This collaboration may be further propagated to other models, both in HCI and in SE to produce innovative and effective contributions of personal software process is an essential movement of users as society increasingly depends on software in most modern products services and automated processes. Hence we can say user centric design and usability of human computer interaction has an important role to play in the future of the software engineering research and practice.
the common entities like locators & clamps. Kumar et. al.  An automated fixture design technique utilized. Finding out the fixturing point by formulated as heuristic rules. Detailed selection of clamping point discussed. Mervyn et. al.  Evolutionary search algorithm to generate the modular fixture. Results into optimized fixturing layout. Raghu et. al.  Sequence of clamping affect the geometrical deformation of workpiece & leads to the error. Force based clamping sequence model used along with workpiece - fixture compliance model. Wang et. al.  Case Based Reasoning methodology used in their research work for welding fixture by using tools of computer aided. Researcher developed multi level CBR referencing past data. Tohidi et. al.  Varying different component needs to be developed different fixture so more time & cost required to compensate this problem the mathematical planning model developed for optimized locations of jiggins-pins for an modular fixture. This model solved by GAMS by using BARCON software.
This feature makes it more advantageous for instrument control over other programming languages. In order to enhance notification on fire emergencies to the corresponding personnel’s including fire departments and the owner of the premise, mobile phone connected to GSM network can be interfaced to the computer to send short text messages to them. In this paper, we report the design and fabrication of an automatedcomputer based firefighting system. The system smoke or/and temperature beyond some set threshold levels thus switching on the respective sprinklers and sending 9 preset short text messages to target mobile phone(s).The controlling software for the system was designed using Labview which is the leading graphical tool for science engineering and development . Block diagram of the whole system is shown in figure1. It is compost of two main parts namely the software and hardware.
Software wrapper technology has been investigated in many fields, including computer security, software engineering, database systems and software dependability. In the context of computer security, software wrappers have been used to enforce a specific security policies  and protect vulnerable assets . It has also been shown that security wrappers deployed within an operating system kernel can be used to meet application specific security requirements . Software wrappers have been widely applied in the inte- gration of legacy systems , where they act as connectors which allow independent systems to interact and the recon- ciliation of functionality  . Examples of this can be found in the field of database systems, where software wrappers are used to encapsulate legacy databases  . Software wrappers have been extensively investigated in the context of operating system dependability  , where emphasis is placed on wrapping device drivers and shared libraries  . Software wrappers have also been used to address the more general problem of improving dependability in commercial-off-the-shelf software , as well as several more specific software dependability issues, such as the problem of non-atomic exception handling . The proposed methodology is related to , where wrap- pers were used to detect contract violations in component- based systems. In contrast, the proposed methodology com- bines software wrappers that implement standard predi- cates and variable replication to enhance dependability. The variable-centric approach, facilitated by the metrics devel- oped in , also differentiates the proposed methodology.
In a spread sheet software application, the data is stored in rows and columns or cells, which can be formatted in various fonts or colors. It is an example of spreadsheet Software that is used to store, organize and manipulate data. The stored data can also be converted into graphs for analysis.
Interaction model has a weight of 0.1430, this indicates that the model of interaction in human and computer interaction design for CAI models is in third place, it constitutes an important aspect to consider, especially in user-centered aspect, furthermore experimental, iterative aspects, and finally participatory. Discussion for this aspect can be accounted that CAI is the individual learning pattern, because computer provides services more as a tutor for students. In CAI there is intensive two-way communication between learners and computer systems. This is regarded as an interactive CAI. In addition, the CAI allows students to ask questions, to respond and provide feedback computer systems after they respond questions. Feedback the computers give is intended for learners to always encourage and enhance their capability, in particular computer literacy. Stimulation Procedures presented via the display monitor, the response of learners through the keyboard, and feedback in the form of text, sound or image directed by the structure of a program designed by the developers of CAI.
(MDA) and model-based testing (MBT). MDA is OMG initiative, which separates the conceptual Platform Independent Model (PIM) from Platform Specific Model (PSM). It uses mapping as an ultimate goal of automating product engineering. The capability of raising abstraction level encourages the reusing of artefacts such as PIM, PSM and even the mapping rules at a certain domain. Software testing and test cases are common practices in engineering task (Mark, 2007) (Bill, 2008). One of the common software testing methods under the model-based initiative is called Model- Based Testing (MBT). MBT is a form of black-box testing that uses behavioral and structural models such as UML diagrams to generate test cases automatically. MBT is strongly suitable for Service-Oriented Architecture (SOA) environment because the test cases generators are able to cover almost all model-related features such as states in UML state machine and boundary values for the data coverage (Wieczorek, et al, 2008). Therefore, the philosophy of MBT follows the same trend that automates test cases generation (not as before like script-based testing) (Mark, 2007) and execution which starts testing from specification of the system under test. MBT toolset makes it easy to verify system functionality. Due to performance being an execution property, test cases execution is used as a means of telling about system behavior at run time.
