The introduction of the CordedWareCulture (3000–2500 BCE) is considered a formative event in Europe's past. Ancient DNA analyses demonstrate that migrations played a crucial role in this event. However, these analyses approach the issue at a supra-regional scale, leaving questions about the regional and local impact of this event unresolved. This study pilots an approach to ceramics that brings this small-scale impact into focus by using the transmission of ceramic technology as a proxy for social change. It draws on ethno-archaeological studies of the effects of social changes on the transmission of ceramic production techniques to hypothesise the impact of three idealised scenarios that archaeologists have proposed for the introduction of CordedWareCulture: migration, diffusion, and network interactions. Subsequently, it verifies these hypotheses by integrating geochemical (WDXRF), mineralogical (petrography), and macromorphological analysis of ceramics with network analysis. This method is applied to 30 Late Neolithic ceramic vessels from three sites in the western coastal area of the Netherlands (Hazerswoude-Rijndijk N11, Zandwerven, and Voorschoten-De Donk). This study concludes that the introduction of CordedWare material culture is a process that varies from site to site in the western coastal area of the Netherlands. Moreover, the introduction of the CordedWareCulture is characterised by continuity in technological traditions throughout the study area, indicating a degree of social continuity despite typological changes in ceramics.
performed in unique manners, which may perhaps be ‘typical’ on a regional level – or not at all. In fact, the third similarity is that even within the same alignment, there is a lot of variety. The burial rites do not seem to be as homogeneous as the idea of ‘regional variants of the CordedWareculture’ implies. Even if the burial ritual is embedded within cultural and social traditions (Lohof 1994, 99-100) and calls upon certain shared concepts, every burial would have been a unique and personal event for those who were burying their loved one. Moreover, the time-depth of the alignment also influences the variability among the graves; surely graves that were placed at around the same time are more ‘homogeneous’ than if they are decades or centuries apart. This brings us to the last similarity between the three case-studies; although I was only able to recognise a pattern in the dates of the graves at Trehuse- Sjørup-Dollerup, it has become clear that each alignment was used for many
CordedWareCulture (CWC) explain its emergence as the result of massive migrations and high individual mobility among steppe populations during the third millennium BC [1–3]. However, it is not self-evident that the homogeneity we perceive is the direct result of migra- tions [4,5]. There is a fundamental difference between expressing CordedWare identity and having a specific DNA profile. The former entails the adherence to and sharing of information on world views and ideas, while the latter revolves around physical contact. In this paper we add the exchange of cultural information to the discussion on CWC that is now largely domi- nated by biological perspectives. By adopting a practice perspective combined with similarity indexes and network representations of 1161 CordedWare burials throughout north-western Europe, we demonstrate the existence of strongly interconnected CordedWare communities. Furthermore, we show that men’s burials are far more similar across regions as compared to women’s burials. This corroborates the image of a male focused society as suggested by recent aDNA results . Simultaneously we argue that despite the greater female mobility in life, as shown by isotope analyses [1,7], women’s burial practices are distinctly local. This implies that the male burial practice is the prime vector of cultural information exchange between CordedWare communities. Our method ultimately allows us to investigate the exchange of cultural information and cultural change, thus providing a complimentary perspective to the more recent biological perspectives.
Harmless rust can enhance the artistic value of bronze cultural relics and has a certain protective effect. Harmless rust is the protective layer formed by the change of the bronze surface after the bronze ware is immersed in the water, bu- ried by soil and corroded by the atmosphere, which can protect the cultural rel- ics from suffering corrosion. Its chemical constituents include black copper oxide, red oxide, green or blue-green alkali carbonate. Blue copper is sometimes mixed with black copper sulfide, white tin oxide and so on. These are the stable, colorful and finely formed elements of the bronze rust. However, harmful rust will powder and destroy bronze cultural relics, and even shorten their life. When it is serious, the whole bronze wares will be pulverized, or even completely de- stroyed. In addition, it can damage other bronzes. It is contagious between the bronzes themselves and with other bronzes. Its chemical composition is mainly cuprous chloride and basic copper chloride. Alkaline copper chloride is the main component of the powdery rust of bronze. Harmful rust is a kind of copper rust which develops rapidly and has a malignant expansion. It is the copper rust which has the main effects on the bronze ware.
