Deprivation of Due Process

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No Instructions Required: Due Process and Post Deprivation Remedies for Property Seized in Criminal Investigations

No Instructions Required: Due Process and Post Deprivation Remedies for Property Seized in Criminal Investigations

Writing for the majority,99 Justice Kennedy reversed the Ninth Circuit Court of Appeal's decision and held that the Due Process Clause of the Fourteenth Amendment does not require police[r]

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Historical Factors in the Process of Educational Deprivation of Children: The Case of Telangana Region of Nizam’s Hyderabad State

Historical Factors in the Process of Educational Deprivation of Children: The Case of Telangana Region of Nizam’s Hyderabad State

The present paper examined the historical source of the phenomenon of educational deprivation of children in the Telangana region of Andhra Pradesh in its pre-independence period as the case of analysis. In the above analysis, educational deprived children are those who are not attending schools (including never enrolled and dropouts) in the age group 5-14. Nizam’s Telangana being the most privileged princely state under the British paramountacy, it lagged behind its fellow princely states especially in terms of education and schooling. In the demand-supply framework both the factors inflicted the educational deprivation in the Nizam state as a whole and Telangana region too in particular. When compared with other princely states under the British paramountacy, the State of Nizam was categorical and apathetic with respect to promoting education. It did not allow even the private and charity based initiatives for educational development.
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North Georgia Finishing, Inc. v. Di-Chem, Inc., 419 U.S. 601 (1975)

North Georgia Finishing, Inc. v. Di-Chem, Inc., 419 U.S. 601 (1975)

White believes that the "normal" requirements of the due process clause are met by a hearing at some time prior to final deprivation, it follows that, giv[r]

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Electoral Due Process

Electoral Due Process

To appropriately calculate the magnitude of a burden on the right to vote in electoral due process cases, federal courts should combine the procedural burden—determined under Mathews—and any evidence the plaintiff can offer that vote deprivation occurred. This total burden should be considered severe under a number of fact patterns. For instance, where a plaintiff-voter has faced a prohibitively unmanageable state challenge process, like that in Louisiana, that procedural burden, standing alone, is severe enough to warrant the strictest judicial scrutiny—whether or not the plaintiff can offer persuasive evidence that an election failure actually occurred. Likewise, where a plaintiff has faced a state process that was only moderately unfair—perhaps one in which discovery rules and deadlines allowed her to adequately investigate, but in which a partisan legislative committee rendered an unappealable decision—her burden should be considered severe if she can also show persuasive evidence that votes were affected.
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Protein Kinase A Is Part of a Mechanism That Regulates Nuclear Reimport of the Nuclear tRNA Export Receptors Los1p and Msn5p

Protein Kinase A Is Part of a Mechanism That Regulates Nuclear Reimport of the Nuclear tRNA Export Receptors Los1p and Msn5p

S. cerevisiae is a highly adaptable organism that uses complex mechanisms to control nuclear-cytoplasmic tRNA trafficking in response to nutrient availability. The mechanism used by S. cerevi- siae to regulate nuclear tRNA export is also dependent on the type of nutrient stress. Previous studies have shown that amino acid or nitrogen deprivation affects nuclear export of func- tional tRNAs made from intron-containing precursors, but not nuclear export of functional tRNAs made from intronless pre- tRNAs (24–26). Inhibition of nuclear export of tRNAs from intron-containing pre-tRNAs during nitrogen deprivation is due to regulation of the function of the nuclear tRNA export receptors (25). The function of the tRNA export receptors is, in part, regulated by the TORC1 signaling pathway (25). How- ever, TORC1 does not influence the function of the tRNA ex- port receptors by controlling nuclear reimport of the receptors (25). In contrast, glucose deprivation causes inhibition of nu- clear export of tRNAs made from both intronless and intron- containing precursors. Like amino acid or nitrogen depriva- tion, glucose depletion also affects the function of the nuclear tRNA export receptors, but the function of the tRNA export receptors in nuclear tRNA export is controlled by regulation of nuclear reimport of the receptors by a mechanism involving PKA. Moreover, in contrast to amino acid and nitrogen depri- vation, glucose deprivation also results in regulation of the function of Utp8p. Thus, it is possible that coordinated regu- lation of the intranuclear function of Utp8p and the NPC translocation step when glucose availability is limiting facili- tates rapid downregulation of the nuclear tRNA export process to conserve energy. In addition to PKA, a PKA-independent mechanism is also involved in regulating nuclear tRNA export in response to glucose availability. However, this mechanism does not regulate nuclear reimport of the tRNA export recep- tors. Finally, this study provides a strong foundation for future studies directed at delineating the mechanism by which PKA regulates nuclear reimport of the nuclear tRNA export recep- tors in response to glucose availability.
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Chloroquine induces human mononuclear phagocytes to inhibit and kill Cryptococcus neoformans by a mechanism independent of iron deprivation

