The SQP o f sheet metal parts needs an ap propriate deep drawingtool set which has to be manu factured as fast as possible. As laser supported tech nologies have entered into different fields o f m anu facturing, over the last ten years a rapid development has been observed in the integration o f direct laser beam sintering processes into rapid prototyping (RP)  and in rapid tooling (RT). In a report from the University o f Erlangen and the Bavarian Laser Cen tre  a development o f RT for plastic injection moulding was presented, in 1996 a paper on the di rect laser beam sintering o f a deep drawing die was published .
GraphViz is the most common graph drawingtool, and an open source graph visualization software. Graph visualization is means of presenting the required information as diagrams and also represents as networks. It takes programs details of the graph in an easy text language and creates diagrams in various utile formats. It is only helpful in drawing a graph because a user can't apply the basic graph algorithms for seeing its properties. In GraphViz the graphs that we will use can be either directed or undirected. It extends with both graphical as well as command line tools .
Students are given the task of drawing directly by looking at the sample image on the print out paper (drawing objects are more difficult levels) with a colored pencil drawingtool. Then the lecturer gives an example of how to draw it until it is finished, then the student mimics the drawing activity according to the example of the previous step.
introduced. We conducted a Pubmed search using the key words “electronic documentation prostate”, “electro- nic report prostate” and “electronic documentation pros- tatectomy.” Only one software program similar to the cMDX Editor could be found: PixelProstate (freeware), developed by Nickels , mainly focuses on the mea- surement of tumour volume. PixelProstate has an inter- nal database to store clinical data and provides a simplified 3 D illustration of the prostate and PCa foci. To document the patterns of the tumour spread, the PCa foci are drawn using multiple circles. The documentation of histological patterns of each PCa focus is not sup- ported. In contrast, the cMDX Editor enables to convert a pathologic report into a portable file format and to draw PCa foci with the freehand drawingtool. In addi- tion, capsular invasion, extracapsular extension, positive surgical margins, and histological patterns of a PCa focus can be documented, but a 3 D illustration model similar to that of PixelProstate is not available. cMDX is a free open source document architecture. The applications based on cMDX (cMDX Editor and Analysis tool) are still prototypes (Beta-Version). We plan to develop two versions of these applications (commercial and non-com- mercial) and make them available as soon as possible.
Design, Analysis and Manufacturing of a Set of Two Stage Tools for the Panel Pack Outer Rare Floorn of an automobile component. The customer gave the component drawing it involves the press operations like Drawing, Trimming, Piercing and Flange, Re-strike respectively. Considering the size of operations in the component and the production volume we decided for a set of two stage tools. The alternative is a progressive tool which is not practical in this project because a large number of operations are required and difficult to control the dimensions and movement of the strip at subsequent operations in progressive die. It was decided to go for two stage tools. Covering the press operations like Drawing, Trimming & Piercing and Flange & Re-strike operations are performed by a set of two separate stage tools required such as Drawingtool and Gang tool. The First stage of drawing operation takes place in drawingtool and Second stage of Trimming & Piercing and Flange & Re-strike operations are simultaneously takes place in Gang Tool respectively.
In this paper we make the case that, as part of a realist endeavour, SSM is a useful mapping tool which can a) uncover and explore programme complexity (Advantage A) and b) develop and refine stakeholder or participant realist programme theories (Advantage B). Other tools, such as traditional qualitative interviews or programme logic maps, may also offer some advantages. However, the unique contribution of SSM to developing and refining realist programme theories is to combine stakeholder involvement (as could be achieved through qualitative interviews) and structured (CATWOE) programme mapping, which surfaces realist relevant information. To our knowledge, there are no other published examples of the use of SSM within a realist approach; our work signals the possibility and potential fruitfulness of this approach and demonstrates how it might build on the “how to” for studies employing realist approaches.
Some have argued that the incompleteness of an abstract orthographic view associated with hand-based projection makes it a more likely vehicle for the construction within the drawing of ideas (design) while perhaps the strength of the more representational, perspective, and cinematic qualities of digital media is its ability to thoroughly describe the factual objective conditions of a building and its site. McGrath and Gardner, in their argument for the abolishment of the drawing board, distinguish hand drawing as a static “artifact” from digital drawing as a dynamic “set of information.” Using digital code to parametrically manipulate a set of information describing an object may benefit the process of developing and fabricating a building. However, to describe the hand drawing as a static artifact is to oversimplify its role. Kiel Moe has observed in the digital work of his students a “disconcerting emphasis on the drawing of a building as an object rather than the drawing as a set of implied actions, performances, and effects.” 34 Orthographic design drawing, embedded
The LEGS handbook begins with a discussion of the role of livestock in livelihoods and the importance of addressing livestock as a key livelihood asset for pastoralist and other communities. Drawing on the Drought Cycle Management model developed in the pastoral areas of East Africa, LEGS has developed a tool to assist in the identifica- tion of appropriate, timely and feasible livestock interventions in emergency contexts, setting them against three livelihoods-based objectives - the Participatory Response Identification Matrix (PRIM). Figure 1 shows an example of a completed PRIM for a drought in East Africa.
