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A Review: IoT and Cloud Computing for Future Internet

A Review: IoT and Cloud Computing for Future Internet

4.8. Future Edge Cloud and Edge Computing for Internet of Things Applications [7]: The Internet is evolving rapidly toward the future Internet of Things (IoT) which will potentially connect billions or even trillions of edge devices which could generate huge amount of data at a very high speed and some of the applications may require very low latency. The traditional cloud infrastructure will run into a series of difficulties due to centralized computation, storage, and networking in a small number of datacenters, and due to the relative long distance between the edge devices and the remote datacenter’s. To tackle this challenge, edge cloud and edge computing seem to be a promising possibility which pro- videos resources closer to the resource-poor edge IoT devices and potentially can nurture a new IoT innovation ecosystem. Such prospect is enabled by a series of emerging technologies, including network function virtualization and software defined networking. In this survey paper, we investigate the key rationale, the state-of-the-art efforts, the key enabling technologies and research topics, and typical IoT applications benefiting from edge cloud. We aim to draw an overall picture of both ongoing research efforts and future possible research directions through comprehensive discussions.

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A Survey on Energy Efficiency for the Future Internet

A Survey on Energy Efficiency for the Future Internet

The pipeline forwarding mechanism is a packet-scheduling technique that combines simplicity and effectiveness using a global Common Time Reference (CTR), in order to perform network traffic shaping. It does not need a large amount of network resources and offers good performance. It is also capable of offering QoS and good scalability [22], [23]. The pipeline forwarding is used in some architectures, which are designed to reduce the overall network energy consumption in the future Internet, e.g. the Greener Internet proposed in [12]. Using this technique, switches will be synchronized through the utilization of a time period, Time Frame (TF), which can be assumed as a sort of virtual container for IP packets. The duration of the TF can be obtained by using external sources, e.g. get the Universal Time Coordinated (UTC) from GPS or Galileo positioning systems, or it can also be distributed throughout the network. To allow QoS, the transmission capacity can be partially or totally allocated to one or more flows during the resource allocation period [12]. The pipeline forwarding behavior is managed by two simple rules:

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Future Internet Architecture :
and the Challenges of current Internet

Future Internet Architecture : and the Challenges of current Internet

In the last three decades, the Internet has seen unprecedented growth, scaling from a few hundred early users to more than 3 billion global users, enabling a transformation of a wide range of economic, social, political and cultural practices. However, along with this growth, Internet has also witnessed a wide range of growing conflicts among its stakeholders. The issues raised through these conflicts, which include concerns over privacy, security, censorship, etc., are at the heart of debates over Internet’s design and regulation held between stakeholders such as governments, private enterprises, activists and designers. Given the impact of Internet’s technical architecture over human life, a number of scholars within the Internet research community, arguing that the current architecture is too constrained to cater to contemporary concerns, advocate for a clean-slate architecture design for a future network. While a clean-slate architecture provides us with an opportunity to find solutions to our current moral dilemmas, it also leaves us with the responsibility of anticipating moral dilemmas that may arise in future because of such a design. This thesis aims to take up this responsibility and provide a step towards a future Internet. Using the conceptual notion of ‘architecture’, which allows for a decomposition of a complex system, like the Internet, this thesis argues for four critical meta-requirements for a future Internet architecture. These

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A Review: IoT and Cloud Computing for Future Internet

A Review: IoT and Cloud Computing for Future Internet

4.8. Future Edge Cloud and Edge Computing for Internet of Things Applications [7]: The Internet is evolving rapidly toward the future Internet of Things (IoT) which will potentially connect billions or even trillions of edge devices which could generate huge amount of data at a very high speed and some of the applications may require very low latency. The traditional cloud infrastructure will run into a series of difficulties due to centralized computation, storage, and networking in a small number of datacenters, and due to the relative long distance between the edge devices and the remote datacenter’s. To tackle this challenge, edge cloud and edge computing seem to be a promising possibility which pro- videos resources closer to the resource-poor edge IoT devices and potentially can nurture a new IoT innovation ecosystem. Such prospect is enabled by a series of emerging technologies, including network function virtualization and software defined networking. In this survey paper, we investigate the key rationale, the state-of-the-art efforts, the key enabling technologies and research topics, and typical IoT applications benefiting from edge cloud. We aim to draw an overall picture of both ongoing research efforts and future possible research directions through comprehensive discussions.

