Family and marital relationship

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Predicting marital commitment on the basis of relationship maintenance behaviors and attachment styles

Predicting marital commitment on the basis of relationship maintenance behaviors and attachment styles

As commitment is an important construct in marital life and it has an important function in marriage maintenance, stability and health, lack of them causes marriage contract break and family foundation weaken and at least leading to the divorce, therefore obtaining proper cognition from this important construct and effective factors for marital relationship maintenance and stability is necessary to increase couples' commitment degree. Aforementioned information and literature review show that two factors "relationship maintenance behaviors" and "attachment styles" can influence on marriage commitment and predict uncertainty in marital commitment. In some researches done abroad, the relationship between these two factors and marital commitment has been addressed separately [3,8,17,18], so, it is not found a research which has addressed to examining these two variables influence on marital commitment simultaneously. On the other hand, studies done in Iran showed that researches done in the field of marital commitment are rare, and until now, no research has addressed to examining relationship maintenance behaviors variable, and its effect on commitment factor and other marital variables. With regard to above issues, this is felt that research done about marital commitment couldn't examine factors related to marital commitment completely and comprehensively, and each research has examined one factor without regarding other factors. Hence, current research was done with aim at predicting marital commitment on the basis of relationship maintenance behaviors factors and attachment styles.
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MARITAL TORTS: A PRIMER FOR THE FAMILY LAW PRACTITIONER

MARITAL TORTS: A PRIMER FOR THE FAMILY LAW PRACTITIONER

A claim for fraudulent inducement to marry must allege all the elements of common law fraud: 1) a false material representation, 2) made as a positive assertion which is either known to be false, or made recklessly without knowledge of the truth, 3) with the intention that it be acted upon, and 4) which is relied upon by a party to that party’s detriment. 30 In addition, this Court held that a necessary restriction to this tort is that “a misrepresentation inducing one to enter into a valid marriage must go to the essential ingredients of the marriage in order to sustain a finding of materiality sufficient to support a cause of action for fraudulent inducement to marry.” 31 The Court reasoned that “[l]imiting materiality to those representations which go to the essence of the marital relationship will avoid misuse of the judicial system to avenge hurt feelings and
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Family and child-level moderators of the relationship between marital conflict and early adolescent peer social competence

Family and child-level moderators of the relationship between marital conflict and early adolescent peer social competence

The analyses in the present study revealed a consistently negative association between a parent’s report of marital conflict and that individual’s assessment of the early adolescent’s peer social competence. Across four of the five models tested, actor marital conflict was a significant negative predictor of peer social competence. Although no main effects were found for actor marital conflict when emotional expressiveness was in the same model, significant interactions remained between actor gender and actor conflict as well as between actor gender and partner-reported marital conflict. This pattern was repeated in subsequent models, highlighting the different responses to marital conflict across husbands and wives. Husbands’ ratings of their adolescents’ peer social competence were negatively affected to a greater degree by their own ratings of marital conflict than were wives’ ratings of their adolescents; husbands’ ratings of their adolescents’ peer social competence were also more negatively affected by their partners’ reported marital conflict than were wives’ ratings. These results are consistent with studies that report fathers’ parenting may be more disrupted as a result of marital conflict relative to mother’s parenting (Amato & Booth, 2001; Katz & Gottman, 1996). In a similar manner, fathers may view their children in a more negative light if there are high levels of marital conflict in the home. Researchers have also suggested that wives may be more successful at balancing their marital relationship and parent-child relationship when there are difficulties in the marital relationship (Belsky et al., 1991; Davies & Lindsay, 2001).
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Marital relationship, parenting practices, and social skills development in preschool children

Marital relationship, parenting practices, and social skills development in preschool children

objects, and threats to family integrity [2]. Exposure to destructive marital conflict precipitates children’s anger, worry, and sadness [5, 6]. Such conflict may put them at the risk for developing adjustment problems (internaliz- ing and externalizing disorders), due to a lack of coping skills to deal with emotions, or the use of learned aggres- sive behavior for solving problems [1, 3, 7]. In contrast, constructive marital conflict involves successful con- flict resolution, explanations of how conflict is resolved, and optimistic explanations of unresolved conflict [2]. Exposure to constructive conflict fosters positive emo- tional reactions, such as happiness, safety, and security [3, 5, 8]. Constructive marital conflict may help children develop problem solving, coping, and conflict resolu- tion skills by teaching them problem solving and effec- tive communication skills [4, 6, 9]. Studies consistently suggest that destructive conflict increases children’s risk for adjustment disorders, whereas constructive conflict
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The effect of relationship enhancement approach training on job stress and quality of marital relationship among municipality staffs

