Information System/Information Technology

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Effect Of The Use Of Information Technology And Organization Cultural Of The Quality Accounting Information System

Effect Of The Use Of Information Technology And Organization Cultural Of The Quality Accounting Information System

reporting and data storage is likely to be inefficient. Similarly, the implementation of accounting and reporting systems as well as the application of information technology. The use of too many digits that lead to waste in preparing the report and accounting as well as in the use of memory on a variety of IT devices. From the facts above, Jams A.Hall (2011: 11) argues that the information is not just a set of facts which are processed and arranged in a formal report, the information allows users to take action in addressing the problem, reduce uncertainty, and in making decisions. Understanding the economic events that occur as a result of the company's interaction with the environment can be done by the company day to day organization (Azhar Susanto, 2003: 64). The purpose of accounting information systems, namely as a provider of information for daily operations (Wilkinson, 1996: 5). Information System is designed properly, can add value to the organization by: improving the quality and reducing the cost of the product or service, increase efficiency, knowledge sharing, improve the efficiency and effectiveness of the supply chain, improve the internal control structure and improve decision making (Romney, 2015: 37 -38). More (Nanci, 2010: 15) argues that the main purpose of financial accounting information system is to provide relevant information to individuals and groups outside the organization-for example, investors, federal and state tax agencies, and creditors. Sub SIA system to process a wide range of financial transactions and non-financial transactions which directly affect the processing of financial transactions consist of transaction processing systems, general ledger system / Priok financial statement, management reporting system (Hall, 2011: 7-9
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A Conceptual Model of E-Government Adoption in Indonesia

A Conceptual Model of E-Government Adoption in Indonesia

form of user behaviour. DeLone & McLean argue that the success of IT implementation can be assessed or predicted from user acceptance and user satisfaction for IT, where both user acceptance and satisfaction are influenced by external factors [32]. The Delon & McLean model is using user satisfaction as an indicator of successful IT adoption where IT system was mandatory. User does not have the option to use another technology (ie core banking applications). Therefore, the model is not suitable for any particular voluntary system. All best practices model of technology adoption explained above (ie. TRI, TAM, UTAUT, Delon & McLean) has been widely used to investigate user acceptance and user adoption of Information System/Information Technology (IS/IT), but these model are very general and are not designed for any particular system. Because each system has special contextual characteristics that may affect IS/IT adoption behaviour [33]. Therefore, further support is recommended to develop a model of user adoption especially in the context of e-Government in Indonesia.
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Information Technology and Accounting Information System in the Nigerian Banking Industry

Information Technology and Accounting Information System in the Nigerian Banking Industry

Information technology has tremendously stimulated expansion of the banking networks and range of the offered services during recent years. The information technology has become a critical business resource because its absence could result in poor decisions and ultimately business failure. This study intends to find out the information technology influence on accounting information production in the Nigerian banking industry. Both primary and secondary data were used and Analysis of Variance (ANOVA) was used to test the hypothesis. Judgmental sampling method was used to obtain a representative sample of the population. Although for all Nigerian banks the efficiency has increased, the improvement of cost of efficiency is relatively much smaller than in the case of profit efficiency. It is also observed that accounting information technology can improve banks performance by reducing operational cost and by facilitating transactions among customers within the same or different network. It is, therefore, concludedthat accounting information technology is relevant in simplifying issues and in the provision of quality information in the Nigerian banking industry. That explains why the banks spend a greater part of their resources on information technology and consider its application as a comparative edge in the competitive banking industry. This paper recommends that the impact of the progress in accounting information technology on banking service should not lead to a very strong increase of cost of their processing, which put in question possibility to achieve economy of scale by Nigerian banks. Also all Nigerian banks should continue to utilize and upgrade their information technology for efficient service delivery and profitability.
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Accounting Information System:  An Application of Information Technology in the Area of Accounting

Accounting Information System: An Application of Information Technology in the Area of Accounting

