Common Position

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Opinion of the Commission pursuant to Article 251(2)(c) of the EC Treaty, on the European Parliament’s amendments to the Council’s common position regarding the proposal for a Directive of the European Parliament and Council amending Directive 93/104/EC o

Opinion of the Commission pursuant to Article 251(2)(c) of the EC Treaty, on the European Parliament’s amendments to the Council’s common position regarding the proposal for a Directive of the European Parliament and Council amending Directive 93/104/EC of 23 November 1993 concerning certain aspects of the organization of working time to cover sectors and activities excluded from that Directive. COM (99) 699 final, 20 January 2000

The Commission maintains its original proposal with regard to doctors in training. Under the proposal, all provisions of the Working Time Directive would apply to doctors in training. However the Commission proposed to allow a transitional period of seven years from the date of adoption for implementation of the 48-hour maximum weekly working time on average, where there is an agreement between the employer and workers' representatives. This would be subject to a maximum of 54 hours a week on average over a reference period of 4 months for calculation of the average. The Commission considers that its proposal continues to be realistic, when compared with the Parliament's amendment in favour of a transitional period of 4 years and the Council's Common Position, which provides for a total transitional period of 13 years.
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REPORT FROM THE COMMISSION TO THE COUNCIL. Second Monitoring and Evaluation Report on the Operation Council Common Position 2005/69/JHA. COM (2008) 502 final, 1 August 2008

REPORT FROM THE COMMISSION TO THE COUNCIL. Second Monitoring and Evaluation Report on the Operation Council Common Position 2005/69/JHA. COM (2008) 502 final, 1 August 2008

All other Member States invoke two reasons for not limiting such access to their passport data. First, the majority of Member States have indicated that they do not consider passport numbers to constitute ‘personal data’. Therefore, they believe that contributions to or consultations of the Interpol database will not result in any exchange of personal data. On this basis, most Member States do not believe to be breaching their obligations under the Common Position when they do not limit access to their passport data. Second, they consider that, from a law enforcement point of view and for the benefit of their citizens, they have an interest in knowing when one of their passports is detected in other parts of the world. All Member States believe that considerations of data protection adequacy and fundamental rights should come into play only at the stage of following-up a positive identification (hit), either to confirm it or to provide background information. Such follow-up is done on a case-by-case basis after carrying out a risk assessment of the situation based on proportionality and necessity.
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COMMON POSITION Common position adopted by the Council on 3 0  XI  1989 with a view to the adoption of the Directive on the deliberate release into the environment of genetically modified organisms

COMMON POSITION Common position adopted by the Council on 3 0 XI 1989 with a view to the adoption of the Directive on the deliberate release into the environment of genetically modified organisms

Whereas the competent authority should give its consent only after it has been satisfied that the release will be safe for human health and the environment; Whereas it may be considered [r]

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Common position of indels that cause deviations from canonical genome organization in different measles virus strains

Common position of indels that cause deviations from canonical genome organization in different measles virus strains

We searched through partial MV entries in the Gen- Bank database in order to find additional sequences of the 5051–5078 segment. Fifty-two sequences were retrieved, plus the two that we sequenced during the course of this study (wild type isolates MVi/Zagreb.CRO/48.03[D4] and MVi/Zagreb.CRO/19.08[D4]). The sequences were from strains belonging to the B3 (11 strains), D4 (7 strains), D8 (35 strains) or H1 (1 strain) genotypes. Indels were identified only in D4 strains, in all of them except in the oldest one, MVi/Zagreb.CRO/48.03[D4] (oldest not only by chronology of detection of D4 strains included in this study, but also by its position on the phylogenetic tree (Additional file 3: Figure S1). Position of indels are identi- cal as in strains MVi/New York.USA/26.09/3, MVi/Flori- da.USA/19.09 and MVi/Treviso.ITA/03.10/1[D4].
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The African Union Continental Free Trade Area: Challenges and Prospects

The African Union Continental Free Trade Area: Challenges and Prospects

The African Union formally came alive at its launch in Durban on July 9, 2002, where it also had the first session of the Assembly of the African Union, while the second session of the Assembly was in Maputo in 2003, and the third session in Addis Ababa on July 6, 2004. The main objectives included:-accelerating the political and socio-economic integration of the continent;promoting and defending African common position on issues, encouraging international cooperation, taking due account of the Charter of the United Nations and Universal Declaration of Human Rights, promoting peace, security, and stability on the continent; promoting democratic principles and institutions, popular participation and good governance; promoting and protecting human and peoples; rights in accordance with the Africa Charter on Human and Peoples’ Rights and other relevant human rights’ instruments; ensuring that the continent play sits rightful role in the global economy and in international negotiations; promoting sustainable development at the economic, social and cultural levels as well as the integration of African economies; coordinating and harmonizing the policies between the existing and future Regional Economic Communities for the gradual attainment of the objectives of the Union; among numerous others. [11]
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Bulletin of the European Union, 6/1994

