Infrastructure development in India has set off in a major way in the last two Years and is witnessing impressive growth across various segments. Construction sector to be the biggest beneficiary of the infrastructure boom. To construct this massive & huge sort of construction in a very short time we required to adopt Fasttrack methodology. By conventional method we required more time to complete the project, In this methodology we crash the duration of project by applying latest material, equipment which is effective, durable & apply faster way with balancing the quality. Although the FastTrackconstruction method has the potential of saving time, there can be no reasonable expectation of always saving money. The financial saving is primarily in the value of the time saved, if it materializes.
In China, a company named WinSun Decoration Design Engineering has built ten 3D printed houses entirely out of recycled materials in less than 24 hours. The printer used for this purpose was assembled by importing its parts from overseas. It measures 32 meters long by 10 meters wide and is 6.6 meters in height. The printer is capable of printing houses having a plan area of about 200sq.m. The materials used for construction included a mixture of industrial wastes and other inexpensive materials.
methods and adopting new technologies with the time is the only reason to be successful in any field. Though adopting new technologies need some initial investment but their future return can compensate all those investments in very quick time. The time aspect is generally avoided during most of the construction projects which further leads to great loss if there is a delay because of the huge bank loans. This is the main reason for adopting fast-track techniques. Fast-track techniques eventually result in low-cost housing as it saves time. The new innovations and better techniques which can save both money and time without affecting the strength can be used as a replacement for conventional methods. Formwork which is the basic element in any construction project is one of the aspects where new techniques can be implemented for cost cutting in a long run. Conventional formwork which is less durable can be replaced with aluminum formwork (ALUFORM), Tunnel formwork and plywood formwork. There is a huge loss of material, time, labor and money in conventional formwork which results in increasing total cost. The new technologies of formwork results in pouring concrete simultaneously in walls, beams, slab in a monolithic way. The rapid wall is an Australian technology further researched by IIT MADRAS which is also known as Glass fiber reinforced gypsum (GFRG) is a very effective way of achieving fast- trackconstruction. GFRG is a great example of green construction as it uses waste gypsum as the main product and reducing the carbon footprint from the construction industry. This concept promotes modular housing which saves both time and money. Expanded polystyrene (EPS) can also be replaced by conventional formwork which will lead in achieving low cost and fast-track development. The proper planning and management of all these new technologies will help in achieving great results. Use of these fast-track technologies can prevent pollution, reduce the energy consumption, increase their reusability, recyclability and achieve sustainability.
The main challenge in construction sector is to create certainty about delivery on time, on budget and to the targeted quality and safety. Fasttrackconstruction is a solution for the problem. Fast tracking strategies are used to achieve shorter project duration. Different types of strategies are affecting the fasttrackconstruction. Delay management, resource management, choice of technology is the three different important strategies that affect the fasttrackconstruction. The most important causes were delays in fasttrackconstruction are contractor's payments, shortage of material in construction, change in material, etc. Without proper Resource management projects can fall behind schedule or can become loss. The application of latest technology at construction industry will help to complete the project with short duration. Different methods are available in each strategy for their betterment and their application will helps for the success of a construction. REFERENCES
The principal factors to keep an inpatient after uncomplicated major abdominal surgery is the need for intravenous analgesia (aching), intravenous fluids (persistent bowel dysfunction) and bed rest (lack of mobility of the patient). These factors interact with each other and retard the patient reintegration to normal activities. Part of the protocol of FastTrack Surgery is to combat these factors with the aim of accelerating postoperative recovery of the patient and with it, decrease the time in which he/she can be incorporated into daily life. The fact that the patient has probes and catheters, prevent free movement either by fear of those devices or discomfort they generate. There are studies which show that the routine use of the nasogastric tube is not justified because there are no advantages over its use after intestinal surgery . Studies have shown that the use of drains in the peritoneal cavity after intestinal resection and anastomosis do not reduce the incidence or severity of an anastomotic leak and its complications [19, 20]. Therefore, in patients submitted to surgery on the FastTrack protocol Surgery, abdominal drains are not used routinely . Likewise with the urinary catheter; if the surgery was performed without complications, its permanence may limit early mobility of the patient. All our patients left the operating room without nasogastric tubes, urinary catheters or drains into the abdominal cavity.
