Consumer Protection and Health

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EUROPEAN COMMISSION HEALTH & CONSUMER PROTECTION DIRECTORATE-GENERAL

EUROPEAN COMMISSION HEALTH & CONSUMER PROTECTION DIRECTORATE-GENERAL

Morton as a member to the working group on xenotransplantation of the Scientific Committee on Medicinal Products and Medical Devices briefed the sub-committee on the state of the art and[r]

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EUROPEAN COMMISSION HEALTH & CONSUMER PROTECTION DIRECTORATE-GENERAL

EUROPEAN COMMISSION HEALTH & CONSUMER PROTECTION DIRECTORATE-GENERAL

PECs of MDA were calculated (using worst cause assumptions) and compared to PNEC water of MDA (3 µg/l). From this it is concluded that MDA resulting from MDI hydrolysis will not pose [r]

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EUROPEAN COMMISSION HEALTH & CONSUMER PROTECTION DIRECTORATE-GENERAL

EUROPEAN COMMISSION HEALTH & CONSUMER PROTECTION DIRECTORATE-GENERAL

6.3. Canthaxanthin levels in feedingstuffs and compliance with safety requirements The SCAN has been asked to review the maximum levels of canthaxanthin in feedingstuffs for laying hens, other poultry, salmon and trout that would ensure the safety of the consumer, with particular regard to vulnerable groups within populations consuming foodstuffs containing canthaxanthin. It must be recalled that the assessment of the safety of feed additives, as laid down in the Commission Directive 2001/79/EC, is based on theoretical daily human food consumption values that overestimates the real figures in order to cover all vulnerable segments of the population and even extreme dietary habits.
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EUROPEAN COMMISSION HEALTH & CONSUMER PROTECTION DIRECTORATE-GENERAL

EUROPEAN COMMISSION HEALTH & CONSUMER PROTECTION DIRECTORATE-GENERAL

As under experimental conditions infectivity has been found in the distal ileum in cattle 6 months 4 after experimental oral exposure (at 4 months of age) with 100 g infectious brain ma[r]

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EUROPEAN COMMISSION HEALTH & CONSUMER PROTECTION DIRECTORATE-GENERAL

EUROPEAN COMMISSION HEALTH & CONSUMER PROTECTION DIRECTORATE-GENERAL

point (2) of the Article (must be impartial and may not be in any form of conflict of interest in relation to the delegated tasks. The MT found that private veterinary organisations, which employ PAVs, are paid by FBOs. PAVs issue health certificates for export of FP to the EU, which is the official document delivering the attestation that all controls pertaining to Community requirements are in place. Some PAVs were not aware of these requirements or of the implications of such attestation. Employees of the same private veterinary organisation carry out tasks for FBOs such as pest control and are controlled by the PAVs working in the same organisation. As a result of the above, a potential conflict of interest cannot be excluded. The issue of conflict of interest of PAVs is presently not included in the supervisory task of the CVI or CCA, despite the requirement of Article 42 point (4) of Veterinary Act.
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Consumer Voice: [Consumer Policy and Health Protection] No  3, September 1999

Consumer Voice: [Consumer Policy and Health Protection] No 3, September 1999

During his hearing before the European Parliament, the new Commissioner responsible for health and consumer protection, David Byrne, stated that he would honour the undertakings given b[r]

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CONSUMER PROTECTION IN INDIA

CONSUMER PROTECTION IN INDIA

particularly in areas where safety or public health is an issue, such as food. Consumer protection implies assurance against anti-consumer trade practices by the producers or traders. Anti-consumer trade practices include adulteration, sub-standard quality, fractional weights and measures, overcharging, misleading, claims in advertisements, etc. Naturally, curbing such practices through legislative and other measures and taking action against the procedures and traders indulging in such practices is the essence of consumer protection.
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Department of Consumer Protection

Department of Consumer Protection

The Department of Consumer Protection (the “Department”) is a regulatory agency that protects citizens from physical injury and financial loss that may occur as the result of unsafe or fraudulent products and services marketed in Connecticut. The extent of the department’s regulatory oversight is unique in that its jurisdiction dovetails frequently with that of other Connecticut state agencies. The Department is responsible for enforcing numerous significant consumer protection laws, including the Connecticut Unfair Trade Practices Act, the Connecticut Pure Food, Drug & Cosmetic Act, the Connecticut State Child Protection Act, the Liquor Control Act, and the Connecticut Weights & Measures Act. The agency remains vigilant against unexpected, as well as ongoing, health, safety and product-related problems. The Department of Consumer Protection must be able to mobilize staff at any time in order to respond quickly and effectively to a food, drug, product safety, or economic crisis affecting Connecticut’s marketplace or citizens.
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Department of Consumer Protection