RE is increasingly popular as manufacturers rush to meet the demands of reducing the product development time. A toolmaker can reduce the time needed to manufacture a tool and die by scanning the product or model and export the scanned data in a relevant file format for RP or to a computer numerical control (CNC) to machine the part. There are three basic steps in RE:
This paper is structured as follows. In the next section we consider related work, focusing on those papers that have reported using EC on real world problems. In Section III we ask if the potential of EC has been achieved? We note the significant achievements of the EC pioneers and ask why their seminal work has not translated into more uptake outside of the scientific community. Section IV looks at Genetic Programming (GP), bearing in mind it was probably this EC methodology that had (has?) the most promise to be used in the commercial sector. In Section V we consider a more recent methodology (Hyper-heuristics) which also has the potential to be used by industry. In Section VI we look specifically at Large Scale Software Development, highlighting some of its high profile failures and asking if/how EC can help in this area. In Section VII we present some suggested research directions, before concluding in Section VIII.
Here fabrication of Automated spade is mainly reducing the manual effort and increasing the efficiency whilethe operations of the farmers.In this project all the components are placed on the base frame. There are four wheels to move this vehicle. The fuel tank is connected with the engine for the continuous supply of fuel to the engine. The engine shaft is connected with a worm drive. The worm gear is attached with a soil cutter.We have to start the engine and move the vehicle in the respective direction. So that the worm gear will rotate with respect to the engine speed, here worm gear is used to minimize the speed of the engine.A worm drive is a gear arrangement in which a worm (which is a gear in the form of a screw) meshes with a worm gear (which is similar in appearance to a spur gear). The two elements are also called the worm screw and worm wheel. The terminology is often confused by imprecise use of the term worm gear to refer to the worm, the worm gear, or the worm drive as a unit. When the worm gear rotates the blade attached to it also rotates and dig the soil. Hence, by using this method we can easily finish the digging process in agriculture.
Plastic materials are unusual in that the vast majority of them simultaneously exhibit the properties of both elastic solids and viscous liquids, under a wide range of conditions. They are thus said to be viscoelastic in nature. As a result their response to stress is time dependent and their mechanical properties depend on the temperature, the rate of deformation, and material structure (in particular its molecular mass and density). For example, with polypropylene a shift in temperature from 20 °C to 60 °C would typically cause a 50% reduction in allowable design stress. In addition, for each kg/m3 change in the density of this material there is a corresponding 4% change in design stress .
The architectural design process results in an Architectural Design Document (ADD). This document consists of a number of graphical representations that comprises software models along with associated descriptive text. The software models include static model, interface model, relationship model, and dynamic process model. They show how the system is organized into a process at run-time.
Programming, especially debugging, sometimes brings out strong emotions. If you are struggling with a difﬁcult bug, you might feel angry, despondent, or embarrassed. There is evidence that people naturally respond to computers as if they were people. †† When they work well, we think of them as teammates, and when they are obstinate or rude, we respond to them the same way we respond to rude, obstinate people. Preparing for these reactions might help you deal with them. One approach is to think of the computer as an employee with certain strengths, like speed and precision, and particular weaknesses, like lack of empathy and inability to grasp the big picture.
tools help in test case generation, reporting results and variance from expected ones (if any), bugs in code and other flaws. Usage of these tools speeds up the testing process and also ensures reduction in the probability of a bug/error being uncovered later. However application of these automated testing tools in software testing has its own disadvantages, namely, learning the tool to use it, adapting it to your purpose, and also the tool may not provide specific functionality which you may desire.
Graphic design education in the West and China is at a more modern and specialised level than Uganda. This situation ensures that Western and Chi- nese graphic design students get better employment and job security com- pared to Ugandan design students. Ugandan education systems need to invest in early-age studies in order to create better chances for future graphic design students to get employment and become investors in this field. This paper discusses comparisons amongst Western, Chinese and Ugandan education systems and give suggestions on how to bridge the gaps. It concludes by sug- gesting how direct and indirect changes may advance the future job oppor- tunities of graphic design students in Uganda with examples from China and the West.