Volume 3, Issue 10, October – 2018 International Journal of Innovative Science and Research Technology ISSN No 2456 2165 IJISRT18OC385 www ijisrt com 580 The Effectiveness of the Role of Universities[.]
Building the economy of a country is surely expected to increase, we will find various theories that can help solve them. These theories include the theory of Fredrich List stating that the economic growth it has 4 stages. The first stage is the time hunting and wandering where people still rely on nature. The second stage is the raising and cultivation. Next on the third stage, humans have started to use the mind to farming and make crafts. At this time, human beings have had a permanent place to live. And on the fourth stage, i.e. the stage of crafts, industry and trade. In addition to meeting the needs of its own, people began selling goods at her for selling. In this stage, the industry began to develop from the craft industry became a major industry.
of PCM influences on the reduction of the internal temperature oscillations compared to the external ones. Darkwa and Collagham  have shown that PCM panels with the narrow phase change area are the most efficient for applications in buildings. Liu and Awbi  have compared natural convection beside an ordinary wall and wall with PCM. They have discovered increased thermal capacity and decreased thermal conductivity. Zhou et al.  have analyzed the room with PCM panels. They have found that the efficiency is better if the PCM panel is located on the internal side of the wall. Ahmad et al.  experimentally shown that wallboards with PCM have the same characteristics even after 400 cycles. Numerical simulations  have shown that optimal melting temperature for PCM panels in passive solar buildings is 21 ºC. Kuznik et al.  made optimization of PCM wallboard for building use. They have found that optimal thickness depends on the time interval of the operation.
Presently a day's framed Structure are extremely mainstream in India, and column assumes an essential part in these Structural working with Floating column. This is a common place element in the present day multi-storey building development in India. Such components are profoundly undesirable in seismically active ranges. In basic Engineering a column should be a vertical part beginning from establishment level and exchange the auxiliary burden to the ground through establishment, the term Floating column is additionally a vertical component which closes at its lower load level lies on a beam which is horizontal member and exchange the load of the structure through column to beam. The beam in term transfers the load to other columns below it. Such column where the heap was considered as point load hypothetically such structure investigated and designed. In urban region multi-storey structures have open first story as an unavoidable component, this open space might be required for get together corridor or stopping reason. These are highly undesirable in building built in seismically active areas
Earthquakes, though tragic, also provided with the momentum to the process of improvements in seismic design codes and construction practices. It is important to bear in mind that there is no such thing as an earthquake proof building. But a properly engineered tall architectural building should be able to withstand the maximum credible earthquake for its area without collapse, and lesser seismic events without major structural damage. Today, there are various types of softwares, like 2D and 3D animation software, Revit, and design drafting software which increase productivity in building design and construction and help builders, engineers and customers to preview how the building would look like after construction. The evolution of Building Information Model (BIM) has tremendously changed the shape of construction industry improving visualization, quickening retrieval of information, increasing coordination of construction documents, embedding and linking of vital information such as vendors for specific materials, location of details and quantities required for estimation and tendering. With the help of CAD architectural designing and drafting and 3D architectural rendering, we can draw, design and preview the tall architectural building able to withstand the maximum credible earthquake for its area without collapse.
two way radio. Area supervisor is supposed to proceed to effected area and contact chief supervisor and make him aware about the situation and wait for further instruction from chief supervisor. Rescue team will gather their equipments and move to effected area they help to find exit routes from the building and evacuating injured persons. First aid officer will move to assembly point and provide assistance to people’s until medical team arrives. Security personnel have to ensure that all fires exits are not locked and ensures that no one re enters the building except rescue team. Structure of building consist of a room which is having doors, walls and alarm on the other side a floor is there which is having stairs, rooms, lifts and emergency exit the spatial dimensions of all these are stored in attributes width and length. After evacuation proceed to assembly point so that it is convenient to notify if any body is missing or left back in the building it can by reviewing the record of the visitors who are staying in building if somebody is still missing they can again search him to rescue.
Energy consumption in both residential and public buildings has been estab- lished globally as been significantly high. The need to incorporate energy effi- ciency in building therefore becomes imperative in order to minimize the consumption level. This work therefore examines the effect of building orientation coupled with different building material composition on energy efficiency in building within major Nigeria climatic zones. The methodology adopted in this study entails carrying out a load survey and thereby calculat- ing the cooling load required to condition the building space in two selected different orientations within the major Nigerian climatic zones. The standard cooling load equations were utilized in the evaluation of the various cooling loads. The selected locations considered within major Nigerian climatic zones are Ibadan in the South West, Jos in the middle belt and Maiduguri in the North East. The cooling load results obtained for the two different orienta- tions are as follows; 151.45 kW and 163.17 kW for Ibadan, Maiduguri: 164 kW and 175.78 kW, and 131.77 kW, 143.4 kW for Jos. The first orientation being North/South longitudinal placement of the building while the second orientation is East/West longitudinal placement respectively. The study es- tablished that the second orientation generated more cooling load. It is therefore concluded that the first orientation which is the North/South lon- gitudinal placement of the building is best recommended. It also established the dependence of cooling load on the climatic condition of the building’s lo- cation. Both building material compositions coupled with its orientation and climatic condition therefore play major significant role on the energy con- sumption in a building space.
