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Danger: keep away! : moral panics and the banning of heavy metal music to protect young people

Danger: keep away! : moral panics and the banning of heavy metal music to protect young people

Tipper Gore, who was an activist for the Parents Music Resource Centre (PMRC), was a key activist in the 1980s for the censorship of heavy metal music. Gore’s book, Raising PG Kids in an X-Rated Society (1987) went straight to the heart of activists who believed that music like heavy metal was a dangerous influence on young people. She devotes two chapters to the discussion of the dangers of heavy metal music: ‘The Cult of Violence’ with a sub chapter titled ‘Heavy Metal: Throbbing Chords and Violent Lyrics’, and ‘Playing with Fire: Heavy Metal Satanism’. Raising PG Kids in an X-Rated Society has since become central to the conservative way of thinking about heavy metal music. Gore says that “many of those who do listen to a great deal of negative music are troubled, and their interest in the music should be a warning sign to adults” (Gore 1987 cited in Wright 2000: 373). She also specifically links heavy metal music with Satanic worship and the occult (Gore 1987: 117-125). The threat to family values and dominant societal values was a concern for Gore and the religious right, who saw the music as a form of rebellion for young people, which in turn upset the traditional balance of family values.
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builds on the recent use of heavy metal music as a thinking and education model. It emphasizes the artistic component of heavy metal and its potential to characterize the

builds on the recent use of heavy metal music as a thinking and education model. It emphasizes the artistic component of heavy metal and its potential to characterize the

Abstract: 1) Background: Bipolar or manic-depressive disorder is a malign mental disease that frequently faces social stigma. Educational and thinking models are needed to increase people’s awareness and understanding of the disorder. The arts have potential to achieve this goal. 2) Methods: This paper builds on the recent use of heavy metal music as a thinking and education model. It emphasizes the artistic component of heavy metal and its potential to characterize the symptomatology during the episodes of (hypo)mania and depression and the recurrence of these episodes. Heavy metal music has diversified into subgenres that become allegorical to both the symptoms of episodes and the recurrence of bipolar cycles. 3) Results: Examples of songs are given that mirror distinct facets of the disorder. 4) Conclusion: Although the links drawn between art (music) and science (psychiatry) are inherently subjective, such connections might be used to trigger a learning process, facilitate judgment and decision-making, and induce affective reactions and memory formation in the listener. The approach may facilitate collaborative efforts and serve healthcare professionals and educators as a communication tool to aid the public’s comprehension of the disease and an associated social paradox: On one hand, bipolar disorder incurs substantial costs to society. On the other hand, it benefits from the creative artistic and scientific endeavors of bipolar individuals from which cultural and political gains may ensue.
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Acute Auditory Stimulation with Different Styles of Music Influences Cardiac Autonomic Regulation in Men

Acute Auditory Stimulation with Different Styles of Music Influences Cardiac Autonomic Regulation in Men

The findings of the present study demonstrated that excitatory heavy metal musical auditory stimulation reduced the HF index in absolute units. The HF index indicates the action of the parasympathetic nervous system on the heart. It is also an indicator of the respiratory modulation influence on the heart (1). The power spectral analysis indices in absolute units undergo more influence of the endocrine regulation; i.e., renin-angiotensin system. However, this system can be measured only for a period of 20 minutes (1), ruling out the possibility of endocrine responses induced by heavy metal music. We expected a decrease in parasympathetic values in response to heavy metal music, since the literature has suggested that this style of music may cause exhaustion, restlessness, sleep disturbances, fatigue, stress, impairment of the immune system, hearing difficulties, and/or hearing loss (18). Heavy metal is considered to be ineffective or even harmful to human health. This music style induces violent behavior, dissatisfaction, and rage as well as an increase in both heart
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TREATMENT OF CURCUMA LONGA (TURMERIC) CONTAMINATED WITH HEAVY METALS

TREATMENT OF CURCUMA LONGA (TURMERIC) CONTAMINATED WITH HEAVY METALS

The Curcuma longa is a medicinal plant commonly used in a large number of medicines and have worldwide applications in the treatment of different types of diseases. Thus, it is essentially required that every medicinal plant should be checked for contaminant load before processing it for further pharmaceutical purposes or for local human consumption. The results reveals that the plants growing in polluted areas contaminated with heavy metals can be inhibited or reduced in soil by treating with of 1% Ca (OH) 2 and can achieve heavy metals

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VERMISTABILIZATION OF FLY ASH AMENDED WITH PRESSMUD BY EMPLOYING EISENIA FOETIDA

