Emile Durkheim

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The Thought Of Emile Durkheim In The Contestation Of Development In Indonesia

The Thought Of Emile Durkheim In The Contestation Of Development In Indonesia

Abstract: This research aims to dissect the thought of Emile Durkheim on solidarity and mechanical organist associated with contestation in the development. Contestation became a staple as study objects that are dissected with a social fact, solidarity and the law. Framework of theory used include social facts to the frame that has the ability to compel an individual in a social symptom. The result of the research was going on against contestation elaboration of development in Indonesia that includes, in a social symptom that is external, contestation became a part of which is positive when the external nature of it has constructive functions for the purpose of development, solidarity became an important element in setting the Division of labor in society as well as social safety valve for the threat of a conflict, contestation is become a great power with the logical consequence will be stuck on the value of mechanical solidarity is very easy and gave rise to the conflict.
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Peran karang taruna dalam pembangunan Desa Wisata Desa Sumberrejo Kecamatan Purwosari Kabupaten Pasuruan dalam tinjauan teori solidaritas Emile Durkheim

Peran karang taruna dalam pembangunan Desa Wisata Desa Sumberrejo Kecamatan Purwosari Kabupaten Pasuruan dalam tinjauan teori solidaritas Emile Durkheim

Dalam teori solidaritas Emile Durkheim juga berasumsi bahwa solidaritas mengarah pada keakraban dan kekompakan dalam kelompok. Dalam perspektif Sosiologi, keakraban hubungan antara kelompok masyarakat tidak hanya merupakan alat untuk mencapai atau mewujudkan cita-citanya, akan tetapi keakraban hubungan social tersebut juga merupakan salah satu tujuan utama dari kehidupan kelompok masyarakat yang ada. Sama halnya dengan karang taruna dan masyarakat Desa Sumberrejo, yang bermula pada inisiatif membangun wisata dengan potensi alam yang indah, ditambah dengan suasana tempat yang mengesankan, sehingga membuat para pengunjung menikmati pemandangan sekitar dari arah wisata alam tersebut. Adapun bentuk tanggung jawab dari karang taruna Desa Sumberrejo yaitu dalam hal pelayanannya, dari adanya tuntutan untuk mengembangkan tempat wisata tersebut menjadi sebuah destinasi wisata desa. Dan telah terbukti wisata tersebut itu sudah berada pada tahap pembangunan yang lebih lanjut dan maju.
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Emile Durkheim’s Concepts of Justice and Freedom

Emile Durkheim’s Concepts of Justice and Freedom

Durkheim distinguishes his own conception of individualism from that of eighteenth century liberalism, epitomized by Kant and Rousseau, which “the Declaration of the Rights of Man sought…to translate into formulae, that which is taught in our schools and which has become the basis of our moral catechism” (1975: 61). According to the liberal view, Durkheim argues, acts that are based on personal motives are immoral and those that only have impersonal ends in view moral. The problem with this view, he argues, is that the individuals are held in such a high steam that their interests and rights become irreconcilable with that of the common good. Kant, for example, argues that a rational, abstract faculty (pure, practical reason), which is inherent in all human beings, can point to the common interest. Kant, therefore, Durkheim continues, raises the individual to the level of a sacred being that “has something of that transcendental majesty which the churches of all times have given to their Gods” (1975: 62). Although for Rousseau, according to Durkheim, it is the impersonal ‘general will’ that constitutes the end of moral action, he views, nevertheless, individual “as a sort of absolute who can and must be sufficient unto himself” (1975: 63). He therefore deifies acts of egoism. Both Kant and Rousseau’s brands of ‘individualism’ are, therefore, anti-social in nature because they grant the individual more respect than the collective and let the individual’s interests override that of the collective’s. This is why Kant and Rousseau have difficulties reconciling the two in their works and cannot account for the establishment of society. Durkheim writes that, in general, this was also the reason behind eighteenth-century liberal thought’s obsession with political freedom and free development of individual: it always saw a contradiction between “Liberty and authority” (1956:89). Since the state was the only possible source of authority, it became one of the main focuses of liberal thought. Liberal’s attitude towards it, however, was ambivalent. On the one hand, it was a potential threat to individuals’ liberties; on the other, it was needed to protect these very liberties. A compromise was reached: the state’s authority, which was conceived to be an artificial apparatus, was justifiable only to the extent that it meted out “negative justice,” i.e., protection of individuals’ natural rights (1996:52).
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Pioneers in Criminology XVI  Emile Durkheim (1858 1917)

