Cyber Security

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Artificial Intelligence in Cyber Security

Artificial Intelligence in Cyber Security

In the gift situation of quickly growing intelligence of malware and category of cyber-attacks, it's unavoidable to develop intelligent cyber security ways that. The experience in DDoS mitigation has shown that even a security against large-scale attacks are unbowed with rather restricted resources once intelligent ways that square measure used. Associate in Nursing analysis of publications shows that the AI results most usually applicable in cyber security square measure provided by the analysis in artificial visual nets. Applications of visual nets will keep it up in cyber security. there's to boot an essential would love for application of intelligent cyber security ways that in several areas where neural nets don't seem to be the foremost acceptable technology. These square measure as are referred to as support, situation awareness and knowledge management. skilled system technology is that the foremost promising throughout this case. it's not clear but quick development of gneral computing is ahead, but a threat exists that a replacement level of computing might additionally be utilized by the attackers, as presently as a result of it becomes procurable. Obviously, the new developments in data understanding, illustration and handling what is more in machine learning will greatly enhance the cyber security capability of systems that may use them.
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Cyber Security: Need of the Hour

Cyber Security: Need of the Hour

Many aspects of our lives rely on the Internet and computers, including communications (e-mail, cell phones, texting), transportation (traffic control signals, car engine systems, airplane navigation), government (birth/death records, social security, licensing, tax records), finance (bank accounts, loans, electronic paychecks), medicine (equipment, medical records), and education (virtual classrooms, online report cards, research). Consider how much of your personal information is stored either on your own computer or on someone else‘s system. How is that data and the systems on which that data resides (or is transmitted) kept secure? Cyber security involves protecting the information and systems we rely on every day—whether at home, work or school. Securing cyberspace will be harder. The architecture of the internet is designed to promote connectivity, not security. Cyber experts warn that nations that are unprepared to face the threat of a cyber is 9/11. The more technologically advanced and wired a nation is the more vulnerable it is to a cyber attack. Ensuring security of data, information and communication is considered harder than hacking into a system.
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Cyber Security Strategy

Cyber Security Strategy

the australian government acknowledges the scale of the cyber security challenge, which the Prime Minister has indicated is now one of australia’s top tier national security priorities. australia’s national security, economic prosperity and social wellbeing are critically dependent upon the availability, integrity and confidentiality of a range of information and communications technologies (ICt). this includes desktop computers, the Internet, mobile communications devices and other computer systems and networks. as these technologies become more pervasive in our lives, government, business and individuals are becoming more dependent upon them for a variety of purposes and functions, ranging from online purchases of goods and services (including government services), communicating with others, searching for information and managing finances through to controlling equipment in the mining and manufacturing industries. Computers and computer-based communications are ubiquitous in australian life. Sometimes these uses are quite clear to see and understand – whereas in other cases, such as the control of utilities, transport and hospital equipment or the supply of food and pharmaceuticals, the extent of dependence on ICt is not as obvious.
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CYBER SECURITY IN INDIA

CYBER SECURITY IN INDIA

Need to sensitize common citizen about dangers of Cyber Terrorism. Aggressive Strategy at academic level through involvement of Cert-In professionals. Joint effort by all Government agencies to attract qualified and skilled personnel. Cyber security not to be given mere lip service and bureaucratic dominance be avoided. Cyber security agreements to be given utmost importance. More investment in this field in terms of Finance and Manpower. Close vigil on recent developments in the IT sector of our potential adversaries.

