This study investigates IntegratedLibrarySystems (ILS) in use in university libraries in Osun State, Nigeria. It is a descriptive survey. All National Uni- versities Commission (NUC) of Nigeria accredited universities in Osun State were selected for the study. Structured interviews (personal and telephonic) and observations were the main tools used to collect data for the study. Four (4) research questions were formulated for the study. Simple frequencies and percentages were used to analyze the data collected. The findings of the study indicated 70 of the surveyed libraries have been automated. 90% of the auto- mated libraries adopted KOHA IntegratedLibrary System while 10% adopted VIRTUAL. 14.28% libraries have been fully automated while 85.71% libraries are at advance stage of automation. The study also revealed reasons for which libraries adopted a particular integratedlibrary system to include: compre- hensive functionality; library standards compliant; popularity among libraries in Nigeria; technical feasibility and support; web-based interfaces; freedom to change support company or its vendor; being an open source, and up- gradability. It recommends that libraries should cooperate together to share resources and experiences to overcome libraries' financial and skills limita- tions.
Most integratedlibrary automation systems have maintained the traditional division of technical services into cataloging, monograph acquisitions, and serials modules. These divisions reflect the typical workflow/processing procedures performed in technical services. The modules allowed conversion of staff tasks from manual to automated processes without disrupting the duties performed by each unit or department. As vendors and automation systems introduced new features, processing routines changed to incorporate the new features but still retained the traditional division of labor between cataloging and acquisi- tions. New technologies such as electronic books or journals, EDI ordering and invoicing, and importing of full bibliographic records, have been incorporated into the workflow. While some libraries have taken the opportunity offered by new technology and changed parts of their processing routines, many have retained the traditional division of labor between acquisitions, serials and cataloging. Not changing workflow may fail to take advantage of the integrated system’s functionality. Since technical services modules are linked and accessible from each workstation, the distinction between tasks done in acquisitions and work done solely in cataloging is blurred. The functionality of most modern automation systems offers the opportunity to smooth technical services workflow by combining processes performed at one workstation and reducing the number of staff that handle material in the processing flow. One way to begin to re-evaluate technical services workflow is by initiating a cross- training program. Cross-training has usually been used to give staff a greater understanding of the library beyond their everyday responsibilities. Cross-training is effective in enhancing the job skills of staff, increasing communication and co-operation across departments or departmental units, and enables a library to have staff that can step in and assist in other units
architecture (ILS, ERMS, and link resolver), and electronic resource workflows. A review of these components reveals (1) complex systems environments; (2) transitioning of staff and workflows to more effectively manage electronic resources; and (3) license negotiation and documentation as relatively new and time-consuming tasks. The case studies yielded a set of seven acquisitions elements deemed critical for exchange between the ILS and ERMS. This set includes purchase order number, price, start and end dates for the subscription period, vendor name, vendor ID, fund code, and invoice number. Each library identified the prospect of automated generation of cost-per-use statistics as a catalyst for desiring ILS/ERMS interoperability. Yet the authors recognize that there are inherent challenges to generating meaningful cost-per-use metrics, given the way electronic resources are acquired and packaged.
Our users have been fulsome in their praise for the new systems. In Phase 1, our students appreciated being involved in the trial phase and being able to give feedback. Initial reactions to the off-campus requesting system were that the system eliminated many steps, saved time and typing, and was user-friendly. Comments such as “absolutely brilliant”, “wonderful” and “great” were common. We found that usability testing is important. Lossau (2004) states that “in any market situation it is of paramount importance to take a close look at potential customers and their usage behaviour. … the new, competitive situation forces libraries to see things much more from the perspective of the user”. At each step of our phased rollout of DocEx, we have conducted a “pilot” phase with selected users in order to gather feedback and iron out problems in functionality and workflow before opening it up to our general user base. This is the best way we can ensure our users will have a positive experience with the system when it goes fully live – and is also a valuable and less stressful environment for staff to get up to speed with changed workflows and processes before dealing with large volumes of requests and enquiries.
