11 In this domain of environmentalcommunication research, we can also detect the pro-government stance of some scholars (such as Xu & Yu, 2010; Liu, 2010; Qu & Lu, 2010; Huang & Ding, 2010), who link the coverage of China’s environmental problems by Western media with the national image of China or of the Chinese government. They conclude that Western news media tend to cover China in a negative way and contend that the influence of national ideologies is identifiable in the foreign coverage of Western news media. Concurrently however, there are scholarly works taking a more critical stance toward environmental problems in China. From their studies (such as Huang & Liu, 2014; Shi, Zi, Feng, & Fan, 2010), we understand pollution, ecology deterioration, and desertification are among the main types of environmental problems constructed in media coverage, and encouragingly prominence has been given to environmental protection programmes and campaigns such as Lucky Earth Village (xinyun diqiuchun) and Keke Xili Protection (Wang, 2005). NGOs, and in some cases even government-organised NGOs (GONGO), have also been found to be playing an increasingly important role in pushing forward environmental movements and campaigns. These NGOs, such as Green Peace, Friend of Nature (ziran zhiyou) and the China Forum of Environmental Journalists (zhongguo xinwen gongzuozhe xiehui) actively set agendas and frames in media coverage as demonstrated in the case of APP 3 destroying primeval forests in Yunnan and in the case of laying an anti-leakage plastic film at the bottom of the Yuan-Ming lake (Zeng, 2009a).
From a managerial point of view, the present research has also immediate implications. Managers now have in hands theoretical arguments to justify their environmentalcommunication practices, not just relying on the fact that many brands use these arguments. In a general manner, if properly done, environmentalcommunication can contribute to build brand equity by generating or reinforcing environmental image. However, managers have to pay attention to different factors influencing brand equity building. First, to maximise brand equity creation, they will have to ensure that their engagement is congruent with their brand, increasing in turn the transferability of environmental associations to the brand. They will also have to take care of their message credibility. This challenge will become more crucial in the future as observers notice the development of scepticism especially across young people. Firms should then choose highly credible media to communicate, instead of advertising or mere sponsorship. Communicating on the brand Web site gives the message an institutional dimension, which ensures a certain degree of credibility but a lot more could be investigated in terms of choice of media or about the impact of other communication formats, such as societal reporting, audited publication, codes of conduct or social labelling.
Semi-structured interviews were conducted, following Institutional Review Board approval from the University of New Hampshire, with NHDES employees involved in the Title V permitting process and Title V operating facility managers. Respondents were asked questions about the public’s perception of their work and whether the facility’s operations were considered to be contentious or non-contentious; the health and environmental concerns of the impacted community; and who they considered the major stakeholders. Respondents were asked if they had experience conducting and/or attending a public hearing about their facility. Information pertaining to the type and number of concerns communicated by the public was collected, as well as how these issues were addressed. With respect to the environmental management of concerns, the respondents were queried as to whether or not they believed they were proactive in involving the community and if there was a professional at their respective organizations who was responsible for handling the public’s concerns. The last series of questions posed to the respondents inquired about whether they thought improving environmentalcommunication among all stakeholders would enhance working relationships; whether an appointed liaison would assist with environmentalcommunication; and what specific recommendations they have to improve the communication of environmental permitting decisions among stakeholders.
I, Sumit K. Lodhia, hereby certify that this thesis, entitled ‘The World Wide Web and EnvironmentalCommunication: A study into current practices in the Australian Minerals Industry’, submitted for examination in the degree of Doctor of Philosophy, is the result of my own original work and that where reference is made to the work of others, acknowledgement is duly given.
The cause of environmental problems and possibilities for addressing them depend on human perceptions, attitudes and behaviour, which are interrelated to values, preferences and beliefs about the world. In such a situation communication can play a great role in pinpointing a certain environmental issue. ECRC (2000) outlines how environmentalcommunication encompasses individuals, institutions, societies, and cultures craft, distribute, receive, understand, and use messages about the environment and human interactions with the environment. Cox (2012) states this ranges from the interpersonal to virtual communities, participatory decision making, and environmental media coverage. This dissemination is mainly achieved by employing participatory environmentalcommunication. Tufte and Mefalopulous (2009) also justify it is a vehicle to educate and alert people about environmental problems and influence their mindset and behaviour towards more sustainable lifestyles through a dialogical approach. Harris (2018) on his part illustrates participatory environmentalcommunication as a process-oriented approach, which engages local people in dialogue about environmental issues so that they are able to identify the problems and are collectively empowered to make decisions to improve their situation.
