The process is performed in collaboration with the risk management and policy portfolio management processes to ensure plans effectively communicate management intent, clearly define roles and responsibilities, sufficiently identify and address informationsecurity risks, and provide management clear choices for resource allocation and optimization. The activities of the strategy and planning process will not change significantly to accommodate the use of cloud computing services, but additional knowledge and understanding of the informationsecurity risks and issues related to compliance and performance management in varying cloud computing deployment and service models will be required. The major impact of the CCE on the strategy and planning process will be the development of CCE- based cost/benefit analyses that include the cost of effective governance to manage risk and ensure legal, regulatory, and contractual compliance. In conjunction with the risk management process, the strategy and planning process will define informationsecurity implementations that are allowable for each cloud computing service model (refer to the Risk Management Process section) based on the relative risk rating of the information and systems migrating to the cloud (e.g., cloud services allowed by system categorization). In addition, the process will clarify roles, responsibilities, and accountability for baseline informationsecurity capabilities in each environment allowed. The planning process will also determine the cloud service provider contractual requirements and negotiations and will include the long-term management of the provider relationship.
The InformationSecurity & Intelligence degree prepares you for a variety of career possibilities in fields that allow you to see your contribution in action. Computer Forensics, InformationSecurity, Intelligence/Big Data, Incident Response, and Secure Mobile Application Development are a few of the possibilities. Opportunities exist in the government, security, intelligence, health care, insurance, finance, and education fields.
in informationsecurity (IT) this is referring to watching what other people do on our network, things they access, when they accessed it, from where they access it, are they running other programs on the machines, like programs that will allow them to sit in another location and steal our valuable data. Or reading confidential documents on the systems, or also if the person is creating a new file or modifying a File, this is the accounting that goes on within the computer system, it is for this reason that it’s sometimes referred to as Auditing. Because it performs the functions of audits of whatever is going on the system, be it a single system, or many systems on the network some expert also said the first process in (AAA), The authorization functions and determines whether a particular entity is authorized to perform a given activity, typically inherited from authentication when logging on to an application or service. Authorization may be determined based on a range of restrictions, for example, time-of-day restrictions, physical location restrictions, or restrictions against multiple access by the same entity or user. Typical authorization in everyday computer life might be, for example, to grant reading access to a specific file for an authenticated user. Examples of types of service include but are not limited to: IP address filtering, address assignment, route assignment, quality of service/differential services, bandwidth control services /traffic management, compulsory tunneling to a specific endpoint, and encryption.
Human-based approach to informationsecurity risk reduction includes Ethics, Law, and effective management . The lack of good behaviour on the part of certain individuals is responsible for most security issues plaguing the society and needing attention. It is therefore necessary to address ethical issues in computing sciences towards more secure computing environment. Ethics, also known as philosophical ethics, ethical theory, moral theory, and moral philosophy, is a branch of philosophy that involves systematizing, defending and recommending concepts of right and wrong conduct, often addressing disputes of moral diversity. The term comes from the Greek word ethos, which means "character” . It involves conscious reflection on our moral beliefs with the aim of improving, extending, or refining those beliefs in some way ; . Any person who knows what is truly right will automatically do it, according to Socrates. While he correlated knowledge with virtue, he similarly equated virtue with joy. The truly wise man will know what is right, do what is good, and therefore be happy . Christians who read the Bible are more likely to actively seek social and economic justice; believe it's important to consume or use fewer goods; and are less likely to view religion and science as incompatible, among other moral and political issues . Ethics emphasizes truth, justice, and integrity (honesty and strong moral principle). Computer ethics, which are standards pertaining to information system usage, include privacy, accuracy, property, and accessibility. Responsible computer use prohibits using a computer to harm others, interfering with other people‟s work, snooping in other people‟s files, using a computer to steal, using a computer to bear false witness, copying or using proprietary software without paying for it, using other people‟s computer resources without authorization or compensation, and appropriating other people‟s intellectual output. Responsible computer use recommends thinking about social consequences of programs you write and systems you design, and using a computer in ways that show consideration and respect for others . Computing professional codes of conduct are based upon loving neighbour as loving self towards more productive societies. Ethics demand that all research participants should be treated fairly and with honesty. Conditions in society are a reflection of conditions in the homes of the nation. Every effort toward personal and family wholeness is an effort in reducing security breaching behaviour. It is everybody‟s responsibility to propagate, encourage and support ethical living and computing .
