Finnegans Wake

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Toilet Humour and Ecology on the First Page of Finnegans Wake: Žižek’s Call of Nature, Answered by Joyce

Toilet Humour and Ecology on the First Page of Finnegans Wake: Žižek’s Call of Nature, Answered by Joyce

Despite Žižek’s own reservations about the Irish writer, it is perhaps James Joyce who has best answered this call of nature in the poetry of his last major work, the ‘allincluding most farraginous chronicle’ of the night, Finnegans Wake (Joyce, 1986, 345). 3 Žižek generally gives short shrift to Joyce in his critical writings, despite Joyce’s being a staple reference for the latter stages of the psychoanalytic theory of his master, Jacques Lacan. He has suggested that ‘there is effectively something fake in Lacan’s fascination with late Joyce’, opting instead to champion Samuel Beckett, at one time Joyce’s amanuensis, and in many ways his literary successor, as the true bearer of the Lacanian Word (2012a, 207). 4 However, there are many
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Creating a Lexical Universe: Redefining Burke’s Dramatic Pentad through the Language of Finnegans Wake

Creating a Lexical Universe: Redefining Burke’s Dramatic Pentad through the Language of Finnegans Wake

Infamous for its deliberate perplexities, Finnegans Wake remains one the most unapproachable works in literature. Over seventeen years of rigorous composition whilst burdened with deteriorating eyesight, Joyce developed unprecedented techniques of word play, allusive ambiguities, and linguistic manipulations which provide the Wake’s reader with the daunting task of deciphering whatever meaning they can from its simplest words and phrases. At the root of its difficulties, Finnegans Wake revels in its separation from conventional dramatics, disrupting the “symbol-using” portion of Burke’s definition of man while flaunting in the “symbol-making, symbol-misusing” description (Language as Symbolic Action 16). What this shows is that the pairing of Burke and Joyce is not random. In fact, both are equally praised and criticized for their limitless areas of study and approach. While Burke’s rhetoric “seems to encompass almost everything” (Bizzell and Herzberg 1297), the same can be said of Finnegans Wake. Joyce once remarked of the Wake: “You are not Irish… and the meaning of some passages will perhaps escape you. But you are Catholic, so you will recognize this and that allusion. You don’t play cricket; this word may mean nothing to you. But you are a musician, so you feel at ease in this passage” (Bishop ix). While briefly stated, any reader will plausibly find something subjectively valuable in the Wake’s pages. Thus, it seems only natural to analyze Joyce with Burke’s tools, namely, with the latter’s dramatic pentad.
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The Picture and the Letter: Male and Female Creativity in James Joyce’s 'Finnegans Wake'

The Picture and the Letter: Male and Female Creativity in James Joyce’s 'Finnegans Wake'

sources covering almost the entire history of writing, into a unified underlying structure of understanding, namely the family romance of the Earwicker family, makes it a monument to synthesis, the intertextual novel par excellence. On the other hand, the playful evasiveness of its language operates to reverse the synthetic process where, instead of producing unity, it engenders a rebellious variety of signifieds. It is politically revolutionary in its combination of both subversive language and content, although its writing is not characterised by a partisan approach so much as an anarchic resistance to political systems of any form. Finnegans Wake encourages scepticism towards all authority through an appreciation of the ever-recurring sources, motives and forms of social domination. The historical sweep of the Wake precedes to some extent the genealogical project of Michel Foucault, who in providing information concerning the historical genesis of power structures promotes an analytical distance from, and a consequent undermining of, their unquestioned position in culture. Joyce’s works similarly encourage understanding rather than any specific social action, and to have entered the political process directly would ultimately have contributed to the replication of the very power structures he intended to undermine: the patriarchal logos portrayed in Finnegans Wake is one which appropriates all new value systems over time. Thus the cultural reworking of the Judeo-Christian spiritual faith into a mythology based upon sexual and textual reproduction in Finnegans Wake likewise forms part of that assimilation process, where Joyce’s works can be perceived as displacing the Christian texts in culture.
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Finnegans wake: Mapping a national consciousness