Department of Consumer Protection

STATUTORY RESPONSIBILITY The Department of Consumer Protection (the “Department”) is a regulatory agency that protects citizens from physical injury and financial loss that may occur as the result of unsafe or fraudulent products and services marketed in Connecticut. The extent of the department’s regulatory oversight is unique in that its jurisdiction dovetails frequently with that of other Connecticut state agencies. The Department is responsible for enforcing numerous significant consumer protection laws, including the Connecticut Unfair Trade Practices Act, the Connecticut Pure Food, Drug & Cosmetic Act, the Connecticut State Child Protection Act, the Liquor Control Act, and the Connecticut Weights & Measures Act. The agency remains vigilant against unexpected, as well as ongoing, health, safety and product-related problems. The Department of Consumer Protection must be able to mobilize staff at any time in order to respond quickly and effectively to a food, drug, product safety, or economic crisis affecting Connecticut’s marketplace or citizens.
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Consumer Financial Protection in Health Care

Consumer Financial Protection in Health Care

A BSTRACT There are inadequate consumer protections from harmful medical billing practices that result in unavoidable, unexpected, and often financially devastating medical bills. The problem stems from the increasing costs shifting to patients in American health care and the inordinate complexity that makes health care transactions nearly impossible for consumers to navigate. A particularly outrageous example is the phenomenon of surprise medical bills, which refers to unanticipated and involuntary out-of-network bills in emergencies or from out-of- network providers at in-network facilities. Other damaging medical billing practices include the opaque and à la carte nature of medical bills, epitomized by added “facility fees,” as well as harsh medical debt collection and credit reporting practices. The impetus of this article was driven by the simple questions: Are these harmful health care billing practices legal? And if so, what can be done to protect patients as consumers? The questions are simple but the answers are not. This article canvasses a growing body of financial protections under federal and state law for health care consumers and concludes that, notwithstanding these significant efforts, consumer financial protections are inadequate for most health care consumers in the United States. This article sets forth a model set of policy reforms that build upon state reforms to protect health care consumers. The biggest gaps in protection, however, are structural—the federal Employee Retirement Income Security Act of 1974 (ERISA) preempts many state efforts to protect the large and growing number of health care consumers who are insured by self-funded employer health plans. Despite salutary state innovation in the area of patient financial protection, ERISA’s growing preemptive sweep means a federal solution is necessary to protect all health care consumers from medical-billing abuses.
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Consumer Policy and Consumer Health Protection  Annual Report, 1997

Consumer Policy and Consumer Health Protection Annual Report, 1997

two new directorates were set up to focus more closely on the problem of food safety DG XXIV now has at its disposal not only a completely new structure of scientific advice [r]

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Consumer Voice: [Consumer Policy and Health Protection] No  2, October 1998

Consumer Voice: [Consumer Policy and Health Protection] No 2, October 1998

The tasks of the Food and Veterinary Office of Directorate­General XXIV of the European Commission include organising control visits to the Member States in the field of [r]

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Consumer Policy and Consumer Health Protection Annual Report 1998 (Consumer Voice Special Issue)

Consumer Policy and Consumer Health Protection Annual Report 1998 (Consumer Voice Special Issue)

The Office's principal mission is to monitor and control how Member States and third countries implement EU legisla- tion on food safety, animal health, plant health and animal welfare[r]

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Consumer Protection in Consumer Cooperatives

Consumer Protection in Consumer Cooperatives

Consume protection is an old concept but has a greater relevance today with the increase in unfair trade practices. The consumers in India stand exposed to several evils of trade and require protection. The foremost among the evils is over pricing at the retail level of the agricultural and other commodities which are not packed and on which the prices are not indicated. In the case of such commodities particularly, there is always scope for price variation and the traders tend to make the best of the situation. Due to the absence of communication facilities, want of time or due to the lethargic attitude of consumers, the consuming public tend to patronize the same group of retail shops for their day-to-day requirements and they are thus to be at the mercy of the traders.
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Consumer and Community Affairs. Consumer Protection