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Future Internet of Things Architecture to Industrial Perspective

Future Internet of Things Architecture to Industrial Perspective

This paper exhibits a steady remote sensor oversee structure for checking and seeing any run of the mill cardiovascular sickness. The structure can screen differing patients in a flash, to pass on remote verification and game plans, other than to give rapid and appropriate warning to experts, relatives, and the recovering core interest. The structure setup incorporates wearable remote sensor focus, adaptable control unit, heterogeneous remote system framework, two stage information examination and perception framework, and the notice structure. The framework is additionally able to gather the information as indicated by observed thriving danger in every patient. Particularly this framework will be vital some time starting late, amidst, and after heart dissatisfaction for dependable seeing of a patient in the remote range. The structure will contribute in the diminishment of death in setting of heart catch and other cardiovascular issue; moreover, it can be utilized for giving succeeding relationship by particular experts. In addition, this framework can be passed on in trivial effort, since it on a very basic level needs to build up a wearable remote sensor structure, the thing makes, and the change of information stockpiling limit. The structure uses the open remote system for the information transmission, which adds to the cost decrease. In future, the present structure will be endeavored and caught on. The present structure will be changed later, by joining unmistakable sensors, to screen pulse, diabetes, and breathe process, to reduce false alerts.

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Denser networks for the Future Internet, the CROWD approach

Denser networks for the Future Internet, the CROWD approach

Abstract. This paper presents the key ideas behind the ICT CROWD 1 (Connectivity management for eneRgy Optimised Wireless Dense net- works) project, funded by the European Commission. The project moves from the observation that wireless traffic demand is currently growing exponentially. This growing demand can only be satisfied by increasing the density of points of access and combining different wireless tech- nologies. Mobile network operators have already started to push for denser, heterogeneous deployments; however, current technology needs to steer towards efficiency, to avoid unsustainable energy consumption and network performance implosion due to interference. In this context, CROWD promotes a paradigm shift in the future wireless Internet ar- chitecture, towards global network cooperation, dynamic network func- tionality configuration and fine, on demand, capacity tuning. CROWD pursues four key goals: (i) bringing density-proportional capacity where it is needed, (ii) optimising MAC mechanisms operating in very dense deployments by explicitly accounting for density as a resource rather than as an impediment, (iii) enabling traffic-proportional energy con- sumption, and (iv) guaranteeing mobile user’s quality of experience by designing smarter connectivity management solutions.

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Internet traffic modeling and future technology implications

Internet traffic modeling and future technology implications

that future Internet traffic may have different characteristics than current traffic, however, it is expected that future traffic will include large components of real-time services, which in fact generate smoother streams.) Given the growth of the Internet, we estimate that it would take nine years to achieve this level of multiplexing for this particular link. However, we do not have to wait another five years to observe it. The smoothing out of Internet traffic has already been confirmed by measurements in [21] and references therein. This smoothing out of Internet traffic phenomenon makes the bufferless optical Internet very appealing.

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3. An Enhanced AOMDV Protocol for Internet of Things

3. An Enhanced AOMDV Protocol for Internet of Things

In this dissertation we have proposed a protocol which is based on AOMDV and AOMDV IOT whose aim is to improve the routing of AOMDV for Internet of things. In this section we represent all the operation details using in routing protocol. It is modified AOMDV to adopt with the usage in internet of things. The principal objective of AOMDV is to find and create the right connection between nodes and internet efficiently. The function of routing protocol is to find the most appropriate link automatically, and record it with other links for as back up. If a node wants to create a link to the internet, it should first check its internet connecting table, if the information found to be OK, then the node will choose the that node which hops count is the lowest then the node start the routing finding process. Then it will follow the found node as destination node for sending message.

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PERFORMANCE EVALUATION OF E-BANKING-A STUDY OF BANKING IN PANIPAT, HARYANA

PERFORMANCE EVALUATION OF E-BANKING-A STUDY OF BANKING IN PANIPAT, HARYANA

In the age of electronic technology the regular application of computing, wireless communication, networking, etc, in the banking field has brought revolutionary change in the traditional ways banks do business. Today, your bank can serve you at home, or allow you to serve yourself from anywhere. You can draw your money from ATM’s, you can check your accounts through the Internet, and you can phone the bank to send you a representative. Not only that, your physical bank which is still around-suddenly seems to be doing a lot more things than just banking. It is technology that is making all this possible. Internet banking has gained wide acceptance internationally and seems to be fast catching up in India with more and more banks entering the fray. This is why, most, most modern banks instead of merely dealing with financial deposits and loan apply promote, and distribute the want-satisfying products, services and ideas to start its journey towards development of computer and other technology based digital economy since 1960 to ensure quality service to its customers.

