Environmental infrastructure conditions such as drainage, local pathway, clean water for cooking and bathing, and the availability of electricity are much more adequate after housing renewal. Before housing renewal was done, the Sombo settlement area often flooded due to inadequate drainage conditions. In addition, the condition of the pathway at that time was still a land with irregular form. Far different from now where the local pathway is in paving. The source of clean water for bathing and washing is a communal well, while for cooking and drinking the local community buys literal water. In contrast to now where city water is already available except in blocks B, C and F due to water payment arrear. As for the electricity facilities, now all residents have their own electricity meter in each residential unit. Before housing renewal, many of the residents who still do not have a personal electricity meter.
Abstract: Urban housing renewal is part of urban renewal that aims to make the housing environment more functional and integrated. Urban renewal implementation is necessary through a sustainable development concept approach that include physical, social, economic, and cultural consideration into account. While sustainable tourism can be one of the efforts to support the development of urban economy and maintain the sustainability of sustainable development. Kampungs or informal settlements in Indonesia are potential to be developed as tourism area because each kampung has unique characteristics, cultures, site ambiences, and local wisdom. Although they have many potentials, there are still many kampungs that have not developed optimally yet. Therefore, this study aims to formulate the development concepts of urban housing renewal based on sustainable tourism using Kampung Tambak Bayan as a case study, in order to improving the quality of kampung through tourism approach that can reduce the number of slums, as well as improving local citizen’s prosperity in a sustainable way. The datas are collected through observation, questionnaire, and documentation. The results of several quantitative and qualitatively descriptive analyses show that efforts to upgrade Kampung Tambak Bayan as a tourism destination can be realized through quality enhancements of physical environment, basic infrastructures, build tourism facilities, stakeholder cooperation, the establishment of tourism organization, and local community empowerment in order to support the actualization of kampung’s tourism.
New tenants were mostly migrant workers from rural areas. Many were young people working in low paid service jobs such as waiters and cleaners in surrounding restaurants, cafes, bars and hotels. There were also many middle aged and older migrants engaged in small businesses such as shops or who are informally selling food and produce in local markets. They tended to work long hours, and returned home late at night. For migrant workers, lilong housing still constituted a relatively more affordable form of privately rented housing close to inner city work opportunities. Often however, due to their low income, or due to exploitation by employers who provide them housing via the market (which is not regulated), it was common to find numerous rural migrants or an entire extended family crowded into one small rented room. These processes can be understood as part of wider patterns of residential differentiation in post-reform China. Institutionally, or socio economically advantaged residents have had superior means to move out of deteriorated public housing, while others have remained constrained to live in low- cost rental dwellings towards the low end of the housing stock (Huang 2003, 2005; Wang 2000; Li and Wu 2006).
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Peneleh Kampung location is near the center of Surabaya city and easy to reach, either by public transport or private vehicle. Conditions there is high density housing; distance between buildings dominated 0 m (no distance), and minimal vacant land. Mostly connected by alley (width of 1.5 - 2 meters), hardened with paving-concrete with sufficient condition. Plants/ greenery around the alley is adequate. Vehicles that can pass through the alley are bicycle, motorbike, and pedicab.
obsolescence/unpopularity at the intersection of Territory Place ) requires the imposition of a market for a space of positions among those classes for whom such markets are unwanted or an irrelevance (Allen, 2008). On the other hand, Lee & Murie’s (2004) articulation of the obsolescence argum ent pointed to the inability of large parts of the housing stock, especially where it is seen to be ‘monolithic’, to keep sufficient pace with the flexibilities demanded within a post-Fordist economic paradigm. It was, consequentially, unfair to communities trapped by the inflexibilities of their planned housing estates not to restructure them to be more conducive to the realities of this new economy. Their argument, which was widely rehearsed in
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We welcome queries, complaints and suggestions. Please put your comments in writing to the Assistant Director – Housing and Advice Services at the Council House, PO Box 6290, Corporation Street, Derby DE1 2FH. However, please read the full Housing Renewal Policy document before sending your comments.
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The UK government’s HMR programme is a new opportunity to tackle the substantial problems of housing demand in some parts of North and Midlands, England. The UK Government introduced the programme shortly after the publication of the report on Empty Homes by the Transport, Local Government and the Regions Select Committee in March 2002. The report suggested three main recommendations and one of them that called for urgent actions to tackle the increasing problems of low housing demand and abandoned homes is: “Radical intervention is needed in some inner urban areas where the housing market has collapsed to make them attractive to a broad range of existing and potential residents. The housing market renewal approach needed to achieve this must be on a large, conurbation-wide scale. It will take a long time and so must be started as soon as possible and will require significant additional funding, of the order of hundreds of millions of pounds per annum”. (Transport, Local Government and the Regions Select Committee, 2002)
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Researchers have commented on the difficulties of gathering information at area level (Cole and Shayer, 1998). We found indeed a lot of variation in both the quality and quantity of information available and collected across the three sites. In terms of quantity, we found it easier to obtain background documents and information about more recent projects, where regeneration work was still under way or just completed, for example as at the Triangles and North Benwell, than where the project was long completed, as at Langworthy North. Moreover, both Langworthy North and North Benwell received more media or academic attention and coverage than the Triangles, and benefited from thorough national evaluations. In terms of quality, some documents revealed information that did not match or contradicted facts from other sources, was misleading or partial. For instance, information on each area’s HMR investment, outcomes and outputs felt into this category, as well as information on each area’s tenure mix, housing typology or numbers. When we had to draw on contradictory pieces of information from another source, we either triangulated the information with a third source or clarified it further with relevant bodies in the area.
