# Homotopy Perturbation Method

## Top PDF Homotopy Perturbation Method: ### Comparison between the Homotopy Perturbation Method and Homotopy Perturbation Transform Method

In this paper, comparison of homotopy perturbation method (HPM) and homotopy perturbation transform method (HPTM) is made, revealing that homotopy perturbation transform method is very fast convergent to the solu- tion of the partial differential equation. For illustration and more explanation of the idea, some examples are provided. ### Elzaki transform homotopy perturbation method for partial differential equations

It is interesting to study partial differential equations since they appear in many physical phenomena which in general are very hard to solve . Only a few have known exact solutions. In recent years, we have seen an increase in the study of new analytical methods or approximate analytical methods. Among others are homotopy analysis method , homotopy perturbation method , variational iteration method , differential transformation method , adomian decomposition method , sumudu transform , ELzaki transform [9, 1], etc. ### Asymptotic Solutions of Coupled Spring Systems with Cubic Nonlinearity using Homotopy Perturbation Method

In this article, the homotopy perturbation method (HPM) has been successfully applied to solve the dynamics of a coupled spring system with cubic nonlinearity. Our results suggest that it is an efficient method for obtaining solutions of nonlinear differential equations governing the motion of such problems. They also confirm the simplicity and efficiency of the method for solving any nonlinear ordinary differential equation or systems of nonlinear ordinary differential equations. It is also observed that the HPM is a promising method for solving other linear and nonlinear partial differential equations. Acknowledgements: This research is supported by Islamic University, Kushtia, Bangladesh. We like to thank all honourable members of the Academic Committee of the Department of Mathematics for providing us with logistic supports in carrying out the research. We also gratefully thank the anonymous reviewers for their valuable comments which helped us improve the manuscript significantly. ### A Modified New Homotopy Perturbation Method for Solving Linear Integral Equations – Differential

Abstract: Mathematical modeling of real-life problems usually results in functional equations, such as ordinary or partial differential equations, integral and integral-differential equations etc. The theory of integral equation is one of the major topics of applied mathematics. In this paper a new Homotopy Perturbation Method (HPM) is introduced to obtain exact solutions of the systems of integral equations-differential and is provided examples for the accuracy of this method. This paper presents an introduction to new method of HPM, then introduces the system of integral - differential linear equations and also introduces applications and literature. In second section we will introduce categorizations of averaging integral - differential and several methods to solve this kind of achievement. The third section introduces a new method of HPM. Fourth section determines quarter of integral - differential equations by using HPM. Therefore, we provide Conclusion and some examples that illustrate the effectiveness and convenience of the proposed method. ### Application of the Homotopy Perturbation Method to Nonlinear Heat Conduction and Fractional Van der Pol Damped Nonlinear Oscillator

The homotopy pertirabation method is one of the important methods to find the approximate solutions for non- linear partial differential equations in mathematical physics. The homotopy perturbation method, which was originally proposed by J. H. He - in 1999, has been proved by many authors to be a powerful mathematical tool for solving various kinds of problems -. This method introduces an efficient approach for a wide va- riety of scientific and enginering applications. We should point out that this method can give the approximte or exact solutions without the computation of the Adomian polynomial, discretization, linearization, transformation or perturbation. To illustrate, consider the following nonlinear differential equation -: ### A Comparison between Modified Sumudu Decomposition Method and Homotopy Perturbation Method

In this paper, we present a comparative study between the modified Sumudu decomposition method (MSDM) and homotopy perturbation method (HPM). The study outlines the important features of the two methods. The analysis will be explained by discussing the nonhomogeneous Kortewege-de Vries (KdV) problems. ### Homotopy Perturbation Method for Solving Highly Nonlinear Reaction-Diffusion-Convection Problem

He’s Homotopy perturbation method suggested in this article is an efficient method for obtaining the most accurate solution of a highly nonlinear partial differential equation with initial condition. Therefore, this method is a powerful mathematical technique to solve the wide classes of nonlinear partial differential equations in the form of analytical expressions. The HPM has got many important advantages and it does not require small parameters in the equation, so that the limitations of the traditional perturbations can be eliminated. Also the calculations in the HPM are simple and straightforward. The reliability of the method and the reduction in the size of the computational domain gives this method a wider applicability. ### Laplace Homotopy Perturbation Method of Solving Nonlinear Partial Differential Equations

Perturbation Method (LHPM) was utilized to solve some nonlinear partial differential equations. This technique is the mixture of the Laplace transform method and the homotopy perturbation method. Some nonlinear partial differential problems of first and second order were considered which the provide results in terms of transformed variables and the series solution was obtained by applying the inverse properties of the Laplace transform. In this paper, we compared the result obtained with the available Homotopy perturbation and Elzaki transform method solution which was found to be exactly same. The results revealed that the mixture of Laplace transform and Homotopy perturbation method was quite applicable, practically well appropriate for use in such problems. ### Application of He's homotopy perturbation method for solving Sivashinsky equation

In the recent years, the application of the homotopy perturbation method (HPM) [1, 7] in nonlinear problems has been developed by scientists and engineers, because this method continuously deforms the difficult problem under study into a simple problem which is easy to solve. The homotopy perturbation method , proposed first by He in 1998 and was further developed and improved by He [7, 8, 11]. The method yields a very rapid convergence of the solution series in the most cases. Usually, one iteration leads to high accuracy of the solution. Although goal of He’s homotopy pertur- bation method was to find a technique to unify linear and nonlinear, ordinary or partial differential equations for solving initial and boundary value problems. Most perturbation methods assume a small parameter exists, but most nonlinear problems have no small parameter at all. A review of recently developed nonlinear analysis methods can be found in . Recently, the applications of homotopy perturbation theory among scientists were appeared [1-6], which has become a powerful mathematical tool, when it is successfully coupled with the perturbation theory [7, 10, 11]. ### HOMOTOPY PERTURBATION METHOD FOR SOLVING FLOW IN THE EXTRUSION PROCESSES