M/s Ranbaxy Laboratories Ltd. A pharmaceutical company has its corporate office in Delhi and has chemical division at Mohali near Chandigarh. This company started its chemical plant at Mohali in 1974 and establish another plant at Tonsa (near Ropar in Punjab) in1986. A one more plant for manufacturing of bulk drugs and fine chemicals was set up at Mohali in 1991. The company has pharma manufacturing facilities at Devas (MP) and Poanta Sahib in (HP). This company is the second largest manufacturer in pharmaceuticals in India. There is continued thrust to expand international operations with greater emphasis on branded dosage forms. Company has joint ventures nearly 20 countries in the world. This company is continuously incorporating all new developments in the field of information technology.
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Green Information Technology

Green Information Technology

Power usage is an especially relevant issue for operating a green information system— the more power that’s used, the more money that’s spent and the greater the carbon footprint. The place to start is knowing how much power is being used? However, according to research from Intel, 80 percent of businesses have never conducted an energy audit and only 29 percent of businesses are investing in energy- efficient PCs—Intel, 2006. Those companies are losing money because they don’t know just what they’re spending and how they can reduce those costs.

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Developing system information technology on planning demand and supply

Developing system information technology on planning demand and supply

The information technology (IT) is the most important tool available to decision maker for achieving higher level of efficiency and productivity in business operation. Most of the business will be operated by using information system to take advantage of the new technology (Greenspan, 2000). Furthermore, IT offers opportunity to reorganize every aspect of business model and business processes. Enterprises are seeking these opportunities to improve their efficiencies and effectiveness to achieve their desired goals and objectives (Stiroh, 2001). Reorganize using IT in organization is one of the approaches that purpose to observe activities and structure changes in the system. This approach emphasize on applying new methodology on developing applications as information technology to support business process.
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A systematic literature review on safe health information technology use behaviour

A systematic literature review on safe health information technology use behaviour

Systematic review was conducted and reports based on the Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic reviews and Meta-Analyses (PRISMA) statement. PRISMA statement is a guideline for reporting of systematic reviews and meta-analyses particularly in the field of healthcare [11,12]. The search strategy comprises of four phases, namely, identification, screening, eligibility and included. In the identification phase, related articles were identified by searching the articles published in Medline, EMBASE, and CINAHL. The databases were chosen due to its relevancy and pertinence for journals in the field of Medical and Health Informatics. Besides, the articles in the database are available as full text articles, subscribed by two Malaysia’s notable public university namely the Universiti Teknologi Malaysia, and Universiti Malaya. Search keywords used in this study encompassed the Boolean combination of electronic medical record ‘OR’ health information system ‘OR’ health information technology ‘AND’ medical error ‘AND’ safety. Next in the screening phase, duplicate articles were removed from further review. Potential article record titles and abstracts were then screened and retained for further review if they met three inclusion criteria which are (i) written in English articles, (ii) full-text articles and (iii) comprise of safety issues on the health IT. Subsequently in the eligibility phase, the remaining full-text articles were then reviewed for
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Information Technology Security Practices and Performance of Small and Medium Enterprises in Nairobi County, Kenya

Information Technology Security Practices and Performance of Small and Medium Enterprises in Nairobi County, Kenya

The main of Information Technology policies is controlling the accessibility of information where the rules and regulations of the company apply in the control. It also ensures the reliability and the authenticity of the information gotten from the company. The policy makes sure that the information can be easily accessed by the people who are authorized to access it when they need it. In an aim of determining the impact of information system security policies and controls on firm operation enhancement for Kenyan Small and Medium Enterprises, Ogalo (2012) conducted a study in Kisumu central business district where he surveyed a targeted population of 481 SMEs in Kisumu. In his findings, he discovered the need for organizations to create strategies that give importance to ICT infrastructure investment and management. After formulating the strategies there follows the establishment of directions on putting into action and controlling them. In addition, regular checkups are important for early detection of any problem that may arise and adversely affect the ICT programs (Ogalo, 2012)
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Aimq methodology for accounting information system technology assessment

