Hold Back This Day

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An Issue With Own-rates : Keynes Borrows From Sraffa, Sraffa Criticises Keynes, and Present-day Commentators Get Hold of the Wrong End of the Stick

An Issue With Own-rates : Keynes Borrows From Sraffa, Sraffa Criticises Keynes, and Present-day Commentators Get Hold of the Wrong End of the Stick

of a cotton spinner buying raw cotton spot to sell forward: ‘. . . the reason why cotton spinners should follow this line of conduct may not be so obvious as Sraffa seems to imply: their ordinary activity leads them to buy cotton to use and transform it, not to keep it for a period and return it afterwards. An explanation for their selling cotton forward may be based on the observation that cotton spinners, assuming that prices of raw and wrought cotton move in the same direction, in order to hedge against future variations in the price of wrought cotton, may sell forward the same amount of raw cotton bought spot. If prices go down, the profits obtained on the forward contracts may compensate for the loss on the price of wrought cotton, which has to be sold at a price lower than expected. If prices go up, the extra profits obtained selling wrought cotton will be cancelled out by the loss on the forward contracts. This explanation is closely mirrored by a passage from Marshall’s Industry and Trade (Marshall, 1923, pp.259-260).’ Note that the cotton spinner does not hold a surplus stock of cotton over the period of production, but buys only when the forward contract becomes due.
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Embryonic diapause: development on hold

Embryonic diapause: development on hold

Although tammar wallabies undergo both facultative and ob- ligate diapause, endocrine cues regulating either version result in inhibition of the immature corpus luteum by prolactin secreted from the pituitary (Hinds, 1989; Hinds and Tyndale-Biscoe, 2013). During facultative diapause, the suckling of the pouch young sends a neural signal to the hypothalamus, whilst during obligate diapause, photoperiodic signals are transduced by melatonin se- cretion from the pineal gland (Renfree, 1979; Tyndale-Biscoe et al., 1986). Reactivation from embryonic diapause in the wallaby requires removal of the prolactin-induced inhibition of the corpus luteum for a minimum of three days by either removal of the pouch young or by a decreased photoperiod accompanied by a change in the length of the daily episode of melatonin secretion (Hinds and Tyndale-Biscoe, 1982; Hinds et al., 1983; Shaw and Renfree, 1984; Hinds, 1989). Diapause can be experimentally terminated in the wallaby by hypophysectomy or by treatment with either the dopamine agonist, bromocriptine during lactational quiescence, or by melatonin during seasonal quiescence (Hearn, 1974; Tyndale-Biscoe and Hinds, 1984; 1992). Nonetheless, quiescent wallaby blastocysts are not reactivated by bilateral ovariectomy (Tyndale-Biscoe and Hearn, 1981). Reactivation from diapause occurs slowly in the wallaby with the first signs that the blastocyst has reactivated at day 4, followed by embryo expansion at day 8, with shell coat rupture and attachment to the uterine wall occurring around 18 days after reactivation (Renfree and Tyndale-Biscoe, 1973; Denker and Tyndale-Biscoe, 1986; Shaw and Renfree, 1986; Spindler et al., 1998; Spindler et al., 1999b).
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Does anticipated information impose a cost on risk-averse investors?

Does anticipated information impose a cost on risk-averse investors?

the maximum statutory short-term capital gains tax rate minus the maximum statutory long-term capital gains tax rate on day t. Duration, d, is the number of trading days from the quarterly earnings announcement date, t, that an investor, which purchased shares on day t − n, must hold the stock to meet the requisite ITD holding period of 250 trading days. INTENSITY is the the variance of daily changes in the logarithm of stock price estimated over the 100 trading days immediately preceding day t − 1 expressed as a sample rank (high rank is equivalent to high variance). IDIO (SYST ) is the residual (predicted) variance, expressed as a sample rank, from a regression of firm-specific excess returns on the excess market return and the excess 2-digit industry return estimated over the 100 trading days immediately preceding day t − 1. SKEW, expressed as a sample rank, is the negative coefficient of skewness of the firm-specific daily return distribution estimated over the 100 trading days immediately preceding day t − 1. INST, expressed as a sample rank, is the percentage of shares held by a 13-f filing institution at the end of the calendar quarter immediately preceding the earnings announcement date, t. APP d is an indicator variable equal to one if the change in stock price for an investor with duration,
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Spine day 2012: spinal pain in Swiss school children– epidemiology and risk factors

