Licensed under Creative Common Page 1062 sector. Besides, the system that existed did not have sanctions against persons who breached the regulations in the Supplies manual, other than internal disciplinary action. Consequently, application of the rules was not strict and many of the norms were not followed. Moreover, the supplies manual did not cover procurement of works and the dispute settlement mechanisms to the award procedures as set out in the manuals were weak and unreliable for ensuring fairness and transparency. Records of procurement transactions in many cases were not found to be inaccurate or incomplete or absent which led to the suspicions of dishonest dealings at the tender boards. The prevailing public procurement system had other institutional weaknesses that not only undermined its capacity for carrying out its mandates effectively but also led to a public perception that the public sector was not getting maximum value for money spent on procurement.
13. The daily and intermediate cover material should be of a quality that is manageable under all weather conditions. Heavy clays and very fine grain materials, such as fly ash, shall not be used as daily and intermediate cover. A sufficient quantity of cover material shall be at the site to adequately meet the requirements of (b)7 through 10 above. For landfills without on-site supplies of cover material, a standby supply for cover material equal to 25 percent of the volume of waste received and compacted at the landfill in 10 normal disposal days shall be stored within the boundaries of the landfill property;
potential, effects of macromolecules, presence of other chemicals, etc). Due to this, predicting the behaviour of particles under different conditions is a herculean task and this unpredictability poses serious troubles in material handling. Varied companies ranging from small scale start-ups to large global entities which are involved in nanomaterial production, produce wide variety of nanoparticles which have different sets of properties. This renders nanowastes management quite challenging task – and unless universal principles and technologies of managing these wastes are developed urgently – a case-by-case approach recommended presently may prove uneconomically viable, laborious, and even impractical considering the number and types of NMs as well as the nanoproducts. Moreover, the rate at which the development in nanoproducts takes place is exorbitant when compared to the rate at which the NMs detection systems have advanced, especially in the soil systems and free water bodies. This makes it improbable to detect, monitor, and develop remediation protocols to mitigate possible nanopollution in the soil environments. Nanowaste is notoriously difficult to contain and monitor; due to its small size, it can spread in water systems or become airborne, causing harm to human health and the environment. Trace analysis and quantification of nanoparticulate species is also very challenging because of the variety of ENM types that are used in products and low concentrations of nanowaste expected in complex environmental media. Adding to the trouble, there is paucity of toxicity data and its relationship to the physicochemical properties of NMs, incoherency of few reported toxicity data and lack of universally agreed units of expressing the NMs toxicity. As nanotechnology-based products enter into widespread use, many will end up in disposal waste streams. Disposal is the phase in the product life cycle at which most nanomaterials are predicted to enter the environment. However, this topic has gained recent attention with several life cycle analyses and reviews specifically addressing nanomaterial release through different disposal pathways (Musee, 2011). There are four methods for treatment of nanowaste to convert them into harmless, simpler molecules. The methods are incineration, landfilling, recycling and organic treatment. Incineration being one of the major methods for ultimate disposal, is discussed here (Allan, 2009).
It is a policy at Johns Hopkins to prohibit the use of commercially supplied gas in non-refillable, non-returnable cylinders. This eliminates unnecessary handling and disposal of compressed gas cylinders and their contents, and assures that these materials are disposed of properly. In the event that a vendor does not exist who is willing to supply a needed gas in a refillable, returnable cylinder, then an application must be made in writing for a waiver to this policy. Applications must be submitted to the office of Health, Safety, and the Environment. If approved, you will be required to purchase the smallest quantity you need. In the event that non-refillable cylinders are used, they must be completely emptied before being transported for disposal to the hazardous waste collection area. Cylinders must be delivered with the valve completely opened.
Manage the asset disposal process and data processors Complete a full inventory of all equipment that is marked for disposal. As noted above, you should maintain a written record of all equipment transferred to your service provider if you are using one.
