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Effect of Characteristic Compressive Strength of Concrete by Replacing Cement Partially with Hypo Sludge

Effect of Characteristic Compressive Strength of Concrete by Replacing Cement Partially with Hypo Sludge

ABSTRACT: Hypo Sludge is a waste produced in the paper manufacturing industry. Paper mills generate more than 4 million tons of sludge each year for disposal. Hypo Sludge is known to contain useful fibers and chemicals, as my project to get good results by adding of ferrous oxide to the hypo sludge to the fly ash improve the strength, durability, and life span of concrete structures exposed to weather. Paper making generally produces a large amount of solid waste. Paper fibers can be recycled only a limited number of times before they become too short or weak to make high quality paper. It means that the broken, low-quality paper fibers are separated out to become waste sludge. This research work describes the feasibility of using the Hypo Sludge in concrete production as replacement of cement by weight. The use of Hypo Sludge in concrete formulations as a supplementary cementations material was tested as an alternative to conventional concrete. The mix has been replaced by Hypo Sludge accordingly in the range of 0% (without Hypo Sludge), 10%, 20%, 30% and 40% by weight of cement for M-40 mix.Concrete mixtures were produced, tested and compared in terms of compressive strength for 28 days.

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EXPERIMENTAL STUDY OF CONCRETE MADE WITH HYPO SLUDGE AND WOOD ASH: A REVIEW

EXPERIMENTAL STUDY OF CONCRETE MADE WITH HYPO SLUDGE AND WOOD ASH: A REVIEW

Shah and Pitroda (2013) analysed [3] the performance of cement mortar by replacing the cement with hypo sludge. The evaluation of Hypo Sludge for use as a supplementary cementations material as a pozzalona, begins with the mortar testing. Mortar is similar to concrete in that it contains cement, water and aggregate, except that in mortar graded fine aggregate is the only aggregate present. With the control mortar, i.e.10 %, 30% and 50% of the ordinary Portland cement (OPC) confirming IS 269IV is replaced with Hypo Sludge, The data from the Hypo Sludge mortar is compared with data from a "control" mortar without Hypo Sludge. Three cube samples were cast in the mould of size 70.7 x 70.7 x 70.7 mm for each 1:3 cement mortars with partial replacement of cement with Hypo Sludge with W/C ratio as 0.43 were also cast. After about 48 h the specimens were de- moulded and water curing was continued till the respective specimens were tested after 7 & 28 days for compressive strength.

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													Experimental study on strength characteristics of concrete with partial replacement of cement by hypo sludge

1. Experimental study on strength characteristics of concrete with partial replacement of cement by hypo sludge

Compared to Conventional RCC Beam the shear load carrying capacity of RC beam with 5% hypo sludge is increased. Compared to Conventional RCC Beam the shear load carrying capacity of RC beam with 10% hypo sludge is Maximum. Compared to Conventional RCC Beam the shear load carrying capacity of RC beam with 15% hypo sludge is equal strength. Flexural strength of the concrete increases when the 10% replacement of cement by hypo sludge.

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Durability Study on Hypo Sludge Concrete with Replacement of Fine Aggregate

Durability Study on Hypo Sludge Concrete with Replacement of Fine Aggregate

leads to active shortage of conventional construction Materials such as cement, fine aggregate and coarse aggregate. To produce low cost concrete by blending various ratios of fine aggregate with hypo sludge and to reduce disposal and pollution problems due to hypo sludge it is most essential to develop profitable building materials from hypo sludge. These tests were carried out to evaluate the durability studies for after 28 days. This research work is concerned with experimental investigation on strength of concrete and optimum percentage of the partial replacement by replacing fine aggregate via 5%, 10%, 15%, and 20% of Hypo Sludge. Keeping all this view, the aim of investigation is the behavior of concrete while adding of waste with different proportions of Hypo sludge in concrete by using tests like acid attack, sulphate attack, Rapid chloride penetration, sorptivity test were conducted. The mix design was carried out for M20 grade concrete as per IS: 10262-2009.