The following table provides a summary of the information classification levels that have been adopted by LSE and which underpin the 8 principles of informationsecurity defined in the InformationSecurity Policy (Section 3.1). These classification levels explicitly incorporate the Data Protection Act’s (DPA) definitions of Personal Data and Sensitive Personal Data, as laid out in LSE’s Data Protection Policy, and are designed to cover both primary and secondary research data.
NHS corporate information, from all potentially damaging threats, whether internal or external, deliberate or accidental. SCW / the CCG has a legal obligation to ensure that there is adequate provision for the security management of the information resources the organisation owns, controls, or uses. This InformationSecurity Policy forms part of a suite of Information Governance documentation including but not limited to: Information Governance Policy, Data Protection Act Policy, and the Records Management & Lifecycle Policy.
The policy provides management direction and support for informationsecurity in accordance with operational requirements, relevant laws and regulations. The policy is directly aligned with the InformationSecurity Industry standard AS/NZS ISO/IEC 27002:2006: Information technology - Security techniques - Code of practice for informationsecurity management. Relevant sections from this standard are directly referenced in this document.
Reported events and weaknesses need to be assessed by an informationsecurity advisor (selected from experience within Information Services for the particular incident). The advisor enables the Information Services department to identify when a series of events or weaknesses have escalated to become an incident. It is vital for the Information Services department to gain as much information as possible from the business users to identify if an incident is occurring.
Managing this growing enterprise risk requires a multi-disciplinary effort involving improved collaboration from all those stakeholders who share responsibility for delivering effective enterprise information technology governance: information technologists, legal professionals, business process managers, business policy makers, regulators, and auditors. Unfortunately, the functions, framework, traditions, and standards for this collaboration are not necessarily supportive of a holistic approach in most enterprises. While all these professionals need to work together as a governance team, they simply do not have the guidance that helps them better specify and implement solutions to control sensitive information, consistent with the interests of the business and public. This White Paper suggests that effective informationsecurity will be based on a dynamic, multi-disciplinary consultative governance process. Technologists alone cannot secure the value of the enterprise’s information, but a governance team that includes policy makers, legal advisors, corporate policy and risk management, information technologists, auditors, and business management are more likely to identify, assess, and propose holistic solutions for the enterprise than any one group can do individually. Working in concert, rather than in isolation, each of the functional disciplines can contribute to holistic solutions.
government-funded “advanced persistent threats” (APT) are extremely difficult to eliminate because they target “zero day exploits” -- unknown vulnerabilities that are almost impossible to protect against. Governments, corporations, and other organizations are also vulnerable to attacks by underground “hactivists” who want to expose private messages and other information. There is also a growing awareness of risks related to trusted personnel, sometimes referred to as “the internal threat.” It can be very challenging for organizations to protect confidential data from their employees, especially those who work in the IT department. Some of the highest profile InformationSecurity breaches in recent history have been performed by internal personnel, such as leaking government and enterprise information to the Internet (e.g., WikiLeaks).
The HHS Cybersecurity Program is the Department‘s enterprise-wide informationsecurity and privacy program, helping to protect HHS against potential IT threats and vulnerabilities. The Program plays an important role in protecting HHS' ability to provide mission-critical operations, and is an enabler for e-government.
Abstract. The current security risk assessment methods are of asset-center, which means that the security of assets, such as host, server and router, are assessed. Then the security risk of the whole network is aggregated. However, information is a kind of special asset that can flow across networks or systems, which is different from the general assets. Thus a kind of information-center risk assessment method is proposed. Firstly, the information spreading model is presented based on scale-free network in order to know how the sensitive information spreads. Then, based on the spreading threshold in the scale-free network, the informationsecurity risk is evaluated.
Organizations under attack from the Internet may need authorities to take action against the attack source. Maintaining such contacts may be a requirement to support informationsecurity incident management (see Clause 16) or the business continuity and contingency planning process (see Clause 17). Contacts with regulatory bodies are also useful to anticipate and prepare for upcoming changes in laws or regulations, which have to be implemented by the organization. Contacts with other authorities include utilities, emergency services, electricity suppliers and health and safety, e.g. fire departments (in connection with business continuity), telecommunication providers (in connection with line routing and availability) and water suppliers (in connection with cooling facilities for equipment).