Abstract In this paper, the homotopy perturbation method (HPM) is considered for finding approximate solutions of two-dimensional viscous flow. This technique provides a sequence of functions which converges to the exact solution of the problem. The HPM does not need a small parameters in the equations, but; the perturbation method depends on small parameter assumption and the obtained results. In most cases, it ends up with a non-physical result, so homotopy perturbation method overcomes completely the above shortcomings. HPM is very convenient and effective and the solutions is compared with the exact solution. ### Homotopy Perturbation Method for Solving Moving Boundary and Isoperimetric Problems

In this paper, homotopy perturbation method is applied to solve moving boundary and isoperimetric problems. This method does not depend upon a small parameter in the equation, homotopy is constructed with an imbedding parameter p, which is considered as a “small parameter”. Finally, we use combined homotopy perturbation method and Green’s function method for solving second order problems. Some examples are given to illustrate the effectiveness of methods. The results show that these methods provides a powerful mathematical tools for solving problems. ### Analysis of the new homotopy perturbation method for linear and nonlinear problems

where a, b, g and f are continuous functions in some region of the plane and g() = . By solving this boundary value problem by the homotopy perturbation method, we obtain an approximate or exact solution u(x, y). Before proceeding further, let us introduce the integral operator S deﬁned in the following form: ### Homotopy Perturbation Method For Fractional Gas Dynamics Equation Using A New Local Fractional Integral Transform.

A user friendly algorithm based on new homotopy perturbation, a new local fractional α - integral transform method is proposed to solve nonlinear fractional gas dynamics equation. Further, the same problem is solved by Adomian decomposition method The results obtained by the two methods are in agreement and hence this technique may be considered an alternative and efficient method for finding approximate solutions of both linear and nonlinear fractional differential equations.This method is a combined form of the new integral transform, homotopy perturbation method, and He’s polynomials. The nonlinear terms can be easily handled by the use of He’s polynomials. The numerical solutions obtained by the proposed method show that the approach is easy to implement and computationally very attractive. ### An improvement to the homotopy perturbation method for solving integro-differential equations

Several authors have proposed a variety of the modiﬁed homotopy perturbation meth- ods. E. Yusufo˘ glu in  proposed the improved homotopy perturbation method for solv- ing Fredholm type integro-diﬀerential equations. M. Javidi in  proposed the modiﬁed homotopy perturbation method (MHPM) to solve nonlinear Fredholm integral equations. The result reveals that the MHPM is very eﬀective and convenient. In another study, he applied the MHPM for solving the system of linear Fredholm integral equations . A. Golbabai in [15,16] used the MHPM for solving Fredholm integral equations and nonlinear Fredholm integral equations of the ﬁrst kind. In another work, he introduced new iterative methods for nonlinear equations by the MHPM . ### Solution by Homotopy Perturbation Method of Linear and Nonlinear Diffusion Equation

 Gurhan Gurarslan and Murat Sari 2009 “Numerical solutions of linear and nonlinear diffusion equation by a differential quadrature method” Int. J. Nume. Meth. Biomed. Engg. Vol. 27 Pp-69-77.  J.H. He, 2003 “ Homotopy perturbation method: A new nonlinear ### Homotopy Perturbation Method for Solving the Fractional Fisher's Equation

In this work, the modified homotopy perturbation method was successfully used for solving Fisher’s equation with time-fractional derivative, and the classical HPM has been used for solving Fisher’s equation with space-fractional derivative. The final results obtained from modified HPM and com- pared with the exact solution shown that there is a similarity between the exact and the approximate solutions. Calculations show that the exact solution can be obtained from the third term. That’s why we say that modified HPM is an alternative analytical method for solving the nonlinear time-fractional equations. ### The comparison of optimal homotopy asymptotic method and homotopy perturbation method to solve Fisher equation

Abstract In recent years, numerous approaches have been applied for finding the solutions of functional equations. One of them is the optimal homotopy asymptotic method. In current paper, this method has been applied for obtaining the approximate solution of Fisher equation. The reliability of the method will be shown by solving some examples of various kinds and comparing the obtained outcomes with the results of homotopy Perturbation method. ### Multi-stage Homotopy-perturbation Method for the Fractional Order Chen System

Abstract. In this paper, the multistage homotopy perturbation method is extended to solve the Chen fractional order systems. The multistage homotopy perturbation method is only a simple modification of the standard homotopy perturbation method, in which it is treated as an algorithm in a sequence of intervals for finding accurate approximate analytical solutions. The fractional derivatives are described in the Caputo sense. The solutions are obtained in the form of rapidly convergent infinite series with easily computable terms. Numerical results reveal that the multistage method is a promising tool for the Chen fractional order systems. ### Homotopy Perturbation Method for Solving a Spatially Flat FRW Cosmological Model

Abstract In the present paper, we study a homo- geneous cosmological model in Friedmann-Robertson- Walker (FRW) space-time by means of the so-called Homotopy Perturbation Method (HPM). First, we brieﬂy recall the main equations of the cosmological model and the basic idea of HPM. Next we consider the test example when the exact solution of the model is known, in order to approbate the HPM in cosmology and present the main steps in solving by this method. Finally, we obtain a solution for the spatially ﬂat FRW model of the universe ﬁlled with the dust and quintessence when the exact solution cannot be found. A comparison of our solution with the corresponding numerical solution shows that it is of a high degree of accuracy. 