The effect of relationship enhancement approach training on job stress and quality of marital relationship among municipality staffs

Researchers have attributed the high effectiveness of RE approach to different factors such as increasing psychological- emotional satisfaction in close relationships and reducing conflict and struggles (38). In fact, establishing and maintaining a healthy and satisfactory marital relationship requires a number of conditions. Providing an intimate atmosphere among couples, optimism, equality, flexibility, sense of agency and awareness, commitment and loyalty, equity and peaceful resolving of problems are among the characteristics of a healthy and effective relationship in a family which is a necessary requirement for stabilizing marital relationships and, therefore, having a satisfactory life.
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The Effectiveness of Family Therapy in Hope Therapy Method on Reducing Marital Conflict and Couple Marital Disturbance

The Effectiveness of Family Therapy in Hope Therapy Method on Reducing Marital Conflict and Couple Marital Disturbance

The results of Adib Rad (2005) showed that there is a significant difference between marital disturbance and rational beliefs in women willing to live. The results of this study show that logical beliefs play a very important role in satisfaction and dissatisfaction with life and eventually marital disturbance. People come to this area with a set of expectations and beliefs about their spouses and behavior and in general the about marriage; it seems that many of these beliefs are unrealistic and irrational. As a result, relationship gradually become cold, frustrated and distrustful. The results of studies (Burnstain, translated by Toozandeh Jani & Kamalpour, 2001).) Have shown that many spouses have problem in establishing and maintaining friendly and intimate relationships; because they expect to get benefits from marriage in general, and from their spouses in a particular way. In other words, their expectations of marital relationship are more widespread and in many cases, irrational. They have even been able to prepare the ground of marital disturbance.
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The Relationship Between Personality Traits and Marital Satisfaction With Mediating Positive and Negative Affects

The Relationship Between Personality Traits and Marital Satisfaction With Mediating Positive and Negative Affects

The enrich marital satisfaction scale has 47 questions. It also has marital satisfaction in 12 components of the contractual response, marital satisfaction, personality issues, marital relationship, conflict resolution, finan- cial management, leisure activities, sexual relations, marriage and children, family and friends, the role of gender equality, and religious orientation. This scale is graded based on a Likert-type scale from “totally agree” to “completely disagree.” Fowers and Olson conducted a study on 7261 couples in a national study between 1983 and 1985 to determine the validity and reliability of this questionnaire [26]. The reliability of the test was determined by calculating the reliability of the test in the 4-week interval from 0.97 for the subscale of reli- gious orientation up to 0.65 for the subscale of marital satisfaction. In internal studies, the Pearson correlation coefficient was 0.93 for the test group and 0.04 for the women group [27]. The Cronbach alpha coefficient of marital satisfaction was 0.91 in this study.
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The relationship of the physical texture and patterns of family communication with marital compatibility regarding the mediation of mind reading ability theory among couples in Kerman

The relationship of the physical texture and patterns of family communication with marital compatibility regarding the mediation of mind reading ability theory among couples in Kerman

One of the most important factors that affecting the survival of family life and growth is healthy relationships based on compatibility and understanding between members of family, particularly, the couple. Marital compatibility is one of the factors affecting performance of family (Sinha and Mukherjee, 1999). Therefore, for a satisfying marriage, couples need to establish an effective and efficient communication (Karahan, 2007). Communication is an important variable in understanding marital performance, and it includes a process in which couples may communicate their thoughts and feelings both verbally and nonverbally in the form of listening, pausing, and different facial expressions and gestures (Rasouli, 2002). In this regard, many studies show that marital relationship is a strong predictor of marital quality (Guttmann, 1999; Markman, 1989; ESCAP 1986; according to the Pour, 2001). In addition, spouses who are experiencing marital disputes and conflicts have defects in the field of communication skills and are involved with unproductive communication patterns (Weiss and Hayman, 1997; Gottman, 1994; Laver, 2005).
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The Role Of Intimacy and Communicative Dynamics in Predicted of Family Function in Women with Marital Conflict