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Effect of Characteristic Strength of Concrete by Replacing Cement Partially with Hypo Sludge

Effect of Characteristic Strength of Concrete by Replacing Cement Partially with Hypo Sludge

The results of the analysis on the shear force, bending moment and torsion are compared. The results are presented in tabular and graphical form. The results on the drift and displacement are checked with serviceability conditions and are compared and presented in tabular form. The Zone wise results are also c Hypo Sludge is a waste produced in the paper manufacturing industry. Paper mills generate more than 4 million tons of sludge each year for disposal. Hypo Sludge is known to contain useful fibers and chemicals, as my project to get good results by adding of ferrous oxide to the hypo sludge to the fly ash improve the strength, durability, and life span of concrete structures exposed to weather. Paper making generally produces a large amount of solid waste. Paper fibers can be recycled only a limited number of times before they become too short or weak to make high quality paper. It means that the broken, low-quality paper fibers are separated out to become waste sludge. All the inks, dyes, coatings, pigments, staples and "stickiest" (tape, plastic films, etc.) are also washed off the recycled fibers to join the waste solids. The shiny finish on glossy magazine-type paper is produced using a fine kaolin clay coating, which also becomes solid waste during recycling. This paper mill sludge consumes a large percentage of local landfill space for each and every year. Worse yet, some of the wastes are land spread on cropland as a disposal technique, raising concerns about trace contaminants building up in soil or running off into area lakes and streams. Some companies burn their sludge in incinerators, contributing to our serious air pollution problems. To reduce disposal and pollution problems emanating from these industrial wastes, it is most essential to develop profitable building materials from them. Keeping this in view, investigations were undertaken

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Experimental Investigation to Evaluate the Properties of Bricks by using Hypo Sludge

Experimental Investigation to Evaluate the Properties of Bricks by using Hypo Sludge

Brick is one of the important building units used for masonry work in the building construction which make up walls and columns after adjoining a great number of bricks by the help of mortar paste. On the basis of raw materials used for manufacturing of bricks, they are usually classified into three categories as clay bricks, fly ash bricks and hypo sludge bricks. They can also be typically categorized in the form of graded class i.e. first class, second class, third class and fourth class bricks. Different categorized bricks have dissimilar strength, color, appearances and applications according to anxiety in construction. Generally, the modular size of brick is (190×90×90) mm and non-modular size of brick varies as length (210-250 mm), width (100-130 mm) and height (70-75 mm). Its maximum weight is approximately 3 to 3.5 kg. These bricks are obtained by hand molding or machine molding.

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Effect of characteristic compressive strength of concrete by replacing cement partially with hypo sludge

Effect of characteristic compressive strength of concrete by replacing cement partially with hypo sludge

hypo Sludge is a waste produced in the paper manufacturing industry. Paper mills generate more than 4 million tons of sludge each year for disposal. Hypo Sludge is known to contain useful fibers and chemicals, as my project to get good res ults by adding of ferrous oxide to the hypo sludge to the fly ash improve the strength, durability, and life span of concrete structures exposed to weather. Paper making generally produces a large amount of solid waste. Paper fibers can be recycled only a limited number of times before they become too short or weak to make high quality paper. It means that the broken, low- quality paper fibers are separated out to become waste sludge. All the inks, dyes, coatings, pigments, staples and "stickiest" (tape, plastic films,

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An Experimental Study on the Properties of Concrete by Replacing Cement Partially with Hypo Sludge

An Experimental Study on the Properties of Concrete by Replacing Cement Partially with Hypo Sludge

ABSTRACT: Hypo Sludge is a waste produced in the paper manufacturing industry. Paper mills generate more than 4 million tons of sludge each year for disposal. Hypo Sludge is known to contain useful fibers and chemicals, as my project to get good results by adding of ferrous oxide to the hypo sludge to the fly ash improve the strength, durability, and life span of concrete structures exposed to weather. Paper making generally produces a large amount of solid waste. Paper fibers can be recycled only a limited number of times before they become too short or weak to make high quality paper. It means that the broken, low-quality paper fibers are separated out to become waste sludge. All the inks, dyes, coatings, pigments, staples and "stickiest" (tape, plastic films, etc.) are also washed off the recycled fibers to join the waste solids. The shiny finish on glossy magazine-type paper is produced using a fine kaolin clay coating, which also becomes solid waste during recycling. This paper mill sludge consumes a large percentage of local landfill space for each and every year. Worse yet, some of the wastes are land spread on cropland as a disposal technique, raising concerns about trace contaminants building up in soil or running off into area lakes and streams. Some companies burn their sludge in incinerators, contributing to our serious air pollution problems. To reduce disposal and pollution problems emanating from these industrial wastes, it is most essential to develop profitable building materials from them. Keeping this in view, investigations were undertaken to produce low cast concrete by blending various ratios of cement with hypo sludge.This research work describes the feasibility of using the Hypo Sludge in concrete production as replacement of cement by weight. The use of Hypo Sludge in concrete formulations as a supplementary cementations material was tested as an alternative to conventional concrete. The mix has been replaced by Hypo Sludge accordingly in the range of 0% (without Hypo Sludge), 10%, 20%, 30% and 40% by weight of cement for M-40 mix.

