distribution requirement planning approach

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Demonstrating a new approach to planning and monitoring rural medical training distribution to meet population need in North West Queensland

Demonstrating a new approach to planning and monitoring rural medical training distribution to meet population need in North West Queensland

In addressing this, since 2001 the Australian General Practice Training (AGPT) program has a requirement that at least 50% of general practice training occurs in rural areas (rural being defined as Australian Standard Geographical Classification – Remoteness Areas 2–5). This strategy aims to develop doctors with the right skills for rural primary care work, improve the distribu- tion of general practitioners (GPs) both short-term and long-term and increase access to GP services in rural and remote areas [6]. Providing positive educational experiences in rural settings and clearer training path- ways in rural practice are known to be effective strat- egies for influencing early-career GPs to choose a rural career [7, 8]. Training is mostly managed through one of nine Regional Training Organisations (RTOs). The RTOs deliver training in pre-defined catchments, with endpoints of fellowship of at least one of the Australian College of Rural and Remote Medicine or the Royal Australian College of General Practitioners. Each RTO has at least some rural catchment, which demands that they make decisions about how to best distribute rural training places [9]. However, to date few RTOs have ap- plied workforce planning to the distribution of training to address the long-term workforce and population needs of their communities. Anecdotally, convenience of placements and perceived quality of teaching are priori- tised and thus rural training tends to occur in the largest eligible rural population centres.
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Assessment of geographical based load forecast approach in distribution planning

Assessment of geographical based load forecast approach in distribution planning

University of Cape Town, Electrical Engineering Department | Discussion 116 Regarding the application installation; in the case of the GLF method, PowerGLF license cost was used. This cost is compared to a basic Microsoft Office license as it was used to perform the LM forecasting. The user training is required for PowerGLF software while there is no special training required for using Microsoft Office Excel. The computer specifications for PowerGLF installation were provided by Aurecon and the price of such a computer was looked up on the HiFi Corporation website. The same website was used to check the price of a computer required to run Microsoft Excel. Use of the same source of information was done to ensure consistency in prices. The total once off payment price associated with the GLF added up to R63,999.00, while it worked out to be R4,098.00 for the LM. Data sourcing and preparation is a requirement when one is performing a detailed GLF forecast. This refers to data sets such as IDP’s and SDF’s that are normally made available in hard copies and .pdf formats. These datasets need to be interpreted and converted into GIS data that can be used in a spatial platform, including PowerGLF. The cost for data sourcing and preparation was assumed to be equal to one GIS Analyst’s annual average salary. In the case of LM, most of the data used is metering data which is predominantly owned by the utility. While there is a maintenance cost for the GLF software, no maintenance cost is anticipated for the Microsoft Excel tool.
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Demonstrating a new approach to planning and monitoring rural medical training distribution to meet population need in North West Queensland

Demonstrating a new approach to planning and monitoring rural medical training distribution to meet population need in North West Queensland

In addressing this, since 2001 the Australian General Practice Training (AGPT) program has a requirement that at least 50% of general practice training occurs in rural areas (rural being defined as Australian Standard Geographical Classification – Remoteness Areas 2–5). This strategy aims to develop doctors with the right skills for rural primary care work, improve the distribu- tion of general practitioners (GPs) both short-term and long-term and increase access to GP services in rural and remote areas [6]. Providing positive educational experiences in rural settings and clearer training path- ways in rural practice are known to be effective strat- egies for influencing early-career GPs to choose a rural career [7, 8]. Training is mostly managed through one of nine Regional Training Organisations (RTOs). The RTOs deliver training in pre-defined catchments, with endpoints of fellowship of at least one of the Australian College of Rural and Remote Medicine or the Royal Australian College of General Practitioners. Each RTO has at least some rural catchment, which demands that they make decisions about how to best distribute rural training places [9]. However, to date few RTOs have ap- plied workforce planning to the distribution of training to address the long-term workforce and population needs of their communities. Anecdotally, convenience of placements and perceived quality of teaching are priori- tised and thus rural training tends to occur in the largest eligible rural population centres.
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Identification of Managerial Skill Prevailing In Tirupur Knitwear Industry