Spine day 2012: spinal pain in Swiss school children– epidemiology and risk factors

The physical investigation by the chiropractors started with measuring the body height and weight. It further consisted of an assessment of posture (Matthiass arm- raising test [24]), which tested a child’s ability to hold his arms for 60 seconds in 90 degrees flexion without chan- ging posture towards thoracic kyphosis and/or lumbar lordosis. Coordination was tested by asking the children to stand 10 seconds on each leg, once with eyes open and once with eyes closed [25]. Since several studies have reported reduced balance performance in adults with LBP [26], particularly with closed eyes [27], the sin- gle leg stance with closed eyes was of interest and was included in a further analysis. Furthermore, trunk and rib cage symmetry was assessed by the Adam’s forward bend test: The chiropractor noted whether a participant demonstrated a rib hump while bending forwards from a standing position. This test is the most widely used test in school scoliosis screening [28]. Trunk asymmetry and the diagnosis of scoliosis have so far been reported to increase the risk for LBP by one study each [29,30], but the significance of these variables need further inves- tigation [30,31]. Lastly, mobility was tested by measuring finger to floor distance when bending forward while in a standing position [32]. The participants were asked to bend forward as far as possible with knee, arms and fingers extended and the chiropractor measured the distance between the fingertips and the floor (finger- floor distance, FFD). This test is considered to give infor- mation about trunk mobility by assessing combined spine and pelvic mobility [32]. In the present study, no differentiation was made between a participant who touched the floor with the finger tips or with flat hands. Furthermore, the chiropractors investigated spinal mobility (range of motion), static deformities in the lower extremity (hips, knees and feet) and tested whether palpation of the vertebrae was painful. These data, however, were not included in the analyses.
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Poems from Snow Water

Poems from Snow Water

And hold up in snow light, for snow has been falling On this windless day, and I glimpse your wedding dress And white shoes outside in the transformed garden Where the clothesline and ev[r]

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What Did Hold Back the Middle East? The Thesis of The Long Divergence Revisited

What Did Hold Back the Middle East? The Thesis of The Long Divergence Revisited

It may be noted that the early printers could turn out three hundred pages a day. By the end of the sixteenth century this figure had risen to over a thousand for larger scale high-quality work (Kellenbenz, 1977, p. 181). One can imagine how efficient and fast communication was possible in Europe at a time when students and scholars in the Middle East spent hours and hours in copying the voluminous works of their predecessors. Sometimes the same work was copied many times to prepare more copies – a very tedious job indeed (al-Muhibbi, 3:160). It is said that one Mulla Muhammad al-Akhlaqi of Damascus (d. 1612) copied Kit ā b Akhl ā q-i ʿ Al ā’ ī forty times, hence he got the name "al-Akhl ā q ī " (ibid. 4:294). Ironically, when the first time a printing press arrived in Istanbul, from London, in the year 1627, the Majority of inhabitants were forbidden to use it. Only the publication of Christian religious literature in Greek was allowed and distributed among the adherents of the Orthodox faith (Perry, 1983, p. 151).
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ROLE OF NIRUHA BASTI GIVEN MORE THAN ONE IN A DAY IN NEUROLOGICAL LOW BACK PAIN

ROLE OF NIRUHA BASTI GIVEN MORE THAN ONE IN A DAY IN NEUROLOGICAL LOW BACK PAIN

of shushrut samhita. 4 Charaka has told maximum three basti in kaphapradhan avastha. But Chakrapani has contraindicated more than three basti in a one day due to excessive katu, ushna, tikshna guna of niruha. Hence it is decided to use of maximum three niruha basti in one day. To avoid SHARIRHIMSA (term used by chakrapani) not going to administrate fourth basti so for comparison of effect of niruha basti in kaphapradhan katishool here using maximum three niruha basti. [10]

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Design and development of a distributed planar pressure sensor utilising electrical impedance tomography

Design and development of a distributed planar pressure sensor utilising electrical impedance tomography