Pioneers in Criminology XVI Emile Durkheim (1858 1917)

This, the egotistical, explains the high Durkheim lived, through the days of World War II rate of suicide among divorced persons, urban with all the cruelty of the Concentration Camps he[r]

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The Paradox of Paradise: Durkheim on Dubai

The Paradox of Paradise: Durkheim on Dubai

Although the breadth of Emile Durkheim’s theories in sociology is immense, his assortment of works can be explained in terms of one of his central concepts, social solidarity. Social solidarity refers to the social cohesion and interconnectedness of a given society. This concept essentially constitutes the entire basis of Durkheim’s theories about societies and the ways in which they function. Not only does the concept of social solidarity provide a means for understanding the workings of a particular society, but it also serves as a guideline for
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[Z161.Ebook] Fee Download Durkheim Is Dead Sherlock Holmes Is Introduced To Social Theory By Arthur Asa Berger San Francisco State University.pdf

[Z161.Ebook] Fee Download Durkheim Is Dead Sherlock Holmes Is Introduced To Social Theory By Arthur Asa Berger San Francisco State University.pdf

In this sociology textbook/mystery novel, students can join Sherlock Holmes and Watson as they discover a new area ripe for acrimony and intrigue: social theory. In 1910, the most prominent social theorists in the world gather in London for a conference on the new science of sociology. Things rapidly fall apart, though, as a fight breaks out, a jewel is stolen, and famous sociologist Emile Durkheim disappears. As Sherlock Holmes and Watson investigate, it appears that social theory may not only explain actions?in this case, it may be the cause of them. So Holmes and Watson investigate social theory itself, learning directly from those creating it: W.E.B. Du Bois, Sigmund Freud, Vladimir Lenin, Beatrice Webb, Georg Simmel, Emile Durkheim, and Max Weber. The theories, lives, and passions of each sociologist are revealed as Holmes and Watson learn first-hand just how influential social theory can be.
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Representations of zombis in Emile Ollivier's La discorde aux cent voix and Dany Laferrière's Pays sans chapeau

Representations of zombis in Emile Ollivier's La discorde aux cent voix and Dany Laferrière's Pays sans chapeau

Two Haitian authors living and writing in Montréal, Emile Ollivier and Dany Laferrière, use the theme of the zombi to represent a long-standing dialogue of interiority and exteriority between the United States and Haiti. Ollivier’s La discorde aux cent voix (1986) and Laferrière’s Pays sans chapeau (1997) are both narratives that use transtext 7 to reflect the penetration of exteriority into Haitian identity, and both employ the figure of the zombi as an integral part of this reflection. Through Gérard Genette’s theory of transtextuality as all that sets the text in relationship with other texts, and a consideration of the representations of the zombi in Haitian literature, the understanding of literature in the postcolonial context calls for a conception of transtextuality that is exclusive to the
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Legal Origin and Social Solidarity: The Continued Relevance of Durkheim to Comparative Institutional Analysis

Legal Origin and Social Solidarity: The Continued Relevance of Durkheim to Comparative Institutional Analysis

Durkheim, who held that non legal societal elements may also impact on social solidarities and, indeed, so might legislation over time (Durkheim, 1957: 13-17), would have recognized these analyses, although other accounts, such as La Porta et al. (1999) would see legal origin as not easily subject to change. Beyond the legal environment, the 1990s and 2000s have seen strong pressures to liberalization, which may have eroded collective solidarities. Author A argues that although individual national economies retain distinct institutional features, neoliberalism has attained global ecosystemic dominance, eroding national level ties, relations and solidarities. This is a process that has been underway since the 1980s, but has intensified in the 2000s. Hence:
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The social occupations of modernity : philosophy and social theory in Durkheim, Tarde, Bergson and Deleuze

