8 West of Zanzibar (1954, UK, directed by Harry Watt). The ban occurred in somewhat farcical
circumstances, after the announcement of a gala premiere in Nairobi with the governor as the guest of honor. The event was cancelled after the ban went into force. KNA, file OP/1/820 Col. Brown to Cowley (? The name is partly illegible), August 22, 1954. The British film was also the subject of some concern in Northern Rhodesia, but was shown without incident on Zanzibar and was even promoted enthusiastically in Nigeria as one of the African actors, Orlando Martins, hailed from that colony. Martins was sufficiently well-known elsewhere that his image was used to sell a variety of products, such as toothpaste, in GoldCoast newspapers. Daily Graphic, May 25, 1956.
African cultures. It reflected Nkrumah’s simultaneous project of building a Ghanaian national identity as well as encouraging Pan-African solidarity. “The First Ghanaians and their Stone Technology” exhibit, for instance, featured a collection of archaeological objects that symbolized the ancient history of the Ghanaian nation state. These were in addition to items of traditional culture, mainly Asante ch iefs stools and objects from other traditional African societies. This focus on Asante memorabilia as the centrepiece of the new National Museum may have been inherited from the colonial status quo. The new national museum inherited Asante brass gold-weights, gold containers, spoons and other metalwork from the museums at Achimota College and the University of the GoldCoast, and displayed them as central exhibits.28 Portraits of several African independence leaders and freedom fighters that Nkrumah admired also accentuated the main exhibition. The main attraction, which was physically located in the middle of the Museum dome, was a collection of sixty Akan stools positioned on four platforms of a circular stand (see figure 3.3). “The hub of the museum space, and of its imagining of the nation, was thus the symbol of power amongst one of the four ethno-linguistic groups in Ghana.”29 The collection of objects also emphasized Ghana and Africa’s relationship with Europe. Therefore, there were objects and reproductions of objects from Ancient Egypt, Nigeria, southern Africa, as well as Greek, Carthaginian and Roman North Africa and representations of Islam in Africa.30
The symbolic celebration of 300 years of diplomatic relations was a tribute to Dutch-Ghanaian relations which first developed at the end of the sixteenth century and continue – in a multitude of forms and with different levels of intensity – to this day. These relations have known their high and low points: from strong local cultural, economic and political links to the Dutch participation in the Atlantic slave-trade, and the sudden departure of the Dutch from the GoldCoast in 1872. In 2004, the Netherlands and Ghana signed a Cultural Framework Treaty to further develop cooperation and development of the mutual cultural heritage of both countries in all its forms (tangible and intangible). The project to develop an archival guide, initiated by the Nationaal Archief of the Netherlands in The Hague, and sponsored by the Netherlands Ministry of Education, Culture and Science, symbolises the close cultural cooperation between Ghana and the Netherlands. The publication of a major guidebook for the history of Ghana in the year the country celebrates its fiftieth anniversary as an independent state is a further expression of this close relationship.
Abstract: In 1995 Paul Jenkins, the former Basel Mission archivist, called my attention to Carl Christian Reindorf’s Ga manuscripts kept at the archives in Basel, knowing that I had lived and worked in Ghana in the 1980s and that I was able to speak, read, and write the Gã language of Accra and its neighborhood. Of course I already knew Reindorf and his monumental History of the GoldCoast and Asante published in 1895 in English, as I had written my M.A. thesis on late-nineteenth-century Asante history, and moreover, I was very much interested in Gã history. Reindorf’s massive, substantive, and systematic work about the people of modern southern Ghana may be considered a pioneering intellectual achievement because it was one of the first large-scale historical work about an African region written by an African, and it was highly innovative, including both written sources and oral historical narratives and new methods for the reconstruction of African history. The book has excited interest ever since it first appeared 110 years ago because it contains an unrivaled wealth of information on the history and culture of southern Ghana. A preliminary glimpse at the two heaps of folios wrapped with linen ropes at the archives showed that the manuscripts-none of them were dated–contained two different versions of the English History. That day, when I first laid my hands on the brownish, carefully folded papers, I was not aware that I was to embark on an intensive period of arduous transcribing and translating work (sometimes “lost in translation”), breathtaking archival investigations in Basel, London, and Accra, and of an exciting text/context research (unearthing sources, excavating informants, examining sediments/versions). DOI: https://doi.org/10.1353/hia.0.0008
Keywords: Development, Transport, Education, Hospital, Constitution 1.0 Introduction
The recent political history of Ghana, more especially, since the inception of the fourth Republican Constitution on January 7, 1993, presidential candidates, particularly the incumbent presidents or heads of state who were seeking re–election often focused their campaign messages on the infrastructure they have put up during their first term in office or what their predecessor who was a member of their own political party did. Precisely, in Ghana’s recent political landscape, the two major political parties–National Democratic Congress (NDC) and the New Patriotic Party (NPP) had always centred their campaign messages or their manifestoes on either the achievements of the incumbent president or his predecessor. For instance, Flight Lieutenant Jerry John Rawlings, who shot himself into Ghana’s political scene through a coup d’état in 1981; metamorphosed into a democratically elected president in January, 1993, focused his campaign messages in 1992 and 1996 on achievements of his military Junta, Provisional National Defence Council (PNDC), which he headed for eleven years and his first term in office from 1993 to 1996. Similarly, John Agyekum Kufour, the second president of the four republic of Ghana, based his campaign messages and manifestoes in the 2000 and 2004 elections on the achievements of Prime Minister Kofi Abrefa Busia of the Second Republic under whom he served as Deputy