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Mechanical properties and Durability Properties of Concrete with Partial Replacement of Cement By Hypo Sludge

Mechanical properties and Durability Properties of Concrete with Partial Replacement of Cement By Hypo Sludge

chemicals that may be found in nature. Calcium, sodium, magnesium and ammonium sulphates are in increasing order of hazard harmful to concrete as they react with hydrated cement paste leading to expansion, cracking, spalling and loss of strength. About 300 kg of sludge is produced for each tone of recycled paper and over 300 million tonnes of wastes per annum is produced from industrial wastes. The quantity of sludge varies from mill to mill. The amount of sludge generated by a recycled paper mill is greatly dependent on the type of furnish being used and end product is used as an alternative material for the concrete and it is considered as a supplementary cementitious material. The objectives are to mix these materials traditionally to make concrete that is easy to transport, place, compact, finish and to give a strong and durable product. The main reason to take hypo sludge as a replacement material for cement is to it contains carbon dioxide as well as equal % of OPC chemical composition and silicate are also present in these hypo sludge, its increase the setting time and strength of concrete. So it helps to reduce the environmental pollution.

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Mechanical properties and Durability Properties of Concrete with Partial Replacement of Cement By Hypo Sludge

Mechanical properties and Durability Properties of Concrete with Partial Replacement of Cement By Hypo Sludge

chemicals that may be found in nature. Calcium, sodium, magnesium and ammonium sulphates are in increasing order of hazard harmful to concrete as they react with hydrated cement paste leading to expansion, cracking, spalling and loss of strength. About 300 kg of sludge is produced for each tone of recycled paper and over 300 million tonnes of wastes per annum is produced from industrial wastes. The quantity of sludge varies from mill to mill. The amount of sludge generated by a recycled paper mill is greatly dependent on the type of furnish being used and end product is used as an alternative material for the concrete and it is considered as a supplementary cementitious material. The objectives are to mix these materials traditionally to make concrete that is easy to transport, place, compact, finish and to give a strong and durable product. The main reason to take hypo sludge as a replacement material for cement is to it contains carbon dioxide as well as equal % of OPC chemical composition and silicate are also present in these hypo sludge, its increase the setting time and strength of concrete. So it helps to reduce the environmental pollution.

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A Miniscule Endeavour for Accomplishing Hypo Sludge Fly Ash Brick in Indian Context

A Miniscule Endeavour for Accomplishing Hypo Sludge Fly Ash Brick in Indian Context

Abstract: Paper waste can be recycled only a limited number of times before they become too short or weak to make high quality paper. Thus the broken, low- quality paper fibers are separated out to become waste sludge known as hypo sludge, which can be available at very negligible rate and in huge quantity from paper industry. Hypo sludge has a very good content of CaO, thus in this paper, study on hypo sludge for making bricks is done by partial replacement with lime in fly ash bricks. The replacement of hypo sludge by weight with lime with permutation of 5%, 10%, 15% and 20% is done. These bricks were tested in compression test and water absorption test per Indian Standards. The aim of this research is to make economical and green bricks to maintain environmental balance, and avoid problem of ash disposal.

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Utilization of Hypo Sludge by Eco - Efficient Development of Rigid Pavement in Rural Roads

Utilization of Hypo Sludge by Eco - Efficient Development of Rigid Pavement in Rural Roads

pulpingofpaper.Themilliontonnesquantityof paper mill sludge produced in the world. Themain recyclinganddisposalroutesfor paper sludgeare land- spreadingasagriculturalfertiliser, producingpaper sludge ash,ordisposaltolandfill. Infunctionalterms,papersludgeconsistsofcellulosefib res,calciumcarbonateand chinaclay and residual chemicalsboundupwithwater. Thematerial isviscous,sticky andhardtodry. To produce low cost concrete by blending various ratios of cement with hypo sludge and to reduce disposal and pollution problems due to hypo sludge it is most essential to develop profitable building materials from hypo sludge. To make good quality paper limited number of times recycled Paper fibres can be used which produces a large amount of solid waste. The innovative use of hypo sludge in concrete formulations as a supplementary cementitious material was tested as an alternative to conventional concrete

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Experimental Investigation on Concrete by Partial Replacement of Cement & Fine Aggregate Using Hypo Sludge & Sea Sand

Experimental Investigation on Concrete by Partial Replacement of Cement & Fine Aggregate Using Hypo Sludge & Sea Sand