The Role Of Intimacy and Communicative Dynamics in Predicted of Family Function in Women with Marital Conflict

on intimacy, dialogue, and mutual understanding, the family members enjoy more resistance and immunity to life pressures (Goldenberg, 2012). Intimacy is a critical factor in stability and survival of the marriage bond (Levinger & Huston, 1990). Affection is a dynamic concept in human relationships and as to marital relationship; it means openness to enter close relationship with one or more persons from emotional, rational, and functional viewpoints. Dynamism of relationship lies with fact that intimacy is an outcome of a relationship as a whole and any gap or problem in whatever aspect of interpersonal relationship might influence the whole relationship (Hotfield, Bensman & Rapson, 2012). Intimacy is critically important in stability of marital life and higher level of intimacy has profound effect on happiness felt in marital life (Saadatian, Samani, Parsani, ,Vikram, Anshul, Tejada, David & Nakatsu, 2014). Couples in the marriages that are on the rocks usually show lower levels of intimacy and affection toward their life partner (Halford, Sanders, Behrens, 2001). Conflicts are inevitable in any relationship as by entering intimate relationship, people let the other part to enter their private life and mutually affect each other. People find themselves, in intimate relationships, rightful to have influence on their partner and this is where people become vulnerable (Hakim, Fatehizadeh, Batheban, 2011). Conflict is the lack of agreement among two individuals so that they find it impossible to reach agreement in their viewpoints and behavioral goals (Sehat, Sehat, Khanjani, Mohebbi and siah kinShahsiah, 2014). Conflicts in marital
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Investigating Marital Relationship in Infertility: A Systematic Review of Quantitative Studies

Investigating Marital Relationship in Infertility: A Systematic Review of Quantitative Studies

being of those involved. This can be problematic as the marital relationship is seen as the most im- portant source of support in the context of infertil- ity treatment (1, 8). Furthermore, the WHO guide- lines concerning the psycho-social aspects of in- fertility, clearly state that the task of medical staff goes beyond diagnosis and clinical interventions and should include attention to the psychological aspects of fertility disorders and that attention should be paid to enhance the quality of life of in- fertile couples (9). Therefore, it is necessary to have better understanding of marital relationship in infertility, and an examination of its associated factors. Referring to the quality of marital rela- tionship, it has frequently been described by mari- tal benefit, marital distress, marital satisfaction and marital adjustment (10−13). Though, there were some studies (14−16) assessing the quality of marital relationship in infertility, but they did not have valid outcome due to weak and simple items used as quantitative measures, making it dif- ficult to make comparison and draw general con- clusion. In addition, while there were some studies with standard measures about marital rela- tionship in infertility, the reported results were unclear and conflicting. Some research suggested that infertile individuals (both infertile males and females) experienced greater dissatisfaction with themselves, their marriages, and infertility-related stress and its treatment had a negative effect on the relationship both directly or indirectly (17,18). Other authors indicated infertility might be stressful, but their shared condition made closer mutual support in the couple’s thoughts and feel- ings, thus had positive effect on their relationship (19−21). Findings from earlier studies on marital relationship in infertile individuals, showed a sig- nificant correlation between stressful life events and marital quality (22). In addition, family studies indicated there was difference between the male’s and female’s perceptions of the aspects of marital relationship (23, 24). Moreover, the indi- vidual’s marital relation was related to other char- acteristics such as socio-economic status (25), personality (26), mental health (27), communica- tion (28) and duration of marriage (29). For both the infertile males and females, their marital rela- tionship could be influenced by the above factors directly or indirectly. The reason for the latter finding was due to infertility as a mutual condi- tion, and both partners shared the experience of childlessness (30). However, considering the
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Effect of spiritual family therapy on marital satisfaction in couples with husbands' drug-dependent

Effect of spiritual family therapy on marital satisfaction in couples with husbands' drug-dependent

