visualizing (Felder, 1988). The method of teaching is to be designed by understanding the learning styles of the students and the environment is to be arranged to encourage and motivate students for learning the engineering subjects. Fieldstudy was introduced as an assignment from 2014 for first year students in order to give good learning environment for students to gain more knowledge by observing building construction activities at construction project. Students had the opportunity to learn civil engineering principles relevant to the field of construction by observing the way it is used at real construction projects when they start their engineering education. Students enter engineering study without understanding the realities of either their degree program or engineering work, and without a sense of motivation and commitment (Bennett, Kapoor, Rajinder & Maynard, 2015). In addition, they had a chance to understand the application of modern technology in construction field other than they have learned the application in the classroom. After completing this course, these students will be employed in the construction field where different category of people work together to achieve their common target of completing the project in time with the given cost limit. Students were able to understand how they work as a team, discuss with technical staff at site and obtain useful information relevant to their subject.
The accuracy of 476 oxygen flowmeters was investigated using a thermal mass flowmeter in eight hospitals in France and Belgium. Different oxygen flow rates (2 to 15 l/min) were evaluated at the patient’s bed. When the sample was considered as a whole, the accuracy of delivered flow was ac- ceptable but precision was poor. The variability of the delivered flow between devices was greater when a low flow rate was required. Compensated-pressure oxygen flowmeters for these low rates were more accurate than their non-compensated counterparts. This study emphasizes the need to in- dividually adapt the oxygen flow rate each time a patient has to move from one flowmeter to another.
The ideal study of relative humidity in Nepenthes habitats would have humidity meters in many different locations that would record the humidity constantly over the course of a year. Such an effort is beyond my capabilities. Instead I measured relative humidity just once at each of 48 locations where Nepenthes plants were found, in both mountain and lowland habitats. The meas- urements were made during the day between 9 a.m. and 5 p.m. Although this is not as thorough as the ideal study, it does indicate some clear trends. Table 2 summarizes the number of measure- ments falling within the indicated ranges of relative humidity.
analogs also result in significant pollution of the environment (Methionine 2001). More synthetic methionine in the diet is metabolized into highly toxic compounds like methyl propionate, thereby, adversely altering the performance of birds (Bender., 1975). Herbal preparations composed of single or multiple plant ingredients traditionally have been used for the health management in the poultry i.e tone up the liver, improves appetite, and increases disease resistance (Mwale et al., 2005; Okitoi et al., 2007; Prabakaran 2003). So the concept of herbal supplementation of methionine came in to existence. Herbal methionine as a source of active methionine has been claimed to be effective on performance, cost benefit ratio, meat and feather quality of broiler chicken (Halder et al., 2007; Kumari et al., 2012). The aim of the study is to evaluate efficacy of herbal alternate methionine supplement (Methiorep, M/S Ayurvet Limited, Baddi, India) in improving overall growth, productivity and performance in poultry birds.
X-ray diffraction (Cu–K , Siemens D-5000) was employed to identify the crystal Structure of the samples at room temperature. Field Emission-Scanning Electron Microscopy (FESEM) (JEOL JSM– 7600 F) was used to examine the grain size and morphology. Magnetization curves were measured using a vibrating sample magnetometer (VSM, DMS 880) in the temperature range of 80–570 K and in applied magnetic fields up to 10 kOe. For the magnetic measurements, the powders were pressed in the forms of platelets.
Doing research implies that a contribution to existing knowledge should be made (Paul, 2002). Hedrick et al. (1993) state that good research typically requires substantial up front work, which provides an understanding of the problem or issues. Not only does this provide a focus for the research, it also enables the selection of appropriate topics that have not already been investigated and it may facilitate the convergence of activities and interests (Webster and Watson, 2002). Moreover, Campbell et al. (1982) state that good research is likely to be borne out of intuition rather than any logical analysis. Hence, although the literature was used initially to assist in scoping the study, as the research progressed, what were perceived as possible opportunities for obtaining interesting insights, were taken when they arose. More specifically, Myers (1997) argues that a good indicator of interpretive research is that it offers a contribution to the information systems community in respect of whether the author has developed new concepts, applied new concepts or applied a well known theory in a new or unique way. He also suggests that a good marker is research that offers rich insights into the human, social and organisational aspects of information systems development and application or if it contradicts conventional wisdom. Gill and Johnson (1991) also note that good projects will display symmetry of outcomes. That is, whatever the result it will be useful. The research was therefore, conducted with these points in mind.