Limestone is considered one of the most common building materials in Jordan (Al-Nimry, 2012; Khammash, & Rees, 1995). Local Jordanian mining companies produce the limestone for the Jordanian market (Naghoj, Nafi, & Maaitah, 2010; Moh'd, 2007). Harrison (1993) defines limestone as “a sedimentary rock composed mainly of calcium carbonate (CaCO3), accruing as Calcite or occasionally Aragonite in recent deposits.” (p.2). Also, there are several local building materials in the Jordanian market, such as yellow stone used in building arches, stained glass, and different types of wood (Alsubeh, & Al-Rawashdeh2013).
Several countries including the U.S., U.K., Australia, Canada, Japan, Korea and India have either already presented the green building guidelines, or are in the process of developing them . Doubtlessly, green standards have the essential roles to design and develop sustainability in construction industry. The main aim of a green standard (checklist) is to ensure that the sustainable issues are comprehensively implemented in all stages of green housing project. Thus, using an established green building rating system is recommended . There are variety standards related to green building rating system, or green standards, such as, the American Leadership in Energy and Environmental Design (LEED), the U.K. Building Research Establishment Environmental Assessment Method (BREEAM), and the Green Building Council of Australia (GBCA) Green Star system, have been presented to assist the construction industry in implementing green building projects by providing guidelines for green buildings . Amongst these green standards, LEED or US green building standard is the best green building rating system. The Leadership in Energy and Environmental Design (LEED) was created by the U.S. Green Building Council in 1998 . The main targets of LEED are to promote healthful, durable, affordable, and environmentally sound practices in building design and construction within 7 topics: 1) Sustainable sites; 2) Water efficiency; 3) Energy and atmosphere; 4) Materials and resources; 5) Indoor environmental quality; 6) Innovation in design, and; 7) Regional priority. The findings were revealed that the LEED certiﬁed buildings contributed toward the tenants' health and productivity because of “improvements in indoor environmental quality” . This standard has a rating system with different checklists for new construction and major renovations based on sustainable development, it is also a set of performance standards for certifying the design and construction of commercial, or high-rise residential buildings of all sizes for both public and private, meet the sustainable criteria. Thus, the inspectors have important role to evaluate the building, and give a certain score for each stage of a building from first to the end step. Consequently, the buildings can achieve awards ranging, if they met LEED guidelines in four levels . Meanwhile, LEED certificates can be granted to the green buildings based on the following scales :
Culture also serves as a mechanism and is adaptable to changes that occur, both within and outside the organization. Such adaptation processes are needed to avoid intercultural conflicts. Adaptation mechanisms characterize the maturity of individuals, groups, organizations and even country communities. According Saifullah (2012) with adaptation, life can walk walking in harmony, peaceful and peaceful serenity. Because the essence of adaptation is in fact mutual respect for their excesses and shortcomings. It can also be said that culture is a very valuable asset, which can be used as a basic model in building and developing a prosperous, just and dignified nation and state life.
When the residential building is being converted to commercial building which results in increase of live load in existing building, from the physical and experimental investigations it was concluded that the building either should be demolished or at least should be retrofitted with suitable technique to increase its service life. Which can be overcome by new technique called retrofitting by jacketing. It was then decided to implement RCC column jacketing technique due to its feasibility and ease for execution. All the columns, Beams on both the floors are now suitably jacketed, the loose pockets of concrete that were investigated during the test are reconcreted, and the rusted reinforcement is replaced with new reinforcement as per the design requirement.
Asian School of Business,Trivandrum in short and celebrated as ASB is an AICTE endorsed business school offering world class level management education and training for graduates and management development programs for working experts in management and technology. The principle point of ASB is to make skillful and dynamic new administration experts in the changing business environment. The school was established in 2005. ASB spotted at Technocity close to the central station of the Central Reserve Police Force (CRPF), on the edge of the city of Trivandrum,kerala.Technocity is the fourth phase of development of Technopark,Trivandrum.ASB presently has exchange programs with University of Kansas School of Business ,USA and tie-ups with Institute of Organization and Management in Industry (ORGMASZ) of Warsaw in Poland. ASB campus had designed by the CPG Consultants, Singapore and Jones Lang Lasalle was the advisor. In 2012 the campus got the LEED gold rating under the Leadership in Energy and Environmental Design (LEED) India rating framework for its new development. ASB accomplished 39 points for its reasonable surroundings and green building development.