To develop best practices specifically for environmental health, we began a program of study and consultation to learn about the experiences of participants, researchers, and institutional review board (IRB) representatives in personal exposure studies. In this commentary we discuss ethical frameworks, effective methods, and lessons learned, so that researchers and IRBs can confidently expand report-back in environmental health studies. In addition to peer-reviewed literature, we draw on our own exposure studies, interviews with participants, researchers, and IRB members and staff in these and six other studies, and discussions among 44 participants in a 2010 workshop that brought together researchers, IRB representatives, ethicists, lawyers, public health officials, physicians, and activists. (The agenda and participants are shown in Additional files 1 and 2.) The interviews and workshop are part of the Personal Exposure Report-back Ethics (PERE) Study, and protocols were approved by IRBs at Northeastern and Brown universities.
disciplinary backgrounds were surveyed. A mixed-method approach to analysis integrated quantitative responses regarding perceived likelihood of risks and benefits with qualitative responses, to clarify and provide context. Overall, survey participants indicated de-extinction was more likely to induce hazards, not benefits. Reasons for this viewpoint included a “moral hazard” argument, suggesting conservation policies could be undermined if society comes to believe that species can simply be revived in the future. Pessimistic views of de-extinction were linked to concerns about unclear development paths for de-extinction. Participants suggested several entities to potentially govern de-extinction, including biotechnology regulators and environmental management agencies. Experts believed the public would likely be skeptical about de-extinction, due to concerns rooted in science fiction. Our results suggest future de-extinction efforts may benefit from collaborative efforts between stakeholder groups to explore which concerns are most prevalent among the engaged public.
Applying semantic technologies to environmental Web con- tent adds an important dimension to the ability of communi- cation experts to assess and evaluate online communications. For exploring this dimension, the webLyzard platform has become an essential part of NOAA’s evaluation strategy. The CPO is using the system to track online communications ef- forts that otherwise could not be measured—e.g., observing sudden spikes or dips ;  in news or social media coverage about NOAA’s climate research and data products, or tracking climate-related topics and related societal challenge areas. The system reveals the number of articles in a given period—how this number compares to the long-term average for a given topic, and whether overall sentiment in online articles shows a positive or negative trend .
Thus, an important dimension was represented by the widespread media coverage of projects in Romania since 1991. Many art critics and journalists as Petre Codreanu, Dumitru Avakian, Luminiţa Vartolomei, Cristina Sîrbu, O. Şerban-Pârâu, and others, have reviewed favorably his contribution as a composer and as well as a project director of the Romanian-American Music Days in Constanţa and Bucharest (1993-1996; 1998-2010) and other contemporary music festivals (Oradea, Timişoara). These reviews contributed to a change of the public perception of innovative concepts and events building bridges between American and European contemporary music and post-communist Romania, marking that the Romanian-American relations have undoubtedly been a ferment of opening. Finally, a new cross-cultural valence is now being created by his students in composition classes; young musicians from the USA, China, South Korea, Japan, are participating in concerts, first auditions of their creations or in international workshops. These workshops included Master‘s Degree students in Anglo- American Studies and Communication at the Faculty of Letters, Ovidius University in Constanţa. In April 2008 the Romanian Cultural Institute in New York celebrated his career with a concert entitled "Dinu Ghezzo: Memories and Celebrations of 38 years of Romanian-American collaborations", attended by Tom Beyer, Joseph Church, Robert Rowe, Ron Sadoff (Oscar film music), Wendy Luck, Pedro da Silva, Sebastian Danila, Christine Ghezzo, and as special guests, Adina Ciugureanu (dean at Ovidius University) and venerable musician Lory Walfisch - President of the NY Foundation Enescu, who played Sonata for piano, op.24 with a brilliant interpretation of the final movement.
expression of social activity and civilisation. It leads people from instincts to inspiration through various processes and systems of enquiry, command and control. Environmentalcommunication integrates knowledge, organisations and power, and runs a thread linking the earliest memory of man to his noblest aspiration through constant thriving for a better life. As the world has advanced, the task of communication has become ever more complex and subtle to liberate mankind from want, oppression and fear, and to write it in community and communion, solidarity and understanding. Mass communication comprise the institutions and technology by which specialised groups employ technological devices (press, radio, films, etc.) to disseminate symbolic content to large, heterogeneous and widely dispersed audiences.