To explain these findings, the marital satisfaction is an overall assessment of the person's current marital or romantic relationship. Marital satisfaction may be a reflection of the happiness of the marriage, or a combination of pleasing the marital relationship is due to many different factors. Can be considered marital satisfaction as a psychological situation is very unstable in the early years and relationships are at greatest risk. Given the importance of family and prevent its collapse, identify factors related to marital satisfaction is the basic strength of family life so it seems necessary, therefore, when considering the factors influencing marital satisfaction can be expected that increasing the level of marital satisfaction, is reduced many of the problems of mental, emotional, social, family and the whole society. Also, by improving the level of marital satisfaction and life satisfaction, people with greater peace of mind to the cultural and economic growth and development and social services and families will also benefit from these improvements [24].
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Gender and distress : the effects of the division of labour on depressive symptoms, marital love and marital conflict during the early childrearing stage of family life

Gender and distress : the effects of the division of labour on depressive symptoms, marital love and marital conflict during the early childrearing stage of family life

Rosenfield (1989) argues that control may mediate the effects of role overload and depressive symptomology. She argues that the contradictory findings regarding employment, overload and women's levels of depression can be explained by trade­ offs in control. Employment and financial independence may increase women's sense of control, but overload caused by performing the majority of housework and childcare tasks may serve to reduce feelings of control. In support of an overload hypothesis she found that women who worked fulltime with children exhibited the highest levels of depressive symptoms of all groups. This apparent sex difference was explained by the amount of childcare that the women performed and the amount of general control the women perceived they had in their lives (Rosenfield, 1989). In support of an additive model, Rosenfield (1989) argued that the division of labour, at least regarding the sharing of childcare, exposed women to more stress, decreased women's perceptions of control and so placed women at risk for increased depressive symptoms. It is therefore proposed that evaluating the self as unable to control the division of labour may constrain possible solutions or changes to the division of labour. This will lead to increases in distress at an individual and relationship level. While it is proposed that the evaluation of having little control over the current division of labour will lead to increased levels of depressive symptoms, reduced feelings of marital love and increased marital conflict for both men and women, it is expected that women will report feeling less control over the division of labour than men.
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The Relationship between Parental Abuse with Parental and Marital Roles Attitude in Girls

The Relationship between Parental Abuse with Parental and Marital Roles Attitude in Girls

Taking lack of relationship between misbehavior and parental role attitude into account, it can be concluded that since many people have accepted obedient‑orientated roles, acceptance of misbehavior is not reported as a negative behavior and, as a result, the obtained score is low. Moreover, individuals who grow up in families full of conflicts and child abuse would lose educational opportunities due to poverty, addiction, and similar social disorders. Therefore, generalizing results of the present study to the whole participants must be done with care.
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Postpartum Depression and Marital Relationship

Postpartum Depression and Marital Relationship

Three hundred-ninety-eight new mothers, from one month postpartum to one year post partum were part of this study. The study was conducted in Tirana. The aim of this study is to explore postpartum depression (PPD) and the factors that can contribute to PPD, with an emphasis on marital relationship. Edinburgh Post Natal Depression Scale and the revised version of Beck Postpartum Depression Predictors Inventory (PDPI - R) were used in this study to evaluate women with PPD and factors contributing to PPD. Approximately 23% of women that used the Edinburg Postpartum Depression Scale were found to have PPD.To evaluate the relationship between Postpartum Depression and marital relationship is used Pearson correlation. Postpartum depression and marital relationship were negatively moderately correlated at a significant level.
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Family functioning, marital quality and social support in Chinese patients with epilepsy

Family functioning, marital quality and social support in Chinese patients with epilepsy

Statistical analyses were carried out using SPSS version 18.0 (SPSS Inc., Chicago, USA). Univariate relationships were determined between sociodemographics; mental scales scores in two groups were analyzed using independ- ent sample t tests. Pearson’s correlations were used to de- termine the associations between depression, anxiety, social supports, family functioning and marital quality. Multi-linear regression analyses were used to determine the different kinds and sources of social support and nega- tive emotion affecting family functioning and marital qual- ity. The different kinds of social support, anxiety and depression were entered as independent variables and family cohesion, family adaptation and marital quality were entered as dependent variables. Separate regression analyses were conducted in patients and healthy control samples, one for each domain of variables. All statistical tests were two-tailed, and p <0.05 was regarded as being statistically significant.
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The relationship between attachment styles and personal love attitudes and marital values

The relationship between attachment styles and personal love attitudes and marital values

Method: The sample included 313 single undergraduate students of large universities in Tehran who were chosen by nonrandom sampling at hand. Experimental data were collected using the Adult Attachment Styles Questionnaire, the Love Attitude Scale, and the Adult Marital Values Questionnaire.