Identification of Managerial Skill Prevailing In Tirupur Knitwear Industry

recruited based on skilled possessed by the potential employees, educational qualification, English language fluency, merchandising skills possessed and creative thinking of the employees. The study inferred that there exists skills gap among the employees surveyed. Managers working in Tirupur knitwear factories expected to strengthen following work skills: demand forecasting, distribution requirement planning, and functional knowledge, inventory management, integration of information flow internally and externally, garment cutting and tailoring skill, dyeing and printing skills. The study also acknowledge the fact that almost 99.73 per cent of sample respondents have said that career progression and enhancement prospects are well available in Tirupur knitwear industry.
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A generic model for representing software development methods

A generic model for representing software development methods

As with the product model at the method level, there is no uniformity in addressing meta level relationships. Each meta modelling technique has a different emphasis in its product model, such as a bias towards tool construction or towards a given formal method representation. The question is 'how specific or detailed should the relationship type be?’ There are basically three approaches in addressing concept relationships. The first one is to allow no specific relationship types: all relationships are associations with different roles. For instance, the OPRR model in MetaEdit allows this flexibility. The second approach is a semi-free view, that is to allow a few basic relationship types with other types denoted as associations. For instance, the SOCRATES concept structure only allows specialisation and association, whereas the IPSYS ToolBuilder data model addresses subtyping, composition and reference relationship as a general association link. The third approach is to generalise all possible relationships in a framework and allow no more associations. We choose to adopt this third approach as we believe there is only a simple concise set of relationships in meta modelling. Moreover, it forces a uniformity in the method model. We have generalised the relationships among the concepts into five types: subtyping, composition, grouping, linking and referencing. This approach is also consistent with the MethodBase’s meta relationships.
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Liveability analysis of gated and non-gated low middle income communities in kuala lumpur, Malaysia

Liveability analysis of gated and non-gated low middle income communities in kuala lumpur, Malaysia

The systems approach is a technique of utilizing scientific methods and knowledge to resolve complex problems. It stresses the analysis of the system as a whole by taking into account a large range of variables. The basic characteristics of the systems approach is objectivity, multi-disciplinary, inter-relatedness, reliance on quantitative models, and similar techniques (12). Alternatively, the systems approach has been described as a diagnostic approach to deal with the problems of systems performance, i.e., level of service, time, money, and energy cost (13). The 1970s witnessed a growing interest in large scale systems approaches for transportation problems. Modeling techniques received wide attention. Their application was made possible by rapid computer development and newly expanded capabilities. This situation facilitated more sophisticated transportation evaluation methods. However, the major obstacle was the limitation of data availability. The planning process during the 1970s centered more explicitly around identification of problem-setting goals, recognition of a wide range of external effects, and an increased environmental and social concern at the state and national level (2, 4, 14, and 15). Major criticism of the systems approach stands on the fact that "in the final analysis, the transportation policy maker still evaluates the performance of the system in terms of its own effectiveness rather than in the needs of society" (13).
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WHAT IS YOUR PRIORITY?

WHAT IS YOUR PRIORITY?

Frontier Investment Management Company partners with our clients to maintain, manage and maximize their wealth. Utilizing a goal-based process, we work with clients to address complex estate, financial planning and investment management challenges. We strive to deliver a personalized experience and solution to each client for all of their financial needs.