VERMISTABILIZATION OF FLY ASH AMENDED WITH PRESSMUD BY EMPLOYING EISENIA FOETIDA

Vermicomposting is commonly used for the management of organic wastes. A study was conducted to evaluate the efficiency of an exotic and epigeic earthworm species (Eisenia foetida) for stabilization of fly ash amended with pressmud. The growth and reproduction of E. fetida was also monitored in a range of different feed mixtures for 60 days in laboratory under controlled experimental conditions. In all the feed mixtures, a decrease in temperature, pH, TOC, C:N ratio and faecal coliforms, but increase in EC, TKN, TAP and TK was recorded in final vermicompost. The heavy metals content in the vermicomposts was lower than initial feed mixtures. Vermicomposted samples showed 35-50% reduction of heavy metals in 40-60% FA. The growth rate and cocoon production was maximum in 100% PM. Metal analysis of E. foetida revealed considerable bioaccumulation of heavy metals in their body. Performance of feed mixture with 40-60% FA was better than the other feed mixtures. The results indicated that fly ash could be converted into good quality manure by vermicomposting if mixed in an appropriate ratio (40-60%) with pressmud.
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Urban Soil Pollution with Heavy Metals in Hama Floodplain, Syria

Urban Soil Pollution with Heavy Metals in Hama Floodplain, Syria

Geostatistical methods are often used for prediction mappings of soil proper- ties, because it can calculate unbiased estimates at un-sampled locations [49]-[54]. Since pollution in soil presents a continuum in their spatial variations, geostatistical methods are widely used to display this variation and to reduce costs of investigation and to recognize the contamination on sources [55] [56] [57]. The aims of this study are: 1) to investigate the contents of four heavy met- al (Cu, Zn, Cd and Pb) in both river water and soil of pilot area of Orontes basin, 2) to characterize the spatial distributions of this heavy metal, 3) to provide an insight into possible heavy metal contamination by generation of the predicted maps.
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Remediation of Heavy Metals Polluted Soil Using Metal Insolubilizing Materials

Remediation of Heavy Metals Polluted Soil Using Metal Insolubilizing Materials

The focus is now being placed on an insolubilization treatment which can im- prove contaminated soil while satisfying these conditions. Insolubilization treatment means that when inorganic contaminants, such as heavy metals, are contained in the soil and contaminate it, they are chemically insolubilized by mixing in safe and harmless metal-insolubilizing materials; this eliminates the risks of toxicity. Insolubilization treatment is more economical than other treatments. It does not require the contaminated soil to be transported away from the site. The risk of contamination diffusion at the time of movement is low, and it has advantages such as low energy consumption. In addition, met- al-insolubilizing materials which contain an inorganic mineral as the main raw material cause less of an environmental burden than cementitious material. However, with conventional inorganic mineral-based metal-insolubilizing mate- rials, the insolubilization effect is exerted only for certain heavy metals. In some cases, it is not possible to insolubilize plural heavy metals. In addition, consider- ing the environment in which treated soil is placed, it is important for the pH level to be kept constant over the long term in order to exert the insolubilization of harmful substances over the long term.
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EVALUATION OF CONCENTRATION OF HEAVY METALS IN SURFACE AND GROUND WATER IN AKPABUYO, SOUTH-EASTERN NIGERIA, WA

EVALUATION OF CONCENTRATION OF HEAVY METALS IN SURFACE AND GROUND WATER IN AKPABUYO, SOUTH-EASTERN NIGERIA, WA

In Atomic absorption spectrometry, a sample of water was aspirated into a flame and atomized. A light beam was directed through the flame, which was focused through the sample cell into a monochromator, and onto a detector that measured the amount of light absorbed by the atomized element in the flame. For some metals, atomic absorption exhibits superior sensitivity over flame emission. Because each metal has its own characteristic absorption wavelength, a source lamp

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Contamination of Heavy Metals, Source, Effects on Leaving Things and Different Remediation Techniques in Soil: A Review

Contamination of Heavy Metals, Source, Effects on Leaving Things and Different Remediation Techniques in Soil: A Review