To use multiple files simultaneously, the Versa Ware JTAG Programmer allows more than one file information windows to be open at once. However, only one file can be programmed at a time. The selected file is displayed in the title bar of the main application window, and is the active window in the program. In Figure 7, the active window is YourCode.ihx. This will be the file used to program the device until the window is closed, another window is opened, or another file is opened.
fascinated by the cultural changes associated with technology,” Ware says. He was offered a glimpse into the world of academia at Cambridge and in the United Kingdom, where work is being done to ensure that technology is developed thoughtfully. He realized that it is important to consider feedback from as many people as possible. “Everyone brings a unique perspective to the research,” he says. Ware heard about Inquiry from his advisors at UNH. He decided to submit to the journal to invite a broader audience to view his research. This way, other students could gain insight into the research process. Ware plans to attend law school and to continue to explore the connection between philosophy, economics, and technology as he pursues a career in technology policy and regulation.
Abstract: In this cust-flex mac and sale-ware (customer flexible manufacturing activity control and sales software) makes industrial companies to change radically, becoming more flexible, customer oriented and agile in manufacturing. Consequently, the enterprise software system applications have become a lot of complicated, exploiting distributed object technology in multi- tier architectures. The aim of the project is to gift the look specification for associate in nursing enterprise application that integrates the erp thought in three-tier design, containing modularized, distributed subsystems in configurable and rectifiable software system. Ranging from the client order, to planned order dispatch, the erp main elements and therefore the data flow at intervals the system is given.
System Call Park allows you to park a call at a public location. The system announces where the call is parked—a location number for an extension. After a time-out period expires without the call being answered, your extension is rung to let you know the call is still parked. The time-out period is set in the NCS Ware Administrator.
Abstract: In consequence of the growing cyber security threats, normal users and also system administrators are advised to closing inward ports and permitting outgoing communication only over selected protocols. In many decades, the flexibility and interoperability of HTTP make users progressively explore it in a much wider range of applications. Therefore, HTTP is always allowed on the network perimeter. HTTP-based applications could be classified into two types of Internet accesses: passive and active HTTP access applications. Passive type application (i.e. browsers) has just generated requests on users’ demands, so users can clarify and control what content they will access and accomplish. On the contrary, active type is called automatic software (auto-ware), which allows completely or partly automatically access to its servers without users’ intention. Auto-ware could be normal applications such as virus defining or operating system updating, but also are abnormal processes such as botnet, worms, virus, spywares, and advertising software (adware). Therefore, auto-ware, in a sense, consumes network bandwidth, and it might become internal security threats. Detection of suspicious auto-ware and its traffics are challenge work because the malicious traffic merges sufficiently with legitimate HTTP traffic. In this paper, based on the observation of communication pattern of HTTP auto-ware, it is proposed a detection method of HTTP-based Auto-ware. The experiment results show that the method is useful for host-based detection application.
Permeability is the measure of the ease with which water can flow through a soil sample. Test investigations were carried out on variable head permeameter with mix compositions of 1.58 gm/cc dry density fine sand and sanitary ware waste in varying percentages of 2%, 4%, 8% and 12% according to IS 2720 (Part XVII). A conclusion from the test results obtained that coefficient of permeability (k) increases with increase in percentage of sanitary ware waste. The test results of variable head permeability tests are given in table 9 and fig. 8.
22. 292-293, do 16.4a&d (skip b&c), 16.5. Read 346-350. Graded Assignment #2. At least an hour before class, send me an email attaching a document with your first and last names and a summary of what you found when you searched Arizona financing statements for a debtor named “Ware Manufacturing, Inc.” Attach to the same email everything you found in that search.