The evaluation had two distinct elements: internal and external. This worked best where both elements could support each other: for example, asking participants in written feedback forms if they would be willing to take part in a further interview about their experiences. Engagement with the externalevaluation interviews was high, suggesting that people were happy to share their views after participating. However, there were also challenges with the split between the internal and external evaluations, largely related to the clustering of project activities in the early part of 2016. This made it hard for the external team to fulfil the role of critical friend, and to be kept updated on project activities as they were developing.
As an evaluation team we would reiterate our conclusions from our earlier evaluation (Woodall et al., 2014) in that we are confident from the evidence gathered that Salford Dadz is making a tangible impact to fathers in Little Hulton and offers a unique service that is not found elsewhere in this community. It is also apparent that the work has improved some of the men’s relationships with their partners (or previous partners) and certainly with their children in terms of what they feel confident to provide emotionally and practically for them and in how this is received, recognised and appreciated by the children. The project has developed and evolved, recognising the need to adopt an outward looking focus including linking with other individuals and community groups. Developing such partnerships within and beyond the community is essential for programmes that seek to address underlying health and social inequalities (Green et al., 2015). As the project moves forward, it may be that the original positive deviance framework which shaped practice and ways of working either shifts or becomes replaced with other theoretical frameworks such as social movement theory. Salford Dadz has successfully diversified into other ventures, including the ‘Brew and Banter’ club and the men’s shed initiative – these ‘spin-‐offs’ are important in order to sustain fathers’ interest, diversify engagement with men with a variety of interests, and to maintain momentum and enthusiasm. What has been noticeable in the second year evaluation is that there has been a tangible shift in the fathers themselves taking greater active control of the direction and strategic vision of Salford Dadz which can only be a positive and desirable outcome. Credit for this must go to the relentless determination of the Project Manager and Engagement Worker who have provided the infrastructure and scaffolding to allow the fathers to feel confident to take Salford Dadz forward into the next phase of its development.
all on the side of the prison as far as good communication and liaison was concerned. According to him, Birth Companions could not be faulted with their willingness to engage and communicate. He acknowledged that Birth Companions, as with any other external agency have a potentially difficult time winning trust with prison authorities. Again he puts this down to prison systems and processes rather than the way in which Birth Companions
From our study, most of the countries downgraded their self—evaluated IHR scores from 2016 to 2017. And the difference between IHR 2016 and IHR 2017 is sig- nificant. This phenomenon might reflect the impact of JEE that countries adjusted theirs self-evaluated scores based on the consensus regarding the evaluation stand- ard due to the conduct of JEE. There is also a possibility that countries downgraded their IHR scores due to the pressure of externalevaluation. While the external ex- perts will review their capacity on-site, countries might consider reducing the over-report of appropriate behav- iors. The changing nature of financing health security, especially insufficient financing in preparedness, might also be the reason for the changes of the score. The JEE and self-reporting scores are fluid in nature as lack of fi- nancing can result in downgrading of scores as well. Fur- ther qualitative study is recommended to understand the reason behind.
self evaluation report. Also, during the internal (external) evaluation stage it is required from the evaluator to generate the evaluation report in a specific format. This may take several time and many efforts to be finished. Another difficult that may face the evaluation team is appropriate tool that is required to connect them with each other in some tasks. The evaluation process also must contain the recommendation report from the evaluators' point of view. The all of these processes will be executed automatically with our system. The quality assurance evaluation system QAES is our designed system. The input and output for the system can be illus trated at fig. 2.
Practical guidance and advice on joint evaluation It is often recommended that funding agencies should join forces in evaluation. There are many reasons for that, not least that the evaluation process becomes less of a burden for developing countries, whose project personnel and other officials otherwise have to spend too much time with externalevaluation missions. Another reason is that projects and programmes are frequently financed and/or delivered jointly, and therefore it makes sense to evaluate them jointly. It has been strongly recommended by the OECD/DAC Working Group on Evaluation that coordination between member states should be increased.