Consumer and Community Affairs. Consumer Protection

The Federal Reserve Board maintains information on consumer inqui- ries and complaints in a database, which it regularly reviews to identify potential problems at individual financial institutions and, as required by the Federal Trade Commission Improvement Act, to uncover potentially unfair or deceptive practices within the banking industry. Complaint data are a critical component of the risk-focused supervisory program and are used as a risk factor to assess a bank's compliance with consumer regula- tions. Data about consumer complaints are also used to determine the need for future regulations or educational efforts.
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2000 No CONSUMER PROTECTION. The Consumer Protection (Distance Selling) Regulations 2000

2000 No CONSUMER PROTECTION. The Consumer Protection (Distance Selling) Regulations 2000

(3) On cancellation, the consumer shall be under a duty to restore the goods to the supplier in accordance with this regulation, and in the meanwhile to retain possession of the goods and take reasonable care of them. (4) The consumer shall not be under any duty to deliver the goods except at his own premises and in pursuance of a request in writing, or in another durable medium available and accessible to the consumer, from the supplier and given to the consumer either before, or at the time when, the goods are collected from those premises.

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The Telephone Consumer Protection (TCPA): Consumer Protection Controlled Business Mayhem

The Telephone Consumer Protection (TCPA): Consumer Protection Controlled Business Mayhem

healthcare room lines, specialized radio service and any other service for with the recipient is charged for the service receiving the outbound calls. It is important to note that this paper will focus almost exclusively on the TCPA. The TCPA is but one layer of protection afforded consumers and businesses and it is vital that your organization not disregard other binding legal requirements such as: Do not call lists (both state and federal), as well as licensing issues amongst other governmental requirements and prohibitions. While I may touch upon them, they are not the “meat” of this paper.
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BUREAU OF CONSUMER FINANCIAL PROTECTION. AGENCY: Bureau of Consumer Financial Protection.

BUREAU OF CONSUMER FINANCIAL PROTECTION. AGENCY: Bureau of Consumer Financial Protection.

Subject to FOIA limitations, however, the proposal would also provide a consumer the chance to opt out of narrative disclosure, in whole or in part. Narratives that the consumer opts out would not be disclosed in the normal course. The two privacy groups expounded on privacy risks in the most detail, echoing the Bureau’s acknowledgment that a detailed narrative may enable re-identification even if it does not contain standard personally identifiable information like a name or account number. One privacy group noted that the privacy risk from “non-identifiable” data is increasing all the time. The other noted that after it established its own online complaint system, it received a number of “extraordinarily detailed and unique complaints” that would have been inappropriate to disclose without express consent and heavy redaction or summarization. Although this group supported disclosure on an opt-in basis, it urged the Bureau to study a large sample of complaint narratives before resolving on its final course.
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Consumer Protection Act, 1986 is a Social Legislation For Protection of Consumer Rights

Consumer Protection Act, 1986 is a Social Legislation For Protection of Consumer Rights

Consumer education is the best form of consumer protection today. If a large number of consumers both in the developed and developing countries have not touched by it. Consumer education is a responsibility that goes beyond the bounds of educational systems. Consumer education should be shared with all sections of society and its institutions including business, governments and consumer organisations. Consumer education is the process of gaining the knowledge and skills needed in managing consumer resources and taking actions to influence and affect consumer decision making in the market place. However, one important question to be addressed at this juncture is what is the value of consumer education? Should it be included in school and college curriculum? How can this be done? Consumer education has different aspects to it. In this first place, it is the process by which consumers develop the skills to make their rights in progress. Inform decisions in the purchase of goods and services in the light of personal values. Maximum utilization of resources, available alternatives, ecological considerations and economic conditions. Get information about laws, rights and methods of resources in order to participate effectively and self-confidently in the market place and to take appropriate action to seek consumer redressal.
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CONSUMER PROTECTION TURKEY JANUARY 2014 THE NEW LAW ON THE PROTECTION OF THE CONSUMER

CONSUMER PROTECTION TURKEY JANUARY 2014 THE NEW LAW ON THE PROTECTION OF THE CONSUMER

Insurance In order to further emphasize the currently existing provisions of the insurance regulation setting forth the principle of the consumer's freedom of choice of its insurer, the law-maker has underlined in the New Consumer Law the fact that (i) an insurance policy cannot be mandatorily requested in relation to the conclusion of a credit agreement, (ii) such a conclusion requires the express consent of the consumer and (iii) the consumer is in any case free to conclude any such policy with the insurer of his choice. Following strong critics formulated by regulatory authorities against past practices of certain finance corporation where numerous insurance policies had been concluded without the express or enlightened consent of the consumers, it is expected that, with this new legislative emphasis, conclusion of insurance policies will now be handled with much more care and transparency.
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