The rapid increase of the construction industry leads to be a shortage of conventional construction materials such as cement, fine aggregate and coarse aggregate which are mainly used in conventional concrete. Concrete is the most indispensable material being used in construction development throughout the world. Umpteen varieties of concretes (FAC, SCC, FRC, HPC, HSC, and others) were researched in several laboratories and brought to the field to suit the specific needs. The cement industries are releasing a large amount of carbon dioxide during processes that effecting the environment and causing global warming. And by large mining of river sand [fine aggregate], it will cause a decrease in water level in the earth. Then the ground water table is effected, and also river sand is very high cost. Researches were searching for cheaper materials that can be used as a substitute for these materials. And they were studying for low-cost materials as a substitute for the cement materials. The recent studies were shown that the waste from paper industries has pozzolanic property termed as hypo sludge which contains low calcium and the minimum amount of silica. Hypo sludge behaves like cement because of silica and magnesium properties. The magnesium and silica improve the setting of concrete. By utilizing hypo sludge the strength of concrete will be increased and also cost reduction in the concrete is achieved. River sand has been the most popular choice for the fine aggregate of concrete in the past, but overuse of the material has led to environmental concerns, the depleting of securable river sand deposits and a concomitant price increases of material. Therefore, it will obtain cheap and friendly substitutes for river sand that is preferably sea sand. Sea Sand is being used in the construction industry in the Asia Region and also in some European countries. This study is to experiment on suitability, to know the Strength & Durability Of Concrete By using sea sand as a partial replacement for river sand as fine aggregate for concrete & Hypo sludge as the partial replacement for cement in concrete. The work is carried out with M20 & M30 grade concrete. and hypo sludge is replaced in different percentages such as 10%, 20% by weight of cement, and sea sand is replaced in different percentage such as 10%, 20% by weight of river sand. Cubes of 150mm x 150mm size, Cylinders of 150 mm dia and 300mm height, and beams of 100 mm x 100mm x 500mm are cast for conventional concrete and PRH (Replacement of hypo sludge by weight of cement) test specimen respectively.

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Experimental Investigation to Evaluate the Properties of Bricks by using Hypo Sludge

Experimental Investigation to Evaluate the Properties of Bricks by using Hypo Sludge

The research work finally concludes that the partial use of hypo sludge in bricks can be done without affecting the properties of bricks. Thus the problem of decomposing the hypo sludge can also be solved to a great extent. The results of this research work conclude that after 7 days the highest compressive strength was obtained when 20% of hypo sludge was used with 50% fly ash. Whereas in the case of compressive strength after 14 days and 21 days, the highest compressive strength was obtained when 25% hypo sludge was used with 40% fly ash. During the hardness test, no impressions were created on the surface of bricks which is also an important aspect. The water absorption test showed that when 15%, 20% and 30% hypo sludge was used in bricks, the water absorption was less as compared to the bricks made with 10% hypo sludge.

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Compaction and Strength Characteristics of Terra Zyme and Hypo Sludge Stabilised Lithomargic Soil (Shedi Soil)

Compaction and Strength Characteristics of Terra Zyme and Hypo Sludge Stabilised Lithomargic Soil (Shedi Soil)

selecting the correct technique, quantity of material required and stabilizing method . Stabilisation of soil with Bio enzymes and waste materials is a newly method to improve the geotechnical properties of the soil. In this present study, the effectiveness of Bio enzymes and waste materials like Hypo Sludge in stabilizing the soil of South Canara districts are investigated through laboratory experiments. The Lithomargic soil (Shedi soil) is collected from the field is used for the investigation. Bio enzyme (Terra Zyme) and Hypo Sludge are used as a soil stabilizer. The pavements of Udupi and Dakshina Kannada districts are found to be damaged due to improper drainage system and heavy rainfall added problems and another major failure of sub base due to improper material usage. The soils available in this region are Lateritic soil and Lithomargic soil. The plasticity index of the soil is found to be more due to high presence of silt and clay content in this type of soil. In this study, the Lithomargic soil sample are collected to investigate the geo technical properties and treated with variable dosage of Bio enzyme and variable percentage of Hypo Sludge. The strength parameters of the stabilized soil have been evaluated for a curing period of 0, 7, 14, 21 and 28 days.

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HYPO SLUDGE PAVER BLOCKS

HYPO SLUDGE PAVER BLOCKS

In the present work M30 grade of concrete is considered for Non-traffic category as per Table 1 of IS 15658:2006 for the experimental investigation. Cement partially replaced with different percentage of hypo sludge namely 10%, 20%, 30%, 40%, 50% and 60%. Hypo sludge is also fully replaced with fine aggregate (sand) in other trial. Comparative result of workability and compressive strength of conventional concrete paver block and hypo sludge added concrete paver block are reported.