The creative field of architecture comprises the manner in which the architect imagines their professional realm as an architect. In its most pared back form, architecture is the “art or practice of designing and constructing buildings” (OED 2010). For Cuff (1992, p. 4), however, the role of the architect requires more nuanced description in that “… architectural practice emerges through complex interactions among interested parties, from which the documents for a future building emerge”. According to Rasmussen (2000, p. 9), architecture is “… a functional art. It solves practical problems. It creates tools or implements for human beings and utility plays a decisive role in judging it”. Architecture might, then, be considered the “art of organization” (Rasmussen 2000, p. 14). According to the Roman architect Marcus Vitruvius (1960), writing in the 1 st century BC (80 - 15 BC), an architect requires a propensity for and openness to learning such skills as drawing, mathematics, history, philosophy, music, medicine, legal systems, and astronomy. While that list is already substantial, in the current era I would add to an architect’s kit bag such awareness as is to be found in geography, geology, engineering and meteorology.
This paper presents the design of a tool to help users refind information on a given website, via list- and graph-based presentation of their web navigation history. List- based presentation is suitable if a user has previously only visited a small number of pages on a website, whereas the graph-based approach provides richer information and scales better to revisiting on websites that the user often uses. Both types of presentation facilitate easy browsing of a user’s navigation history, taking advantage of users’ tendency to want to browse rather than search if they can recall previously visiting a webpage .
• Engineering changes which result in the welding of the mold after die completion and texturing shall be discussed on an individual case basis by the tool source and Fischer Automotive Systems prior to incorporating the change.
The ACAD analysis of point and line data confirmed our own assumptions and the results of the studies by other authors. When performing test measurements we found it difficult to insert the precise drawing, which is based on data acquired with a measurement tape, into the ACAD environment and even more difficult to align it with the results of measurements done with IS and Hiper Pro, and to look for common points. The results of test measurements and the subsequent overlapping of indi- vidual elements therefore reveal an inaccuracy of data collected with a measuring tape and a comparable accu- racy of measurements done with IS and Hiper Pro.
Bourgois and Schonberg apply themselves to providing the biographical, social, and cultural contexts for such graphic images and descriptions, reporting their negotiations of unstable emotions in the process. Wilkinson's (2013: 272) analysis of this approach is to highlight that drawing attention to such social suffering requires both a commitment to 'nourishing moral sentiment' and an understanding that an element of negation of the humanitarian compulsion is required to provoke critical thinking about the moral and political responsibility 'we' bear towards 'others'. Importantly, Wilkinson directs us to Bourgois and Schonberg's view that it is the most hopeless, emotional and unstable elements in their work which are the most capable of provoking recognition, responsibility, and action. The idea of guilt-tripping or shaming people into either action or critical engagement is not one that appeals, but could be argued to be at the heart of the symbolic power and violence (Bourdieu 1984) practiced by all charity fundraising material.
The strain rate ratio would almost decrease with an increase in the blank thickness, step depth, tool radius and coefficient of friction as illustrated in Fig. 7. The average maximum strain rate was in the range of 0.046 s -1 . The strain rate values indicate the superplastic deforming during the SPIF deep drawing of AA1070 alloy.
Visualization is frequently used to aid our interpretation of complex datasets. Within microbial genomics, visualizing the rela- tionships between multiple genomes as a tree provides a framework onto which associated data (geographical, temporal, phenotypic and epidemiological) are added to generate hypotheses and to explore the dynamics of the system under investi- gation. Selected static images are then used within publications to highlight the key findings to a wider audience. However, these images are a very inadequate way of exploring and interpreting the richness of the data. There is, therefore, a need for flexible, interactive software that presents the population genomic outputs and associated data in a user-friendly manner for a wide range of end users, from trained bioinformaticians to front-line epidemiologists and health workers. Here, we present Microreact, a web application for the easy visualization of datasets consisting of any combination of trees, geographical, tem- poral and associated metadata. Data files can be uploaded to Microreact directly via the web browser or by linking to their location (e.g. from Google Drive/Dropbox or via API), and an integrated visualization via trees, maps, timelines and tables provides interactive querying of the data. The visualization can be shared as a permanent web link among collaborators, or embedded within publications to enable readers to explore and download the data. Microreact can act as an end point for any tool or bioinformatic pipeline that ultimately generates a tree, and provides a simple, yet powerful, visualization method that will aid research and discovery and the open sharing of datasets.