Abstract: Different researches showed that contamination of heavy metals in soil has become more and more serious, which affects Both soil fertility degradation and detrimental to human health through food chain causing adverse effects on human health. The concentration of metals beyond Maximum Permissible Level (MCL) leads to number of nervous, cardiovascular, renal, neurological impairment as well as bone diseases and several other health disorders and also computed the macronutrient in the human body. Due to these it needs more attention towards the contamination area using either prevention or minimizing methods of the source of contamination. Different researches mentioned different remediation techniques which involve phytoremediation, lime, phosphates, and different biochar materials. Remediation mechanisms basically consist of two fundamental principles. The first is to completely remove contaminations from polluted area and the second is to transform these pollutants to harmless forms. The application of Biochar in soil makes dual purpose which ameliorating soil fertility and remediated heavy metal due to the content of different physicochemical properties. So in this paper, including source of heavy metal, effect of heavy metal in human, plant growth and soil microorganism and remediation technique of contaminated soil, reaction of biochar in soil and application of biochar in soil quality were discussed. Therefore this is particular importance as it indicates the value of biochar as alternative remediation and amendments to ameliorate soil nutrient and acid soils for small- scale farmers who cannot afford to regularly purchase lime and mineral fertilizers as compared to phytoremediation techniques. But phytoremediation wide scope of area use of plants to partially or substantially remediate selected contaminants in contaminated soil, sludge, sediment, groundwater, surface water, and wastewater.
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Risk Assessment and Source Analysis of Heavy Metal in Agricultural Soil of a Township in Wuxi County

Risk Assessment and Source Analysis of Heavy Metal in Agricultural Soil of a Township in Wuxi County

Heavy metals come from a variety of sources, which are influenced by different regions, different approaches, industrial and agricultural distribution and other factors [18]. Soil samples are mainly collected from concentrated points of villagers, and due to the steep terrain, almost all the cultivated land is close to the traffic roads. Zn 2+ is an important additive in the production of automobile tires [19]. Cu 2+ has high corrosion resistance and high thermal conductivity, and is often used to prepare vehicle braking systems and automobile radiators. Therefore, Cu 2+ and Zn 2+ can be used as identification elements of traffic pollution sources [20]. Some pesticides and agricultural plastic films contain Cd 2+ and Pb 2+ [21], which also cause soil pollution. However, Cr 3+ content depends on soil parent material, which is generally the least polluted heavy metal in China [22], [23]. Therefore, the first principal component factor can be regarded as "human factor" by combining the sampling point position and correlation analysis with the results of principal component analysis. The second principal component factor can be regarded as a "natural factor" as shown in Table X.
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Throat singing as extreme Other: An exploration of Mongolian and Central Asian style in extreme metal

Throat singing as extreme Other: An exploration of Mongolian and Central Asian style in extreme metal

Outside black, doom and drone metal, I'll sometimes listen to the folk and modern music of various cultures in different places around the world and in particular to the music of Central Asia which among other things features a type of singing called throat singing… So you can imagine I was interested in the idea of black metal combined with elements of the music and folklore of Kyrgyzstan, the original home of the band under review, Darkestrah, which is located in Central Asia close to where the world champions of throat singing, the peoples of Tuva and western Mongolia, live. Throat singing seems to be a fairly widespread tradition in this part of the world, several ethnic groups including the Kyrgyz have some form of throat singing though the Tuvans and Mongols have developed it the most. On the whole, “Sary Oy”… based I think on a Kyrgyz story about three sisters, is a likeable and accessible BM work that comes close to being a mainstream rock / pop record and with touches of Kyrgyz fok music and siinging that add exotic flavour to the music without being intrusive. I actually wish the music had been grimmer with more of the Kyrgyz native music throughout but probably at the time the album was being made, the band had just arrived in Germany where the musicians are now based and they needed to release something that didn't seem too way out and foreign in concept and style.
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Heavy Metal Pollution of the Environment by Dumpsites: A Case of Kadhodeki Dumpsite

Heavy Metal Pollution of the Environment by Dumpsites: A Case of Kadhodeki Dumpsite

This research was analytical in nature involving the environmental media, sample collection, preparation and laboratory work. This involved the analysis of mean heavy metal concentrations in soil samples collected on and around the dumpsite. The first site was the control site which was at a point of 300m upstream along the nearby Nairobi River from where the dumpsite was located, the second site was next to the dumpsite and the third collection point was 300m downstream from where the dumpsite was located.
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Lateral Gene Transfer in a Heavy Metal Contaminated Groundwater Microbial Community