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Digital business evolution : lessons from a decade of KTP industry projects

Digital business evolution : lessons from a decade of KTP industry projects

Digital transformation is a daunting process for many business leaders, who sometimes find themselves in unfamiliar territory. This challenge is particularly prominent for resource stretched and multi skilled small and medium sized enterprises (SMEs). This paper provides a context for this on-going discussion, and drivers for transformation will be discussed together with the challenges business leaders are currently facing. Following this, we argue that a digital business can be viewed as an information system (IS) with six common subsystems; people, data, hardware, software, process and communication, that must interconnect effectively. Finally HINGE the project planning approach is introduced and how twelve knowledge transfer partnerships informed this approach. The paper highlights that digital transformation is becoming a necessity and offers a phased approach that enables business leaders to construct a systematic project plan that enables their enterprise to reach new levels of digital maturity in a holistic and meaningful way.
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Perspectives of Forest Management Planning: Slovenian and Croatian Experience

Perspectives of Forest Management Planning: Slovenian and Croatian Experience

should be devised beforehand. Models or sce- narios are later tested for system responses (feedback information) obtained by monitor- ing. Models provide significant support to plan- ners and allow careful deliberation of the struc- ture and dynamics of a managed system. Mo- dels also indicate which parameters should be followed for the purpose of interpreting man- agement success. In view of the fact that natu- ral conditions in Slovenian and Croatian for- ests are exceptionally diverse and considering the current method of forest stand manage- ment, we can see that it is often stereotyped and follows routine paths. What is missing is the investigative spirit, the search for new ap- proaches and methods of forest tending, for- est protection and new technological solutions. Organization of the planning system should provide suitable climate for innovative work. Þ Advantages and restrictions of adaptive man- agement – Prednosti i ograni~enja prilagodlji- voga gospodarenja. In comparison with other management methods, the concept of adap- tive planning has some essential advantages (Williams et al. 2007). It allows flexible action in changeable and insecure conditions. It also makes it possible to adjust actions to additional understanding of the system. Another impor- tant advantage of such management is that it allows adaptation to changed environmental conditions. The quality of adaptive manage- ment is reflected in the fact that it can be per- manently updated. Learning is based on moni- toring and analysis of the results. Adaptive management allows successful regulation of complex systems and highlights key elements of management. However, adaptive manage- ment also has its restrictions. It cannot be ap- plied to all the cases and cannot therefore be the only basis for forest management planning. Besides methods of the adaptive management some other methods and approaches should be inte- grated into forest management planning. One of such fields is conflict management; planners must face the fact that conflict management is a constituent part of the planning process. The problem is how to solve or restrict conflicts.
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Corporate governance and investment decision-making in real estate investment trusts (REITs)

Corporate governance and investment decision-making in real estate investment trusts (REITs)

result of shareholders lacking the incentive to monitor the principal due to diverse ownership (Jensen & Meckling 1976). Examining the REIT structure and operations, the distribution rule which requires REITs to distribute at least a minimum of 70%- 75% in Nigeria and SA while in the UK at least 90%, should check the principle-agent problem by restricting cash flow. The cash flow restriction unique to REITs limit agent’s expropriation and requires the agent to make an effective investment decision that provides long-term benefits to shareholders. It is also an essential feature in monitoring REITs as they are forced to return to the capital market for external funding allowing potential investors to analyze firm performance.
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>Distribution Annual Planning Report 2015

>Distribution Annual Planning Report 2015

A major part of the planning process involves performing network analysis, using the latest demand forecast, to establish network performance under different loading and network configurations relating to the planning criteria outlined in Essential Energy’s licence conditions and internal guidelines. The process then identifies whether the network performance obligations are satisfied within the forward planning period or if corrective action is required to address a network limitation. It should be noted that limitations identified in this report have been assessed under the network conditions and licence requirements pertaining at the time of assembly and are subject to review in the event of any significant change to either. Essential energy defines the normal cyclic ratings for zone substation transformers as 110 per cent of nameplate rating in summer and 120 per cent of nameplate rating in winter.
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Distribution planning of relief commodities considering the features of demand areas: A robust multi-objective approach

Distribution planning of relief commodities considering the features of demand areas: A robust multi-objective approach