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Cyber Security and Ethical Hacking

Cyber Security and Ethical Hacking

In today’s digital world, data rule. Cyber security has become a common term in recent years. Where many people spending a large amount of time in, exchanging information through media such as email and social media and performing banking operations and shopping online, it’s not surprising that risks come with the digitalization of all your data. Cybercrime, Electronic Crime is where a computer or a mobile is the target of crime or is the means ratify to execute a crime. Cyber criminals are levering innovation at a stride which many target organizations and security hawker cannot possibly match. Most of these crimes are not new. Criminals simply overhaul different ways to undertake standard criminal activities such as fraud, theft, blackmail, and forgery, often involving the Internet. Secure trade secret, financial information, and your company’s privilege is a compelling part of business strategy. Yet with the number of threats and the elegance of attacks increasing, it’s a dreadful challenge. Companies that understand the value that security brings to the business also secure that they have a broad strategy in place and that they have the processes and procedures to back up their vision. The guiding principles for strategy are driven, in large part, by their data. Attaining vital resources and information in the network is the most challenging exploit for system trade. As business has wander to the digital world, criminals have, too. What has loom is a refined criminal ecosystem that has matured to the point that it functions much like any business management structure, quality control, and so on. While the hacking skills can be used for venomous purposes, this program provides you how to use the same hacking techniques to perform a white-hat, ethical hack, on your organization. You leave with the ability to significantly appraise and measure threats to information resources.
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CYBER SECURITY -Trends and Challenges

CYBER SECURITY -Trends and Challenges

Technology evolved through different ages. Internet has enabled human beings to send and receive any form of data at a faster rate. But how securely the data is being transmitted to the other person without any leakage of information is a question. Today Internet is one of the fastest growing infra-structure. In today‟s technical environment many latest technologies are changing the face of the mankind. When looking ahead one thing is clear: technologies will not look like they look, today. But due to these emerging technologies we are unable to safeguard our private information in a very effective way. Despite technological measures adopted by organizations and individuals, cyber-crimes are increasing day by day. Most of the commercial transactions are done online now a days, so this field requires a high quality of security. Hence cyber security has become an important issue.
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AI in Cyber Security  A Review

AI in Cyber Security A Review

cyber kill chain. Integrated in cyber security, ANNs can be used for monitoring network traffic. As depicted in Figure 2 below, malicious intrusions can be detected already during the delivery phase and before an actual attack occurs. This is a desired goal of cyber security, and it is a great achievement when cyber attacks can be hindered before they take place, thus, elaborating upon the main idea of perimeter defense. ANNs can be successfully used to learn from past network activities and attacks in order to prevent future attacks from actually transpiring.
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Certificate in Cyber Security

Certificate in Cyber Security

To respond to the training needs of security teams within industry and to build capacity in cyber and satellite security. South Africa is experiencing immense shortages of cyber security specialists and especially shortages in focused training opportunities for corporate staff. Cooperation between industry and universities to establish and offer targeted training content within the cyber security domain is not yet realized within South Africa. This is also evident within the nano-satellite industry as applications are developed to utilize constellations. F’SATI is moving towards the design and development of targeted software applications and it becomes essential to study and integrate effective security tools and techniques from the start.
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SCADA Cyber Security

SCADA Cyber Security

The Industrial Control Systems (ICS), including SCADA, are known for their high availability. The demand for high availability remains the number one requirement within the industry. More recently the industry desires an additional strong requirement, namely more accessibility by interconnecting the SCADA, therewith the process systems, with the enterprise network. By introducing accessibility to ICS it can compromise the availability, because it becomes more exposed to cyber security vulnerabilities. As figure 1 shows most common vulnerabilities in ICS can be found in:

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Cyber Security Governance

Cyber Security Governance

adversary motivate the organization to push the state of the practice and even the state of the art. At the higher levels, the organization needs to make trade-offs, for example between mitigating the cyber security risks associated with adversary TTPs and increasing the programmatic risks of integrating new technologies into the organization’s systems or enterprise architecture. In some situations, novel approaches to mitigating cyber security risks can diverge from standards of good practice. For example, the organization could decide that the benefits of increasing knowledge about the adversary could warrant a period of increased exposure to malicious activity, while standard practice would be to shut down avenues of suspicious behavior. The organization’s trade-offs are guided by its risk tolerance. 15
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An Analysis of Airports Cyber-Security