Lateral Gene Transfer in a Heavy Metal Contaminated Groundwater Microbial Community

groundwater metagenome could be attributed to genes naturally present in the dominant Rhodanobacter populations. However, resistance genes could also be acquired from other species through LGT. To identify likely causes of resistance gene overabundance in the contaminated-groundwater metagenome, the Rhodanobacter genomes were searched for target genes overabundant in the contaminated-groundwater metagenome. Putative LGT events in the genomes were then identified and correlated to the genes of interest. Multiple methods to identify aberrant sequences deviat- ing from the genomic background were used to identify LGT events in the isolate genomes, including phylogenetic analysis, DarkHorse (48), Alien_Hunter (49), and GOHTAM (50, 51) (Fig. 2; see also Fig. S1 and S2 and Table S2 in the supplemental material). Analysis of the complete genome of R. denitrificans 2APBS1 revealed several regions containing putative LGT events, many of which matched up to annotated transposase and inte- grase genes (Fig. 2). Fifty-one genes related to heavy metal resis- tance were also analyzed (see Table S2). Of these genes, seven were identified by three LGT detection programs as putative LGT events, 13 were detected by at least two programs, 19 were detected by a single program, and 12 were not identified as LGT events by any of the programs used (see Table S2). In particular, most of the genes in adjacent arsenate resistance (ars) and copper resistance (cop) operons were identified as LGT events by all programs used (see Table S2). Many of these genes were located within a large genomic region near the 1.7-to-2.3-Mb mark noted for a large number of metal resistance genes, including operons encoding mercuric, arsenate, and divalent cation resistance (e.g., czc) (Fig. 2). DarkHorse analysis indicated the sources of these genes to be multiple gamma- and betaproteobacteria known to be present at OR-IFRC sites, including Burkholderia, Herbaspirillum, Ralsto- nia, Cupriavidus, Pseudomonas, and Stenotrophomonas (see Ta- ble S2). In the following sections, detailed descriptions of gene abundance and possible LGT events for several geochemically im- portant genes are provided.
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The Effect of Mn2+ Concentration on Mn Removal by a Sulfate Reducing Bacteria Bioreactor

The Effect of Mn2+ Concentration on Mn Removal by a Sulfate Reducing Bacteria Bioreactor

The suppressive effects of metal ions on microorganisms are explained by the reason that metal ions combine with functional groups of cell components like enzymes, causing a denaturing of the components. 11) Considering this, the amounts of metal ions adsorbed on SRB cells are measured, and discussed in conjunction with the suppressive effect of metal ions on SRB growth.

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Bioaccumulation Of Heavy Metal Zinc (Zn) And Copper (Cu) And Histology Of Grouper (Epinephelus Suilus) In Coastal Panceng Waters Of Gresik Regency

Bioaccumulation Of Heavy Metal Zinc (Zn) And Copper (Cu) And Histology Of Grouper (Epinephelus Suilus) In Coastal Panceng Waters Of Gresik Regency

In the preliminary test showed levels of Cu and Zn in the ponds, marine, and estuarine respectively 0,049 ppm, 0.2137 ppm and 0.1352 ppm. Given the high interest of the community to consume fish Grouper and the dangers of excessive Cu and Zn to health, this research needs to be done. With known levels of Cu and Zn in Grouper in Panceng waters, Gresik, can be determined safety for consumption (foodsafety). Besides knowing the levels of Cu and Zn in water and sediment ponds, it can be beneficial for Gresik government and related agencies: Department of Marine and Fisheries, Bappedal, the Environment Agency and industry in the management of B3 waste. The purpose of this research is to know the content of heavy metal concentrations of copper (Cu) and zinc (Zn) contained in water, sediment and fish and organ histology at the gills, liver and kidney of Groupers (E. suilus) in Panceng waters of Gresik Regency.
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Heavy Metal Contamination of Vegetables

Heavy Metal Contamination of Vegetables

nificantly accumulated in commonly used vegetables i.e. Amaranthus tricolor L., Chenopodium album L., Spi- nacia oleracea, Coriandrum sativum, Solanum lycopersicum and Solanum melongena [4]-[11]. In the present work, the contamination, enrichment, health risk and sources of the heavy metals i.e. Fe, As, Cr, Mn, Cu, Zn, Pb, Cd and Hg in six vegetables (i.e. Solanum lycopersicum, Solanum melongena, Amaranthus tricolor L., Cheno- podium album L., Spinacia oleracea and Coriandrum sativum) grown in soil of the largest coal basin: Korba city, Chhattisgarh, India are described.