Electrochemical disinfection of treated wastewater coming from the effluent of the secondary clarifier of the Wastewater Treatment plant of Marrero, LA was evaluated in this study. A continuous flow reactor from Ecolotron Inc. of Seabrook, TX was used for continuous operations during 3 to 4 months. Titanium electrodes coated with Iridium oxide, connected to a direct (DC) power supply and alternating its polarity, were utilized. Bacterial inactivation and chlorine production were the main parameters recorded.
Mahapatra (1994) discussed the Relative Growth Rate (RGR) and Doubling time (Dt) for publications and citations which appeared in Indian library and information science journals during 1975 - 1985 were determined. The reducing trend of RGR and increasing rate for doubling time in double- publications and citations indicates that the growth is neither exponential nor linear. The size of the literature is calculated by applying logistic growth formula, intellectual and environment conditions and with the increase of the number of publications, the number of citations will also increase. Arvinda and Reddy (1990) have analyzed 3807 references contained in the 'Annual Review of Anthropology' for the period 1980-82. The bibliographic distribution of citations showed that citation to books occupied 57.53 percent of those citations, followed by Journals (37.17%), Conference Proceedings (1.94%), Theses/Dissertations (1.31%), Technical Reports (0.79%) respectively. Biradar and Premalatha (1998) have conducted a study on 14 MD psychiatric dissertations submitted to the Department of Psychiatry, NIMHANS, Bangalore, during the period, 1974-1995. Most of the citations (73.22%) are articles in periodicals. The other bibliographic forms are Books (16.32%), Reports (4.35%), Seminar/ Conference Proceedings (2.32%), Manuals (0.94%) and other forms (1.8%).
Compaction is very important parameter in road construction. The amount of compaction defines the quality of road construction and durability of road. Good compaction helps in economic construction of road also helps in easy maintenance. The main aim of this project is to find the relative compaction of lab and field and also find the variation of compaction parameters also analyze the parameters to find optimum compaction of soil with better usage of resources in an economical way.
The aim of this research is to see whether the novelty of Dimensions classification has some usability value in comparison to standard journal based classification systems brought by relevant scientific databases in terms of journals and papers they index within the field of textile technology. If so, assigned categories should match with those assigned by Web of Science and Scopus. Additionally, in what proportion catego- ries assigned by Dimensions relate to the journals identified to pertain to the field of textile technology. Methodological approach time span of the research was 2017 since it is the last year with available data in the InCites Journal Citation Reports (JCR) and Scimago Journal & Country Rank (SJR). There was no need to use a wider time span than a year, because it gave representative number of papers (N=1163) and if there were some errors or misclassifications in the data they would appear most likely. Comparison of the results in the Web of Science, Scopus and Dimensions is made, analyzing the results for any correlation.
Chiu and Yu (2015) developed a design method for improving the flow characteristics of a multistage roots pumps, about the research field on the flow characteristics of multistage Roots pumps with serial and parallel connections are investigated. They concluded that the better progression phase angles in the serial and parallel connection designs are 30 and 45, respectively.
activities through a system of clinics to Denver-area children from low-income families without dental insurance. Because of KIND’s extensive experience in the field of providing dental care to underserved children, the Anthem Blue Cross and Blue Shield Foundation (formerly BlueCross BlueShield of Colorado Foundation) approached KIND in 1997 with the suggestion to develop a partnership to serve children up to age 18 whose families “fall through the cracks” - unable to afford private insurance or qualify for public assistance and who live in rural areas away from metro Denver. With help from a planning grant from the Foundation, the two organiza- tions worked together to find an innovative way to bring oral health services directly to these populations at little cost. Initial research into the feasibility of starting a dental program for children involved a comparison between three delivery systems: portable dental services, mobile dental care, and clinical dental care.
