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Research on Marine Economy Industrial Structure in Hebei Province Based on Shift Share Analysis

Research on Marine Economy Industrial Structure in Hebei Province Based on Shift Share Analysis

Marine economy is the economic activity or process that all marine resources within the scope of marine space be developed and utilized, it is an open system and an organic entirety which is related to marine, multi-level structure of regional economic relationship. Currently, many scholars and experts have made a lot of research on marine economy industrial structure.[2] Song Suqing (2007) pointed out, if problems of serious marine environment pollution, vulnerable marine biological system, marine disaster harm can’t be resolved, it’ll affect the implementation of coastal economic and social development goals.[3] Zhao Yonghong (2008) analyzed the situation of the development of marine industry in Hebei which is based on many investigation and collected data, and put forward further strategy to development of marine economy in Hebei province.[4] Du Yunling (2009) using SWOT method, put forward that Hebei has the natural condition for development of the salt industry, port trade, aquaculture, offshore oil, marine chemical industry, marine transportation, marine tourism industry.[5] Cheng Changyu (2013) proposed that it can be promoted the development of marine economy in Hebei Province by adjusting production structure, strengthening the port position and playing the advantage of location.[6] Tian Meihuan (2013) discovered the existing problems and put forward the countermeasures and suggestions in the development of marine economy in Hebei Province. [7]

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Policy Making, Industrial Structure and Economic Growth in a Dual Economy

Policy Making, Industrial Structure and Economic Growth in a Dual Economy

When it refers to the issue of economic growth, Solow (1956) and T.W.Swan (1956) firstly established the famous Solow Model, which has been the start of all researches on growth. In the assumptions of this basic model, the most obvious character is the definition of the production function: in any period, capital, labor and technology exist in an economy in which the labor is contained in the production function as a combination with technology. Among the successors of Solow, some introduce the infinite life home and competitive firm to the economy, such as Ramsey (1928), Cass (1965), Koopmans (1965); some scholars such as P. Romer (1990), Grossman (1991) and Helpman (1991) endogen technology and assume all the departments can use the technology at the same time. Besides, there are some models on the assumption that the capital can be divided as stock capital and human capital in the paper of Romer and Weil (1992). All of them haven’t analyzed a very common case: economic growth with a dual structure. On the other hand, the Dual Economic Structure Theory of A. Lewis (1954), although have put forward the division of a dual structure and G. Ranis(1961)and J.C.H.Fei (1964) have perfected the model, but they analyzed the problem of development in the view of labor force flow due to the variations of the marginal labor productivity and wage rate, they didn’t consider other factors such as government policies and current industrial structure which may influence the growth in a dual economy. There are still a group of scholars who regard government policies as institutional factor. For example, in the book Institutional Changes and American Economic Growth, North (1971) has pointed out the relationship between the institutional innovation and economic growth. Jones (2002) gave a general production function , in which h is human capital of per capita in the Lucas Production Function.

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Influence of the Industrial Structure of Economy on the Risk Level of Russian Regions’ Tax Systems

Influence of the Industrial Structure of Economy on the Risk Level of Russian Regions’ Tax Systems

The paper is aimed at study of the influence of industrial structure of regional economy on its tax system risk level. The tax systems risk level of Russian regions in 2006 – 2014 was assessed applying the H. Markowitz portfolio approach under the assumption that regional “portfolio” consists of main economic activities. It allowed us to evaluate contribution of various economic activities to total tax system risk, to decompose it into internal and external by origin and to identify the critical zones of instability in Russian regions. The coefficients of variation of tax yield rate revealed different relative impact of the economic activities on instability of regional tax systems. Besides, we found mainly positive albeit changing in strength correlation between internal and total tax system risk level and tax yield rate in economic activities. The diversification level of regional economies was evaluated by means of standard deviation of regional industrial structure from country structure considered as a benchmark. Inclusion of this level along with the tax yield rate and a set of control variables into two developed regressions estimated with GRP‑weighted least‑square method allowed us to confirm positive influence of diversification on the tax systems stability. Our results may be applicable to management of tax system risks at the regional level.

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A Study on the Relationship Between Industrial Structure Adjustment and Low carbon Tourism Economy in Hainan Province

A Study on the Relationship Between Industrial Structure Adjustment and Low carbon Tourism Economy in Hainan Province

In recent years, with the vigorous development of economic and social undertakings in Hainan, the industrial structure adjustment is placed on the agenda, and low-carbon tourism has also become an integral part of industrial restructuring, which not only has an impact on people’s daily life, but also plays a positive role in the long-term development of local economy. In the new situation of social development, low-carbon tourism should keep up with the pace of industrial restructuring and provide support for economic and social development. This thesis studies the relations between Hainan industrial structure adjustment and low carbon tourism economy.