Purpose: This paper combines a synthetic index system by the variables and evaluates China’s financial safety through the change of indexes in a comprehensive way. First of all, it builds the financial industry evaluation index system composed of 25indicators in terms of the operation of the financial industry and external economic environment and particularly takes into consideration factors which might trigger liquidity risks such as off-balance-sheet business, interbank business and shadow banking; then it selects 10 indicators to conduct empirical analysis and identifies the indicator weight through principal component analysis; finally it combines the financial safety indexes through the linear weighted comprehensive evaluation model.
ABSTRACT: Visual pollution, observed in urban areas, makes human beings suffer indirectly from mental distress and illnesses in long term. We are daily confronted with a variety of advertisement pictures in city squares and review them in our minds. But we may not be aware of the fact that such a visual scramble leads to mind distraction, decreasing mental concentration. The present study applies the techniques of SWOT and QSPM to identify and introduce the most influential factors, related to visual pollution, in internal and external environment of Tehran, comparing the rate of visual pollution in both Vanak and Enghelab squares. Accordingly, in SWOT matrix, strengths, weaknesses, threats, and opportunities in these squares have been investigated and, using Expert Choice, AHP method has been applied to weight them. SWOT as an analytic instrument can be used for evaluation purposes in QSPM system. Finally, using the Quantitative Strategic Planning Matrix (QSPM), the selected strategies have been prioritized. The results of the study indicate that Vanak Square has an invasive strategy and Enghelab Square, a conservative strategy. Aided by QSPM matrix, the study has offered eight prioritization strategies, introducing the best possible strategy for these squares. Regarding visual pollution, Vanak Square has a better position than Enghelab square.
In order to analyze how the application of E-business effect on the business performance, we use STATA 12.0 software and make a statistical analysis of E-business application index (EB) and sales volume (SV) in SMEs from Beijing .The E-business application index is very comprehensive, so that we use analytic hierarchy process (AHP) in order to construct this index. After the measurement and selection, we constructed the evaluation index of e-commerce development level in SMEs. This evaluation system mainly includes three class as e-commerce transactions Index, Informatization development Index and human capital Index. This E-business application index can be used to analyze the level of E-business application in SMEs, the content of these three indicators as shown below.
There are many factors that trigger companies to engage in sustainability activities. In the literature, these factors are referred to as drivers or determinants of green innovation. These can be either company-specific internal or external factors . All of these factors have an important impact on the green innovational processes of companies. One of the research objectives of this study is to find out the extent of such an impact. Besides investigating relationships between the sustainability drivers as they relate to companies and green innovation, another research aspect of the study is to identify similar relationship between sustainability drivers and the green organizational culture. Here, the green organizational culture represents an organizational culture that encourages employees to engage in environmentally conscious behaviors and prepares a climate that allows the development of new ideas, behaviors or cooperation in such a way as to decrease the negative environmental effects of the company concerned . A green organizational culture enables an atmosphere to develop that encourages new ideas that lead to green innovations within the company. In this context, the effect of the environmental aspect of the existing organizational culture on green innovation performance is one of the research tasks of this study.
The suppression of vibration in civil structures to external dynamic loading can be pursued by using active control, semi-active control, and passive control. In the active control mode, an external power source controls actuators to apply forces to the object structures. For a passive control system, no external power source is required and the impact forces are developed in response to the motion of the structures. The semi-active control devices use considerably less energy to adjust the structural properties than the active control devices. The passive structural control using SMAs takes advantage of the damping property to reduce the response and the consequent plastic deformation of the structures subjected to severe loadings. SMAs can be effectively used for this purpose via two mechanisms: ground isolation system and energy dissipation system. In a ground isolation system, SMA can be isolators installed between a super-structure and the ground to assemble an uncoupled system, filtering the seismic energy transferred from the ground motion to the superstructure so that the damage is attenuated (Song et al., 2006).