Between each along-track data collection point, the radar is stationary, avoiding any question of the stop-start approximation being violated and re- ducing the chance of electrical interference from the stepper motor entering the radar signal. While the radar is stationary, a range profile is collected and digitized using the on-board digital sampling card, a 40MHz, 12-bit CH3150 ExacqDAQ model. This card is also used, via the digital output port, to control the stepper motor. Immediately after collecting the data, a frequency counter that monitors the centre frequency is queried for a measurement. The time and centre frequency are logged in the meta data file, and then the IF signal data is saved in a separate file named with the along-track position index. At the end of the data collection, the radar is wound back to the starting position, ready for the next data collection task.
b. Railway Track: The Baramulla-Banihal railway track has bifurcated the wetland into east (larger) and west (smaller) parts. This reduces the core area and increases edge area and the birds which prefer to interior portion of the wetland badly affected due to disruption of their inter-relationships. Some birds are rare species which tend to disappear as their habitat shrinks due to the fragmentation. This fragmentation also reduces the area of free movement of birds and this may lower their reproductive capacity. The railway track converted a part of the wetland into barren land. This portion of the wetland habitat once hosts a number of birds including migratory birds,has no feeding and breeding characters.
Another significant finding was that starting the patient earlier on oral diet did not increase the incidence of pancreatic fistula. The higher incidence of PF in this study per se, is the consequence of applying the ISGPF definition for PF 50 . But similar to DGE, most of the PF belonged to grade A (8 out of 11 in the fast-track group and 9 out of 10 in the conventional group). These patients did not have a change in the course of post-operative recovery nor did they require any specific intervention. The incidence of clinically significant PF (grade B or C) was only 3 in the fast-track group and one in the conventional group. There was no difference in the rates of post pancreatectomy haemorrhage and other non-specific complications between the two groups. The mortality rate was similar and there was also no difference in the 30 day readmission rate.
the fast-track procedure is early postoperative extubation of patients. Publications from the 1990s declare patients with a postoperative ventilation period of less than 8 hours as a fast-track population . The patients of the conventional treatment group, by contrast, were sedated in the established manner for longer than 12 hours postopera- tively and accordingly received prolonged ventilatory support until the next morning. A further concept of the fast-track approach is shortening of the postoperative mon- itoring phase in the intensive care unit. But only by shor- tening the period of prolonged ventilatory support could the monitoring times also be consecutively shortened in the ICU [21,27]. While a study of Kogan  defines the postoperative transfer of patients from the ICU on the 1 st postoperative day as a fast-track population, in an article of Calafiore the patients of the fast-track population  were already transferred from the intensive care unit on the day of surgery. Since the fast-track concept has many facets, usually only a very limited comparison of published studies on the fast-track topic is possible. An additional hindrance Table 2 Postoperative characteristics and events
The quality of perishable products get deteriorates rapidly. To prevent it they should be delivered to vendors as early as possible which is the challenging task but can be achieved by the continuously working on the solutions. In this paper FastTrack Food Delivery using IoT is proposed. The various solutions regarding to the delivery of perishable products are studied such as Advanced Firefly Algorithm, K-Hop Clustering Algorithm (KHOCA) and Message Queuing Telemetry Transport (MQTT), Google Map API. In the proposed model the optimal path is obtained to deliver the product and Google Firebase database is used to store the orders of different vendors at the real-time. Also the vendors get all the information about their product by concept of IoT which is through an Android App in their smart phones such as tracking of product and arrival time of product.
Purpose. The purpose of this research is to substantiate the technical limits of the railway track (under reliability status) for the formation the regulatory framework for reliability and functional safety of the railway track in Ukraine. Methodology. In order to achieve the goal of research analysis methods of the technical states of elements and trackforms that are typical of operation conditions of the railways in Ukraine were used. Findings. Technical states accordance of elements and trackforms to reliability status under existing regulations was defined. These con- ditions are based on the track assessments in accordance with the dimensional tape results. The status of each ele- ment of the track design affects its deformation work, but the rules are still absent that would connect state of track elements with the state of the track by estimation of the dimensional tape. The reasons on which the limits are not set were established. It was found out which researches are necessary to conduct for their installation. Originality. The classification of the reliability state of a railway track for permitted deviation at the track laying and maintenance was developed. The regulation importance the technical states of ballast section and subgrade for the developed classification was established. Practical value. Ukrzaliznytsia (UZ) is a founding member of the Council for Railway Transport of the Commonwealth. This body issued interstate standard State Standard 32192- 2013 «Reliability of railway equipment. Basic concepts, terms and definitions». On this basis developed a new in- terstate standard «Security functional of railway equipment. Terms and definitions». At the same time UZ is a mem- ber of the cooperation of railways in International Union of Railway Transport where rules with reliable and safe operation of railways are established in all transport branches. This study will help implement these standards on the railways of Ukraine, improve the efficiency of the information in this sphere, providing mutual understanding and unity of presentation and perception of information, including contractual legal relations of economic agents with public authorities in international scientific and technical, trade and economic relations.