Most of the references outlined above indicate that resilience concept in urban water systems (UWS) is related to the ability of these systems to recover/return from failure conditions such as excess runoff and water shortage to a normal state. However, interpretation of researchers and practitioners are subtly variant which has led to different indicators for quantifying resilience in the IUWS. For example, some researchers have expanded flood resilience in four capacities ‘incorporating the above definition as: 1) to avoid damage; 2) to reduce damage if a flood exceeds a desired threshold; 3) to recover quickly to a normal state, and 4) to adapt to an uncertain future . In other words, this implies that resilient cities are less vulnerable and more resistance against extreme flood events. The same definition can be extended for water shortage resilience.
b) The due diligence should evaluate the component against predefined quality criteria. It should review relevant documentation like existing qualification certificates (e.g., type approvals), in-use feedback, requirements specifications, design descriptions, source code, test reports, release notes, and user manuals and other support documentation. When needed, critical functionality, performance, and other characteristics should be tested in a test environment similar to the target environment with the configuration data used in the systems in the ISDS scope.
Incorporation of mechanistic modeling of the underlying physics, chemistry, or biology in combination with the statistical models established through experimental design leads to enhanced process control wherein improved understanding of the products and processes is developed. Such a model-based approach to process and controller design uses first principles and system specifications for model construction, thereby naturally accounting for inherent process characteristics, including nonlinearities, spatial variations, and multiscale behavior. For many processes, large disparities exist in time and length scales of phenomena occurring within the processes thereby requiring the establishment of multiscale models coupled through appropriate boundary conditions. Control of nonlinear distributed systems is possible by combining nonlinear models describing macroscale process control with localized physical kinetic models. Combining this with practical control and process feedback, facilitated by optimal placement of sensors for real time analytical data, an integrated nanomanufacturing capability can be realized that is robust, scalable, and adaptable to a range of processes and products. Ultimately, more advanced models will require more advanced sensors and placements to predict process performance at the microscale, as well as to provide the level of control necessary to sustain the processes.
of eight well-defined parameters were employed to compare the two packages. The result shows that neither of the two packages provides support for all the features that may be expected of ideal retrieval software. There appears to be some significant difference between CDS/ISIS and LibSys in terms of their ability to provide desirable features. There is a difference of 9.34% in the levels of performance of the two packages (Harinarayana. & Raghavan, 2008). Another study was carried out by Bansode and Periera (2008) on the status of automation in the colleges of Goa similar to that of college libraries throughout India. Libraries, librarians, and college administrators must start automation to provide effective and efficient services to users. The authors suggest that library professionals must upgrade their skills to meet the growing expectations of users from libraries. Library automation began in the late 1970s in a few special libraries and has now reached most of the university libraries. Automation has yet to be introduced to college libraries in India to solve their various problems. Many studies on library automation have been undertaken in the West, but few have been undertaken in India. The authors try to identify the status of library automation in college libraries of Goa State (Bansode & Periera, 2008).
Mukhopadhyay, a pioneer in the adoption and popularization of this software in India. One workshop focused on ABCD, also in BIMTECH, with resource person Egbert de Smet, the project leader of ABCD from Antwerpen University, Belgium, and two NewGenLib short term training programs conducted by NISCAIR(National Institute of Science Communication and Information Resources), New Delhi. It is important to mention that all the participants of the five workshops had prior experience with CDS/ISIS, WINISIS or some other available proprietary library management software.
With the practical lessons learned from the two prior projects, the Information Institute again decided to utilize GIS when the opportunity arose to spatially analyze and display the locations of public libraries’ connectivity around the state of Florida. At the county level of granularity, actual disparities could be displayed around the state. The Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation Florida public library technology dataset (2009) made available from the State Library & Archives of Florida provided a census of broadband connection variables for the public libraries in Florida. The study team linked the data to library locations, thereby allowing for the display of attribute (i.e., descriptive) data by library, including maps showing the ISPs. However, the Information Institute felt that county-level maps might be easier for users to read. Accordingly, the study team spatially joined the library’s average connection values with county shapefiles allowing for the creation of maps displaying connectivity speed and cost for Florida libraries by county.
