item is “How often does your mother, father, or another adult at your home try to understand your point of view?“ The second asset is “Peer Role Models” also with three items (response options 1 = almost never; 2 = some of the time; 3 = usually; 4 = almost always); a sample item is “Are most of your friends responsible?“ The third asset is “Future Aspira- tions ” with two items (response options 1 = not impor- tant at all; 2 = somewhat important; 3 = very important; 4 = extremely important); a sample item is “ As you look into the future, how important is it that you do well in school? “ The fourth asset is “ Responsible Choices ” with three items (response options 1 = not at all like you; 2 = a little like you; 3 = mostly like you; 4 = very much like you); a sample item is “You can say ‘no’ to activities you think are wrong.” The fifth asset is “Non-Parental Adult Role Models” with four items (response options 1 = strongly disagree; 2 = disagree; 3 = agree; 4 = strongly agree); a sample item is “You know at least one adult on campus you could talk with about personal problems.” The sixth asset is “Spirituality” and contains six items (response options 1 = strongly agree; 2 = agree; 3 = dis- agree; 4 = strongly disagree); a sample is “Spirituality is very important to me. ” The seventh asset is “ Community Involvement ” contains four items (response options 1 = not at all like you; 2 = a little like you; 3 = mostly like you; 4 = very much like you); a sample item is “ You work to make your community a better place. ” The final asset is “ Cultural Respect/Life ” contains three items (response options 1 = not at all like you; 2 = a little like you; 3 = mostly like you; 4 = very much like you); a sample item is “You respect the beliefs of people even if they are of a different race.” In this study, the Cron- bach’s alphas for the eight asset subscales are .76 (Family Communication), .80 (Peer Role Models), .55 (Future Aspirations), .71 (Responsible Choices), .74 (Non-Parental Role Models), .90 (Spirituality), .88 (Com- munity Involvement), and .76 (Cultural Respect/Life). Brief Multidimensional Students’ Life Satisfaction Scale (BMSLSS-C)
Internet is becoming a widely accepted channel for information exchange and networking. It is experiencing tremendous growth and development in its size and numbers of users all over the world. The benefits of the internet have been widely researched and include keeping in touch with friends, making vacation plans, managing finances, assisting with educational needs etc. Despite the positive effects of internet, there is growing literature on the negative effects of its excessive use. The goal of this research is to examine the degree to which the students are addicted to Internet usage and the impact of Internet addiction (IA) on their academic success and mental health. While most young people today are consistently exploring all phases of Internet connections, there is a plethora of debate as to what constitutes leisurely use of the Internet and where the border lies between such use and a non-transient addiction. Therefore, our first goal is to determine a concise measurement for IA that will distinguish levels and usage patterns that will stipulate when one should be considered addicted and when not. As a result, we developed a comprehensive set of questions to measure this degree of IA.
Thomee et.al. (2010) conducted a qualitative study on perceived connections between ICT use and mental health symptoms among young adults. The results revealed that mobile phone usage could lead to high quantitative use, including interruptions of work, sleep, increasing irritability due to ringing signals, and a feeling of being busy. This study concludes high quantity of use due to demands and expectations for availability at all time was a central area of concern. In a prospective cohort study Thomee et al. (2011), in Sweden have taken 10000 men and 10000 women of 20-24 years old for baseline data collection to under- stand the mobile phone use & stress, sleep disturbances and symptoms of depression among young adults. After one year 1455 men and 2701 women a total of 4156 respondents consisted the study group for cohort follow up. Prospective analysis indicated that high frequency of mobile phone use could be a risk factor for developing sleep disturbances in the men and symptoms of depression in both men and women at 1 year follow up. The risk for reporting mental health symptoms at follow up was greatest among those who had reported that they perceived the accessibility via mobile phone to be stressful. Study concluded that Public health prevention strategies focusing on attitudes could include information and advice, helping young adults to set limits for their own and others’ acces- sibility by mobile phone.
The study was based on integrating a mHealth intervention with the Health Belief Model (HBM) 54 which addressed the individual‟s perceptions of the threat posed by a health problem (susceptibility, severity), the benefits of avoiding the threat, and factors influencing the decision to act (barriers, cues to action, and self- efficacy). This model has served for many years as a guide for intervention development and delivery, and the theory has been the basis not only for face-to- face counseling interventions but also for mass media and social marketing efforts. To better leverage the potential of mobile technologies for health behavior changes, this model helps in guiding the development of such complex interventions. The Health Belief Model serves as the basis for many of the eHealth web and desktop/laptop computer interventions and has informed how interventions can be tailored to the individual‟s baseline status. 55 The next evolution, or revolution, of computerized health interventions – mobile technology and health (mHealth) appears to be underway.