Finnegans wake: Mapping a national consciousness

In James Joyce's Finnegans wake, the political and sexual mores placed upon Irish culture by the presence of the British Empire and the Catholic Church during the late colonial and early post colonial period of modern Irish history, are extirpated in a re-telling of the Biblical fall from grace. From a historical perspective, the political fall of Charles Stewart Parnell, the Protestant Irish Home Rule leader, in the late nineteenth century, which is echoed in Joyce's text, presaged the return of violence as a means to achieve independence from Britain. But Joyce sensed that despite the achievement of an Irish state, personal liberation in the terms that would later be defined by Frantz Fanon in his chapter 'On National Consciousness' in Les damnes de la terre (1961), did not accompany the emergence of Irish nationhood. Finnegans wake published in 1939, can be read as Joyce's mapping of the damaged terrain of a national consciousness, psychologically dominated by the Irish Free State polity and censoriousness of the Catholic Church of the 1930s. A brief exposition of the Parnell affair and its link to the emergence of a modern Irish consciousness expressed in the violence and literature of the fin de siecle, will presage a discussion of Joyce's last work.
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Joyce the Postmodernist: A Glance at Finnegans Wake

Joyce the Postmodernist: A Glance at Finnegans Wake

When Finnegans Wake first appeared in 1939, it marked "a radical change in Joyce's style and technique" (Litz, 1961, p. 76). It is a "comic version of the history of the Universe from Creation to Judgment day" (Goldman, 1968, p. 73) where Joyce explores the world history and interrogates its authority. Joyce's philosophy of art and life retains in itself those characteristics and qualities that enable us to label his frame of mind as postmodern. Finnegans Wake is Joyce's postmodern novel where we find the distrust of organized systems and ideologies. Indeed, "familiarity with Finnegans Wake is fundamental to the understanding of the postmodern world" (Booker, 1991, p. 191), for, it "registers the tensions between modernism and postmodernism shap[ing] the critical ideologies of postmodernism" (Mays, 1998, p. 22). Finnegans Wake, where the "unaccountable past" (Knowlton, 1998, p. 78) is revisited as it seems through "the eye of a noodle" (Joyce, 1942, p. 143 as cited in Knowlton, p. 78), reflects Joyce's incredulity towards metanarratives. In it the following list of metanarratives is defunct: Christianity (Christian redemption), Enlightenment, Hegelianism and Marxism.
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"The Last Leaf" in Finnegans Wake

"The Last Leaf" in Finnegans Wake

Henry-cad, forger, Post Man-is the kind of artist to prompt such a question, for like the author of the Wake he characterizes his city as a.. dissonant choir of voices, "not con1bine[r]

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Death on the Missisliffi: Huckleberry Finn in Finnegans Wake

Death on the Missisliffi: Huckleberry Finn in Finnegans Wake

When the "barq" of Amen-Ra sinks below the western horizon, it is indeed time to give the "devil his dues." Bishop remarks that some ofthe incantations included in the Bo[r]

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Trailing in the Wake: The Freedom of Speech in Montana

Trailing in the Wake: The Freedom of Speech in Montana

The committee unanimously proposes this adoption of former Article III, Sec- tion 10 with one substantive change. The freedom of speech is extended, in line with federal decisions under the First Amendment, to cover the freedom of expression. Hopefully, this extension will provide impetus to the courts in Montana to rule on various forms of expression similar to the spoken word and the ways in which one expresses his unique personality in an effort to re- balance the general backseat status of states in the safeguarding of civil liber- ties. The committee wishes to stress the primacy of these guarantees in the hope that their enforcement will not continue merely in the wake of the fed- eral case law. 61
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Wing-Wake Interactions in Aeroelastic Systems.

Wing-Wake Interactions in Aeroelastic Systems.