Chloroquine induces human mononuclear phagocytes to inhibit and kill Cryptococcus neoformans by a mechanism independent of iron deprivation

The effect of pH on cryptococcal growth. The above exper- iments established that chloroquine augments the antifungal activity of human MDM by a mechanism independent of iron deprivation. As it is known that chloroquine alkalinizes the phagolysosome, we hypothesized that the beneficial effects of chloroquine on MDM-mediated anticryptococcal activity are, at least in part, a direct result of the inability of C. neoformans to grow well at neutral and alkaline pH compared with acidic pH. Accordingly, cryptococcal growth in cell-free tissue cul- ture medium as a function of pH was determined for strains 145 and 6 (Fig. 4). The pH of the culture medium was adjusted with hydrochloric acid or sodium hydroxide, and remained within 0.2 pH U for the duration of the 18-h incubation period. Figure 2. The effects of chloroquine are independent of iron depriva-
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The effects of deprivation and relative deprivation on self-reported morbidity in England: an area-level ecological study

The effects of deprivation and relative deprivation on self-reported morbidity in England: an area-level ecological study

the population are assumed to represent the individial [41,42]. This pooling of populations for analysis would tend to towards the null rather than to spurious signifi- cance. Second, the morbidity data (‘not good health’ and LLTI) used the readily available public dataset and were not standardised by age. However, self-reported health differs by age, for example, old people are more likely to report LLTI [43,44]. Thus, the evaluation of deprivation differential on morbidity still needs to be further vali- dated. However, our previous study using mortality as the outcome variable did use age-standardised data and found a similar relationship between the deprivation differential and mortality [24], suggesting that the pat- terns are robust. Third, we were unable to take migra- tion into account, which might bias our results. It is known that healthy, affluent people are more likely to move away from less favourable environments [45]. In a Dutch study, those with higher education levels were prone to move out of relatively poor areas [46]. In our study, the morbidity data were collected in 2001, while The IMD index was released in 2007 (using data from 2001 to 2005). It is possible that migration caused the population to change between the two time points. Such migration could influence the illness rate and deprivation status of the origins and destinations, and then confound the relationship between health and deprivation [47,48]. However, for this to bias the results in favour of the observed deprivation differential effect, the migration would have to happen at a greater rate across borders with a higher deprivation differential. Migration effects may be more likely to bias the results towards the null.
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EXPERIMENTAL POTASSIUM DEPLETION IN NORMAL HUMAN SUBJECTS  II  RENAL AND HORMONAL FACTORS IN THE DEVELOPMENT OF EXTRACELLULAR ALKALOSIS DURING DEPLETION

EXPERIMENTAL POTASSIUM DEPLETION IN NORMAL HUMAN SUBJECTS II RENAL AND HORMONAL FACTORS IN THE DEVELOPMENT OF EXTRACELLULAR ALKALOSIS DURING DEPLETION

It is concluded that potassium depletion due to dietary deprivation of normal human subjects results in: 1 partial replacement by sodium of the cellular potassium deficit in the approxim[r]

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Branching Out: Alterations in Bacterial Physiology and Virulence Due to Branched Chain Amino Acid Deprivation

Branching Out: Alterations in Bacterial Physiology and Virulence Due to Branched Chain Amino Acid Deprivation

ABSTRACT The branched-chain amino acids (BCAAs [Ile, Leu, and Val]) represent important nutrients in bacterial physiology, with roles that range from supporting protein synthesis to signaling and fine-tuning the adaptation to amino acid starva- tion. In some pathogenic bacteria, the adaptation to amino acid starvation includes induction of virulence gene expression: thus, BCAAs support not only proliferation during infection, but also the evasion of host defenses. A body of research has accu- mulated over the years to describe the multifaceted physiological roles of BCAAs and the mechanisms bacteria use to maintain their intracellular levels. More recent studies have focused on understanding how fluctuations in their intracellular levels impact global regulatory pathways that coordinate the adaptation to nutrient limita- tion, especially in pathogenic bacteria. In this minireview, we discuss how these studies have refined the individual roles of BCAAs, shed light on how BCAA auxotro- phy might promote higher sensitivity to exogenous BCAA levels, and revealed pathogen-specific responses to BCAA deprivation. These advancements improve our understanding of how bacteria meet their nutritional requirements for growth while simultaneously remaining responsive to changes in environmental nutrient availabil- ity to promote their survival in a range of environments.
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Access to the Court, as a basic principle of due process

Access to the Court, as a basic principle of due process

The right to access the court, as a basic principle of due process, obligates the state to adopt mechanisms for its implementation and at the same time should not intervene to violate this right. Access to court may be limited, but in any case it can not affect the essence of law itself. Access to justice can not be formal, but it should be effective. It is now consolidating its position, not only the European Court of Human Rights, but also the Albanian Constitutional Court on principles that includes access to the court.