Bulletin of the European Union, 6/1994

The internal market, competitiveness and small and medium-sized enterprises References: Council agreement on a common position on the proposal for a Council Directive on the establishmen[r]

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The impact of the treaty basis on health policy legislation in the European Union: A case study on the tobacco advertising directive

The impact of the treaty basis on health policy legislation in the European Union: A case study on the tobacco advertising directive

efficient operation of the internal market, and the require- ments of ensuring a high level of health protection. (...) The Court of Justice is competent to interpret the meas- ures and to ensure that they comply with the Treaty' [23]. Another example was the question to the Council issued by Jackson (EPP, UK), focusing on the opinion of the Council legal service. '(...) Could the Council explain how the provisions of the current proposal are so different from the 1992 draft as to make the legal service's opinion no longer applicable?' The Council responded that the legal service assisted the Council in its deliberations by providing independent legal advice, which was only an internal document [24]. Finally, Florenz (EPP, Germany) asked the Commission what justified its choice for article 100a as the legal basis. The Commission answered that it considered the legal basis sufficient and appropriate [25]. In March 1998, the EP's legal service confirmed the legal basis of the common position. It did not question the Community's competence to rule on the matter. On the contrary, it felt that action at European level was neces- sary, but suggested that the legal basis could be strength- ened by complementing article 100a with article 57 paragraph 2 (now article 47(2)) and article 66 (now arti- cle 55). The latter empowered the Council to adopt direc- tives in order to facilitate the exercise of freedom of establishment, and freedom to provide services [26]. The ENVI Committee delivered its opinion in April 1998 [27]. The Committee had heard an oral statement from the Legal Affairs Committee, which had issued a report on its own initiative disputing the competency of the EU to adopt a ban on tobacco advertising. By a mixed view (12 votes in favour; 7 against and 3 abstentions), it concluded that the EU had no legal basis on which to act, because there was no distortion of competition, but only the abo- lition of an activity. However, the Parliaments' legal serv- ice insisted on article 100a as the correct legal basis. Considering the EP's legal service as a body of technical experts instead of politicians who populated the Legal Affairs Committee, the proposal based on article 100a received a go-ahead from the ENVI Committee.
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THE COMMON MARKET AFTER DE GAULLE, Part II: Britain at the Door

THE COMMON MARKET AFTER DE GAULLE, Part II: Britain at the Door

the capital importance or this subject will make it unavoidably a part of the negotiations; but the difficulty of the Six in defining a common position, for reasons not directly related [r]

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Bulletin of the European Communities, No  11 1987

Bulletin of the European Communities, No 11 1987

Parliament adopted positions on the common position of the Council on the following Commission proposals: i a Decision relating to a research and development programme in the field of sc[r]

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No simple dichotomies : lobbyists and the European parliament

No simple dichotomies : lobbyists and the European parliament

government subsequently withdrew its support in early 2001. The change of position came after intense lobbying of Chancellor Schröder by senior executives of German companies, especially VW and BASF, along with the head of the Mining, Chemical and Energy Workers’ Union.30 Once the German government had dissociated itself from the common position then the process of conciliation became extremely complicated. At third reading, after intense lobbying of German MEPs – by the German government, leading German companies and trade unions – they voted overwhelmingly as a single national bloc irrespective of EP party group. As the Financial Times noted: ‘In a rare display of unity, the German government and opposition, along with leading business associations and trade unions all welcomed the vote.’31 Conversely, Frits Bolkestein, the Commissioner with responsibility for the ‘Takeover’ directive, had no doubts that the blame for failure rested ‘squarely on Germany’.32
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European Commission support for the International Criminal Court. Report of the Conference held in Brussels, 28 and 29 January 2002 and follow-up

European Commission support for the International Criminal Court. Report of the Conference held in Brussels, 28 and 29 January 2002 and follow-up

RATIFICATION AND IMPLEMENTATION OF THE ROME STATUTE IN THIRD COUNTRIES Article 2 of the Common Position deals with this matter in this way: "1 In order to contribute to the objective of [r]

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Foreign Trade and the Balance of Payments Situation  31 December 1962

Foreign Trade and the Balance of Payments Situation 31 December 1962

Continuous negotiations will proceed with the European Economic Community, particularly as the outlines of the Common Market's commercial policy begin to assume form and as the position [r]

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“What Works” Literature, How Is That Reflected in Juvenile Justice Policies in Albania?

“What Works” Literature, How Is That Reflected in Juvenile Justice Policies in Albania?

Maruna (2001) mentions three theoretical perspectives where is based the termination. According to Maruna these theories are: reform of maturity, social relations theory and narrative theory. These theories have in common the condition that the individual may terminate criminal activity if he wins things in life that make you reassess life with a new approach. Termination paradigm assumes that the individual is not enough to place changes to avoid being involved in recidivism, but that these changes should be significant to.

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