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Climate Change, Industrial Structure and the Knowledge Economy: Key Issues for an Effective Response on Greenhouse Gases

Climate Change, Industrial Structure and the Knowledge Economy: Key Issues for an Effective Response on Greenhouse Gases

In China, energy intensive development has now proceeded for some time, and there has been massive investment in the energy infrastructure necessary to fuel that growth. In the case of India the issue is one of prospect rather than present reality, and hence of the view taken of India’s commitment to rapid economic growth, to increased industrial capacity and to building the energy system to support such growth. As noted above, the Indian Government is seriously targeting 8–9% growth for the 11 th Plan period (2006–07 to 2011–12), with an increased emphasis on industry, recognises rapid expansion in energy infrastructure and energy supplies as critical to that target, and is pursuing a wide range of measures to increase energy supplies. For example, in its initial approach to the 11 th Plan, the Planning Commission notes that growth in energy generating capacity of about 7.5% per annum will be necessary if the growth target is to be achieved, and that coal demand is likely to rise at about the same rate. Given recent initiatives, heavy investment is taking place in both coal production and electricity generation capacity, and a vast array of projects have been approved by the Central Electricity Authority (www.cea.nic.in).

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Alternative Designs for Gable Industrial Structure

Alternative Designs for Gable Industrial Structure

frame Industrial structures has helped to optimize structural designs. The structures have been economized based on their span, height and spacing and with possible alternative roofing systems. In this study Alternative structural layouts for Industrial gable frames of long span light roof structures like Industries, Warehouses etc are been proposed. The Alternatives considered are Conventional Frame with Truss, Pre-engineered Frame and Lattice Girder Frame and they have been Analyzed and Designed as per IS 800-2007. The Finite Element software STAAD Pro-v8i has to be employed for this purpose. In this present study, an Industrial structure with plan dimensions of 22.5m x 48m having a eave height of 12m and with practically possible roof slopes is considered for Analysis and Design for 2-D frames (Gable End frame, Intermediate frame) and also a complete 3-D Analysis and Design with the addition of secondary members . By maintaining the same height and width of the frame for all the alternative designs the Economy of the Industrial building with the best suitable alternative roofing system is proposed in terms of its tonnage, in the case of 2-D frames and also Tonnage comparison in the case of 3-D building.

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The Indian Economy Since Liberalisation:
the Structure and Composition of Exports and
Industrial Transformation (1980 – 2000)

The Indian Economy Since Liberalisation: the Structure and Composition of Exports and Industrial Transformation (1980 – 2000)

This paper is an empirical study which aims to assess the changing trade position of the Indian economy based on an analysis of 143 industries / product groupings (mainly manufacturing industries, with commodity type, resource based exports being excluded) at the three digit level of Standard Industrial Trade Classification (SITC) classification. Data has been obtained from the UNCTAD Handbook of Statistics 2002, which itself compiles data made available by the Indian Ministry of Commerce (Monthly Statistics of the Foreign Trade of India - Annual Number, various issues). The latter data set provides in greatly disaggregated form statistics relating to India’s exports by SITC grouping broken down by destination of exports. Given the extremely disaggregated and large data set made available by the latter source mentioned above, annual export data is studied at decennial intervals (1980-2000). By an examination of trade data, the structural changes emergent in the Indian economy (post liberalisation) can be deduced. By analysing a matrix of product-industry groupings, which are subdivided into high technology (HT), medium technology (MT) and low technology (LT) categories 2 , SITC product codes are used as a proxy for export industries. The industries chosen for analysis are listed in Appendix 1. Also included in the analysis is the category labelled as ‘other resource based exports’ which have been chosen because of their importance in the industrial structure of Indian exports, especially as some of the products classified in this category include important intermediate goods that impact on the performance of other key industries. Further, some of the categories included here require a fair degree of technical competence, even though many such industrial processes and techniques are now regarded as mature and well-known. Greater emphasis is given to, and further detailed analysis is carried out for, the HT, MT and LT sectors (and, of course, for the manufacturing sectors chosen as a whole as well). While further refinement of these categories is possible by defining sub-categories (for example high-technology export

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Reflection of Industrial Structure in Innovative Capability