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The CHA needed to build additional public housing to accommodate the large number of displaced black residents, but white residents living near proposed sites in outlying areas often fought back violently. A series of “negotiations” ultimately prevented the CHA from locating new public housing in non-black areas. 49 The CHA resigned itself to the fact that attempting to do otherwise would be a waste of time; under CHA Executive Director Alvin Rose, staff gauged the likelihood of rejection of a site by ward aldermen and their constituents before proposing a site. As one CHA commissioner noted, “…we do not even try to sail non-ghetto sites past the City Council.” 50 The result of the violence and political pressure waged by white residents in Chicago is clear: 26 of the 33 approved public housing projects planned in the 1950s and 1960s “were located in census tracts that were at least 95% black” when construction was complete. 51
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HMR programme is a new opportunity to tackle the substantial problems of housing demand decline in some parts of North and Midlands, England. The programme was introduced shortly after the publication of the report on Empty Homes by the Transport, Local Government and the Regions Select Committee in March 2002. However, details of the HMR initiative were only first announced as part of the ODPM’s Sustainable Communities Plan in February 2003. The broad objective for the programme was for Pathfinder strategic plans to entail radical and sustained action to replace obsolete housing with modern sustainable accommodation, through demolition and new building or refurbishment. This will mean a better mix of homes and sometimes fewer homes (ODPM, 2003).
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The main policy initiative by which the Sustainable Communities Plan aims to tackle low demand is via nine Housing Market Renewal Pathfinders (Pathfinder) areas in North and Midlands England. In 2003, a large proportion of Government funding is being allocated to the Pathfinder areas: £500 million has been made available for the task in three years. The East Lancashire Pathfinder (Elevate) is one of four Pathfinders in the North West, for instance, comprises seven intervention areas known as Area of Development Frameworks (ADFs), containing approximately 85,000 properties across five local authorities of Blackburn with Darwen, Hyndburn, Burnley, Rossendale and Pendle Borough Councils (Elevate, 2004).
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Use a combination of climate energy and forms triple provide the basis of the solar energy utilization in building . In this study, a research was carried out using the solar envelope method in residential buildings (social housing) constructed in an urban renewal area after disaster in city of Bingöl (Turkey). The aim of the study is firstly to analyse the potential of making shade of the existing buildings in the study area both in its own and towards the surrounding buildings located in the near environment. To achieve this objective, buildings proportions exceeding volumetric limit of solar envelopes were determined. The second aim is to develop multiple alternative proposals in the same area. In this proposition phase of the study, different general layout plans were obtained according to the number of buildings. The construction density of the new proposals and various arrangements were compared between them and with the current cases.
If this suggests a weakness in the HMR approach it is that at worst it may only have been a palliative. More kindly it suggests a certain philosophical dissonance in the early 2000s: arguably, despite a well-funded regional development apparatus, New Labour's enthusiastic embrace of the knowledge economy was simultaneously aiding and abetting a process of regional economic clustering of growth sectors within those areas best equipped with the institutional infrastructures, R&D capacity and creative milieus (London and the south east, and, within the regions, cities like Manchester) just as it was seeking to upgrade and reconnect disconnected and deprived areas. For all its potential limitations and spatial imbalances, the May government's commitment to an Industrial Strategy (see Fothergill et al., 2017) at least has the potential to broaden the conceptualisation of economic value within the economy. But without a serious approach to regeneration of place alongside commitment to social regeneration, the most deprived and disconnected neighbourhoods will continue to risk being residualised as processes of economic sorting and social segregation play out through the housing market.
household component in the central city, etc." (p.179). Welfare housing proponents argue that total tenant and non-tenant benefits should be compared with programme cost in evaluating housing programmes. Non- tenant benefits are, of course, very difficult to quantify. Further, it is not clear that government housing is the most cost-effective way of achieving such benefits. Non-tenant benefits may arise due to the gene- ration of consumption externalities. Without specifying an underlying theory of the political mechanism, it may be such that middle-class donors get utility from the herding of low-income recipients into ^segregated areas, away from middle-class suburbs. These non-tenant benefits might be measurable by determining how much providers are willing to pay purely to be able to segregate unwanted neighbours. It is not clear whether the other "non- tenant benefits" mentioned by De Salvo really are benefits. Public housing programmes often seem to actually create slums. (Witness the inner-Sydney and Melbourne high-rise developments.)
