XPhone Unified Communications integrates text messages in company communication and workprocesses while enabling you to send text messages from your computer, directly from Outlook, Lotus Notes or the XPhone client. Text messages can be sent to one or more recipients, whereby you can specify the transmission time. Templates such as callback requests support efficient working methods and swift communication. Transmission can be via a mobile phone gateway or Web-based text message provider.
Just as the Iron Curtain during the Cold War lead to the same work being done twice, once in the East and once in the West, the existence of two logically- based session-typed concurrency formalisms, one based on Intuitionistic Linear Logic (ILL) , and one based on Classical Linear Logic, means that analogous work is performed on both sides. (Indeed, ILL has both left and right rules for each connective, meaning that working with ILL-based formalisms already dou- bles the amount of work one needs to do.) Notions of observational equivalence and logical relations for πDILL have already been studied by P´ erez et al. . P´ erez et al. use logical relations to prove strong normalisation and confluence for their session-typed calculus based on ILL, and define a notion of observational equivalence between session-typed processes, based on bisimulation. They prove observational equivalences based on the ( Cut )-elimination rules of their calculus, analogous to ones we proved in the previous section.
In manufacturing, CPS enables the development of autonomous productive processes, which, based on double representation, become intelligent: through communication and decision algorithms, the components can decide on their configuration and their path in the line of production (Lee et al., 2015). With CPS, the intelligence is not centralized, but distributed in the process steps, which at the same time gives more stability and greater flexibility to the operations. One of the core approaches of Industry 4.0 is to develop modular and selfconfiguring plug- and-work systems to enable different product and process configurations. According to Schleipen et al. (2015, p. 803), “a basic aspect is the identification of control relevant entities within production systems which can be plugged in/connected to the production system and start operation without change of the control applications in the rest of the production system”. The physical process connected with the virtual through the internet and with distributed embedded intelligence has flexibility and autonomy and can respond quickly to the demands and market restrictions. It means that small batch production at low costs gives the possibility to match demands without scale (Brettel et al., 2014).
The aim of this paper is to analyze the processes of polarization and agglomeration, to explain the mechanisms and causes of these phenomena in order to identify similarities and differences. As the main implication of this study should be noted that both process pretend to explain the concentration of economic activity and population in certain places, through cumulative phenomena, but with different perspectives, in other words, the polarization with a view of economic development and agglomeration with a perspective of space.
The conceptual framework of this study is drawn from the Moschis and Churchill (1978) consumer socialisation model which combines both models of human learning. A revised version is presented in Figure 1. The model proposes social and individual backgrounds are antecedents to adolescents’ socialisation processes relevant to OTCs. Social cultural variables include social class, family structure, ethnicity and religiosity, while individual variables include past experience, health condition and perceptions about medicines in general. These antecedents are expected to influence adolescents’ knowledge, attitudes and behaviours regarding OTCs directly or indirectly through a socialisation process. Socialisation processes proposed in this model which is expected to effect adolescents’ knowledge, attitudes and behaviour towards OTC are communication with family, communication with peers, exposure to mass media, use of the internet, communication from school and communication with other people thought to be relevant to the consumption of medicines. As a result of the socialisation processes, adolescents “self-socialise” themselves and this will in turn add to their experience and perception towards OTC.
In communication, the Socket binds specified port and can communicate with any equipment with Socket. The communication information sent by application reaches the destination port and is processed by the process bound to the port. The Socket is divided into three styles: The Stream Socket, the Datagram Socket and the Raw Socket. And TCP protocol uses the Stream Socket, using connection-oriented method of packet delivery with the features of no errors in data packet transmission, being consistent for sending, non-recording boundary and non-repetitive. UDP protocol takes use of the Datagram Socket, using non-connection data packet transmission method, which doesn’t guarantee sequential, reliability and non-repeatability and is usually used for single packet transmission or in the occasion where demands reliability in a small degree. The Raw Socket provides the way to visit the network low layer communication protocol (such as IP protocol), which is usually used to develop new protocol or extract much hidden functions.