In 3DCRT conventional planning technique, (fig.1) shows the arrangement of fields, the “isocenter” of the treatment machine is positioned at the center point of the midline joining two parallel opposing fields. Physical wedges were then added to both tangential beams in order to improve the dose uniformity to the CTV, and to compensate for the rapid changes in external contours, wedge angles were changed according to separation, thickness and curvature of chest wall to achieve dose homogeneity, dose conformity and minimize volumes of heart and ipsilateral lung that unavoidably get included within the field borders .
the differences between adult and child learners Houle has sought to stress the similarities in the educational process throughout the life-span of the individual. Thus he grounds his theory within the tradition of general educational theory going back to Ralph Tyler 26 and John Dewey. However lie has tried to broaden the basis of this tradition, to remove the emphasis on the school and institutional education and to take into account the fluidity of the process of adult education and the diversity of situations in which it takes place. Houle has thus sought to provide adult education with a sense of direction and a legitimating framework from within the field of general educational theory. He has thus held out the promise of an emerging discipline of adult education which, while based within general educational theory, would also be based in the characteristic which distinguishes it from most traditional education viz. the richness and diversity of the situations within which adult education takes place. The weaknesses of both of these attempts to provide a sense of unity and direction to the field of adult education arise out of their very strengths. Precisely because both seek to provide this sense of unity between frequently warring factions and traditions, both serve also to mask the political and ideological dimensions of all education. Knowles assumes the neutrality of adult education technology and Houle despite his recognition of the diversity of purposes, assumes the benignity of the educational process. In addition, precisely because both seek to ground adult education within a universalistic frame of reference, based in the case of Knowles on a set of assumptions about the characteristics of adult learners and in the case of Houle on a typology of educational design situations both serve to inhibit an analysis of the unique historical, cultural and social contexts and traditions within which adult education forms and practices emerge.
Seeking qualification by studying the chosen specialisation in the field of music means commitment to lifelong learning exploring an inexhaustible area, which is broad and rich, complex and challenging. Music is the art of sounds including the creation, performance and perception of music. Professional musicians must be able to link theoretical knowledge with practical skills, have a critical understanding of artistic phenomena, combine physical and intellectual abilities with developed emotional and other non-verbal communication skills. “For music is intrinsically interdisciplinary and multidisciplinary, international and multicultural; it fosters creativity and craftsmanship and practical skills; it provides a liberal education - historical, sociological, aesthetic and analytical - in an art that answers a deep and enduring human need, both in Western civilisation and almost every civilisation known to history; its links with mathematics, science and technology are profound and inescapable” 7 .
Three-dimensional treatment planning system (TPS) Computerized Medical Systems (CMS) XiO software (re- lease 4.64) was used to carry out dose calculation for all patients under study by super position algorithm. The TPS has both inverse and forward planning facilities. In inverse planning: after the beams are set, the inverse IMRT planning facility was used to make an automatic segmentation of all beams using the Multileaf Collima- tor (MLC). In forward IMRT planning (Field-in-Field (FIF)), the beam parameters were manually adjusted in a try and error process to achieve a good dose distribution to the PTV and at the same time to spare the OARs from receiving high doses.
A large number of different liquid metals or alloys can be selected to be used as propellant in FEEP system. Alkali metals with high atomic weight i.e. Cesium, Rubidium, etc. may deliver commendable performance in terms of thrust efficiency and power-to-thrust ratio. These propellants have a low ionization potential, low melting point and have extraordinary wetting capabilities. These characteristics result in lower power losses in heating, melting and ionization and due to their capability to utilize capillary forces for feeding purposes eliminating the need of pressurized tanks or valves. Alkali metals have minimal attitude to form ionized droplets or clusters, thus increasing the mass efficiency significantly. A beam of singly-ionized cesium or rubidium atoms, produced by field evaporation at the tip of the slit emitter, generates the thrust. Table 1 tabulates and compares the physical properties of few preferred liquid metals as propellant for FEEP system.