One of the earliest EIT data acquisition system was that of Henderson R.P. and Webster J.G., 1978. The system used voltage drive/current measurement and was used in a EIT system designed for imaging the thorax. The system used one large electrode connected to a voltage source that was placed on the chest of the subject. A 12x12 array of electrodes (144 in total) were place on the back of the subject and current measurements recorded. Kim.Y. And Woo H.W., 1987 also developed a voltage drive system for imaging the thorax. It consisted of 192 electrodes arranged on a belt which the subject wears around the chest. The function of each electrode is controlled by a computer. Each electrode could be set to apply a voltage to the subject, or take a current measurement or be logically disconnected from the system. The level of the voltage applied to the electrode was controlled by a digital to analogue converter. Current measurements were recorded using a current to voltage converter connected to the electrode, which was in turn connected to the host computer via an analogue to digital converter.
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SRI AUROBINDO’S SAVITRI - A CRITIQUE

SRI AUROBINDO’S SAVITRI - A CRITIQUE

Nothing could hold back Rishi Aurobindo from his quest for soul or dissuade him from becoming a world famous poet; a poet who understood human psyche, who realised inner being of human beings, who seriously thought of well being of human beings. Sri Aurobindo himself on his epic poetry Savitri, has opined, "I used Savitri as a means of ascension. I began with it on a certain mental level, each time I could reach a higher level I rewrote from that level... In fact Savitri has not been regarded by me as a poem to be written and finished, but as a field of experimentation to see how far poetry could be written from one's own yogic consciousness and how that could be made creative". Savitri of Sri Aurobindo is depicted to overcome the ills of the earth to save Satyavan. She does this by overcoming the limitations of life including conflict, duality, pain, darkness, etc. Savitri is the divine word, daughter of the Sun, goddess of the supreme truth, who comes down and is born to save. Sri Aurobindo is also credited with offering a few plays in verse. These plays boast of characters, mythical and historical who belong to different countries.
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Earth's surface mass transport derived from GRACE, evaluated by GPS, ICESat, hydrological modeling and altimetry satellite orbits

Earth's surface mass transport derived from GRACE, evaluated by GPS, ICESat, hydrological modeling and altimetry satellite orbits

The Earth observation missions GRACE and GRACE Follow-On provide the only way to estimate groundwa- ter storage changes on a global scale and in remote areas. Moreover, and in order to gain further knowledge on mass transport of short appearances, regional solutions in areas of strong anomalous signals have been developed and new methods for their computation can be investigated. A can- didate approach in this aspect is the transformation of the measurement data to in situ (proxy) gravity observables with subsequent inversion and continuation by means of rigorous integral equations. This non-conventional approach for the analysis of GRACE inter-satellite range observations, pro- cessed in combination with best knowledge reduced dynamic GRACE orbits has been elaborated in Gruber et al. (2014) and a detailed theoretical foundation of the method is pre- sented in Gruber et al. (2018). In brief, the transformed ob- servations are first reduced by available geophysical back- ground models and subsequently inverted as well as contin- ued downward by a rigorous formulation in terms of repro- ducing kernel functions. Then, time-variable mass equivalent anomaly maps with respect to the subtracted background data are derived.
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Session IV: Technology and The Future of Privacy, 29 J. Marshall J. Computer & Info. L. 379 (2012)

Session IV: Technology and The Future of Privacy, 29 J. Marshall J. Computer & Info. L. 379 (2012)

The scary thing when you look at the recent cases that have come down is they have said there is no obligation under the directives to al- low identity disclosure in civil procedures. So you can’t look to the direc- tives to say you have the right to get the name of the end user who is posting your copyrighted works, but it doesn’t prohibit it either. So it leaves you to go to every one of the twenty-seven countries of the Euro- pean Union and find out what their law says. If their national law says you’re allowed to get the identity, and most of them do in some way, shape or form, you’re not off the hook yet. You then go back into the privacy concerns and ask yourself, have you really demonstrated a strong enough need, have you balanced privacy interests against enforce- ment interests?
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A Brief History of Selected APA Bills in the 1994 Session

A Brief History of Selected APA Bills in the 1994 Session

The Senate amendments put back in the provisions in existing law that tolled the ninety day period for filing a rule during the pendency of a rule challenge, the [r]

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Changing trends in house hold savings

Changing trends in house hold savings

From savings deposited in Bank or Post offices as fixed deposits or risk free schemes of the government, people are slowly moving towards investments in mutual f[r]