Corollary 1 ensures that waste dumps can arise only when producing firms are heterogeneous in some fashion. Consider the limiting case in which one region can become a repository for untreated waste without producing local or transboundary environmental damage. In this case, creating a waste dump at this location entails no social cost, while providing positive network benefits to waste production units upstream from the waste dump by reducing disposal costs. Introducing waste dumps thus allows the total size of the disposal network to increase. In the event that local environmental damage occurs at the regional waste dump, but is simply less damaging than waste deposited elsewhere, a trade-off exists between increasing local environmental damage at the site of the waste dump and reducing disposal costs for remaining waste production units further upstream in the disposal network.
of the camp gives an impression that it is impure, although it is instructed that it should be burnt in a ‘clean place’ outside the camp (Lv 4:12). That is, it is likely that the carcass of the hattat animal is too unclean to be burnt on the altar of the sanctuary inside the camp. The assumption might be corroborated by the flowing four grounds: (1) analogy with the remains disposal in other offerings; (2) implication of Leviticus 6:19–22 [26–29]; (3) the juxtaposed entrance rites for the remains handler and the goat sender in Leviticus (16:16, 28); (4) the cause of Moses’ anger incurred by Aaron’s neglect to dispose of the hattat carcass in Leviticus 10. The debate on the last issue is excluded in this article due to limited space. Suffice it that Moses’ anger was caused by Aaron’s continual violation of the hattat rules stipulated in Leviticus chapters 4 and 6, which would lead to the failure of the hattat ritual, right after his two sons, Nadab and Abihu’s death incurred by their severe violation of the cultic rule rather than by Moses’ anxiety of nullification of the atonement of the congregation as believed by a group of scholars (see Kim 2013:217–220).
From the table, there is higher alcohol consumption among the volunteers than the controls 57% and 32% respectively, 45% 30% of the controls and volunteers respectively neither smoke cigarette nor consume alcohol. The most frequent complaint amongst the participants in this study was general body pain 56% of the volunteers and 21% of the controls. This is followed by headache (33%, 8%) cough (30%, 8%), chest pain (28%, 5%), weakness (23%, 3%), fever (22%, 3%) in the volunteers and control respectively. Gastrointestinal symptoms were diarrhoea (25%, 2%), dyspepsia (15%, 2%), vomiting (10%, 1%) and dysentery (10%, 1%) amongst the volunteers and controls respectively. The muscoskeletal complaints were low back pain (23%, 5%) and Arthralgia (11%, 3%) volunteers and controls respectively. Only 6% of the volunteers had a history of CVD before they started waste disposal job. Th questionnaire analysis shows that the SWDWs had more health challenges than the controls. From the table and figure, there is a significant increase in the systolic pressures of the volunteers in comparison to the controls with mean values of 134.08 mmHg ±10.50 and 118.10 mmHg ±13.26, correlation coefficient value (r) 0.8915 (P<.001).
So how do I dispose of meaning? Answers vary. Humanist traditions espouse volition, which at least offers a last-in-first-out disposal mechanism. In contrast, rationalism so sequestrates experience, the body and the lifeworld that it dispenses with meanings altogether, since knowledge consists of objective representations alone. Inversely, although his own program for progress rested on a simplistic account of deletion through falsification, Popper (1963: 3) notes that rationalism cannot even admit the possibility of there being ‘sources’ of ignorance. Within the rationalist creed, since knowledge is indubitable, knowledge can never be contemplated as a disposable object, as something to trash. Kuhn’s (1962) crime was to open the dustbin of history and point out that it wasn’t ignorance that was thrown away, but that which stood as, and could still stand as, knowledge.
Within Clean Harbors Environmental Services, the company offers Technical Services and Field Services. Technical Services provide a broad range of hazardous material management and disposal services including the collection, packaging, recycling, treatment and disposal of hazardous and non-hazardous waste. Field Services provide a wide variety of environmental cleanup services on customer sites or other locations on a scheduled or emergency response basis.