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Experimental Studies on Cement Concrete by Partially Replacing Individually Cement by Hypo Sludge and Sand by M-Sand

Experimental Studies on Cement Concrete by Partially Replacing Individually Cement by Hypo Sludge and Sand by M-Sand

various wastes are comes out from the various processes in paper industries. From the preliminary waste named as hypo sludge due to its low calcium is taken out for our project to replace the cement utilization in concrete. Paper making industries generally produces a large amount of solid waste. Paper fibers can be recycled only a limited number of time before they become too short or weak to make high quality paper. From paper manufacturing process three types of sludge are obtained namely lime sludge (Hypo sludge), ETP sludge and De-Inking sludge. In our project we have utilized lime sludge as a replacement for cement. Lime sludge (Hypo sludge is a material obtained from the chemical recovery process of paper production. Hypo sludge is available abundantly worldwide, but its usage to date is very limited.In our project we have utilized lime sludge as a replacement for cement. Lime sludge (Hypo sludge is a material obtained from the chemical recovery process of paper production.

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Industrial Waste Materials Silica Fume and Hypo Sludge Are Used In High Performance of M60 Grade of Concrete

Industrial Waste Materials Silica Fume and Hypo Sludge Are Used In High Performance of M60 Grade of Concrete

6.2 Compressive Strength: As we know that concrete is a compressive (brittle) material. The strength of the concrete increase with the age. At the age of 1, 3, 7, 14, 21 and 28 days the percentage of compressive strength is 16%, 40%, 65%, 90%, 95% and 99% respectively. The compressive strength M60 grade concrete at the age of 28 days is presented in table 7. Compressive strength of concrete at the 28 days age, with replacement of silica fume was increased gradually up to an optimum replacement level of 5% and then gradually decreased by adding Hypo sludge. At 20% and 25% replacement of cement (silica fume of 5% and Hypo sludge 15%) the compressive strength is 62.1 MPa and 60.3 MPa respectively is approximately same.

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Replacement of cement with hypo sludge (partial replacement)

Replacement of cement with hypo sludge (partial replacement)

Paper Industry creates a lot of strong waste. That wastage can be reused just in a predetermined number. So that the broken, low-quality paper filaments are squander material get as muck. It is called as Hypo Sludge. Paper Industry Hypo Sludge are dumped as waste in the ground each year. Barely any Industries are utilizing 10% ooze for their incinerators yet it makes air contamination issues another 2% of waste slop is utilized for cropland as compost. Staying 88% of the cases those squanders are blended wi th streams and lakes. Here we are utilizing those waste material called Hypo slop by halfway substitution of concrete. In the first place, the hypo muck washed off the reused strands to join the waste solids. The fundamental point of this undertaking is to create low cast cement by halfway supplanting of concrete with hypo slime. To diminish the mechanical wastage sum and reuse that wastage in some other configuration just the answer for this. This undertaking is worried about the test examination on quality of concrete and ideal level of the halfway substitution by supplanting bond by means of 10%, 20%, 30%, 40%, half, of Hypo Sludge. The test outcomes acquired show that Hypo muck of minimal amount as incomplete concrete substitution beneficially affects th e mechanical properties, for example, compressive quality, split rigidity, modulus of versatility.

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Experimental Investigation on Hypo Sludge Concrete by Using Sikicrete

Experimental Investigation on Hypo Sludge Concrete by Using Sikicrete

ABSTRACT: Over 300 million tonnes of industrial wastes are being produced per annum by chemical and agricultural process in India. These materials pose problems of disposal and health hazards. A large quantity of waste is contributed by paper industry. To reduce disposal and pollution problems emanating from these industrial wastes, it is most essential to develop profitable building materials from them. Keeping this in view, investigations were undertaken to produce low cast concrete by blending various ratios of cement with hypo sludge. For disposal, the chemical wastes are hypo sludge and lime sludge required more spaces of landfill. Hypo sludge behaves like cement because of silica and magnesium properties. The silica and magnesium improve the setting of concrete. In this project sikacrete admixture is used to improve the strength and reduce the water content in concrete. Optimum percentage of the partial replacement by replacing cement via 5%, 10%, 15%, and 20% of Hypo Sludge and also 50ml added Sikacrete. For phase I the work is concerned with experimental investigation, mix design, Casting of cubes and testing on cubes. The mix design was carried out for M20 grade concrete.

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