An Analysis of Airports Cyber-Security

Information security or assurance has transform into a commonplace term used by various, often in reference to a dispute amidst hackers/intruders and security specialists, or what various see as a war of the geeks. The term information security can have various definitions; some use it as a general term portraying all security-related concerns with advancement, while others use it as a sub-portrayal of a more broad class, for instance, information insistence. Fundamentally, assurance is the strategy of protecting information from risks. This can be further elucidated through what is routinely implied as the C-I-A model: i) Confidentiality - keeping unapproved customers away from examining or getting to information, ii) Integrity - ensuring that an unapproved customer has not changed information, iii) Availability - checking that information can be gotten to when needed by affirmed customers [Jacobson et al]. Routine IT security consistently focuses on the utilization of security controls additionally frameworks at the application, operating system, network, or physical technology layers. With the extended usage of BYOD at airports, there is a need to make cyber security get ready materials that instruct and educated the staff of airport from the perspective of the customer/user- layer – the affiliations or interactions all customers experience with development or technology reliably paying little regard to concentrated capacity. The vital framework or mechanism for educating the general populace about cyber security has been to create top-ten security list. Top ten lists communicates a confused feeling all is well and great to its perusers as it deduces all that is imperative to fulfill security is to make after these wide strides. What happens – and it will happen, frequently – when a customer is given a condition that is not secured by a bullet point or visual prompt? [Jacobson et al]. Notwithstanding the way that the underpinnings of PC security are of a particular nature, different thoughts are of a
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CYBER SECURITY FOR AIRPORTS

CYBER SECURITY FOR AIRPORTS

cyber threats. Although the increasing risks associated with cyber threats cannot be eliminated, implementing industry standards, good cyber security measures, best practices, and an educational program for all airport employees (and users) can help mitigate them. A defense-in-depth or belt- and-suspenders approach is recommended in securing airports from cyber vulnerabilities where one does not rely on any one security mechanism to prevent all potential threats. Further, a user-focused cyber security education for all airport employees to make them aware of potential threats by a dedicated cyber security staff is crucial in mitigating vulnerabilities. National security agencies do recognize that combating cyber threats is a shared responsibility in which the public, private, and non-profit sectors, and every level of government have an important role to play. Thus, in identifying and responding to anomalous activity, airports can leverage their existing relationships with local, state, and federal law enforcement agencies to assist them to ensure an appropriate response and resolution.
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Much Ado about Cyber-space: Cyber-terrorism and the Reformation of the Cyber-security

Much Ado about Cyber-space: Cyber-terrorism and the Reformation of the Cyber-security

Yes, protections on critical Infrastructure need to be dramatically improved. Two years ago, the DHS reported that cyber-attacks targeting critical infrastructure had risen by 383 percent from the previous year (Negroponte and Palmisano, 2013, 18). That is a harrowing statistic, showing how the security of such infrastructure systems needs to be updated. As the number of cyber-attacks increases, so does that probability that one of those attacks will be successful. While the many terrorist organizations worldwide have yet to succeed in initiating a large scale cyber-attack, it only seems to be a matter of time before they possess the capabilities to. At the same time, many smaller nations around the world are also improving their own cyber abilities. While it seems the United States is not immediately threatened by an infrastructure cyber-attack, defensive measures need to become a priority sooner rather than later. Computers are too widely available, and there are too many actors investing time and money into perfecting their offensive cyber-abilities to continue to approach our cyber-security with a lackadaisical attitude.
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Developing our capability in cyber security: Academic Centres of Excellence in Cyber Security Research

Developing our capability in cyber security: Academic Centres of Excellence in Cyber Security Research

source software Ponder2 (ponder2.net), which has been used to build solutions for, amongst others, the management and security of sensor networks for e-health, autonomous vehicles, mobile ad- hoc networks, pervasive workflows and fixed network infrastructures. Their software has been used by others in industry and academia. They have pioneered techniques for policy analysis, policy refinement from high-level requirements, and automated learning of policies from decisions made by legacy systems or human administrators. Imperial contributes in other cyber security funded programmes. It leads the Research Institutes in Automated Program Analysis and Verification and in Trustworthy Industrial Control Systems. It leads a collaborative project on Games and Abstraction in the Research Institute on the Science of Cyber Security. It also investigates aspects of Privacy Dynamics as part of the Global Uncertainties programme on Consortia for Exploratory Research in Security (CEReS) and of Intelligent Protection of Cloud Environments at Run-Time as part of the Business-Academic Collaborations in Cybersecurity to Harness Underpinning Science (BACCHUS).
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Cyber Security Best Practices. 1. Introduction What is cyber security and why is it important?