Bozorgi-Amiri et al. (2013) [15] proposed a multi- objective robust model to minimize the total cost and unfullled demand under uncertainty in prepared- ness and response phases of a disaster. Davis et al. (2013) [16] presented a probabilistic model for the distribution of relief commodities from suppliers to their distribution networks. They considered a bi- level mathematical programming approach that solved problems in two steps. In the rst step, locating costs are minimized, and distribution and shortage costs are minimized in the second step. Naja et al. (2013) [17] proposed a dynamic model for dispatching and routing vehicles in response to an earthquake. They consid- ered a multi-objective, multimode, multi-commodity, and multi-period stochastic robust optimization model. They considered two hierarchical objective functions that are concerned with minimizing transit times for both goods and the injured people. Barzinpour and Esmaeili (2014) [18] proposed a multi-objective mixed-
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Figure.1 Supply chain Management A-Main Entity of supply chain management Supplier ( Raw material, Components, Energy, service Producers / Manufacturers (Product, Power, Professional Service, Government Service, Education (service ) Customers (Retailer, W

Figure.1 Supply chain Management A-Main Entity of supply chain management Supplier ( Raw material, Components, Energy, service Producers / Manufacturers (Product, Power, Professional Service, Government Service, Education (service ) Customers (Retailer, Wholesaler, Distributor and Consumer )

F-Radio Frequency-Identification technology (RFID) Radio Frequency-Identification technology (RFID) involves a tag affixed to a product, which identifies and tracks the product via radio waves. This technology has three parts: a scanning antenna, a transceiver with a decoder to interpret the data and a transponder (RFID tag) pre-set with information. The scanning antenna sends out a radio- frequency signal providing a means of communication with the RFID tag. When the RFID tag passes through the frequency field of the scanning antenna; it detects the activation signal and can transfer the information data in holds to be picked up by the scanning antenna. RFID will be a major advance in supply chain management, but enterprises will need to do considerable upfront planning and testing to successfully implement and integrate the technology. RFID will have a significant impact on every feature of supply chain management, such as moving goods through loading docks, to the complex, such as managing terabytes of data as information about goods on hand is collected in real time. RFID will initially be used to manage the identification of large lots of goods for example, at the pallet and carton levels. RFID tags, therefore, must have unique serial identifier information that associates each lot with a corresponding bill of lading sent from the originator. Most important advantages of RFID over the over the bar coding briefly described in the given below:
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Distribution Annual Planning Report (DAPR) to

Distribution Annual Planning Report (DAPR) to

Planning criteria and network design standards influence the level of capital expenditure for accommodating growth in customer demand, and the underlying security of supply. The planning approach adopted by UE is probabilistic, taking into account the combination of load profiles, network topology, plant ratings and plant failure rates to quantify the exposure of customers’ to loss of supply. This approach allows an economic balance to be made between the cost of network reinforcement and the probability-weighted cost of loss of supply to customers. UE’s electricity distribution network is augmented based on a probabilistic planning approach where the cost of power supply interruption to customers is assessed against the annualised cost of a network augmentation. Where the annualised cost of power supply interruptions to customers exceeds the annualised cost of augmentation, the augmentation becomes economically viable. This approach means that plant is loaded above its cyclic (N-1) rating before an augmentation can become economic. In other words, UE absorbs some level of load-at-risk before augmenting the network.
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Sustainable Neighborhood Planning An approach

Sustainable Neighborhood Planning An approach

3. Affordability: this can be achieved by attaining affordability of transactions, economic activities, housing services, reducing costs and building services for a diverse group of users. Implications of these principles will help reduce the overall costs of resources and thus the general cost of public services becomes more affordable. The social mix principle promotes a rational distribution of urban public resources and provides adequate housing for different income groups through city planning regulations. This will encourage social equity and economic efficiency.
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Grid Integration of Renewable Energy: Flexibility, Innovation, Experience

