ENERGY SCENARIO IN INDIA

Top PDF ENERGY SCENARIO IN INDIA:

An Overview of Renewable Energy Scenario in India with Special Reference to Tamil Nadu

An Overview of Renewable Energy Scenario in India with Special Reference to Tamil Nadu

electricity cost of Nuclear power plant in Jaipur. Researchers pointed out the estimated of costs from plants under construction in Finland and France and suggested that each unit may cost as much as Rs 60,000 crore; at this price, six units will cost Rs 3.6 lakh crore. This study shows that the expected starting tariff for electricity from these reactors, without including transmission and distribution costs, likely to be around Rs 15 per unit (kwh). Muhammad et.al (2012) 6 have explained availability of energy was an important determinant of the quality of life in human settlements. This study explained the energy consumption pattern and consumer’s preference at household level with its environmental impacts on inter- relating socio-demographic and geographic factors in the disregarded in the villages of Kabirhat Upazila under Noakhali District, Bangladesh. Ganchimeg and Havrland (2011) 7 have analysed household energy consumption to adequate electricity and heating was a key factor in increasing agricultural productivity and improve livelihoods of Mongolian herder households. The share of herder households with electricity sources accounts for 77.2 per cent of a total of 170.1 thousand herder households. This study carried out an economic analysis of the herders´ demand for electricity and heating. Researchers were estimated the herder household’s energy consumption based on the energy ladder hypothesis.
Show more

8 Read more

Rural Energy Scenario in India- A Case Study of District Sirsa (Haryana)

Rural Energy Scenario in India- A Case Study of District Sirsa (Haryana)

Energy is required for every aspect of our daily life. Access to safe modern sources of energy is key for development but often missing. Hundreds of millions of households in rural areas have no access to electric grids or modern cooking fuels. This situation leaves them without the benefits of convenient, safe and reliable energy services. Energy use in rural areas has distinctive characteristics and may be regarded as a separate entity from that of urban scene, because more than 80 per cent of the present energy consumption in rural areas consists of non- commercial (firewood, cow-dung and agricultural waste) energy sources. According to 66 th round of NSSO survey 29.50kg of fuel wood and chips (per capita per month) are consumed in rural areas as compared to about 2.31 kg of LPG per capita for cooking purpose. Traditional fuels used at present, have inherent disadvantages. Collection is arduous and time consuming. Combustion is difficult to control and cooking methods captures only a fraction of fuel’s available energy. Accessibility to and availability of fuels for domestic purposes is becoming more difficult day by day for poor people, many of whom are outside the modern energy system. Also, most of energy consumed in rural areas does not enter the organized market place; we therefore have no accurate data on pattern of supply and consumption of energy in rural areas. Since even the collection of free firewood involves enormous drudgery, the supply of minimum amount of energy for every household is important objective for participatory development. With this background,
Show more

14 Read more

A study of India's Energy Scenario

A study of India's Energy Scenario

India's per capita energy and electricity consumption are less than one tenth of developed countries' per capita consumption. The inequalities in urban vs rural, southern, western and northern region vs eastern and north-eastern region, and higher income vs lower income households are very high. Unfortunately, the regions where large fossil and renewable energy sources are accessible have lesser . For sustainable and equitable socio-economic growth such a situation needs to modify. Given the country's over dependence on coal, large scale import of oil and gas, difficulty in meeting the financial burden of import, environmental consequences of large scale energy production, transformation, transportation and use it is not wise to strive to attain the developed country level of energy consumption. To enhance the quality of life of Indian citizens, there
Show more

5 Read more

Energy Scenario and Diversity in Pakistan: An Energy Security Perspective

Energy Scenario and Diversity in Pakistan: An Energy Security Perspective

Pakistan is blessed with plentiful coal endowments. The country has proven coal reserves of 186 billion tons .Out of which tremendous reserves of 175 billion are in the Thar region .The history of coal as a fuel source can be traced back to industrial revolution. The contribution of coal in success of industrial revolution cannot be denied. [27] Coal is still utilizes as a major source for power generation in many European countries. Almost 40 percent of world electricity is generated from coal. China produces 53 percent of its electric power from coal while India generates 67 percent of power from coal. However, in Pakistan the use of coal as power generation source is negligible. Pakistan’s Thar coal is renowned from four decades but its share in energy is negligible. There are three pre conditions to check the viability of energy source, its affordability, its accessibility and its capability for continuous supply. Pakistan’s coal reserves fulfill this criterion of sustainability. Pakistan’s coal despite meeting the criteria is playing a negligible role in total energy mix. [28]
Show more

