Teaching Philosophy: It is often easy to assume that in a college course you will be bombarded with facts and figures that you will eventually have to regurgitate for an exam. I, however, believe that teaching requires much more than just the transmission of facts and exam preparation. Instead, I seek to design courses that help you gain insights and meanings that are relevant to your current needs and concerns. In Introduction to Women’s Studies (WGS 210), we will use gender as a category of analysis in order to explore the lives of men and women from diverse races, cultures, and socio-economic backgrounds throughout history. By approaching the course material in this way, we can assess and appreciate the powerful role gender plays in modern society. To assist you in this endeavor, I will provide a learning environment that promotes free expression, open dialogue, and collaboration through various pedagogical methods and techniques. From discussion boards to personal reflections, you will better understand and appreciate the gendered world around you and the influence it has on your life.
Linda M. Perkins, Ph.D is University Associate Professor and Director of Applied Women’s Studies at Claremont Graduate University. She holds an interdisciplinary university appointment in the departments of Applied Women’s Studies, Educational Studies, Cultural Studies and History. Dr. Perkins is a historian of Women’s and African American higher education. Her primary areas of research are on the history of race and American women’s higher education, the education of African Americans in elite institutions and the history of talent identification programs for African Americans students.
In the early 1970s, the chair of the Department of History in a small Pennsylvania college, eager for the enrollments he felt would come with a trendy new subject, drafted me to teach what I now realize was one of the first college courses in women’s history. As a young adjunct with a BA from a small Catholic women’s college and a master’s degree in European diplomatic history, I was an unlikely pioneer and an even less likely feminist. But, quite simply, the experience changed my life. The class read Abigail McCarthy’s autobiography, Private Faces/Public Places, Julia O’Faolain’s Not in God’s Image: Women in History from the Greeks to the Victorians, and Miriam Scher’s Feminism: the Essential Writings. I managed to stay one-step ahead of students eager to learn more of a history that seemed to be in a daily process of excavation. When the job ended there was no doubt in my mind that I would return to graduate school to learn more about the subject I was teaching and, with few interruptions, have been teaching and writing about ever since. As our director of women’s studies recently said to me in a faux reverential tone, “you are history.” In forty years, the green shoots of women’s history have grown, blossomed, and matured. Any concern for the health of the field can be assuaged by looking at the scholarship in terms of sheer numbers: thousands of monographs, multiple journals devoted to the field, and numerous books reviewed in major academic journals. Each issue of the American Historical Review and the Journal of American History contain pages of book reviews whose titles indicate that while the archeological excavation of women’s history continues, historians continually find new subjects and new approaches—the work of revision is well underway as young Turks mount critical responses to foundational texts in the field. By any index—journals, graduate programs, books, conferences, anthologies, and faculty positions—the field of women’s history has become institutionalized. 1 Or has
The extent of gender inequality within Irish academia is actively debated. The recent failure of four higher education institutions to achieve Athena Scientiﬁc Women’s Academic Network (SWAN) accreditation for gender equality practices highlighted a systemic issue in Irish higher education, and it followed an academic promotions controversy at the National University of Ireland (NUI) Galway in 2014 . 23 The UK-based Athena SWAN Charter addresses work in most academic disciplines in terms of representation, work environment, student progress into academia, and the journey through career milestones. The most recent nationwide surveys under- taken by the Higher Education Authority (HEA) in 2013 and 2016 revealed that the ratio of men to women at full professorial rank across the university sector averaged at 81 percent male to 19 percent female, with a much more encouraging ratio of 50 percent male and female at the entry level. 24 Within academic history depart- ments we can trace a similarly clear pattern of female ‘‘juniority’’ across multiple departments. This, of course, does not neatly connect with questions of women’s history in public per se. After all, not all female historians should be thought to have an interest in women’s history, but their positions as historians in the public eye is nevertheless relevant to our survey. Within the academy women’s history is repre- sented by a revitalized Women’s History Association of Ireland (founded in 1989 ), which is connected to the International Federation for Research in Women’s His- tory. Trinity College Dublin (TCD) has an active Centre for Gender and Women’s History, while University College Dublin (UCD) has a more contemporary-focused Centre for Women’s Studies, attached to the School of Social Justice. Some impor- tant student-led initiatives have emerged from both centers in recent years, with the Irish Feminist Network emerging from TCD in 2010 . Women’s history itself con- tinues to be studied almost entirely by female historians.