Although the overall process for developing and evaluating CEBP applications is similar to that used for new software communications applications, several characteristics of CEPB are unique. This is because many CEBP functions support collaborative work, because work habits involving some of the new communication technologies are not clearly defined, and because some individuals and demographics more readily adopt new communication options. Once useful areas for CEBP have been discovered and metrics for evaluating them have been defined, enterprises should plan an extended evaluation and tuning period. This will allow the human factors to be addressed. Additionally, as the options are better understood, individuals will innovate and find new and unexpected ways to adapt the processes, such as those involving mobile communications, such as IM and SMS. Enterprises should expect and encourage this innovation and experimentation, because it often leads to the discovery of additional and improved workprocesses. 4.0 Examples of CEBP Deployment
Restricting our review of the literature to studies investigating full noun phras- es, experimental data challenge traditional accessibility accounts and support the notion that when speakers construct referring expressions, they frequently go be- yond what is minimally required and refer to entities in more detail than is necessa- ry for an addressee to uniquely identify them, e.g., referring to a target referent as the large ball in the presence of a single ball (Deutsch & Pechmann 1982; Pechmann 1984, 1989; Mangold & Pobel 1988; Maes, Arts and Noordman 2004; Ferreira, Slevc & Rogers 2005; Engelhardt, Bailey & Ferreira 2006; Barr 2007; Carbary & Tanenhaus 2008). Frequently studied using the referential communication para- digm, speakers have been found to overinform in both laboratory-controlled and more naturalistic discourse. Referential communication tasks aim to elicit referring expressions (REs) which highlight one referent from an array of several others which usually share certain characteristics with the target. An overspecified RE is one which contains attributes over and above those minimally required for an addressee to identify the target referent uniquely. For example, a speaker referring to a large, red triangular target within an array also comprising a small blue trian- gle and a large red square, as the large red triangle is overinformative in the strict sense of including more information than is minimally required: either the large triangle or the red triangle would suffice in this case. Intuitively, speakers do not always produce minimally distinguishing REs, and it would seem computationally complex to do this as a complete online scan of the context and calculation of the distinguishing features would have to be undertaken upon producing any RE. As discussed below, overinforming may be causally linked to a variety of processes, including a lack of comparison activity between target and competitors.
In its earliest iteration, remuneration consulting work included supplying pay information to the remuneration committee and personnel departments, or advising management on the accounting and legal implications of share scheme implementation. Initially, survey data analysis and implementation work, were carried out by different firms. It was only later that both work tasks were offered within the same consulting team. Accounting and law psfs, in particular, seeking to expand into new work domains, were integral in combining pay survey work, share scheme implementation work and incentive design work. These professionals within psfs were seeking interesting work activities, which increased firm profitability, and social and economic prominence. As one former managing partner recalled, ‘if it were just remuneration, you’d have died of boredom years ago. It's actually extracting good business decisions out of a lot of heat and drama. Just trying to get a lot of very powerful people to do what it is you think they ought to be doing is quite addictive really.’ Remuneration consulting work enabled qualified professionals to engage in enterprising work domains.
This paper presents a novel approach to implement manufacturing nodes using the combined strength of digital twins, holons, and digital agents. Manufacturing nodes are based on holon theory and present a universal manufacturing platform that consists of cyber-physical systems (CPS) with an integrated digital twin, digital agent, databases and various communication protocols. The manufacturing node network is controlled globally using the global digital twin of logistics process and locally using the local nodes and local digital agents, digital twins and information shared by the node network. The main objective of this research was to develop and test a new concept of distributed system modelling and distributed system control for easy implementation of distributed manufacturing nodes in a smart factory concept.
A DDoS attack example for future 5G mobile operator’s core network can be the signaling amplification attack that 4G networks face and is described in (Bassil, 2012). This attack can be performed by a botnet of multiple infected mobile devices within the same cell in order to deplete the network resources leading to service degradation. This attack exploits the signaling overhead required to set up and release dedicated radio bearers in LTE networks. Thus, a large number of dedicated bearer requests will be initiated simultaneously forcing the different network entities to follow the heavy signaling dedicated bearer activation procedure for each bearer. After obtaining the dedicated bearers, the bots will not use them, and after the expiration of the inactive bearer timeout, the bearers will be deactivated following the dedicated bearer deactivation procedure which incurs heavy signaling as well. Then, the malicious devices of the botnet will execute the same steps over and over again to amplify the attack and degrade the network performance. Finally, the proposed detection technique for this attack is based on features such as the inter- setup time and the number of bearer activations/deactivations per minute. The setting of a lower bound threshold for inter-setup time determines the performance of the detection technique. A high value for the inter-setup time threshold would result in too many false positives. On the other hand, a low value for this threshold might lead to undetected exploits. Furthermore, a high number of bearer activations/deactivations per minute indicates malicious activity and should be discovered and stopped by the operator (Bassil, 2012), (Piqueras Jover, 2013).