11 Read more

An Overview of Renewable Energy in Present Scenario

An Overview of Renewable Energy in Present Scenario

A region’s mean wind speed and its frequency distribution have to be taken into account to calculate the amount of electricity that can be produced by wind turbines. Technical advances are expected to open new areas to development. The installed capacity of wind power has increased from 4.8 MW in 1995 to more than 400 GW in 2017. Today, each wind turbine could generate as much electricity as a conventional power plant. Wind energy has made its most significant contributions in China, the US and India. Figure (2) shows the worldwide wind installation capacity trend based on the BP (2016) report. Wind power generation grew by 15.6% in 2016 to reach 960 TWh, or 4% of total world electricity generation. That is almost equivalent to the total power generation of Japan, the world’s fifth largest power generator. China replaced the US as the largest wind power producer last year, growing by 29% and contributing more than 40% of global growth in wind power. Wind has become an important contributor to European electricity generation. In Denmark wind power provided more than 40% of power generation in 2016: and wind power now provides 15% or more of power generated in Spain, Portugal, Ireland, in Lithuania. Germany, the largest wind power producer in Europe, obtained 12% of its power from wind last year. Wind has a much smaller share in The US, where it contributed just over 5% of power generation in 2016; and in China, where wind provided just under 4% of power.
Show more

6 Read more

An Overview of Renewable Energy in Present Scenario

An Overview of Renewable Energy in Present Scenario

In 1992 first Earth Summit was held in Riode Janeirio (Brazil). UNFCC (United Nations Framework Convent Change) was signed at Earth Summit in Rio de Janeiro in 1994. 164 nations had signed it by 1996. Conference of Parties (CoP) was envisaged to take place periodically. As a follow up CoP-1 was held in Berlin in 1995, Cop-2 was held in Geneva in July 1996 and CoP-3 was held in Kyoto (Japan) in Dec. 1997. It wa in CoP-3, that the Kyoto Protocol was adopted which established a legal binding obligation on annex-I countries t reduce emissions of GHGs. The Buenos Aires Plan of Action was adopted at CoP-4 I Nov. 1998 with the decision of completing the programme of work on Kyoto mechanism by the end of 2000. According to Kyoto Protocol the developed countries are committed to reduce GHGs emission by an average of 5% during the commitment period or 2008-2012 with reference to 1990 level of emissions. CoP-6 was held in 2000 at Hague (Netherlands) to finalize the various issues relating to Kyoto Protocol but the delegates failed to reach any agreement. CoP-6 part II was held in 2001 at Bonn (Germany) Bonn agreement is the result of it. CoP-7 was held in 2001 at Marrkech (Motocco). As a result of this meeting the statement was passed to the World Summit on Sustainable Development (WSSD). India ratified Kyoto Protocol in 2001-02 and CoP-8 was held in 2002 at New Delhi. The conference was very much a ‘working’ meeting to build on the agreements at previous meetings, with progress made on inventory and reporting methodology. CoP- 9 was held in meeting was rules for carbon sink projects. CoP-10 was supposed to be held in Dec. 2004 at Buenos Aires (Argentina) (details no available). The above international approach indicates the global concern for GHGs emissions.
Show more

7 Read more

Seismic Energy Dissipation: Art of the Scenario

Seismic Energy Dissipation: Art of the Scenario

In case of rotational friction dampers, the bolt connects three steel plates and between these plates there are two circular friction pad discs (as shown in Fig-8), which ensure stable friction force and reduce noise of the movement. The central plate will be connected to the beam of the frame structure by a hinge and the side plates are connected to the bracing systems. During a major earthquake when the horizontal force exceeds the frictional forces, sliding starts and the central plates rotates relatively to the friction pad discs and thereby dissipates major portion of seismic energy.
Show more

7 Read more

ANALYSIS AND RECOMMENDATIONS FOR IMPROVEMENT ENERGY AVAILABLITY OF INDIA WITH SPECIFIC EVALUATION OF MAHARASHTRA

ANALYSIS AND RECOMMENDATIONS FOR IMPROVEMENT ENERGY AVAILABLITY OF INDIA WITH SPECIFIC EVALUATION OF MAHARASHTRA

Energy is an essential and key tool even to achieve the base personal satisfaction. Manageable improvement of a locale depends fundamentally on the wellbeing of renewable assets like soil, water, vegetation, domesticated animals and hereditary assorted qualities. The incorporated advancement of every one of these segments is basic for ecologically stable improvement. The acquisition of energy is additionally mindful in shifting degrees for the progressing deforestation, and loss of vegetation and top soil. While energy accessibility is a deciding component for rural profitability, customary utilization of horticultural deposits for energy generation prompts soil impoverishment. The as of now in effective energy use in different divisions is surely in charge of hindering effects on nature. Thus, solid approach and administration choices must include three components: financial matters, condition and energy, which must be considered in the look for approaches to enhance current energy supplies. This requires advancement of preservation exercises among nearby groups and utilization of customary naturally solid advances.
Show more