Reflection of Industrial Structure in Innovative Capability

One of the declared strategic objectives of the European Union is an increase of applied innovations. The article draws attention to the correlation between innovation capacity and the industrial structure of economies. Its aim is to investigate whether selected groups of European countries show similar trends in industrial structure development reflected in its innovative capacity. For the analysis and evaluation of development in the period 2006–2013, we selected three groups of countries: Benelux, the Visegrad Group and the Baltic Assembly. The innovative capability evaluation, which is represented by the Global Innovation Index, is based partly on an ordinal analysis of its basic indices, but also on the evaluation of gamma-convergence. To assess the evolution of industrial structure, which is divided into five industry groups, the SHA-DE method based on gross added value is applied. The results show the signs of greater dynamics in strengthening innovation when grouping innovation-weaker countries; in terms of the development of disparities in innovative capability, the measured values suggest a divergence of innovatively developed Benelux countries, while in the less developed countries of the Visegrad Group and Baltic Assembly the ranges of disparities are rather stable and tend to weak convergence. In terms of industrial structure, the main differences can be seen among the surveyed groups both in the secondary sector, but particularly in the tertiary "innovative" sector. And it is the results obtained in relation to the share and development of the "innovative" tertiary sector that confirms the assumption that the innovativeness of a country is largely derived not from the entire economy, but mainly from the specific status of a narrow group of industries that can be largely considered the determinants of innovation.

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The political economy of European anti trust and industrial policy

The political economy of European anti trust and industrial policy

well as to other characteristics of the Far Eastern economies, such as education, an equitable distribution of incomes, a high savings ratio and so on) - although views on this still vary (Pitelis, 2001; Pitelis, 2004; Serra and Stiglitz, 2008; World Bank, 1993). As opponents of industrial policy observe, the problem with the success cases is that the counterfactuals are unavailable (Pack and Saggi, 2006). That is, we do not know how these economies would have performed if they had not pursued the kind of industrial policy they did pursue. Some empirical analyses and econometric findings show that industrial policy in East Asia failed to impact the growth of total factor productivity (Westphal, 2005). Indeed, the World Bank argues that what defined the success of East Asian growth was the ability of East Asian states “to get the fundamentals right.” According to the World Bank, market-friendly policies that ensured low inflation and competitive exchange rates, enhanced human capital through education, created effective financial systems and limited price distortions were at the heart of East Asian experience (World Bank, 1993). According to the World Bank, moreover, industrial policy attempts to achieve higher productivity by changing industrial structure were not successful. These views regard the role of industrial policy as minimal and also point out to countries such as Indonesia and Malaysia, which failed to drive heavy state-directed industrialization and technological leapfrogging despite similar approaches to industrial policy.

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Alternative Designs for Gable Industrial Structure

Alternative Designs for Gable Industrial Structure

frame Industrial structures has helped to optimize structural designs. The structures have been economized based on their span, height and spacing and with possible alternative roofing systems. In this study Alternative structural layouts for Industrial gable frames of long span light roof structures like Industries, Warehouses etc are been proposed. The Alternatives considered are Conventional Frame with Truss, Pre-engineered Frame and Lattice Girder Frame and they have been Analyzed and Designed as per IS 800-2007. The Finite Element software STAAD Pro-v8i has to be employed for this purpose. In this present study, an Industrial structure with plan dimensions of 22.5m x 48m having a eave height of 12m and with practically possible roof slopes is considered for Analysis and Design for 2-D frames (Gable End frame, Intermediate frame) and also a complete 3-D Analysis and Design with the addition of secondary members . By maintaining the same height and width of the frame for all the alternative designs the Economy of the Industrial building with the best suitable alternative roofing system is proposed in terms of its tonnage, in the case of 2-D frames and also Tonnage comparison in the case of 3-D building.

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Problems in the structure of Romania’s economy

Problems in the structure of Romania’s economy

Abstract: The study focused on the early stage of Romania’s transition to the market economy during 1990-1992, based on statistical data available at that time. Because of the inherited structural distortions, the persistence of strong forces of inertia and the incoherence of economic and monetary policies, the transition to the market economy has been delayed in the early 1990’. In the absence of an adequate outline for de-monopolization and privatization of the economy, the liberalization of prices did not lead to an efficient resources allocation; on the contrary, the structural imbalances between demand and supply have deepened. The fall in industrial output and its poor competitiveness, due to the dominant position of this sector, has pushed the whole economy into a severe recession. A more rigorous management of the reform program, based on realistic assessments of opportunities and resources, with the help of more investments, including by the increase in foreign investments, should foster structural adjustments towards improving industrial performances and implicitly smoothing the way to the market economy.