Grid Integration of Renewable Energy: Flexibility, Innovation, Experience

Many  examples  exist  of  transmission  planning  and  investment  for  serving  high-­‐concentration  or   remote  geographic  regions  of  renewables  development  (2).  China,  where  much  wind  development   has  occurred  in  remote  areas,  is  planning  transmission  for  a  series  of  mega-­‐scale  concentrated   wind  power  “bases”  in  at  least  eight  provinces.  Denmark’s  grid  operator  proactively  plans  new   transmission  capacity  anticipating  future  interconnection  of  wind  farms.  Germany  has  been   planning  three  major  north-­‐south  DC  transmission  lines  to  relieve  the  imbalance  in  locations  of   wind  generation  versus  the  locations  of  power  demand.  Many  regions  of  the  U.S  have  extended   transmission  to  remoter  wind  power  areas,  and  new  regulatory  frameworks  at  state  and  federal   levels  have  required  or  supported  such  planning,  such  as  Texas’s  “competitive  renewable  energy   zones”  regulatory  process.  Mexico  developed  a  new  planning  process  called  “open  season,”  which   identifies  transmission  needs  based  on  planned  wind  capacity  and  guarantees  authorization  of   new  transmission.    
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A Framework to Approach Planning for Resilience

A Framework to Approach Planning for Resilience

Food is more complex than water. It has more sources and forms, and more variable limits, particularly when rationing and local substitutions are considered. Modern cities must be able to import thousands of calories per person per day, or risk collapse. Columbia University studied New York City’s food supply by combining national databases for a macro-level view with local case studies to show how food distribution works (Barron et al, 2010). Supply is flexible, and adapts to changing conditions. End-users have limited awareness of food sources, there is little capacity to trace contamination, infrastructure often runs at capacity, and economic fluctuations can interrupt supply. As food movement in New York increases by more than 60 percent in the next 20 years, infrastructure will come under increasing pressure. (Barron et al, 2010). Food security is also connected to public health, sanitation and garbage disposal, economic development and population change, and to competing views of social justice and the role of public policing.
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A team approach to financial planning.

A team approach to financial planning.

Christina joined the firm in May 2007. She works closely with clients on financial planning issues, prepares financial plans, and oversees the implementation of client recommendations. She is a CERTIFIED FINANCIAL PLANNER™ professional and an Enrolled Agent with the IRS. She earned her Bachelor of Science degree in financial planning from the State University of New York at Alfred. Christina enjoys walks with her dogs and participates in local animal rescue group events. Christina’s professional designations and memberships include:

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Conceptual Approach for Reuse of Test Automation Artifacts on Various Architectural Levels

Conceptual Approach for Reuse of Test Automation Artifacts on Various Architectural Levels

Addressing test automation, the concept of TAF (Test Automation Frameworks) is advised to ease the efforts of implementing test automation in new projects by achieving the goals of Reusability of test code, Maximum coverage, Recovery scenario, Low cost maintenance, Minimal manual intervention, and Easy Reporting. Today there are several popular tools that offer the TAF approach [5] such as HP QTP, HP ALM, HP UTP, Selenium, Robot Framework, RedwoodHQ, and others. RDTA approach is supposed to compliment tools leading TAFs with their different approaches. This paper will not address specifically an existing commercial infrastructure. But suggest principles and ideas, focusing on reuse of artifacts on many levels. This paper compliment and expand the TAS - Test Automation Solution - the realization/implementation of a gTAA - Generic Test Automation Architecture (providing a blueprint for test automation solutions), including test harnesses and artifacts such as test libraries) approach [6].
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Urbanization, Earthquake Vulnerabilities & National Building Code

Urbanization, Earthquake Vulnerabilities & National Building Code

formation of means and ends and the mobilization of resources shall be an open process which allows for the beneficiaries’ involvement 8 . According to him, IAP calls for an iterative formulation of analysis and advice with which to feed a continuous process of political decision making. Community Action Planning empowers communities to design, implement and manage their own settlement programs. Its methods are participatory, community-based, problem-driven, fast, and designed to inform policy from the grassroots 9 . Their participatory approach catalyzed in Sri Lanka as part of the Million Houses Program, a national-scale participatory program internationally applauded. In Sri Lanka it was applied nation-wide and has become a model emulated in programs internationally. In IAP, problems are identified through rapid data collection and analysis focusing on the analysis of existing projects, resource assessment, institutional assessment and goal and policy analysis. Throughout the process, community consultation and direct participation of the people remain a critical factor 10 .
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