7 Read more

An Overview of Renewable Energy in Present Scenario

An Overview of Renewable Energy in Present Scenario

The activation process of carbonized fibers is basically analogous to those for producing non-fibrous forms of activated carbon, and can be separated into three main groups : [r]

9 Read more

An Overview of Renewable Energy in Present Scenario

An Overview of Renewable Energy in Present Scenario

Performance Measure of Medical Disease Classification using Support Vector Machine.. D.Haveela Bala Research Scholar Department of Computer Science.[r]

6 Read more

Exploring scenarios to 2050 for hydrogen use in transport in the UK

Exploring scenarios to 2050 for hydrogen use in transport in the UK

More information was available on the implications for transport of the four scenarios (DTI, 1999 and ERAG, 2001) and transport use of hydrogen in 2050 was also estimated by the project team (Watson et al., 2004). This information is summarised in Table 3. In the case of World Markets, for example, increasing car ownership and low energy prices are expected to lead to increases in vehicle use and hence congestion, in which case speeds are likely to fall in the absence of further investment in road infrastructure. Low energy prices and little investment in alternatively fuelled vehicles will also ensure that petrol and diesel fuelled vehicles remain the norm under this scenario. Under all scenarios except Local Stewardship Transport energy demand is expected to increase by 2050 and in the case of World Markets will more than double. The scenarios represent a wide range of possible levels of hydrogen use in the transport industry over the next 50 years. For example, in Global Sustainability high investment in low energy and low emission vehicles driven by high energy prices and an emphasis on environmental gains results in 80% to 100 % of the energy used by Transport coming from hydrogen in 2050.
Show more

18 Read more

Strategies and current scenario of Pharamcovigilance in India

Strategies and current scenario of Pharamcovigilance in India

India has more than half a million qualified Doctors and15, 000 hospitals having bed strength of 6, 24,000. It is the fourth largest producer of pharmaceuticals in the world. It is emerging as an important Clinical trial hub in the world. Many new drugs are being introduced in our country. Therefore, there is a need for a vibrant pharmacovigilance system in the country to protect the population from the potential harm that may be caused by some of these new drugs. Clearly aware of the enormity of task the Central Drugs Standard Control Organization (CDSCO) has initiated a well structured and highly participative National Pharmacovigilance Program. It is largely based on the recommendations made in the WHO document titled “Safety Monitoring of Medicinal Products – Guidelines for
Show more

13 Read more

Changing Scenario in Management Education in India

Changing Scenario in Management Education in India

3. Faculty: The issues associated with faculties are industrial exposure, consultancy experience, research experience, teaching experience, remuneration etc. 'Trends, Issues and Challenges in Management Education' article of Author states that there are four pillars of effective management education which are industry experience, consultancy experience, research experience and teaching experience. When faculties possess these four areas of experience and expertise, then it ensures qualitative management education. (Balaji, 2013) But this scenario is not found in tier II and tier III city Management Institutions (B schools) in India. Most of the faculties do not have industrial experience, lack research and teaching experience. This has happened as salaries of faculties are not as per UGC and AICTE norms in Management Institutes (B schools) of Tier II and tier III cities and are often delayed. These faculties are not encouraged to work for improving their skills in research, getting exposure to industry through industry institute interactions etc. by providing funds. The focus of management of management institutes is only on quantity of faculties and not quality.
Show more

11 Read more

PHARMACEUTICAL INDUSTRY IN INDIA - CURRENT SCENARIO

PHARMACEUTICAL INDUSTRY IN INDIA - CURRENT SCENARIO

All of these changes are ultimately good for the Indian pharmaceutical industry, which suffered in the past from inadequate regulation and large quantities of spurious drugs. They force the industry to reach a level necessary for global competitiveness. However, they have also exposed some of the inadequacies in the industry today. Its main weakness is an underdeveloped new molecule discovery program. Even after the increased investment, market leaders such as Ranbaxy and Dr. Reddy’s Laboratories spent only 5-10% of their revenues on R&D, lagging behind Western pharmaceuticals like Pfizer, whose research budget last year was greater than the combined revenues of the entire Indian pharmaceutical industry. This disparity is too great to be explained by cost differentials, and it comes when advances in genomics have made research equipment more expensive than ever. The drug discovery process is further hindered by a dearth of qualified molecular biologists. Due to the disconnect between curriculum and industry, pharma in India also lack the academic collaboration that is crucial to drug development in the West [4].
Show more