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Hold My Hand

Hold My Hand

The chosen communication strategy was carried out several steps. A baseline evaluation took place through individual interviews and focus groups – followed by partners’ mobilisations. In a second step, a youth mobilisation programme was implemented through a series of homogenous and heterogeneous dialogues with children in conflict with the law, with children at risk, and with their families. The youth themselves then chose to use participatory video, rap, graffiti’s and social theatre in a transformative storytelling approach. They chose the Arab slogan”خوذ بيدي” which means “Hold my hand”.
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Wait Until I'm Dead! A Novel of Family Secrets by Elda Dawber

Wait Until I'm Dead! A Novel of Family Secrets by Elda Dawber

dysfunction without even knowing the lessons are happening. Elda Dawber doesn’t hold back on the impact of sexual abuse or many other layers of trauma in DJ’s childhood that compels her adult actions to no longer to carry or hide the family secrets. While many such stories have been told by survivors, clinicians, and nov- elists, what Dawber adds here is poetic sensitivity to a variety of moral, emotional and relational struggles. DJ’s mother never ceases to take every opportunity to weigh DJ down with “ought’s” related to how she should be, rather than appreci- ating who she is. Her discrediting is amplified by hiding behind accusing DJ of being a story teller and liar. Yet, for DJ, as motherless as her mother is for her, she is also the only mother she has and was a protection—however feeble—from her abusive father. DJ’s main protector, her uncle, also happens to be a highly success- ful pornographer. This uncle, “Zipper” Malone, justifies his work by holding on to the notion he is doing nothing harmful, particularly since he doesn’t support child pornography. Kate and Tuck shed light on the reality of the harms of his work and successes, while also understanding DJ’s reality of loving the one person who be- lieved and supported her.
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Characterization of energy and performance of swine fed a novel corn-soybean extruded product

Characterization of energy and performance of swine fed a novel corn-soybean extruded product

A total of 51 mixed parity (0–9) sows (Yorkshire × Landrace; Topigs 20, Winnipeg, MB, Canada) and their respective litters were used in this lactation study. The sow herd became infected with PRRS in November 2011, six months before the experiment started but had stabilized by the initiation of the trial. Sows were bred with pooled Duroc semen (Compart’s Boar Store, Inc., Nicollet, MN, USA) and originated from a single lacta- tion group of 63 sows. The study was performed in a completely randomized design with sow being the ex- perimental unit. Sows were randomly assigned to one of 3 dietary treatments, and provided 1.4 kg rations each day for 5 d prior to expected farrowing date as an ad- justment period before the start of the experiment. Upon the conclusion of the 5 d adjustment period, 12 sows were removed from the experiment due to feed refusal or health complications. The trial lasted the length of lactation, which was standardized to 18 d (lactation length ranged from 17–23 d). Piglets were cross fostered within dietary treatment groups within three days post- farrowing. Piglets/litter was the same for the sows in each respective treatment but not necessarily equal across all dietary treatments as we did not have the same number of pigs farrowed for each dietary treatment since we culled sows. The average number of piglets/ litter was 12.1, 11.6 and 11.7 for treatments 1, 2, and 3, respectively.
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Urinary Incontinence: A Problem to Hold On To

Urinary Incontinence: A Problem to Hold On To

The problem of acquired urinary incontinence is a result of direct damage to the sphincter mechanisms such as one sees following prostatectomy.. An entire spectrum [r]

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01 Ionic Compounds

01 Ionic Compounds

For example, this process occurs when atoms of sodium metal ( Na ) combine with atoms of chlorine ( Cl ) to form sodium chloride ( NaCl ), or table salt. IONIC COMPO UNDS IONIC COMP[r]

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02 Periodic Trends

02 Periodic Trends

• Outermost electrons feel a repulsion by inner electrons  effective nuclear charge decreases • Outermost electrons further away from nucleus .. atom size increases.[r]

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06 Intermolecular forces

06 Intermolecular forces

orbitals which extend over the orbitals which extend over the whole piece of metal. There whole piece of metal. There have to be huge numbers of have to be huge numbers of molecular orbitals, of course, molecular orbitals, of course, because any orbital can only because any orbital can only hold two electrons.

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