The 6MWT reproduces the activity of daily life and this is particularly relevant in elderly patients who usually develop symptoms below their theoretical maximal exercise capacity. Despite some limits 6MWT is attractive for patients with CHF allowing an objective evaluation of exercise tolerance, a better prognostic evaluation and a guide to evaluate response either pharmacological or non-pharmacological treatment and also showed a good reproducibility. In healthy subjects, the 6-min walk distance (6MWD) ranges from 400 to 700 m, the main predictor variables being gender, age and height. 2-4
Based on the internal validity analysis, one might conclude that the Strategic Intelligence phase of the RTI process could be improved by using an anonymous online platform for increased diversity of data and per- haps by using designated technology scouts as comple- mentary sources of information. The Sense Making phase might benefit from involving decision-makers in the process and the Selecting Priorities/Implementation phase from a more visual presentation of the results. The external validity analysis showed that the RTI might be considered quite strong with regard to criteria 1, 2, 3 and 4, and less strong with regard to criteria 5 and 6.
Steps M 6 and M 7 address two issues that may affects both conclusion and construct validity. Literature opinion varies on whether the quality of results should be evaluated by some independent expert. Some authors  argue that it is not necessary, other papers don’t mention whether this steps have been performed [51, 118], other people would deem it essential and practitioners put it "If the quality of your risk assessment doesn’t matter then any method works well." Any method can be effective if it does not need to deliver useful results for a third party (hence the evaluation by a domain expert). It can also be properly easy to use if participants do not follow it (hence the evaluation by a method designer). It is important to show which method is better in delivering not just results but good ones [59, Ch. 3]: “the security risk assessment report is expected to contain adequate and relevant evidence to support its findings, clear and relevant recommendations, and clear compliance results for relevant information security regulations.”
Aniline, phenol, and their derivatives are widely used in industrial chemicals that consequently have a high potential for environmental pollution. Genetic algorithm and partial least square (GA-PLS), kernel partial least square (GA- KPLS) and Levenberg-Marquardt artificial neural network (L-M ANN) techniques were used to investigate the correlation between chromatographic retention (log k) and descriptors for modelling the toxicity to fathead minnows of anilines and phenols. Descriptors of GA-PLS model were selected as inputs in L-M ANN model. The described model does not require experimental parameters and potentially provides useful prediction for log k of new compounds. Finally a model with a low prediction error and a good correlation coefficient was obtained by L-M ANN. The stability and prediction ability of L-M ANN model was validated using external test set techniques.
The experimental set-up consist of gear pump, in which suction side a vacuum gauge is attached while on the discharge side a pressure gauge is fitted for measurement of the delivery head.. Schematic arrangement of test rig of External Gear type oil pump is shown in Fig.1.1 test rig consists of a motor, oil sump, voltmeter, ammeter, tachometer and vari-o-stat for varies motor speed. In external gear type oil pump test rig 25.4 mm pipe is used in both side suction as well as delivery side.The main parameters that were observed from the test rig are speed of the gear pump, vacuum Pressure of the oil at inlet, discharged pressure of oil at outlet, measure discharge flow.
1.3.2 Collection, analysis and judgement tools During these three evaluation stages, a large range of tools is available, complementary to each other and/or polyvalent. As a consequence, numerous factors are taken into account to make an efficient choice. Although no rule securing an optimal choice exists, a logical process can facilitate the development of a homogeneous methodology which will provide well-grounded answers to the evaluation questions.
“to make seminars active so that they can be held more in the form of a discussion”, “so that the lessons are well‑thought, e.g. in relation to students’ continuous preparation”). What students also find important is their teachers’ attitude (it is important for students that teachers like teaching and are interested in it, that they care about students, communicate and discuss issues with them, that they have a human, friendly and helpful attitude to them, are willing to help, are available to students, make time for them, and provide them with a sufficient extent of consultation hours) and the way students are evaluated. As for the evaluation, the complexity of the assessment, its objectivity and clear and fair rules are important for students (“to know what will be assessed and how”, “to have clearly defined conditions of what needs to be done during the semester”). In relation to the quality of teaching, students also stated that study materials represent an essential criterion of their satisfaction; more specifically, it is mainly important for them that study materials actually exist (“so that it doesn’t occur that there are no publications for a course”), they are easily accessible (“so that we can find everything in the information system”, “to have them accessible on the portal”), and they are of high quality (they should be clear, comprehensible and “define what the student should know”).