8 Read more

The Present Scenario of Agricultural Credit in India

The Present Scenario of Agricultural Credit in India

The CSO had estimated a positive growth rate of 0.2 per cent for agriculture in India for 2014–15, recording a sharp decline in growth following a bumper year in 2013–14. Below Table .1 indicates that the total food grain production in the country stood at 251.1 MT in 2014–15,

5 Read more

A Review on Energy Situation “Solar Energy Policies and Targets” in SAARC Countries

A Review on Energy Situation “Solar Energy Policies and Targets” in SAARC Countries

On average, Bangladesh receives 4-6.5 kilo watt hours per square meter solar radiation per day. On an estimation the government and many other companies give the benefit of solar energy to 3.5 million houses by installing solar panels with an amount of about 135 MW. For this, solar electricity reaches to more than 13 million beneficiaries, which is around 10% of the total demography of Bangladesh. Bangladesh SHS (Solar Home System) is recognized as the fastest progressing solar power dissemination programs in the world by the international society. An Infrastructure development company limited (IDCOL), Grameen Shakti, a government owned monetary organization was put through most of the capacity connections which is from solar home systems. “Electricity for everyone” within 2021 is the vision of government by using this program. With a guess to produce 220 MW of electricity, IDCOL is aiming to finance 6 million SHS by 2017. At a mean establishment, growth rate of 58% more than 65,000 SHSs are installing in every month now. 3 million systems have already been installed with support from development partners. Owing to the success of the programme, Bangladesh received an additional $78.4 million from the World Bank as soft loan [28].
Show more

7 Read more

Scenario of Pulses Production in India: An Economic Analysis

Scenario of Pulses Production in India: An Economic Analysis

In order to ensure self-sufficiency there is a strong need to boost production and yield of pulse crops so that India would be capable of meeting domestic requirement and would also produce sufficient surplus for export.Hence, there is an urgent need to examine the whole scenario of pulse production.

8 Read more

GST IN INDIA: The Impact on Indian Tax Scenario

GST IN INDIA: The Impact on Indian Tax Scenario

The proposed GST is likely to change the whole scenario of current indirect tax system. It is considered as biggest tax reform since 1947. Currently, in India complicated indirect tax system is followed with imbrications of taxes imposed by union and states separately. GST will unify all the indirect taxes under an umbrella and will create a smooth national market. Experts say that GST will help the economy to grow in more efficient manner by improving the tax collection as it will disrupt all the tax barriers between states and integrate country via single tax rate. GST was first introduced by France in 1954 and now it is followed by 140 countries. Most of the countries followed unified GST while some countries like Brazil, Canada follow a dual GST system where tax is imposed by central and state both. In India also dual system of GST is proposed including CGST and SGST.
Show more

5 Read more

GREEN LIBRARIES: INDIA VS INTERNATIONAL SCENARIO

GREEN LIBRARIES: INDIA VS INTERNATIONAL SCENARIO

Anna-Centenary India is built around solar control thermal insulation glass with green roof. Chennai Library block is built at an angle that allows maximum daylight and ecofriendly. Even National Assessment and Accreditation Council (NAAC) have started assessing the Universities on environmental benchmarks. As per the draft manual of NAAC, universities are judged on social impact factors of its extension programmes on the community. The institutional initiatives towards energy consciousness like whether it conducts a green campus audit and activities like energy conservation, use of renewable energy,water harvesting, efforts for carbon neutrality and e-waste management have also been incorporated. Libraries are integral part of the University and therefore there has to be green practices implemented in the library in support of this NAAC activity.
Show more

10 Read more

CURRENT SCENARIO AND CHALLENGES OF INSURANCE BUSINESS IN INDIA

CURRENT SCENARIO AND CHALLENGES OF INSURANCE BUSINESS IN INDIA

Table 7 reveals that the non-life insurance industry had underwritten a total premium of Rs.70610 crore in India for the year 2013-14 as against Rs.62973 crore in 2012-13, registering a growth of 12.13 per cent as against an increase of 19.10 per cent recorded in the previous year. The public sector insurers exhibited growth in 2013-14 at 10.21 per cent; over the previous year’s growth rate of 14.60 per cent. The private general insurers registered growth of 14.52 per cent, which is lower than 25.26 per cent achieved during the previous year.

8 Read more

Show all 10000 documents...