Nowadays, the rate and capital of informational business are growing fast compared to other business. People who were in time and gave “interesting” information are earning money. Therefore, particular information is given in different form, in different content and finally it will be unknown which of them is right and which of them is wrong. It is obvious that user is not always able to clarify the true facts of the matter. It violates the right of individual of getting true information and intellectual proprietary rights of the owners of information. In this case, international network Internet plays a significant role, it may be used as an instrument of influence which propagandizes international terrorism, international dissension and religious extremism because of its openness and accessibility. The spiritual life requires public ideology which was prepared taking into account the interests of several ethnic groups who live in a particular area, their cultural and historical traditions in order to prevent and deactivate threats of informational security. It is said that the clear measures of evaluating the dangers of informationsecurity, main advantages in this area and state policy may be stated on the base of such ideology.
The above definitions discussed regarding CIA triad are very much similar to those definitions of InformationSecurity. This paper will explain about Informationsecurity and tells how Cybersecurity concepts are much wider than Informationsecurity. This paper will particularly concentrate on various aspects of Cybersecurity, as it aims to protect the Computer system by adding an additional feature of including both humans and society, wherein both are directly affected by various cyber-attacks.
In COBIT 5, the processes APO13 Manage security, DSS04 Manage continuity and DSS05 Manage security services provide basic guidance on how to define, operate and monitor a system for general security management. However, the assumption made in this publication is that informationsecurity is pervasive throughout the entire enterprise, with informationsecurity aspects in every activity and process performed. Therefore, COBIT 5 for InformationSecurity provides the next generation of ISACA’s guidance on the enterprise governance and management of informationsecurity. The major drivers for the development of COBIT 5 for InformationSecurity include:
In the words of Joo et al. (2011), the determinants of informationsecurity that are affecting the adoption of web-based information systems are analyzed. For this reason, a theoretical model was designed to examine the relationship between organization factors deterrent efforts and severity; preventive effort and individual factor of informationsecurity threat; security awareness and intention to actively use the web-based IIS. The outcome of the analysis stated that deterrent severity is not related with proactive used intention of ISS while the preventive effort has a relationship with proactive use of intention of IIS. Stephanou et al (2008) and Casmir (2005) examined the insider misuse of information system resource. According to him, the information system misuse has been posing a great challenge to organizations. Their aim was to present the extended deterrence theory model that consists of study from criminology, information system and psychology. The model shows that the awareness of security countermeasures directly influences the perceived severity and certainty of punishment that come with information systems misuse which can make the information system to reduce misuse intention. The outcome of the study suggested that three practices deter information misuse, training and awareness program; user awareness of security policies, security education and computer monitoring. The outcome also suggested that the perceived severity of sanction may be more efficient in bringing down the informationsecurity misused more than certain sanctions.
An informationsecurity index is an evaluation tool for analyzing the degree of informationsecurity preparedness in government agencies. This evaluation tool is not intended to investigate the feasibility or effectiveness of existing forms of security, but rather as a tool to provide a picture of the readiness condition. This study aims to create a concept and evaluation strategy using informationsecurity index. The research method used is literature study and interview to generate a proper concept and strategy that matured. The result of this research is informationsecurity index will evaluate an organization based on six area that is: ICT Roles, InformationSecurity Governance, InformationSecurity Risk Management, Information Asset Management and Information Technology and Security. In an evaluation using informationsecurity index there are nine steps to be taken the first step is planning, second is literature study and interview then six evaluation steps based on the last area is the result of the evaluation, the Estimated time needed to do the assessment is thirteen weeks.
In order to determine and discover the effectiveness and weaknesses of specific organization’s security, a broad range model has been improved. A maturity model is presented that offers a start for security execution, a typical and shared view point of security, and a method for prioritizing acts. Furthermore , this InformationSecurity model has five conformity levels and four core indicators to benchmark the execution of security in organizations (Saleh et al., 2012).
To address the shortcomings in today’s security processes, the first thing to do is to step back and reconsider how to frame the problem. Traditionally, informationsecurity professionals have thought in terms of protecting information assets, such as servers and applications. This technical viewpoint, although necessary, is not sufficient – it does not provide enough context regarding how information is used in conducting business. And it will have limited success against targeted attacks, which are designed specifically to undermine business processes such as customer orders, financial transactions, product-development or manufacturing processes, or accounts receivable procedures. Instead, take a bigger-picture perspective and think about how to protect critical business processes from end-to-end.