High mobility and limited human resources at the current PUPR Office have resulted in high workload. The workload is a work demand when receiving requests, orders or demands that will result in a form and performance level, and indirectly the workload received affects employee productivity, and its performance indicates it. Implementing a work requires the skill of employees who will support the implementation of the work properly following work procedures and carry out the tasks as expected and resolve them at the designated time. Also, skills have a key role in carrying out tasks or tasks where the skills of an administrative officer allow work more smoothly and avoid possible mistakes. Among the supervisory tasks is bridging between planning, design, and application. Thus, supervisors should have the ability to communicate effectively in communicating and informing the progress made to stakeholders. The ability to communicate with others is key to the success of employees in achieving their goals. Employees who have the ability to communicate effectively will always be easy to convey and receive messages or ideas against others in all respects with the aim of achieving similar views of the ideas to be delivered. If an employee does not have good communication, it should be ensured the performance will be disrupted. The leader is obliged to give motivation or encouragement to his subordinates to work more maximally in the role and function. The effort to improve employee performance is the provision of well-regulated compensation, to give satisfaction to the field supervisor for the work done. However, the circumstances under which compensation is received is not timely, and the field supervisor receives compensation quarterly or every two months. Thus, by the previous description, this research will investigate and analyze factors that may affect the performance of field supervisors at the PUPR Office in Deli Serdang District.
Extracts from reflective diaries included the usefulness of ‘listening’ with colleagues – one person commented that some staff had reported that the: ‘space to speak and be listened to’ was actually quite rare in many work settings due to pressure of work. This issue of ‘indi- vidual air time’ was also commented on by another participant, whilst another participant commented: ‘I have always thought of myself as a good listener anyway, but this made me refocus on those skills and devote time to reflecting on them and developing them further.’ Whilst another stated: ‘I realise now that with the increasing pressures at work I had got into the habit of not listening as much as I used to …’ All commented on the benefits of listening and focusing on the individual or coachee in a solution-based session. This featured as a strongly perceived benefit of coaching – i.e. the ability to unlock potential and growth in a seemingly short condensed activity.
The internet allows representing continuously profound information of all relevant planning data which is accessible to whoever is interested in. But not only common information, like textual and map based input, might be offered via internet. One of the big potentials of the web is the interactivity and the special visualisation possibilities. People can look at planning proposals in a 3- dimensional way, walk through 3D- urban-models and change the view-points as they prefer. Videos and panorama images are further features to make information and participation more interesting and understandable. New visualisation technologies (e.g. Google Earth) and discussion structures may help to improve participation and simplify understanding of development contents for non-professional people.
There are thousands of youngsters who live in the city and another hundreds who are looking for a place to affirm themselves with other young people (Figure 3). Communicationprocesses among youth that inhabit the park are mediated by expression across languages, for aesthetic, for laughter and for the affections without ig- noring the conflicts that emerge in the interaction between themselves. The truth is that the collision with the adult world and what it represents is imminent. The market, the state, the mechanisms of authority and control around the scene of interaction of young people are present in their subjectivities. Young people are in that place because they are allowed to be there and because there are no other places that are not influenced by the market where they can be and exist. The city is not designed for them, so they are appropriating public places for them- selves, to be and to feel included. Likewise, they are generating circuits and routes by transiting appropriating places like expression of being and feeling.
What competencies do we need to achieve this kind of education? For Anders Hedberg, a specialist in STEM teaching, the answer is, “a series of abilities that form part of the international STEM language, critical skills for the use of new technologies that will arise and on which we will depend and that will help to build and maintain higher quality communities and improve the quality of life of all citizens.” Among the Foundation’s objectives is to help children and young people to acquire these kinds of skills to better cover the work profi les that industry demands. To achieve this, we have supported programs like Engineering Basics in High School Education, which has begun to bear fruit in the College of Scientifi c and Technical Studies of the State of Querétaro. This program has ensured that the areas of science, technology, engineering and mathematics are viewed favorably by high school students and chosen as a career plan.
SEPT-OCT 2016, VOL-4/26 www.srjis.com Page 3062 also include the lack of the ability of the teacher to transmit the information across to the learners owing to the poor knowledge and lack of communication skills. Research studies have shown that the students may drop out from the schools due to lack of interest in the studies that as researched upon may be inculcated by the teachers with good knowledge and sound communication skills. Thus communication skills need to be focussed upon in the pre service and the in-service training programme to reduce student drop out in the country. Conclusion