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The sampling frame was an enumerated list of 1,453 individual urban planners who maintained membership with the North Carolina chapter of the American Planning Association acquired in August 2018. I use APA membership as an indication of practice as an urban planner because it is the certifying body for practicing urban planners in the United States, and because it provides continuing education, networking opportunities, and professional materials, and its membership fees are commonly paid by certified planning schools. It is also a prerequisite for participation in APA conferences, receipt of the American Institute of Certified Planners (AICP) credential, and many planning positions. The wide use of APA membership as a prerequisite to practice planning suggests that use of the APA-NC membership list provides an accurate count of practicing urban planners, the target population for this study. The frequency of membership renewal ensured accurate contact information for the 2018 calendar year. The full sampling frame included academic, public, and private urban planning professionals and urban planning students. From that sampling frame, I drew a nonrandom, discretionary sample of 1,436 individuals that excludes the 23 individuals whose professional title is professor, assistant professor, or associate professor because they tend to research and teach, but not practice, urban planning. Contact information for the sampling unit, an individual urban planner who maintains membership with the APA NC Chapter, was provided in the membership list.
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But it is also important to note that there are criticisms in the literature against this pragmatic approach in the context of whether it is suitable with the core missions of the HDA. In this context, Karasu (2009: 256) und erlines that HDA‟s prestigious projects aim to produce housing for upper income groups. Turan (2009: 281) emphasizes that HDA‟s approach is not proper with her mission about housing production for low income groups. The Author also says that HDA‟s tender p rocess creates priviliged companies. On the other hand Erol (2007: 239) argues that revenue- sharing model is against the Turkish Constitute‟s equality principle. Additionally, Turk and Altes (2010b : 194) indicate that HDA‟s revenue sharing scheme in return for the land sale with the private developers is shaped wholly by the profit motive.
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Egan (2004) highlighted that the successful delivery of sustainable communities is depending on the skills/competencies necessary to support delivery process. The author further concluded and recommended of the growing focus on skills and knowledge in regeneration as a perceived barrier to the delivery of sustainable communities. Studies by the Turner and Townsend Group (2004), underpin the concern of those related skills needs in regeneration that can be summarised as: Society has not necessarily been well served by the existing professions operating in the built environment. They are either unwilling or unable to engage with communities; Knowledge about ‘what works’ is, inconsistent and difficult to access as they easily rest with ‘traditional’ professions; The skills and knowledge relating to strategic planning, project management, urban design, community engagement and partnership working necessary for the development of successful sustainable communities is absent. The Neighbourhood Renewal Unit and ODPM (2002, p33-34) have also recognised skills for working with the community as part of professional and practitioners core skills development in its three key different audiences of residents, professionals and civil servants and policy makers of the regeneration-learning framework for neighbourhood regeneration.
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The variability of the urban environment, where the symptoms are observed in terms of spatial, aesthetic, architectural, urban and socio-economic development, seems to be relevant to the functioning of the local real estate market. Housing issue is the vital component of sustainable socioeconomic city development. The perception of the property attractiveness is determined by price-setting attributes such as: building standard, area, utilities, zoning and also location and neighbourhood. The attractiveness of the residential property is manifested in its market value. As part of the follow-urban transformation, it seems to be important to reconstruct the impact of the neighbourhood changes on the housing market. The authors attempt to explain the ensuing problem on the example of one of the streets in a Polish city – Kalisz, which over the years has gained a new streetscape and market image. They endeavour to simulate changes in the market value of selected properties located on the street, in order to map the influence of changes on the value.
Design/methodology/approach – this paper is centred on three key themes: the HMR and the Sustainable Communities Plan, an exploratory case study at the Elevate East Lancashire Pathfinder and the skills that are to be acquired by the key participants involved in the process of delivering HMR. Findings – the problem of housing market failure is not only an issue of the physical condition of housing but also other non-physical intervention factors such as social deprivation, economic and environmental issues that cause housing to become unpopular and deteriorate. The recent protests by the local residents within the Pathfinder schemes in the North West of England, suggesting a gap between the government’s intentions and community expectations. The conflict between the aspirations of the local community and the objectives of the HMR suggests that the participants involve in the process of delivering HMR need to focus on skills necessary for community-based action.
Fourteen areas were selected from lists of Glasgow neigh- bourhoods scheduled to receive one of five types of inter- vention package, with the key inclusion criteria being that intervention delivery would commence after the baseline survey (i.e. after September, 2006) . Table 1 describes the intervention types and study areas. Table 2 sum- marises data on the number of households and tenure mix in each intervention area type at the time of the base- line survey. It shows that the Transformational and Local Regeneration Areas (TRAs and LRAs) were dominated by social rented dwellings; Housing Improvement Areas (HIAs) and Wider Surrounding Areas (WSAs) contained a broadly even split of social rented and private homes; whilst just over three quarter of the Peripheral Estates' (PEs) dwellings were social rented. Figure 1 is a map showing the location of study areas across the city.
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