Aimq methodology for accounting information system technology assessment

The AIS should be tailored to the company's circumstances. The existence of such systems can assist the tasks of related organizational units. Good AIS can be done manually, can also use technology in accordance with the size and needs of the company (Hall, 2011). As a consequence of human limitations and growing companies, nowadays AIS almost exclusively he use of computer technology and software to This study examines the problems encountered by one of Four Stars hotel in Bali. The hotel now has been using computerized AIS for more than ten years. Two gement decided to change its accounting information system and started using new software. However, currently, the company management feels the need to assess the quality of information generated by the new system, as changing of system incurs high cost. This study aims to assess the quality of information technology from AIS used by this hotel and will refer to methodology that was . The method used is an AIMQ that is modified to fit the needs of the Hotel. AIMQ method provides ous and pragmatic basis for IQ assessments and benchmarks (Lee, Et, al., 2000).
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Molecular Information Technology

Molecular Information Technology

With the above description of protein conformational dynamics in mind it is evident that a protein is not a simple molecular switch but rather a complex nonlinear processing network of thousands of nuclei and tenth of thousands of electrons coupled in a highly refined pattern of electrostatic interactions. This network does not only comprise the protein itself, but also molecules bound to it, and furthermore is also coupled to the detailed structure of its solvent [264]. In general the solvent is water, but for transmembrane proteins the structure of the lipid bilayer hosting the protein is also relevant. Accordingly proteins can sense and react to alterations in the solvent structure caused by molecules that are not in direct contact with them [241]. The fusion of sensory information in a seed’s decision to germinate can serve as an analogy to underline the contrast between a molecular switch and the conformation-based information processing of a protein reacting to the physiochemical context of surrounding milieu features [287]. The conditions under which a seed germinates and also the conditions under which an enzyme acts do not have simple logic descriptions. Numerous factors from an essentially open context interact in a time dependent fashion to yield a probabilistic response. Only under narrowly prescribed conditions that largely fix the potential signal inputs to the protein is a description of the protein behavior as logic gates appropriate [288, 289, 290]. Even simplistic descriptions of enzyme kinetics, however, are equivalent to quite sophisticated circuits [291] and in general a view of individual proteins as black-box computers [292] is more apt.
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Information Technology Investment

Information Technology Investment

The relationship between IT investment and firm performance is unclear. Scholars have characterized it as complex and circular in nature (Weill, 1993), mutually reinforcing (Harris and Katz, 1991), and indirect (Banker et al., 1993). As a result, evaluating IT investments poses many problems not encountered with traditional assets. The focus shifts from measuring dollar benefits to measuring indirect, diffuse, qualitative and contingent impacts that are difficult to accurately quantify. Benefits may be distributed in such a way as to accrue to a party other than the party bearing the costs. The IT benefits may be in the form of improved coordination efficiency among organizations and dependent upon the inter-organizational relationship for realized gains; and, mismanagement may cause any potential IT investment gains to be negated either through a failure to prudently employ the IT resources or through failure to properly implement the technology. Given the complexity of the relationship between IT investments and realized gains, contradictory findings are hardly surprising. The complexity of the relationship makes finding appropriate measures very difficult. The most commonly used measures are accounting measures. Accounting measures include firm level indicators such as total expenses, operating income, return on assets, and other measures traditionally found on a firm’s income statement or balance sheet. The problems with using these measures include: traditional accounting measures do not adequately reflect white-collar productivity improvements; firm level measurements may be only indirectly influenced by IT investment accounting measures fail to fully capture IT’s intangible value; accounting measures assess only a firm’s past performance without consideration for a firm’s future profit potential; and, accounting measures do not adequately reflect intermediate performance gains, such as capacity utilization and inventory turnover, and this is where IT benefits are likely to be found. But if accounting measures are so bad, why do so many researchers use them (e.g. Cron and Sobol, 1983; Bender, 1986;; Wiseman, 1988; Alpar and Kim, 1990;)?
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Technical Factors Influencing Integration of Health Management Information Systems in the Health System in Kenya