Cyber Security Best Practices. 1. Introduction What is cyber security and why is it important?

It is not possible for an organization to develop a perfect cyber security plan. Rather, organizations should implement and continuously evaluate cyber security practices that protect sensitive data, while making their computers and networks a difficult target for malicious intent. The following section outlines basic best practices for cyber security in your organization.

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Cyber Security on the Offense: A Study of IT Security Experts

Cyber Security on the Offense: A Study of IT Security Experts

respondents to rank specific cyber security threats according to their risk mitigation priority within their organizations. According to Figure 9, organizations are most concerned about addressing denial of service (DoS), server-side injections (SSI) and distributed denial of service (DDoS). The following threats are ranked as a lower priority for risk mitigation: phishing and social engineering, web scrapping and cross-site scripting.

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INTERNATIONAL CYBER SECURITY AWARENESS MONTH CYBER SECURITY DAY

INTERNATIONAL CYBER SECURITY AWARENESS MONTH CYBER SECURITY DAY

What is it? One full day of thought leaders, ‘expert’ and ‘non-expert’ panels, student speakers, plays, authors, live-interviews, dark-side actors, technical demonstrations and discussions, the purpose of which is to bring awareness of the need for vigilant cyber security and data privacy, at work and at home.

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The Impact of Cyber Security on SMEs

The Impact of Cyber Security on SMEs

Some studies have reasoned that not having proper knowledge about the cybercrime can be a reason for low cyber security practices. SMEs in developed countries usually has a weak understanding of information security, security technologies and control methods. SME owners do not have sufficient awareness of information security [61] [62]. Firms often fail to understand why IT or cyber security is important [6, 41]. According to the 2013 US State of Cybercrime Survey [8] which was conducted on 500 executives and security experts stated that, many leaders/CEOs of SMEs underestimate their cyber- adversaries’ capabilities and the strategic financial, reputational, and regulatory risks they pose. For SMEs, investing in security does not provide clear, measurable profits besides the perception of security.
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Cyber Clinics: Re-imagining Cyber Security Awareness

Cyber Clinics: Re-imagining Cyber Security Awareness

The focus of the United States’ cybersecurity strategy is the National Institute of Standards and Technology’s (NIST) Cyber security Framework which takes a bottom-up approach organizations can adapt to their risk tolerance. The NIST Cyber Security Framework starts with the executive level deciding “mission priorities, available resources, and overall risk tolerance.” Cyber Security Framework is aimed toward organizations rather than individuals [15]. Because of its thoroughness and adaptability, other countries have incorporated the model into their own frameworks; Many believe it is the “standard for due diligence” for the private sector [15]. The NIST Framework Core “is an organizational map of industry-recognized best practices that are helpful in managing cyber risk and provides unified terminology for organizations to communicate more effectively” [15].
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Cyber Security of Industrial Networks

Cyber Security of Industrial Networks

Supervisory Control and Data Acquisition (SCADA) systems are the core of automation and Industrial networks that constitute Critical National Infrastructure. Traditionally, such systems were installed standalone and did not interface with the outside world. These systems are now increasingly being connected to the internet and corporate network therefore are vulnerable to cyber security threats. SCADA [3] components are considered to be privileged targets for cyber attacks through which hackers can easily hit the nation‘s critical infrastructure and economy. Such attacks can potentially shut down power systems, interrupt financial service and therefore obstruct the essential operations of the nation. While modern communications, control systems and computing offer tremendous opportunities to improve electric power system response, optimize generating station performance and offer resilience to failure, they also render the physical processes and systems vulnerable to intentional attacks from internal or external parties.
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