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Industrial Structure of Prefectures in Japan

Industrial Structure of Prefectures in Japan

This article utilizes Input-Output Tables which interest us. They are very important and useful for the analysis of industrial structure and for economic forecasting. Ronald and Blair [1] indicate that Dr. Leontief developed Input-Output Tables in late 1930s. He won Nobel Prize in Economics for it in 1973. About this Input-Output Tables, "Leontief’s Inverse Matrix" is the most crucial tool, which is derived from Input-Output Tables, when calculating the various indexes related to industries. Using 2011 Input-Out Tables of Fukui and Toyama Journal of Asian Scientific Research

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Industrial sustainability and the circular economy as counterparts to the self-referral structure of Natural Law: Part II – a global case study

Industrial sustainability and the circular economy as counterparts to the self-referral structure of Natural Law: Part II – a global case study

In Part I of this two-part series of research papers (Fergusson, in review), I explained how pure consciousness referred to itself in an eternally continuous and circular way, and how its internal conceptualised properties spontaneously and simultaneously interact with themselves and with their unified state to propel creation forward, always governed by Natural Law. Part I also introduced Maharishi’s explanation of how this process resulted in not only the outward self- projection of the laws of nature into the universe, but how these phenomena ‘return’ via further self-referral feedback loops to complete the circle of what he calls the “source, course and goal of gaining knowledge” (Maharishi, 1994, p. 45).This principle of Natural Law having a circular structure at all levels of a manifest hierarchy, operating according to a continuous self-referral mechanics, is akin to the principles and motivations driving the circular economic model, in which societies aim to conserve natural resources, reduce, recycle and reuse waste, and be generally “smarter” when using assets ,there by ultimately avoiding what some theorists argue will be “self-extinction” (Tietenberg & Lewis, 2016).Part I therefore proposed that a circular economy represents a counter part or comparable structure to Natural Law because it has a “structural similarity and functional uniformity” to the self-referral mechanics of Natural Law (Maharishi, 1995, pp. 239-240).

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Impact of industrial pattern on indian economy

Impact of industrial pattern on indian economy

At the macro level, the pattern of industrialization exacerbated the negative implications for poverty, unemployment, inequalities and national self reliance, despite impressive growth of heavy industries and creation of indigenous industrial capabilities. This kind of industrialization made India a victim of external debt trap and increased the clout of the large industrial conglomerates and their foreign counterparts for attaining and sustaining a high rate of growth of this kind of industrialization. Owing to the still persistent need to import technology and intermediate inputs this pattern of industrial growth became a factor worsening our terms of trade vis a vis our major trading partners mostly the rich western countries. With very limited employment contribution and given the displacement competition imposed on the surviving traditional industries, this pattern of industrialization made no positive impact on the overall employment situation in the country. Increasing disparities in income and emergence of monopolies on the one hand and increasing unemployment on the other are largely the result of increasing mechanization and automation of manufacturing industries, construction and services- emphasis on capital intensive projects and industries on the one hand and neglect of cottage industries and other labour intensive enterprises on the other. The fundamental fact of the Indian economy today is that there is a microscopic but powerful minority which systematically diverts huge real resources from provision of basic minimum needs to the poor to building up, maintaining and expanding modern facilities for the affluent. Even foreign aids have been consistently used to boost the living standards of this minority. The adoption of the socialistic pattern of society as the national objective, as the need for planned and rapid economic development require that all industries of basic and strategic importance which are in the nature of public utility services should be in the public sector. The state therefore has the direct responsibility for future development of industries over a wide area.

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Industrial concentration in a liberalising economy: a study of Indian manufacturing

Industrial concentration in a liberalising economy: a study of Indian manufacturing

Levels of concentration in Indian industry were also influenced by the policy towards foreign investment and imports. In the wake of the foreign exchange crises of the 1960s, the economic regime became relatively hostile to new investment by foreign firms. This tended to preserve the relatively concentrated structure in some industries that were dominated by incumbent foreign firms (see Athreye and Kapur, 2001). Imports were restricted through licensing and tariffs, ostensibly to conserve foreign exchange and provide protection to the fledgling industries. Prior to 1978, import licenses were the preferred mode and they were issued on the basis of the twin criteria of 'essentiality' and 'domestic non-availability'. Domestic availability was judged without reference to price, and with the broad based growth of manufacturing, it became relatively difficult to meet this non-availability criterion. Tariff policy acted to complement these quantitative restrictions. At an average rate of 122%, tariffs in India in the late-1980s were higher than most other countries. 1 Tariffs insulated many sectors from price competition: this allowed many inefficient firms to survive, and may have supported a more fragmented structure relative to what stronger price competition may have created.