Technical Factors Influencing Integration of Health Management Information Systems in the Health System in Kenya

fact, majority of organizations have abandoned their newly acquired information systems only to go back to their old manual system. This study examined the extent the three identified technical factors influence Integration of HMIS. They include i) IT infrastructure which can be divided into two related but distinct components as technical and human infrastructure. Technical infrastructure is a set of shared, tangible IT resources forming a foundation for business applications (hardware, software and data), ii) Human infrastructure includes human and organizational skills, expertise, knowledge, commitments, values and norms. Availability and adequacy of both technical and human infrastructure must be ascertained up-front. It addresses the basic question of whether the information system will work in a technical sense (Odhiambo-Otieno, 2005b). iii) System interoperability is the ability of different information systems to communicate, exchange data and use the information that has been exchanged.
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The Research of Communication Encryption Technology in Power Information System

The Research of Communication Encryption Technology in Power Information System

information system uses communication encryption technology to protect the remote access process of the system; the SCADA (supervisory control and data acquisition) system uses communication encryption technology to protect the data between the master station and the transformer substation. In the paper, we carried out a comprehensive research of communication encryption technology in the power information system. Firstly, we designed the encrypted application architecture in the power of information system. Secondly, we studied the confidentiality and non- repudiation protection methods for the communication data. Finally, we discussed the communication mode for the power information system. It was proved that communication encryption technology can effectively protect communication data from being tampered or eavesdropped and can improve the overall safety level of the power information system.
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Information technology as ontology: a phenomenological investigation into information technology and strategy in the world

Information technology as ontology: a phenomenological investigation into information technology and strategy in the world

ones (Kahn 2000). Referring to the ranking ‘Fortune Global 500’ at the end of the 1990s, Kahn (ibid.) commented that “companies in cutting-edge industries such as telecommunications, computer technology, and pharmaceuticals again trumped those in mature sectors such as steel, chemicals, and autos”. He added that “the two software companies on the list [Global 500], Microsoft (n. 216) and Electonic Data Systems (n. 235), made a combined [US]$8.2 billion [profit] in 1999. During the same period, the ten metal firms in the Global 500 lost a total of [US]$245 million, one of the worst performances of any industry.” Yet, in the mid-2000 the NADAQ index started a fall that wiped out 70 per cent of its value in less than a year. This huge correction is followed by many dotcom companies going out of business, mainly on account of not having clear business models. Still, many leading Internet-based or related companies survived, and kept their positions in the overall competitiveness rankings, such as Microsoft, Oracle, AOL, Amazon, SAP, Yahoo, Cisco, Ebay, Sun, HP, and many others, namely telecommunications providers, and mobile phones’ networks. This tells us that major changes took place outside existing companies. In a Darwinian sense, the new companies being born were better adapted to a new environment, much in the way Henderson (1989) suggests Darwinism is relevant to business strategy.
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Application of WebGIS Technology in Information Management of Agricultural Science and Technology Park

Application of WebGIS Technology in Information Management of Agricultural Science and Technology Park

telecommunications, transportation, environmental protection, planning, land, natural resources, national defense, public security, aerospace, commercial and other fields, and has become a number of local government departments to manage geographic information standards. This paper uses ESRI's ArcGIS Server to realize Web-based campus geographic information visualization management and analysis. ArcGIS Server is ESRI's Web Map Server product, which represents the cutting-edge development of today's WebGIS technology and enables developers and system designers to implement a centrally managed GIS. A single, centrally managed GIS application (web application) can reduce development costs, support multiple users, and reduce the cost of installing and managing desktop applications on client machines.
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Impact of the Information Technology Unit on Information Technology Embedded Product Innovation

Impact of the Information Technology Unit on Information Technology Embedded Product Innovation