The City of the GoldCoast is a 57 kilometre stretch of beach, waterways and sub-‐ tropical hinterland in the south-‐east corner of Queensland, Australia. Historically represented as a hedonistic holiday location, and Australia’s premier vacation destination, the GoldCoast now flags its status as a vibrant urban city. At the same time the City continues to promote the traditional mix of sun, sand and surf offerings. The increasingly diverse range of interests and activities in this location means that there are new opportunities, and challenges, for the tourism sector, which remains a key driver of the region’s economy. Cultural tourism represents one such challenge. While GoldCoast policy makers and tourism strategists recognize the global growth in this sector, there are differing responses from a range of stakeholders as to how to negotiate the desires of the cultural tourist and the demands of local communities. This paper identifies key GoldCoast tourism stakeholder responses to ideas about cultural tourism and considers the role of online and smart phone delivery of touristic material to visitors as a means of bridging resident and tourist ambitions by bringing the cultural attraction to the forefront of the usual tourist hierarchy. The propositions about the potential of ICTs (integrated computer technologies) in relation to building culture through place draws on earlier pilot trials carried out
We have enhanced the quality and quantity of internal research processes, leading to greatly improved efficiency in our sales and bidding efforts. Similarly, the establishment of working relationships with GoldCoast and Brisbane based universities has proven very effective in converting association bids into business for the city. Finally, our commitment to generating wide MICE media coverage has been well executed, with every key industry media outlet covering GoldCoast products, events, features or themes throughout the year as a result of our proactive story pitching and content distribution strategy.
Apart from the community information provided by our dedicated volunteers, our legal and financial counselling services are in very heavy demand. For full information about these services please refer to our website, our facebook page , visit our office or ring our friendly volunteers on the front counter. The Guide that you are now reading contains approximately 2400 entries and is regarded as the most accurate and up-to-date source of information about community organisations on the GoldCoast. Whilst we are able to “Google” just about anything on the internet nowadays, at times some of the information on various web pages can be inaccurate or out of date or otherwise unreliable, unlike the information in the Guide.
Learning environment in Ghana is more of teacher-centered than student-centered. The teacher gives the instruction and facilitate what and how students should learn. History classrooms are dominated by lecture, textbook readings, or other instructional activities that are intended to transmit information to students. Instead, teachers should regularly use activities that encourage students to build their own understanding of the past. Such activities should allow opportunities for students to disagree, debate, and discuss historical controversy. (Nokes, 2011). History teachers should give students the opportunity to engage in authentic historical inquiry. Students should be allowed to pursue their own historical questions and conduct original research. Often this work involves personal, family, or local historical topics. Several studies of document-based instruction have shown that students retain historical content knowledge better when working with documents than textbooks (Nokes et al., 2007; Reisman, 2012). In Ghana, instead of history being something that teachers are talking about, it should be something that students are talking about to enhance historical thinking.
In addition to our specific focus on the gold that was discovered in or brought to Iberia, we have a much broader point to make in this paper, one which is important for big historians to understand. Most big historians now recognize that all the chemical elements heavier than hydrogen, helium and lithium were produced in stars and scattered through the galaxy as the result of supernova explosions. This essential piece of understanding is encapsulated in Carl Sagan’s statement, “W e’re made of star-stuff.” But for geologists like us, that statement, although true, is incomplete. The scattered atoms and the dust grains made of silicate minerals and iron in interstellar space are too dispersed to be of any use to humans. The elements we are made of or that we use have been concentrated in a large variety of processes that go on either inside or at the surface of the Earth (Alvarez, 2016, Ch. 3). So
Ghana is endowed with water resources and most known rivers such as Pra, Ankobrah, Often serve as not only a source of drinking water but economic activity for people living along these rivers. Most rural folks in Ghana do not have access to pipe water as their urban counterparts and therefore rely on rivers and streams for drinking water. it is for this reason that most villages and cottages are sited near rivers and other water ways. Most of the folks also rely on fishing either as a source of food for their families or as source of economic activity as fish mongers. However, most water bodies in mining areas are now under treat by Chinese illegal gold miners who do not only wash mud from ore to extract the gold, but use dangerous chemicals in the washing process. Dredging in rivers for gold has also become a common phenomenon. Such substances could be mercury, cyanide or any other dangerous chemicals used to extract gold and washed into rivers. Folks downstream who drink water from these rivers have to endure serious health problems that could sometimes be imaginable. Fish, and other aquatic food resources also die; threatening food security and the attendant problems discussed above.