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Li Fi (Light Fidelity) Technology: The Future of 5G Wireless Communication

Li Fi (Light Fidelity) Technology: The Future of 5G Wireless Communication

Currently, LBS (location Based Service) or Broadcast solution are commercially available. The next step could be a Li-Fi WLAN for B2B market with high added value on specific business cases and could grow towards mass market. In the long term, the Li-Fi could become an alternative solution to radio for wireless high data rate room connectivity and new adapted service, such as augmented or virtual reality.

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Internet of Things: Applications and Future Trends

Internet of Things: Applications and Future Trends

It could be perceived that the IoT is still a great promise. Although the concept is no longer so new, dated in 1998 by Kevin Ashton, the devices are gradually adapted to be used within this concept. With the advent of IPv6, this reality changes, because the new protocol brings the possibility of exponential growth of network equipment. Among the works of the newly launched line of research - Fumec of Things - created in Fumec University, this first article presented an overview of the IoT. No doubt those as previously, the subject still demand more studies, especially for the area of infrastructure and network security. Therefore, in future studies will be carried out thorough research into these issues in order to design the first application of Internet of Things of FoT.

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The future of the Internet: freedom in a framework: 17 November 2016

The future of the Internet: freedom in a framework: 17 November 2016

Social networking sites such as Facebook, Twitter, YouTube and others all have abuse-reporting services. UK ISPs act on notifications of potentially illegal content – and this self-regulation is incredibly important. Members of the public are now able to report online material that promotes terrorism or extremism to the Counter Terrorism Internet Referral Unit, via GOV.UK.

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Wi Fi sniffer based commuters statistics collection system for reliable 
		bus scheduling system

Wi Fi sniffer based commuters statistics collection system for reliable bus scheduling system

Traffic congestion issues have always been a concern for the fast growing metropolitans in which more than 90 percent of trips are made entirely by private means of transportation i.e. by car and motorcycle. As the country is actively engaged in infrastructure development especially in the transportation network to facilitate the movements of people and goods, a high demand for better public transportation is needed to reduce the issue of road congestion (percentage of GDI lost due to man hour lost in the traffic). Therefore, a cost effective Wi-Fi sniffing based bus commuters’ statistic collection system is designed and developed to study the feasibility of predicting the necessity of scheduling additional bus services when the detected number of Wi-Fi enabled devices exceeded the bus capacity. The developed system is subsequently deployed to the busiest university bus stop and the obtained result shows that variation of sniffed MAC address exhibit parallelism to the actual number of commuters waiting at the bus station as observed in the captured bus station video images. Result also shows that the MAC address based counting system can help to alert the bus management for better scheduling when the commuter at the particular bus stop is traveling to the same destination.

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The influence of Wi Fi on the operation of Bluetooth based wireless sensor networks in the Internet of Things

The influence of Wi Fi on the operation of Bluetooth based wireless sensor networks in the Internet of Things

The spectral mask only gives the maximum allowed power levels whereas the typical signals will have lower power levels or a narrower bandwidth than the spectral mask. Though the spectral mask can be used to give an indication as to how many Wi-Fi routers it would take to occupy the entire Bluetooth bandwidth. This is illustrated in Figure 4 where the spectral masks of Wi-Fi channel 1, 5, 9 and 11 with OFDM modulation are displayed. Under the assumption that the routers would have equal power and fill the entire spectral mask, the entire Bluetooth band would be filled leaving no channel to be used for Bluetooth and thus preventing or disabling a Bluetooth connection.