Findings of the present study describe the awareness on reproductive health among adolescents. In a study done at Vadodara district on adolescents, the results found that majority of the boys and girls had awareness on external visible pubertal changes and 81% of the boys and 77% of the girls had heard of HIV/AIDS. The present study finds the similar type of results where majority of the adolescents 69.7% had awareness on pubertal changes and 60.6% were aware of HIV/AIDS related aspects. Average percentage, a little more than half of the adolescent had awareness on reproductive health system, legal marriage age and sexual relationship. A similar kind of awareness was shown in studies conducted in West Bengal (Das et.al, 2007) among male and among girls at Kuppam Mandal (Malleshappa et al., 2011). As unmarried teenage pregnancies are becoming common, both male and female adolescents need to have knowledge about emergency contraception. They also need to know the correct method of use, adverse effects, availability, and cost of it. They should have a positive attitude on its use and recommend them to others for emergency contraception. As per present study 52.9% of the adolescents were aware of contraception methods and similar opinion was shown in the study conducted in Jamnagar (Anand, 2016) among boys and girls.
In the process of ideological and political education and mental health educa- tion for collegestudents, the educators found that for some collegestudents, even if the society actively advocated the correct way of life and philosophy (Cheug & Hudson, 1982), the school conducts comprehensive quality education and the family to create a harmonious and positive atmosphere, they still have mental health problems, which cannot help but cause people’s doubts (Goldberg, & William, 1988). The reason is actually the development of collegestudents in all aspects of the imbalance caused. Students in a special stage of growth, due to the high school in the examination mode of education, when they enter the uni- versity campus, the dazzling information into the spirit of the students in the world, the influx of complex information into the students self-consciousness has produced many unprecedented ideas, burst out a variety of ideals, but be- cause of the lack of necessary practical social practice experience, so that their ideals and reality of the situation conflict, which lead to confusion, negative psychological problems. Collegestudents have their own mental health problems are: personality is not perfect, psychological fragility and so on.
DOI: 10.4236/ce.2018.95056 751 Creative Education higher petroleum universities, so as to improve the current unfavorable situation of collegestudents’ psychological problems in petroleum universities. Today’s great goal of building a moderately prosperous society is coming to an end and people’s living standard is constantly improving (WHO, 2011b). However, the contradiction between backward social production and people’s growing materi- al and cultural needs is still the main contradiction. The gap between the rich and the poor still exists. During the new period of rapid economic development, talented people, the pressure of social competition is becoming increasingly fierce, Chinese ideology has changed from several thousand years of feudal tra- dition to the new trend of the times (Mental Health Commission of Canada, 2012). Contemporary collegestudents as the future development of the emerg- ing powers, as the construction of China characteristic socialism successors, their upbringing, physical and mental development, ideas attracted the attention of the whole society (WHO, 2011b), collegestudents as a youth at the end of the transition to the main environment for the growth of the mature stage. There- fore, the development of mental health of contemporary collegestudents, espe- cially post-90 collegestudents, has become the focus of ideological and political education work and mental health research center of colleges and universities (Royal College of Psychiatrists, 2010). This also puts forward the higher standard for the physical and mental health of collegestudents (WHO, 2011b). Collegestudents from the high pressure, high intensity of the transition to the univer- sity campus in line with the social changes in learning style, complex interper- sonal relations, various activities, and other changes, easy to lead to the impact of collegestudents’ mental health (Royal College of Psychiatrists, 2010). With the large number of collegestudents in China, the education system is not perfect enough, and the national comprehensive quality level is not high, which ignores the development of collegestudents’ mental health and the im- provement of collegestudents’ personality education (Mental Health Strate- gies, 2012).
This study extends the current literature examining the effectiveness of interventions targeting physical activity, nutrition and weight-loss behaviors amongst university and collegestudents. To the best of the authors’ know- ledge it is the first systematic review examining health behaviors of students within a tertiary education setting. Some limitations of the field exist which should be ac- knowledged. First, the majority of studies examined were conducted in the USA, which may limit interpretations and global generalizability of results. Second, only four of the 41 studies that met the inclusion criteria showed a positive result in meeting the risk of bias validity cri- teria questions. Also, the potential effect of publication bias must be considered, as the observations made in this review did not include grey literature (e.g., unpub- lished dissertations).