The critical role personal savings play in the development of any economy cannot be underestimated. Unfortunately, personal savings which forms the fundamentals of national savings has been particularly low in Ghana. The objective of the study was therefore to investigate the factors that determine personal savings in Ghana. A cross sectional data from 250 individual household members in the Cape Coast Metropolis in the Central Region of Ghana was collected and analysed using econometric techniques. The estimation technique used was the instrumental variable (IV) method. The result of the study showed a significant positive relationship between personal savings and disposable income; personal savings and financial literacy; and personal savings and marital status. A statistically significant negative relationship was also found between personal savings and personal assets; personal savings and loan commitments. It was concluded that indeed the level of personal savings is low and attributable to low income levels, low financial literacy and high levels of indebtedness. Consequently, the study recommended that banks should continue to screen, and offer technical advice to loan applicants to help reduce high indebtedness. It was also recommended that the government and financial institutions must also put in place financial literacy programmes for Ghanaians. The study further recommended that the Central Bank of Ghana should ensure that banks and loan companies reduce high borrowing rates to reduce individual interest expenses.
Engineers Australia in 2006 released the Australian Runoff Quality Guide to Water Sensitive Urban Design edited by Tony Wong. Griffith University on the GoldCoast, particularly Professor Margaret Greenway, has produced significant research that has contributed to the development of WSUD. Also Monash University’s Water for Liveability Centre and Cooperative Research Centre for Water Sensitive Cities contribute extensively to research aimed at living in harmony with natural water environments. These research centres have evolved from previous Monash facilities called the Institute for Sustainable Water Resources and the Facility for Advancing Water Biofiltration that, similarly to Healthy Land & Water, have produced valuable technical guidelines.
The discussions on the mining companies which operate in Africa have severally been negative. Newmont company which operates in different continents including Africa has been listed to be performing creditably in the area of corporate social responsibility in Ghana. In particular NGGL directly and indirectly has supported some 48,000 jobs in Ghana and NGGL played a significant developmental role in the communities around the Ahafo Mine and in 2009 alone provided 99 regional companies with nearly US$6 million in contracts, supporting more than 400 jobs, not including direct employment. Although several Authors and reports including the works of Kitula (2006), Hamann (2003), Hilson (2002), Traore (1994) among others continue to project the negative impact of mining activities especially those owned by expatriates. The Newmont example has the tendency to influence the intellectual discourse in favour of mining companies on the continent of Africa, especially South Africa which has had bad press on the nature of the relationship between mining labour (employees) and employers. The Ahafo Ano example potentially can throw some light on the broader discourse on expatriate mining in Africa. It is significant to point out that Newmont’s Ahafo Mine has not yet experienced much of the worse repercussions of mining not only due to effective mechanisms but also, the relatively short time period of operation. It would therefore be necessary for Newmont to persistently put up stringent measures as part of deepening its Corporate Social Responsibility in order to prevent present and future generations of the region from tasting the woes of mining.
When healthcare financing in Ghana was reformed from the cash and carry system in 2003 with the passage of the National Health Insurance Act 650, the financial barrier to accessing healthcare was consequently reduced. Health financing reforms brought sudden changes in healthcare seeking behaviors of the people. The number of clients seeking health services increased dramatically, and private healthcare service which hitherto was the preserve of a very few and the well-to-do in the society, became accessible to all and sundry. The introduction of the National Health Insurance scheme provided a level playing field for healthy competition between the government healthcare institutions and the private healthcare providers to maintain existing clients and to gain as much market share as possible (Boadu, 2011).
For the purpose of this study, two hundred (200) consenting participants, who were inhabitants of the Cape Coast metropolis and visited the Central Regional Hospital (CRH) with patients, willingly accepted to participate in the research. These were sexually active 110 females and 90 males and within 15-55 years of age. They were randomly selected irrespective of where they might have come from in the Cape Coast metropolis.
Labour shortages in the mines were not a general problem. The kind of labour that the management of the mines was concerned about was mainly underground labour. For surface labour was almost always available and recruited locally on a daily basis. Like shortages of carriers for government service, shortages in the mines also had an early beginning. Interestingly the discussion of mine labour from the beginning took on a racial defect analysis. That is, other races were superior in terms of work to the native labour. The African was seen as inefficient and usually absented himself from work. This informed early discussions on the use of Chinese labour in the GoldCoast in 1895. 4 Some colonial officials also preferred the use of Indian labour. However, governor
For these reasons, the mineral resource is an opportunity for countries which have it. Include several countries such as Australia, Norway and Botswana, which have benefited for their development (Davis and Tilton, 2002; Labonne, 2002). This study it isto characterize the gold deposit sand identify areas of these minerals. To achieve this goal, a number of specific objectives has been set: -Make petrographic analysis by describing the different types of rocks Hambolregion; -Make analysis of tectonics tructures from sate llite image processing type SRTM, Land satand field data; -Make aninterpretation of the factorsat the origin ofgold depositsin the regionto establishthe characteristics ofdeposits.