The social occupations of modernity : philosophy and social theory in Durkheim, Tarde, Bergson and Deleuze

question, neverthelessnot The secondpart will deal with one way in which, in the trajectory of thought from Durkheim and Tarde to Bergson and Deleuze, there emergesa way of thinking is i[r]

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"Emile Guimet's Network for Research and Collecting Asian Objects, ca 1877 1918"

"Emile Guimet's Network for Research and Collecting Asian Objects, ca 1877 1918"

In 1879 the French industrialist and collector Emile Guimet (1836-1918) created a museum of world religions in Lyon to house his personal collection of non- European artifacts and texts. A decade later, in search of a bigger audience and greater engagement, he donated the Musée Guimet to the state and transferred the holdings to Paris. The museum came under the purview of the Direction des Musées de France in the twentieth century and became “Le Département des arts asiatiques des musées nationaux.” Now called the Musée national des arts asiatiques-Guimet, it is widely and justifiably admired for the quality of its holdings. The origins of his private collection were tied to his travels, first to Egypt in 1865 and then to Japan, China, and India in 1876-77, but he continued to acquire objects for the museum as well as for himself long after those formative journeys. This essay examines Guimet's network for research and collecting after 1877 as revealed by the museum archives. The unpublished correspondence written in different languages by many hands allows us to identify a multinational network of scholars, agents, and merchants who variously helped Guimet to obtain non-European objects over the decades. Seeing the correspondence as a part of a larger ensemble of heterogeneous documents also allows us to reflect on the methodological issues of archival research.
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Marriage, religion and human flourishing: how sustainable is the classic Durkheim thesis in contemporary Europe?

Marriage, religion and human flourishing: how sustainable is the classic Durkheim thesis in contemporary Europe?

Anomic suicide refers to the erosion of family life, especially in relation to marriage, and how this can increase the likelihood of suicide. Indeed, Durkheim identified how those who have experienced divorce and those who remained single are more likely to commit suicide than those who are married. Within Western society, in which levels of marriage are declining (Williams & Francis, in press), this could be reflected in those who opt out of marriage experiencing higher levels of suicidal ideation (negative affect) and lower levels of happiness (positive affect).

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Reclaiming the heroine : appropriating "negative" representations of women from Emile Zola's Nana and Theodore Dreiser's Sister Carrie

Reclaiming the heroine : appropriating "negative" representations of women from Emile Zola's Nana and Theodore Dreiser's Sister Carrie

This essay provides an example of how Miller’s poetics can be applied to the male-authored text, by employing them to two naturalist novels, Émile Zola’s Nana and Theodore Dreiser’s Si[r]

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The emergence of the proletarian novel in France (1890 1914) and its critical reception : a study of the works of Charles Louis Philippe, Emile Guillaumin, Eugène Le Roy, Marguerite Audoux and Lucien Jean

The emergence of the proletarian novel in France (1890 1914) and its critical reception : a study of the works of Charles Louis Philippe, Emile Guillaumin, Eugène Le Roy, Marguerite Audoux and Lucien Jean

disposal. The phenomenal success of Marguerite Audoux's Marie-Claire was due in great part'to enthusiastic inter­ vention by Francis Jourdain and Octave Mirbeau excited at the novelty -- extremely short-lived, as it happened --- of a book written by an ageing sempstress losing her eye sight. Similarly, Eugene Le Roy owed his discovery entirely to the chance perusal of one of his stories appearing en feuilleton by a senator in a provincial station filling in time between trains. Emile Guillaumin and Lucien Jean were less favoured by fortune and the impressive dimensions of Guillaumin's published work are as much the result of his peasant stubborness in the face of opposition as the reward of an undeniable literary ability. Jean, with Philippe an impoverished gratte-papier at the Hotel de Ville in Paris, was doomed to complete obscurity if it had not been for his friend's efforts to see him published after Jean's untimely death at the age of thirty-eight.
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Centre Emile Bernheim Research Institute in Management Sciences