Numerous researchers investigated tandem wing-wake interactions in thrust generating systems including pure pitch oscillations[2, 9], pure plunge oscillations[28, 29, 68, 26], and combined pitch plunge motions (Akhtar et al., 2007 [12, 51, 86, 88]). For example, Gong et al.[28, 29] (2015, 2016) investigated tandem heaving wings, finding peak lift enhancement when a leading edge vortex (LEV) from the upstream wing interacts with an LEV on the downstream wing that has opposite rotation. For background information on LEVs, the reader is referred to [58, 59, 16, 25, 24, 62, 102, 17, 6, 19, 65, 66, 67, 63, 93, 49]. Broering et al. (2012) investigated combined pitching and plunging kinematics and found complex tradeoffs between LEV enhancement and destruction on total thrust and efficiency. LEV enhancement on the downstream wing resulted in a higher thrust, whereas LEV muddling resulted in higher re- sultant efficiencies. Their findings provided evidence that insects change their inter-wing phase difference depending on their operating flight regime. Each of the studies cited demonstrated strong dependence of the system thrust and efficiency on the wing spacing and inter-wing phase difference. This dependence occurs because the wing spacing and inter-wing phase difference dictate the timing of when shed vortex interacts with the downstream wing, thus affecting the aerodynamic state of the downstream wing.
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Numerical Simulation of the Torus Wake Structure

Numerical Simulation of the Torus Wake Structure

The variation of the flow structure behind a torus strongly depends on two main factors. The first one is aspect ratio, which is the ratio of the main diameter (𝐷) to the core diameter (𝑑) of the torus (see Figure 4-1); and the second one is Reynolds number. Previous studies on flow over the torus have been mostly carried out at the low Reynold numbers. There is limited research at higher Reynolds numbers, however, they were all done experimentally. Roshko, Sheard and Yu [4, 5, 6, 7] made the extensive studies on the flow around tori at the Reynolds numbers less than 300. It was found that for the aspect ratio less than 3.9, the wake structure is analogous to a sphere or disk wake structure. For the aspect ratio larger than 3.9 the wake structure becomes axisymmetric vortex sheets similar to the one for a circular cylinder. These conclusions were confirmed by Leweke and Provansal [8] , Bearman and Takamoto [9] and Manson [10], as well. Sheard [11] and Yu [12] also provided detailed data on variations of drag coefficient at the Reynold numbers lower than 300. At a larger Reynolds number of 1500, Inoue et al [13] conducted an experimental study using Ultrasonic Doppler Velocity (UVP) monitor to observe the vortex shedding behind the tori with aspect ratios of 3 and 5.
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Streamwise vorticity in the wake of a sliding bubble

Streamwise vorticity in the wake of a sliding bubble

differences between these structures and those observed at φ = 90 ◦ . The fluid disturbance caused by the near wake of the bubble, A, is greater in velocity and persists for a longer time than the corresponding region A in figure 4. This leads in to the second primary region that enters the plane at B , which corresponds to fluid shed from the previous local maximum in path, does so earlier than for the φ = 90 ◦ , with the majority of this motion remaining close to the surface. Finally, a greater distance downstream of the bubble, a third structure C enters the plane, which is the fluid shed at the previous local minimum of the bubble path.
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In Enron's Wake: Corporate Executives on Trial

In Enron's Wake: Corporate Executives on Trial

The trial of four Qwest executives on a forty-four count indictment for conspiracy, securities fraud, false statements, and wire fraud ended in disappointment for prosecutors when the ju[r]

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Visualization of the wake behind a sliding bubble

Visualization of the wake behind a sliding bubble

near wake at the bubble path inversions. These differences were initially attributed by Gaudlitz and Adams [17] to surfactants, which alter the surface tension of the water and impose a partial slip boundary condition at the bubble interface. However, we postulate that it is the low pass filtering inherent to 2D PIV that result in a different wake structure being ascertained, not the influence of surfactants as previously reported. This is due to the inherent limitations of planar PIV: namely, the loss in resolution associated with discretizing of the wake into interrogation windows and the fact that only a 2D plane of the wake is being analyzed. Even when the resolution is increased, the vorticity component of these loops may be small and cannot be detected. As such, while 2D PIV tracks the fluid motion of the primary wake structures accurately on a macroscopic level, it does not resolve the secondary 3D hairpin loops formed within the wake due to difficulties in resolution and 2D nature of the measurement. While it is true that Tomographic PIV could provide 3D information on the flow, its implementation would likely prove extremely challenging in this case, since the bubble would block much of the laser light.
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Demand for redistribution in the wake of the Great Recession

Demand for redistribution in the wake of the Great Recession

If the perceived exposure to material risks increased particularly among higher income groups, the social insurance motive suggests that these groups would be most sus[r]