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Section 5 22 of the Texas Family Code: Control and Management of the Marital Estate

Section 5 22 of the Texas Family Code: Control and Management of the Marital Estate

Section 5 22 of the Texas Family Code Control and Management of the Marital Estate SMU Law Review Volume 27 | Issue 5 Article 5 1973 Section 5 22 of the Texas Family Code Control and Management of the[.]

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Effect of practical application of intimate relationship skills program in marital commitment of couples

Effect of practical application of intimate relationship skills program in marital commitment of couples

The present research employed a quasi- experimental method with pretest, posttest design and a control group. The research population included all the couples who attended a training course on the improvement of marital relationship and increase of life satisfaction in response to the researchers’ public announcement in the counseling and psychological services clinics of Isfahan, the center of Iran, in 2013. The sample was selected through one-stage, random cluster sampling method. First, four counseling centers were selected and then, 40 couples were chosen using convenience sampling among the couples referred to these centers. Adams and Jones marital commitment questionnaire was then administered on the participants. Based on the obtained results, 16 couples scored below the mean on the marital commitment questionnaire and they were included in the final sample. In the next step, these couples were randomly assigned to the experimental and control groups (N=8 in each group).
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The Relationship between Non-verbal Communication and Marital Adjustment among Iranian Couples

The Relationship between Non-verbal Communication and Marital Adjustment among Iranian Couples

Test of non-verbal cue knowledge (TONCK). The test of Non-verbal Cue Knowledge, a paper and pencil test measuring explicit knowledge of non- verbal cue meaning and use, was developed by Rosip and Hall in 2004 at University of Boston. It consists of 81 items. It measures non-verbal cue knowledge. The respondents will be asked to indicate their responds on the two points given against each statement i.e., "true" and "false". Scoring was done by summing correct answers so that higher values indicate more knowledge of non-verbal cues and Scores may range between 0 and 81. Validity of the tool was established by Rosip & Hall (2004) using Cronbach's alpha technique and it was .89. On the current sample Cronbach's alpha was .69 and test-retest reliability was .70 over a 10 weeks period. Convergent validity was evaluated on the relationship between TONCK and The Diagnostic Analysis of Nonverbal Accuracy-2 Adult Facial Expression Test (DANA2-AF) and The Diagnostic Analysis of Nonverbal Accuracy-2 Child Facial Expression Test (DANA2-CF). Baniasadi and Mortazavi (2009) administered two measures to college students (Shahid Bahonar University of Kerman) and reported a correlation of .33 (r=.33, p>.o5, n=300) between DANA2-AF with TONCK and a correlation of .30 (r= .30, p>.o5, n= 300) between DANA2- CF with TONCK. Moreover, for discriminative validity, scores on the TONCK were not found related to Raven's Progressive Matrices (IQ) (r=.6, p <.o5, n=150).
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The Effects of Spiritual Well-Being, Family Protective Factors, and Family Strength on the Marital Satisfaction Based on the Strength-Based Approach

The Effects of Spiritual Well-Being, Family Protective Factors, and Family Strength on the Marital Satisfaction Based on the Strength-Based Approach

The model of family strengths that Stinnett (1979) developed has become the model often used by family therapists, social workers, psychiatrists, and family life educators (Wheeler, 2008). Understanding what makes families strong has given helping professionals specific characteristics they can focus on and develop within families. Schumm (1985) hypothesized a multivariate model of family strengths within the family. Schumm, Hatch, Hevelone, and Schumm (1989) developed a new 20-item survey designed to assess the family strength characteristics that had been embraced in a number of helping fields. The survey assessed the family strengths of time spent together, positive interaction/appreciation, open and empathetic communication/conflict resolution, commitment to relationship stability, commitment to relationship growth, and personal worth of self and others (Shumm, Bollman, Jurich, & Hatch, 2001).
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