Background: Traumatic subdural hematoma is one of the severe injuries to brain with high mortality rates. Dural opening is often associated with brain herniation against the dural edges due to associated edema that would lead to venous infarction. Aim: The objective of this study is to describe a technical note that would allow fast and effective closure of the dura after hematoma evacuation via duraplasty with analysis of the safety and competency of the technique. Subjects and Methods: The fast-track technique was implemented in 15 successive cases with acute subdural hematoma where the fascia lata flap was prepared and sutured to the planned dural incision before opening the dura, which allowed fast and effective closure of the dura before brain hernia- tion. Subdural bridges were planned by using Gelfoam to prevent venous compression. Analysis of the technique effectiveness was performed by the operative detection of brain herniation, as well as clinical and radiological follow-up of patients. Results: All patients had a Glasgow coma score (GCS) below six before the operation. Mean time from trauma to surgery was five hours. The dura could be effectively closed with no brain herniation in all cases. Nine patients survived (60%), where five of them ended up in a vegeta- tive state. Of these two recovered and three continued in a persistent vegeta- tive state. The mortality rate was 40%. Post-operative infarction was detected in post-operative imaging of four patients. Conclusion: The fast-track durap- lasty technique is fast and effective in prevention of brain herniation during surgery with favorable clinical outcome in comparison with the poor and se- verely deteriorated preoperative clinical presentation. More studies to eva- luate the impact of the technique on the survival rate are warranted.
The main aim of this study was to examine how accepting patient requests to reduce the waiting time set by the central appointment service impacted gastroscopy outcomes. Specifically we sought to assess whether fast- tracking patients on their request improved identifica- tion of organicpathology, to show whether insistence on rapid admission to gastroscopy could be considered an alarm sign for organic dyspepsia and, possibly, to suggest an effective management approach to these patients. Accordingly, over a period of six months, our open-access endoscopy clinic agreed to fast-track outpatients who believed their symptoms demanded prioritized medical attention.
Local authority Initial Assessment Reports and Social Background Reports, which are requested to assist reporters make their decisions about referrals, should be submitted within 20 days. According to the PA report (2004), which used SCRA statistics, the performance of FastTrack local authorities in producing social work reports within 20 working days was much better than comparison authorities and indeed nearly all other Scottish authorities, though there were still quite a few ‘late’ submissions. The delivery of reports within this target from 49% to 100% in FastTrack areas, but 20% to 48% in comparison sites. Some social work key contacts in the present study argued that their Fasttrack submission rates were better than shown by SCRA data, as they used slightly different definitions of both what constituted relevant reports and the timing of delivery. Certain of the key contacts in the research from Police, reporters and social work suggested that electronic sharing of reports would not only overcome some of the practical problems of postal or personal delivery of written documents, but have further advantages of improved information sharing.
Reports from social work contacts about cases that had exited FastTrack were largely positive, though it must be borne in mind that young people who were thought to need further help to achieve or maintain gains would often not have exited. 70% of young people who had exited were said to have done so because they had improved or responded to the programme. About a quarter had not responded and/or were now involved in the adult criminal justice system. Just over half of the young people with two or more risk assessment scores had remained in the same broad grouping, while one third had moved to a lower risk category and 10% were not rated as higher risk than before. In the majority of cases in the evaluation sample, reporters and panel members thought the intervention had had positive results, which was true for only slightly smaller proportions in comparison areas. Moreover, the general view was that young people’s welfare needs had not suffered from a focus on offending.
The evaluation found different versions of FastTrack operating in the 12 LEAs. Several LEAs appeared to have taken the original prototype and ‘domesticated’ the framework to meet their own particular set of needs. Across the 12 LEAs, FastTrack variations were evident in: the scope of implementation (e.g. LEA wide or selective schools); the timescales (the original 16 week framework had been extended or reduced); the use of panels (variations in number and timing): withdrawal (some LEAs did not withdraw cases from FastTrack); the role of the EWO/school (the level of involvement at particular stages of FastTrack differed across LEAs) and timing of the summons (some issued early on in the process e.g. week one, others much later). Perhaps the most fundamental difference between LEAs was the intended purpose and target groups of FastTrack. Two LEAs ran what could be termed ‘court focused Fast Tracks’ with the function of rapidly progressing difficult cases to court. Meanwhile, in nine LEAs, FastTrack could be classified more as an ‘early intervention’ strategy. Here, a wider range of cases would be targeted and through the processes of FastTrack it was hoped that attendance would improve and cases be withdrawn. One LEA operated a ‘whole school and community focused FastTrack’ where the overriding purpose was to raise awareness amongst all parents and pupils about the importance of good attendance.
 Chelson, D. E. (2010). The Effects of Building Information Modeling on Construction Site Productivity. PhD Thesis, University of Maryland.  Bashir, F. M., Ahmad, H. M., Ahmed, M. Y. & Dodo Y. A. (2012) A Preliminary Framework for Pedagogy of Sustainable Housing Policy in Nigerian Universities International policy brief series; Education & Science Journal of Policy Review & Curriculum Development Vol. 2, No. 1, Pp 66-72 2012 ISSN:2315-6635)