disenchanted with his job as he discovers that no one but him cares about food and worker safety if it will decrease productivity. Amber is a Mickeys restaurant employee who is intelligent, hardworking, and dreams of becoming a doctor. She also wants to do the right thing and joins a local environmental group. She is one of the more proactive members, cutting a fence to a cattle pen so that cows destined for slaughter can escape. Sylvia is a Mexican migrant worker looking for a better life with her husband in America. She is forced to juggle her personal morals with supporting her family. Ultimately she makes huge personal sacrifices to make ends meet. In The Simpson’s Movie , Homer Simpson starts off as an antagonist, very ignorant and uncaring about how his actions affect the environment. He is irresponsible and childish, but eventually, his personality changes to a caring father who needs to rescue his family and friends. Homer’s daughter, Lisa Simpson, is intelligent, passionate, and cares very deeply for the environment. She is devastated when she finds out it was Homer who dumped the pig waste in the lake, especially after all her hard work to clean it. The matriarch of the family, Marge
Indigenous languages worldwide are under threat, and Māori is no exception (Benton 1991; Christensen 2001; Kawharu 2013; UNESCO 2017; Olsen-Reeder 2018). Indeed, the risk to indigenous languages greatly exceeds extinction risk to birds and mammals (Sutherland 2003). Language is a primary means for expressing the connections between humans and nature. Like species, languages have high diversity; they differentiate over space and time and emerge and disappear much as species do (Solé et al. 2010). Regional nuances in language can tell us much about locally distinct human relationships with biodiversity, such as those held by hapū, or sub-tribal groups, and iwi, or tribal groups (see Turner 2014). Increasing interest in the Māori language, te reo Māori, allows expression of some of these connections for Māori and non-Māori. Concepts drawn from a Māori world view are increasingly referenced in New Zealand national and regional policy documents (for example, the Biodiversity Strategy for the Canterbury Region 2008; Waikato Regional Coastal Plan 2014; Parliamentary Commission for the Environment (PCE) Report 2017; Environmental Reporting Act (New Zealand) 2015; Ministry for Environment and the Department of Conservation 2017). These include, for example, kaitiakitanga, a practical philosophy based on reciprocal relationships with the environment. However, the linkages between mātauranga Māori, or Māori knowledge, and the environment are not always well recognised or understood, despite the significant potential contribution of Māori knowledge to environmental management (Stephenson & Moller 2009; Lyver et al. 2017; Clapcott et al. 2018; Ogilvie et al. 2018).
Individuals who have either high levels of autism spectrum disorder (ASD) or callous-unemo- tional traits often display atypical patterns of social interaction. Both groups can, on the sur- face, behave in ways that lack sensitivity or empathy for other people and their needs. Social and communication difficulties that form part of the diagnostic criteria for ASD reflect distur- bances in the ability to relate to others and understand their thoughts and intentions, with con- sequent problems with friendships, play, and initiating and responding to social overtures . Callous-unemotional traits reflect disturbances in the ability to empathise and affiliate with others . These traits can be detected in developmental samples and significantly increase risk for psychopathy in adulthood . The term ‘ empathizing impairment ’ has been used to cover both patterns of difficulty .
The United States have fish consumption advisories in place to protect their residents from the potential health risks of eating contaminated fish caught in local waters. Over the years, states have developed their own advisory programs, therefore, variability exists among the states with respect to scope, extend of monitoring, and the actual advice or guidelines they provide once contaminated species are found. National conclusions or identifying national trends in fish advisories is difficult to obtain due to the program variability. Advisories are not regulations, but rather offer recommendations to help inform citizens and protect public health. Consumption limits or recommendations of avoiding eating particular fish and other wild species caught from specific water bodies that are likely contaminated are typically included within the advisories. The advisories are a mechanism of risk communication.
In recent history, human involvement with the earth has a significant impact on the earth‟s resources in a manner that has impacted the sustainability of the planet. Today we are facing a wide range of environmental problems such as global warming, ozone layer depletion, deforestation and reduction in biodiversity etc. The continuing depletion of natural resources, deforestation and extinction of many plants and animal species, rise in global temperature and environmental pollution are few examples of environmental degradation. Human is exploiting species and the nature to the extent that nobody will escape from the
You can use HEADlab for data acquisition in sound and vibration evaluations. Its applications include sound optimization and sound design for technical products, evaluation of environmental noise, or almost any other task required for sound and vibration measurements. The extensive selection of modules, such as signal, microphone, HMS, CAN/FlexRay, playback, thermal and strain gage, provides both a considerably higher number of channels and a variety of connection possibilities for almost any application. HEADlab grows with your needs!