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EMPIRICAL ANALYSIS OF RESTRUCTURING THE MANUFACTURING IN GUANGZHOU BASED ON DYNAMIC SHIFT-SHARE METHOD

EMPIRICAL ANALYSIS OF RESTRUCTURING THE MANUFACTURING IN GUANGZHOU BASED ON DYNAMIC SHIFT-SHARE METHOD

Guangzhou as the Pioneering areas of Chinese modern industrialization was called “millennium city”. it contain kinds of traditional manufacturing with long-term advantages such as textiles and garments, food and beverages, light chemical, leather goods, building materials. They have been played a pivotal role in the development of the Guangzhou Economic. However, due to its low value-added, labor-intensive features and the increasingly prominent and environmental pressures, the relative share of these industries are shrinking. Therefore, these traditional manufacturing should not give up but make them stronger promoting its industrial competitiveness and efficiency to improve.

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The Main Modernization Directions of the Industrial Complex

The Main Modernization Directions of the Industrial Complex

Abstract. The functioning of enterprises in the conditions of economic uncertainty and high risks associated with it, dependence on external economic conjuncture, low competitiveness of domestic goods and services of Russia give determine a range of problems that can be solved only through modernization reforms in industry. They are determined by the formation of a competitive type of industrial production in Russia and high-tech industries that are able to generate high technology and modernize the sectoral system of national reproduction. Modernization of the Russian industry is based on internal growth factors using modern technologies and business methods with a gradual increase of the innovation potential. The purpose of the study is to identify the main directions of modernization for the formation of a modern competitive industry as the basis for ensuring economic growth and improving the quality of life of the population. To achieve this goal, the authors used dialectical, system-functional, economic-statistical, and formal-logical methods.

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A Markov switching vector equilibrium correction model of the UK labour market

A Markov switching vector equilibrium correction model of the UK labour market

As an alternative to this deterministic approach to structural change and regime shifts, in this pa- per we develop a small model of the UK labour market using a multivariate Markov-switching vector equilibrium correction model (MS-VECM). This methodology is well suited to model the domestic and international cyclical swings that affected the UK economy, and it allows for changing relationships among the labour market variables across different phases of the business cycle. The results we obtain are easily interpretable both from an economic and from an econometric perspective. First, we find two equilibrium relationships that are interpreted as measures of the output gap and of the labour share, which have constant coefficients, though regime shifts in their means, across the whole sample period. Second, switches in the regimes are closely related to changes in the phases of the UK business cycle: the first regime is associated with recessions, the second and the third regimes with periods of normal and sustained growth respectively. Third, the MS-VECM provides a congruent statistical representation for the data, and the restrictions that lead to a standard linear model are strongly rejected. Fourth, the MS-VECM performs well in forecasting.

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Indian SMEs and their uniqueness in the country

Indian SMEs and their uniqueness in the country

Small businesses today are being variously described as the backbone of the industrial economy or as the drivers of the economy or even as the drivers of the economy or as the drivers of the economy or even as the drivers of the economy or even as the engine of the growth for industry . Though individually small . Collectively the small sector has emerged as a dominant player in most economies , be they developing or developed . Performance of the small sector therefore, has a direct multiplayer impact upon the growth of the national economy. The sector has been consolidating over the years . What is new is the articulation and recognition of this process and its pump priming role.

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Assessment of the structural changes of the national economy of Ukraine based on the consistency

Assessment of the structural changes of the national economy of Ukraine based on the consistency

The calculations of the integrated index of the assessment of structural changes in the sectoral structure of GDP, which are constructed in proportion to the “golden ratio”, and its deviations over a certain period, demonstrate the crisis phenomena that took place in the economic systems of Ukraine and the EU countries at certain period. The trend of structural transformations in the Ukrainian economy indicates a gradual transition from the industrial stage of production to the post-industrial, which in turn leads to a change in the quality of capital and labor. The calculation of the degree of approximation of the existing sectoral structure of GDP to the ideal allows to develop effective scenarios for the development of the national economy firstly, and secondly, to neutralize the negative impact of crisis phenomena and reduce their consequences for the economy and society.

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