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Sword or Shield: Due Process and the Fugitive Disentitlement Doctrine

Sword or Shield: Due Process and the Fugitive Disentitlement Doctrine

The Supreme Court reversed the Ninth Circuit and remanded the case for further proceedings consistent with its opinion.' 47 Writing for a unanimous court, Justice Kennedy concluded that [r]

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Targeting Social Need: Why are Deprivation Levels in Northern Ireland Higher for Catholics than for Protestants?

Targeting Social Need: Why are Deprivation Levels in Northern Ireland Higher for Catholics than for Protestants?

This paper attempts to pierce this veil. First, using data drawn from the Sample of Anonymised Records (SARs) of the 1991 Northern Ireland Census for over 13,000 individuals, it constructs a deprivation index and then, using this index, directly compares the deprivation levels of Catholics and Protestants. It then relates, by means of econometric equations, the level of deprivation of the individuals in the sample to their personal characteristics and circumstances. In particular, it examines the possibility that while higher deprivation levels among Catholics may have been partly due to the fact that they possessed, to a greater degree than Protestants, the attributes that were correlated with deprivation, it may also have been the result of Catholics being penalised more harshly than Protestants for possessing these attributes. It estimates how much of the relatively greater deprivation of Catholics was due to having the wrong attributes and how much was due to these attributes being penalised more severely. This paper should, therefore, be seen as complementing the existing, spatially-based, analysis of deprivation that underpins the TSN policies of the Northern Ireland government.
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Due Process And Teacher/Administrator Responsibilities In The United States

Due Process And Teacher/Administrator Responsibilities In The United States

This paper addressed the need for continued awareness on the part of Educational Administrators as to their legal responsibilities as instructional leaders and custodians of the students under their supervision. Research revealed that school administrators unknowingly are violating the law everyday. Courts are keeping a close eye on school districts, which ignore the fact that they are acting in place of students’ parents and cannot overstep their bounds. The author stressed the fact that it is up to school officials to educate themselves as to their legal responsibilities. The study covered key issues including due process, suspension and expulsion, student searches, and sexual harassment. Case studies were cited and suggestions for litigation avoidance offered.
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Fourteenth Amendment  Due Process for Prisoners in Commitment Proceedings

Fourteenth Amendment Due Process for Prisoners in Commitment Proceedings

Last term the Supreme Court considered whether the due process clause of the fourteenth amendment entitles a convicted prisoner to procedural safeguards, including notice, an adversary h[r]

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Deprivation

Deprivation

This acknowledgement of the religious poten- tial to challenge existing social structures in gen- eral, and systems of inequality and deprivation in particular, is given additional conceptual direction by a distinction drawn by James Beckford: various manifestations of religious power include “power that controls” and “power that contests” respec- tively (1983). Translated into the terms of the pres- ent discussion, Beckford’s distinction captures the historical fact that religions can—depending on context—aid both structural reproduction and political subversion, variously serving the interests of the powerful or those suffering disadvantage and deprivation.
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Protecting Due Process and Civic Friendship in the Administrative State

Protecting Due Process and Civic Friendship in the Administrative State

Thus, in ascertaining procedural protections to be accorded property interests in public assistance designated as property in- terests, the Court should not have bal[r]

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Reconciling Legal Process and Substantive Due Process

Reconciling Legal Process and Substantive Due Process

Reconciling Legal Process and Substantive Due Process SMU Law Review Volume 46 | Issue 3 Article 11 1993 Reconciling Legal Process and Substantive Due Process Follow this and additional works at https[.]

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Due Process of Law in Criminal Cases

Due Process of Law in Criminal Cases

The Supreme Court held: "[WIhere, as here, the investigation is no longer a general inquiry into an unsolved crime but has begun to focus on a particular suspect, the suspect has been ta[r]

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Due Process Methodology in the Postincorporation World

Due Process Methodology in the Postincorporation World

In 1964 Professor Francis Allen noted that the Supreme Court's activity in the area of criminal procedure was necessary to protect the fundamental values of fairness and individual digni[r]

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Double Jeopardy and Due Process

Double Jeopardy and Due Process

ployed the double jeopardy clause principally as a means of protecting Green's statutory right of appeal rather than his right to be free from repeated prosecutions." The result in Green[r]

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