Danni Wang et al.  used statistical properties of occupancy in single per- son office. Their work proposed a probabilistic model to predict and simulate occupancy in a single person office. A study in  proposed a Thermally Acti- vated Building System (TABS). Their experimental work has shown that TABS model demonstrated that it is able to cope with user behaviour such as time of arrival, departure and temporary absence. Taherian et al.  also contribute in this area. However, their work identifies the user behaviour based purely on electricity usage in households and office spaces to produce an energy profile.
Abstract: In this study, comparative structural analyzes of three-dimensional (3-D) G + 20 high-rise with and without rigid floor aperture are considered. The three different construction plans are considered hexagonal, pentagonal and square. The buildings are also considered with different height levels that are 5 floors, 10 floors, 15 floors and 20 floors. The building is analyzed for four different ones Indian seismic zones (zone II, III, IV and V) according to IS 1893-2002. A total of 96 buildings are analyzed with 27 load combinations. The buildings are critically analyzed to quantify the effects of different parameters for maximum axial forces, the bending moment and the shear force in beams, seismic forces, wind forces and displacements of the floor. The results show that the use of a stiff diaphragm is more efficient in reducing above parameters in buildings for lateral forces. Rigid membrane concept is reasonable to build square in plan instead of pentagonal or hexagonal building plan.
The floor level of the 3D model was classified into three parts according to the existing building specification of the case model high-rise office building, which are; the lower-rise (1-15 floor), medium-rise (16-25 floor) and high-rise (25-40 floor). Therefore, based on the theory (as illustrated in Section 2.12) and classification of the floors levels of the case model building, 1st floor, 15th floor, 25th floor and the 40th floor level were used for the investigation of the thermal performance within the office spaces. All the specifications of the case model high- rise office buildings (Cap Square tower) were taken into consideration in configuring the 3D model. During the thermal calculation, the surrounding high-rise buildings were taken into consideration as well as the wind direction and the sun path directions (the weather of Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia). The thermal analysis were observed for four days in a year (22 nd of March, 22 nd of June, 22 nd of September, and 22 nd of December) within the office hours (from 9am to 6pm). The 4 cardinal orientation, which are; east, west, north and south orientation were used for the investigation of the thermal performances within the office spaces in the high-rise office building with and without the balcony.
The role of buildings to human’s existence and survival is indisputable. Apart from giving protection from elements of nature and providing storehouse for personal possessions building offer such infrastructure and services that would make dwellings conducive. Right from the Stone Age when man dwelt in caves to the present age of sophisticated buildings and superstructures, man has always been caught up in the struggle to provide for himself a safe and comfortable dwelling place. Despite this fact, collapse of buildings has being a universal problem that has eaten deeply into the fabrics of the construction industry, of which very little has been done to curb the menace (Olagunju, 2013).
Purpose. Development of theoretic and methodological approaches and scientific and practical recommenda- tions concerning the management of the material flows of building complex. Methodology. Research includes anal- ysis of existing scientific works concerning the problems of management of the construction development programs taking into account logistization on the enterprises of different branches related to the building complex. Experience generalization of administrative decision making in the process of production preparation, in particular the motion of material flows management of building resources and information flows (which accompany building resources), systematization of experience, logic analysis, design and system processing of information. Findings. Results give the building organization management an opportunity to estimate the material and technical support of the building objects according to the terms of building, technology of building processes, as well as to into account the minimiza- tion of expenses. Originality. Originality lies in the fact that the theoretical and methodological management foun- dations of the logistic system formation in the programs of building complex development are formulated on the basis of organization methodology development, planning and management from the point of view of the only sys- tem positions. Practical value. The contribution to the decision of the number of complex organizational and eco- nomic problems accompanied by the problems of building development is provided due to the increase of manage- ment efficiency of the material flows of building complex.
From this we can infer that Embodied carbon emissions for GFRG structures are much lesser (about 45% lesser) than that of a similar traditional building. This is because GFRG panels are made from waste products and does not contain large amounts of embodied carbon unlike materials used for the construction of conventional buildings like bricks.
With the advent of newer and more innovative technologies over the century, the life pattern of people all over the world has been changing. With the exchange of ideas, ideologies and technologies, the demand for services in various fields has been rising. This demand has not spared the building services too, leading to an increase in the demand for energy. Construction of net zero energy buildings is now being considered as one of the main approaches towards achieving sustainability in the built environment and enhance an economic way of living. Advanced calculation procedures like the computation of daylight levels in a room when a building is overshadowed by surrounding obstructions are complicated tasks that necessitate the use of computer simulation. ‘Autodesk Ecotect Analysis Software’ is a concept-to-detail sustainable design analysis software that helps measure the impact of environmental factors on a building’s performance and web- based technology for whole building analysis.