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Bacterial Heavy Metal Resistance Genes and Bioremediation Potential

Bacterial Heavy Metal Resistance Genes and Bioremediation Potential

There is a worldwide distribution of heavy metal pollution that can be ma- naged with a bioremediation approach using microorganisms. Several bac- terial species belonging to the Proteobacteria have been shown to tolerate heavy metal stress, including toxic salts of noblemetals. Rhodobacter sphae- roides , a model bacterium has previously been utilized for bioremediation studies. A bioinformatics approach was employed here to identify the distri- bution of genes associated with heavy metal tolerance among the sequenced bacterial genomes currently available on the NCBI database. The distribution of these genes among different groups of bacteria and the Cluster of Ortho- logous Groups (COGs) were further characterized. A total of 170,000 heavy metal related genes were identified across all bacterial species, with a majority of the genes found in Proteobacteria (46%) and Terrabacteria (39%). Analysis of COGs revealed that the majority of heavy metal related genes belong to metabolism (COG 3), including ionic transport, amino acid biosynthesis, and energy production.
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An Optical Sensor Based on Polyvinyl Benzyl Malonate Cross Linked with Divinyl Benzene Dispersed in a  Hydrogel Membrane for Detection of Some Heavy Metals

An Optical Sensor Based on Polyvinyl Benzyl Malonate Cross Linked with Divinyl Benzene Dispersed in a Hydrogel Membrane for Detection of Some Heavy Metals

the functional group on the back-bone of the polymer, leading to shrinking of the microspheres. Scanning Elec- tron Microscopy (SEM) of the microspheres before and after binding with the heavy metal ions (Ni 2+ , Zn 2+ and Cd 2+ ) was performed to prove the shrinking of the mi- crospheres when they bind to the heavy metal ions. Fig- ure 2 shows the SEM images of the microspheres before and after binding with Ni 2+ . The size of the microspheres were calculated from the SEM images and was found to be in the range of 3.4 - 8.8 µm and 2.9 - 7.7 µm for the microspheres before and after binding with Ni 2+ , respec- tively. This result revealed that the microspheres shrink as a result of binding with heavy metal ions.
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A review on heavy metal contamination of surface water and their health effect with SWOT analysis of removal methods available

A review on heavy metal contamination of surface water and their health effect with SWOT analysis of removal methods available

Treatment methods for heavy metal removal are generally not available for all circumstances but if those methods are applied then proper disposal of waste generated should be carried out through best management of waste practices. Other heavy metal pollutants are chemical, electronic, mining, manufacturing, paints and dyes, jewelry, soils, research exposure, unapproved chemicals, and the misapplication of approved chemicals. One of the major threats to aquatic environment is by inorganic chemicals. The agricultural runoff containing pesticides, fertilizers and trace metals, industrial discharges, sewage effluents deposited considerable quantity of inorganic anions and heavy metals to water bodies and sediment 7 . The most anthropogenic sources of metals are industrial, petroleum contamination and sewage disposal 8 . Due to bio accumulative nature of toxic metal ions they can affect the physiological state of aquatic organism. Out of many heavy metals some like Zn, Cu, Fe are essential for aquatic animals in trace quantity due to their biochemical role in life processes. The main source of Cu and Pb are industrial waste and algaecides and of Cd is phoaphatic fertilizers 9 . The different natural and anthropogenic components produced or derived are finally finds their way to the sediment system of any water body hence quality of sediment is a good indicator of water pollution because heavy metal and other organic pollutants tend to concentrate on sediments.
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"To Holmgard… and Beyond": Folk Metal Fantasies and Hegemonic White Masculinities

"To Holmgard… and Beyond": Folk Metal Fantasies and Hegemonic White Masculinities

On first inspection, the metal music sub-genre of folk metal might be arguably residual white, masculine spaces. The sub-genres are not fashionable within the metal music scene. Folk metal bands are ridiculed by fans of black metal for being too mainstream and crowd-pleasing, constructing fantasies of drinking and fighting that have no authentic connection to Vikings, Saxons or other (supposed) nationalist patriarchs. But folk metal bands are not part of the mainstream of modern heavy metal, judged by sales of records and numbers of fans on social media. This paper draws on new research on folk metal and its reputation within heavy metal, using a range of internet sources and semiotic analysis of folk metal bands’ songs and images. The bands at the focus of the case study research are bands that have been deliberately selected because they are well-established in the industry, and generally known to fans of heavy metal: Turisas (Finland), Týr (Faroe Islands), Eluveitie (Switzerland), In Extremo (Germany) and Cruachan (Ireland). In this paper, I argue that folk metal is not easily dismissed as a fantasy space for young, white European men left behind by postmodernity, post-colonialism and a rearrangement of the gender order. Rather, folk metal remains central to the on-going construction of heavy metal as a form of commodified leisure that makes the power of Western, instrumental whiteness and hegemonic masculinity invisible, while ironically being in plain sight.
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