Digitization of the firm’s SCM, CRM, and ERP systems could help the firm to redesign and streamline how ITEPs are delivered to customers, how they are monitored in use, and how they are supported and upgraded. For example, SCM applications could enable the firm to share information with suppliers about how the ITEPs are being used. Near real time intelligence about product usage patterns could enable suppliers to identify potential problems and improvement opportunities in the products. Similarly, digitization of CRM systems could enable the firm to deliver new ITEPs to customers directly through digital channels, receive customer feedback about the products in a more timely fashion, discover emerging new customer needs and preferences, and deliver new product features and upgrades. Digitization of other processes such as product lifecycle management, could also increase the organization’s ability to communicate and collaborate better with both the internal business units and the external business partners who contribute to the ITEPs. In summary, the extent to which the organization digitizes its value chain with the use of enterprise-wide SCM, ERP, CRM systems could add customer value by supporting the learning-on-the-fly activities of the organization about dynamically changing customer experiences with ITEPs. Thus:
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Agent Technology for Personalized Information Filtering: The PIA System

Agent Technology for Personalized Information Filtering: The PIA System

knowledge about his user by learning from the given feedbak, whih is also taken for ollaborative ltering, as.. information that has been rated as highly interesting might be useful for a[r]

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The design and development of an e-marketing framework for the Asian B2B market place

The design and development of an e-marketing framework for the Asian B2B market place

were established in 1996 (Asiaep.com, 2011). The respondents also considered CRM to be a critical factor for them especially in the virtual business environment that is becoming more saturated and competitive. According to Xu (2002), the marketing model is gradually changing from product to customer centered. Thus, a successful company in the ‘e’ environment will use customer information wisely to develop long-term relationships. The government and senior management members’ involvement is also crucial for SMEs to be encouraged and motivated to ensure successful e-transformation. They need to ensure SMEs are clear with regards to the conditions of their adoption and are committed to transforming their businesses to the electronic environment. As indicated by the respondents, the framework has many efficiency gains which must achieved by B2B e-Marketplaces for IS/IT alliances such as reducing hosting, software, and technical resources costs for SMEs. IS/IT integration would be beneficial to B2B e-Marketplace participants to maximise their Return on Investment (ROI) on infrastructure technology.
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Application of Intelligent Water Network in Water Resource Management: Framework And Case

Application of Intelligent Water Network in Water Resource Management: Framework And Case

China is facing a severe situation of water resources at present. Flood, water supply and demand contradiction, water pollution and water ecological degradation have become the main bottlenecks restricting sustainable development (Nardo A D, et al., 2013; Smith V L, et al, 2000). All kinds of water problems, regardless of their forms, can be attributed to the imbalance of the evolution and regulation of the water cycle system. The practice of water resources development, management and protection is essentially the regulation and management of the water cycle and its accompanying process. As the carrier of water cycle system, water network is the objective foundation of all water cycle regulation behavior and measures (Boulos P F., 2017). Therefore, whether disaster mitigation, water resources allocation, conservation and protection, or construction of the relevant management system, can be unified into the construction of "natural - society" dualistic water network software and hardware system.
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Impact of Information Technology in Various Sectors

Impact of Information Technology in Various Sectors

reach geographically distant and diversified markets. Internet has significantly influenced delivery channels of the banks. Internet has emerged as an important medium for delivery of banking products and services. Banking environment has become highly competitive today. To be able to survive and grow in the changing market environment banks are going for the latest technologies, which is being perceived as an ‘enabling resource’ that can help in developing learner and more flexible structure that can respond quickly to the dynamics of a fast changing market scenario. It is also viewed as an instrument of cost reduction and effective communication with people and institutions associated with the banking business. The customers can view the accounts; get account statements, transfer funds and purchase drafts by just punching on few keys. The smart card’s i.e., cards with micro processor chip have added new dimension to the scenario. An introduction of ‘Cyber Cash’ the exchange of cash takes place entirely through ‘Cyber-books’. Collection of Electricity bills and telephone bills has become easy. The upgradeability and flexibility of internet technology after unprecedented opportunities for the banks to reach out to its customers. No doubt banking services have undergone drastic changes and so also the expectation of customers from the banks has increased greater.
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