Through the HORIZONS Scholarship, WID encourages women to pursue careers related to U.S. national security and defense and to provide development opportunities to women already working in national security and defense fields. The scholarship is designed to provide financial assistance to further educational objectives of women who are U.S. citizens either employed or planning careers in defense or national security areas. Preferred fields of study: security studies, military history, government relations, engineering, computer science, cyber security, physics, mathematics, international relations, political science, and economics. Others will be considered if the applicant can successfully demonstrate relevance to a career in the areas of national security or defense. The amount of the awards varies according to applicant need and available funds. Deadline: July 1.
In contrast to the US and elsewhere in Europe, sex and marriage between dif- ferent cultural groups are now commonplace in UK cities. Although the figures are inevitably contested, it is estimated that about 62% of young males of Afro- Caribbean origin under 30 and in a relationship are with white partners or some- one from another ethnic group. The figure for young Afro-Caribbean women is about 50%. There is a similar tendency among other ethno-religious and ‘racial’ groups though the figures are lower. It is now estimated that an astonishing 10% of all children born in Britain as a whole (not just in London) come from a ‘mixed’ family (Platt 2009). The cultural mixing phenomenon operates across the class spectrum and includes the Queen’s cousin who is married to a Nigerian. Di- ana and Dodi are another instance (Nava 2007). These figures are many times higher than in US or elsewhere in Europe.
women in female-intensive majors and the fraction of women in male-intensive majors use 1970 weights. The definition employed for “female-intensive” and “male-intensive” is about 0.5 standard deviations above the mean in 1970. A “female intensive” major = 1 if the fraction female in 1970 > 0.552 and a “male intensive” major = 1 if the fraction male in 1970 > 0.701.) If no data existed for a major in 1970, data from the first available year were used. In most cases these majors were too small to matter. Out of the 53 majors given, 11 were female-intensive, 31 were male-intensive, and 11 were neither. The female-intensive majors are: anthropology, arts & music, non-science education, English & literature, foreign languages, health technologies, linguistics, other life sciences, social services professions, sociology, and vocational studies & home economics.
The persistence of the association of breast cancer genes with ethnic groups in the US, however, points to further directions making the one analysed by Löwy and the Jewish community merely a start. Observation that Hispanic-Latino women in the US have a higher mortality rate compared to white women, led to population studies seeking to elucidate the ethnic profile that helps explain differences in breast cancer outcomes: they found that Latinas have a higher incidence of advanced stages of the disease, tumours of a larger size, developed at a younger age, and with a higher incidence of triple-negative breast cancers (are negative for hormone therapy, and have a poorer prognosis), and a higher incidence of pathogenic BRCA1 mutations.(6) These studies have prompted the analysis of the genotype of breast cancer in Latino woman, currently being investigated by a multi-site study sponsored by the Susan G. Komen for the Cure® – the world’s largest charity devoted to the fight against breast cancer – the National Cancer Institute and five Latin American countries. Other studies, on the contrary, have pointed to the existence of health inequalities as an essential factor behind differences in health outcomes. More specifically, Latino women leaving in the US have higher poverty rates, are less educated, are largely uninsured and in many, their undocumented status prevents them from access to health care at all compared to white women.(7) If, as Löwy has noted for the case of Ashkenazi Jewish women ‘the relative wealth of this population, its elevated level of education, and its high level of health consciousness, made it an excellent target for the marketing of tailored services [BRCA test]’ (p. 192), one may presume that the same will apply to a selected group of Latino women, while in the vast majority it may lead to an increase in health inequalities. In addition, the impact on
historiography may also be hagiographic, where se cular history demands a transcendence of ‘fact’ and the fluidity of speculation and probability. Lee’s text demonstrates a sophisticated awareness of the goals of historiography, particularly the Enlightenment-driven emphasis on positivistic methods and frameworks. In an age of reason, scepticism, and Protestant common – sense, Lee’s fictional editor submits a manuscript dredged up from the age of ‘Romance’ that demands faith in truths that are beyond history’s purview: those “partialities and prejudices” tha t determine the “ be st and worst actions of princes.” 10 The Recess is both reliant on history and insulated from
IN 1998, THE MANAGEMENT OF ZENTIVA TOGE THER WITH THE PRIVATE GROUP WARBURG PINCUS FUNDS ACQUIRED A MA JORIT Y SHAREHOLDING IN THE COMPANY. THIS S TAR TED A NE W PHASE IN THE COMPANY ’S DE VELOPMENT BASED ON A BR ANDED GENERICS S TR ATEGY. INVES TMENTS WERE MADE IN S TATE- OF-THE-AR T
“We want to inspire, motivate and empower our women to enjoy the same career that I have had – really the privilege of having – at Duane Morris. Our women are terrific, but it’s challenging to raise a family, be a professional, work very hard for your clients and be a leader in your practice area and in your community. The aim of WINS is to give our women attorneys the tools to effectively manage their careers and lives.”