Centre Emile Bernheim Research Institute in Management Sciences

For several variables, there is a strong distinction between first and second division clubs: the percentage of foreign players, the average coach seniority in the club, the stadium ca[r]

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J  J  Rousseau, Emile and Religious Education

J J Rousseau, Emile and Religious Education

b) The child will not be given religious education at a young age. It is an evil done to him to break Emile’s natural decency with the surprising, frightening and irrational suggestions of the church. When Emile reaches 12-13 years old, he starts asking questions to nature. The size of the sky, the stars, the struggle of the living beings, the order in nature, functioning, beauties; horrible phenomena such as lightning, storm allow him to revive his mind and think. After this phase, Emile spontaneously finds that this greatness and order have an originator. In short, Emile discovers the creator without need any guide and teacher. After this discovery, Emile feels admiration, love and loyalty to the creator consideringly the possibilities and blessings given to the people by the Creator. He begins to express these feelings with thanks, pray and worship.
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Profile. Emile van Bergen

Profile. Emile van Bergen

Expertise areas Software design and development, infrastructure and systems design Unix (CompaQ Tru64, Debian Linux).. Apache, Qmail, DJBDNS, Oracle 8, 8i, 9 on Unix and Windows, MySQL, [r]

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Horror, dread, awe and disgust: revisiting Durkheim and place

Horror, dread, awe and disgust: revisiting Durkheim and place

As mentioned previously, one of the theoretical shortfalls of Forms is the ambiguity of the profane which is left characteristic of the mundane by Durkheim (1995[1912]). For critics like Lukes (1973), distinguishing between what is an object of apparent disgust and the everyday is critically important. Smith (1999) follows this trend and subsequently constructs a typology that engages with this distinction. He proposes that there are four, ‘and only four, elementary forms of place: sacred, profane, liminal and mundane’ (Smith 1999: 16). The liminal place is of little importance to this present discussion. However, it should be noted that these places are essentially characterised by ‘themes of absurdity’ where ‘quasi-ritualised carnivalesque, playful or grotesque forms of behaviour’ abound (Smith 1999:20). Examples of this could include Las Vegas or a local brothel. Such places are distinct from the sacred and the profane (see below).
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The Measurement of Suicide Assessment and the Development of a Treatment Strategy for Elders: Durkheim an Approach

The Measurement of Suicide Assessment and the Development of a Treatment Strategy for Elders: Durkheim an Approach

Many efforts have been made to construct a reliable and valid instrument to measure anomic, egoistic and altruistic patterns. Examples can be found in the works of Fischer and Corcoran (2007a; 2007b), Miller and Salkind (2002) Robinson, Shaver and Wrights man (1991) Shaw and Wright (1967). Although Fischer and Corcoran (2008a; 2008b), Miller and Salkind (2002) Robinson, Shaver and Wrightsman (1991) Shaw and Wright (1967) offer items that captured the essence of Durkheim theoretical intent, none of them specifically address topical areas within the elderly population. On the other hand, Kane and Kane (2000) offer sample items that address issues for the elderly population, but failed to capture the Durkheimian position. As a result, the scales for anomic, egoistic and altruistic emerged out of a synthesis of reviewing works. Unlike the frequently cited scales for anomic, egoistic and altruistic, there has not been an interest in the development of fatalistic scales. No fatalistic scales could be identified for either the general population or more specifically for an elderly cohort. The fatalistic items were constructed from envisioning common scenarios within the context of Durkheim’s theoretical construct and developing items. Because we did not have a theoretically based springboard for the development of the fatalistic items, we assumed that this subscale would emerge as the weakest of the four. It was not the weakest. During the time Durkheim wrote, he believed that fatalistic suicide was primarily a theoretical concept with little empirical support. His vision of fatalism discouraged his followers from constructing instruments to measure it. Within contemporary gerontological practice, fatalistic suicide appears to be the most common form.
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