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Climate in the balance, Cameron P. Wake

Climate in the balance, Cameron P. Wake

If we continue on a “business-as-usual” course and continue to rely primarily on fossil fuel for our source of energy, carbon dioxide levels will likely rise to around 1000 ppm by the[r]

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Wake County Polling Place Changes

Wake County Polling Place Changes

Precinct 16-01 in the Garner area has been divided to create precincts 16-01 and 16-08. Voters assigned to the new precinct16-08 will vote at EBENEZER UNITED METHODIST CHURCH and will be notified by new voter cards issued by mail on August 13, 2001. Voters remaining in precinct 16-01 will continue to vote at WAKE COUNTY SHERIFF TRAINING CENTER and require no notice.

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Armodafinil in the treatment of sleep/wake disorders

Armodafinil in the treatment of sleep/wake disorders

Abstract: Excessive sleepiness (ES) is a major but underestimated public health concern associated with significant impairments in alertness/wakefulness and significant morbidity. The term ES has been used in the sleep medicine literature for years, but due to its nonspecific symptoms (ie tiredness or fatigue), it frequently goes unrecognized or is misdiagnosed in primary care. In some cases ES arises due to poor sleep habits or self-imposed sleep deprivation; however, ES is also a key component of a number of sleep/wake disorders and multiple medical and psychiatric disorders. Identification and treatment of ES is critical to improve the quality of life and well-being of patients and for the safety of the wider community. The inability of patients to recognize the nature, extent, and symptomatic profile of sleep/wake disorders requires vigilance on the part of healthcare professionals. Interventions to address ES and its associated impairments, treatment of the underlying sleep/wake disorder, and follow-up are a priority given the potential for serious consequences if left untreated. Wakefulness-promoting agents are available that treat ES associated with sleep/wake disorders. This review examines current approaches for managing this debilitating and potentially life-threatening condition, focusing on the place of armodafinil as a wakefulness-promoting agent.
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Government Finance in the Wake of Currency Crises

Government Finance in the Wake of Currency Crises

Figure 1(a) depicts the equilibrium paths for the exchange rate, the CPI, the rate of deprecia- tion, the rate of inßation, the level of the money supply, and real balances. Four key features of Figure 1(a) are worth noting. First, as in Burnside, Eichenbaum, and Rebelo (2001), the speculative attack happens after agents learn about deÞcits, but before new monetary policy is implemented. So the attack is unpredictable on the basis of classical fundamentals such as past deÞcits or inßation. Second, inßation rises in the wake of the exchange rate collapse, well before the change in monetary policy. As in Sargent and Wallace (1981), this reßects agents’ anticipation of the increase in money supply that takes place at time T . Third, there is a discrete drop in the money supply at the time of the attack. This reßects agents’ decisions to exchange their domestic money holdings for dollars at the Þxed exchange rate. It is this drop in the money supply that triggers the threshold rule and leads the government to abandon the Þxed exchange rate regime. Fourth, there is a large wedge between the rate
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In the wake of a sizable slump in demand driven

In the wake of a sizable slump in demand driven

I n the wake of a sizable slump in demand driven by the confluence of economic downturn, terrorism, war, and disease, as well as in- creased competition from low-cost carriers, many incumbent U.S. airlines have been attempting a fun- damental restructuring of their operations. Arguably, a central element in this restructuring involves labor contract negotiations. Yet, even before the events of September 11, 2001, observers perceived strains in the industry’s labor relations system, claiming that contracts were taking longer to negotiate, rank-and-file rejections of tentative agreements were more frequent, and job actions were on the rise. Not surprisingly, then, calls for reform of the Railway Labor Act—the law that has governed airline collective bargaining since 1933— have gained momentum.
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WAKE FOREST UNIVERSITY SCHOOL OF BUSINESS

WAKE FOREST UNIVERSITY SCHOOL OF BUSINESS

This will be the first time for the Wake Forest Global Immersion Experience to visit both China (PRC) and Taiwan (ROC). China’s socialist market economy is the world’s second largest economy by both nominal GDP and purchasing power parity, whereas Taiwan has a developed capitalist economy and high standard of living. This experience will be unique and will give students an up-close perspective of what it’s like to conduct business in Greater China.

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