T Transferable/Credit-Degree Applicable - (CB05 = A or B, CB04 = D and CB08 = N). D Not Transferable/Credit-Degree Applicable - (CB05 = C, CB04 = D and CB08 = N). C Not Transferable/Credit-Not Degree Applicable - (CB05 = C, CB04 = C and CB08 = N). S Basic Skills/Not Transferable/Credit - Not Degree Applicable –
Cambridge University Press has long been a pioneer in the reissuing of out-of-print titles from its own backlist, producing digital reprints of books that are still sought after by scholars and students but could not be reprinted economically using traditional technology. The Cambridge Library Collection extends this activity to a wider range of books which are still of importance to researchers and professionals, either for the source material they contain, or as landmarks in the history of their academic discipline.
human procreation and emotions are set in the private realm. Political action takes place in the public realm. The public realm is like a stage upon which men show and pronounce themselves to their fellows and where deliberation occurs. Action characterizes free men: by action men establish and confirm their freedom and in action men feel their power. Action preserves the framework that makes free action possible: the play defines the stage. Dialogue between men starts from the diversity amongst them and accommodates that diversity. By their actions men create history, as words and deeds are remembered. By acting in concert man creates a world that is more lasting than the products of the working artisan or the labouring peasant. And yet, acting men cannot create the world according to their own design. The results of action are unpredictable. Uncertainty is compensated by the human capacities of promise and forgiveness. The plurality of society and the unknown future are consequences of natality, by which Arendt means the continuous entry of new people into the world, human initiative and ingenuity.
After founding the Association, I contacted Oxford University Press and asked them if they would be interested in a journal – which would be connected to the Association – and, although fully aware of the excellent Literature/Film Quarterly, we wanted something that would broaden the field of adaptation studies, to include adaptations in a range of media, richly illustrated with articles ranging between 3-10,000 words. Timothy Corrigan, Imelda Whelehan and I were given a contract to edit Adaptation in 2008, a journal that has gone from two to three issues a year and is home to some of the most influential articles in the field. Among the most notable essays are the prize-winning, Clare Parody,
In a Canadian prospective observational cohort study, women with a history of GDM reported lower pre- pregnancy leisure and sport activity than a control group of women without GDM. One year after childbirth, no difference between groups regarding leisure or sports ac- tivity is reported, indicating that women with a history of GDM increase their postpartum PA in the year following birth . A similar pattern was found in our study; the significant pre-pregnancy difference disap- peared during pregnancy and after childbirth, which might indicate increased PA among women with a history of GDM. Despite this observed increase in PA, almost half of the participants with previous GDM in our study did not perform regular PA, a finding that differs from some international studies. An Australian study of women with a history of GDM show that 26.5% have a sedentary lifestyle . Our findings are more similar to those reported in a Danish follow-up study of 121 women with previous GDM, where 36-40% of women do not exercise after childbirth . As previously men- tioned, a Cochrane review shows that the incidence of type 2 diabetes mellitus in high-risk populations may be decreased by interventions that increase PA and improve diet . Despite some improvements in performance of PA noticed in our study, most women with previous GDM do not seem to change their lifestyle according to recommendations.