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Future Indian Banking using Internet of Things

Future Indian Banking using Internet of Things

Today everything is connected either wireless or wired up. Some of the IOT devices such as Embedded sensors, gadgets, wearable’s, Core Banking Apps on smartphones, Personal Banking Pods, Security Keys and Card readers, Digital Assistance , Finance Tracking Apps, Contactless Payment Desks, IP locations all these are combined with Internet will allow to access the things in the

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Internet of things Application, Challenges and Future Scope

Internet of things Application, Challenges and Future Scope

With advancement of Automation technology, life is getting simpler and easier in all aspects. In today’s world Automatic systems are being preferred over manual system. With the rapid increase in the number of users of internet over the past decade has made Internet a part and parcel of life, and IoT is the latest and emerging internet technology. Internet of things is a growing network of everyday object-from industrial machine to consumer goods that can share information and complete tasks while you are busy with other activities. Wireless Home Automation system(WHAS) using IoT is a system that uses computers or mobile devices to control basic home functions and features automatically through internet from anywhere around the world, an automated home is sometimes called a smart home. It is meant to save the electric power and human energy. The home automation system differs from other system by allowing the user to operate the system from anywhere around the world through internet connection.

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The Internet of Things: Future Trends and Perspectives

The Internet of Things: Future Trends and Perspectives

Abstract – The incipient era of computing technology that many are calling the Internet of Things (IoT). Machine to machine, machine to infrastructure, machine to the environment, the Internet of Everything, the Internet of Perspicacious Things, perspicacious systems call it what we update, but it’s transpiring, and its potential is astronomically immense. The future Internet of Things as an astute collaboration of miniaturized sensors poses incipient challenges to security and culminate-utilize privacy. The IoT as billions of keenly intellectual, connected “things” (a remotely “universal ecumenical neural network” in the cloud) that will encompass every aspect of our lives, and its substructure is the perspicacity that embedded processing provides. The IoT is comprised of keenly interactive machines interacting and communicating with other machines, objects, environments and infrastructures. The ingenuity of this incipient era is abysmal, with astonishing potential to amend our lives. This paper gives trends and perspectives in the Internet of Things.

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An Over View of Li -Fi Technology is the Future of Secure Internet

An Over View of Li -Fi Technology is the Future of Secure Internet

ABSTRACT : The Li-Fi (light fidelity) technology was proposed by the German Scientist namely Harald Haas. The main function of this technology is to transmit the data via light. This technology is idyllic for high-speed wireless communication in a restricted region, and it offers many benefits over Wi-Fi technology such as high bandwidth, ease of use, efficiency, and safety. These systems can communicate from street lights to auto-piloted cars using their headlights. As the light speed is superior hence the data communication speed is also faster in the existing system. Furthermore, this technology can be implemented for speedy data access for the laptops, and gadgets that will be transmitted during the beam in a room.

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Li-Fi based on security cloud framework for future IT environment

Li-Fi based on security cloud framework for future IT environment

Meanwhile, in the IoT network, the available radio spectrum has become insufficient due to the increasing demand for wireless data communication. In 2011, Professor Harald Haas at the University of Edinburgh, Scotland first proposed the idea of Li-Fi. In the Li-Fi technique, we can transmit data via the visible light communication (VLC). Recently, it has become more interesting due to its security, availability, efficiency, and speed characteristics, which can help to solve many of the problems experienced by diverse organizations [14–19]. According to the latest market research forecasts, Li-Fi technology is expected to reach a market value of $8500 million by 2020 [20]. Li-Fi com- prises a line-of-sight propagation medium, a light source, and a light detector. Due to such considerations as energy efficiency, reduced costs and relaxed safety rules, LEDs are the preferred light sources for most applications. As a primary source of illumina- tion, most public and residential environments will replace incandescent bulbs, and the majority of new energy-efficient lighting installations should be LED by 2018. Laser diodes seem to be a better choice for longer distances and higher speeds [21, 22].

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3D Internet

3D Internet

In this paper we have discussed the general idea, history, future prospects, current status, benefits, implementation methods and restrictions involved in revolutionizing the present quality of Internet. We can see that 3D Internet is the future as it will surely change the way we perceive Internet today. The advantages and applications clearly surpass the cost associated with the implementation. The need of a ubiquitous and intelligent Internet can surely be fulfilled by 3D Internet. Businessmen and interested investors are aware of the true potential of the user friendly, interactive, productive and addictive market side of it. But due to many obstacles like Internet bandwidth, hardware, cost factors and lack of research it isn't easy to implement. At this point the society has the capability to evolve the digital world to a much more versatile and intriguing version but it does need a lot of research and the required financial support for becoming a reality.

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