Conceptual Design Phase. This is the phase where designers develop and evaluate many design concepts simultaneously so as to offer enough choices for a successful product. For that, they cre- ate then use libraries of standard parametrized com- ponent elements that they can piece together to create more complex designs. Each element of the library is essentially an analytical or semi-analytical model that captures the behaviour of the element accurately over all possible displacements of the el- ement. All the parameters of the element model are available to the designers as a variable to be defined and set. For instance, the non-linear beam-element model is the model of an Euler beam, where param- eters such as length, thickness, width, as well as material properties such as the Youngs modulus, Poissons ratio, residual stress are all available as variables. As MEMS can sustain mechanical defor- mations in 3D space, each component model neces- sarily has 6 degrees of freedom. A schematic model assembled from parametrized library components immediately enables very rapid and accurate char- acterization of the behaviour of a specific concep- tual design. One of the advantages of these phases is the ability of designers to design through process constraints. Indeed, parameters may be well defined within the tolerances of the specific manufacturing unit, and this influences the product-development
Fig.11 shows the control principle for the integrated system controller is designed for dc-ac converter. In fig 11 actual Vdc is compare with reference Vdc* and the regulated output is given to the PI controller. proportional (P)-integral (I) The inner current loop, getting very quick as well as fast, which is replaced by a low-pass-filter and time lap shows the delay and capacitor charging dynamics. The P and I gains are then chosen as Kp1 = 0.1and Ki1 = 10 to give enough phase margin for maintaining the overall system stability. Output of PI controller is getting current for maintaining constant DC.
Purpose. To demonstrate feasibility of the proposed integrated optimization of various MTS parameters to re- duce capital investments as well as decrease any operational and maintenance expense. This will make use of MTS reasonable. At present, the Maglev Transport Systems (MTS) for High-Speed Ground Transportation (HSGT) al- most do not apply. Significant capital investments, high operational and maintenance costs are the main reasons why Maglev Transport Systems (MTS) are hardly currently used for the High-Speed Ground Transportation (HSGT). Therefore, this article justifies use of Theory of Complex Optimization of Transport (TCOT), developed by one of the co-authors, to reduce MTS costs. Methodology. According to TCOT, authors developed an abstract model of the generalized transport system (AMSTG). This model mathematically determines the optimal balance between all components of the system and thus provides the ultimate adaptation of any transport systems to the conditions of its application. To identify areas for effective use of MTS, by TCOT, the authors developed a dynamic model of distri- bution and expansion of spheres of effective use of transport systems (DMRRSEPTS). Based on this model, the most efficient transport system was selected for each individual track. The main estimated criterion at determination of efficiency of application of MTS is the size of the specific transportation tariff received from calculation of pay- back of total given expenses to a standard payback period or term of granting the credit. Findings. The completed multiple calculations of four types of MTS: TRANSRAPID, MLX01, TRANSMAG and TRANSPROGRESS dem- onstrated efficiency of the integrated optimization of the parameters of such systems. This research made possible expending the scope of effective usage of MTS in about 2 times. The achieved results were presented at many inter- national conferences in Germany, Switzerland, United States, China, Ukraine, etc. Using MTS as an example, this research proved the sustainability of the proposed integrated optimization parameters of transport systems. This ap- proach could be applied not only for MTS, but also for other transport systems. Originality. The bases of the com- plex optimization of transport presented are the new system of universal scientific methods and approaches that en- sure high accuracy and authenticity of calculations with the simulation of transport systems and transport networks taking into account the dynamics of their development. Practical value. The development of the theoretical and technological bases of conducting the complex optimization of transport makes it possible to create the scientific tool, which ensures the fulfillment of the automated simulation and calculating of technical and economic structure and technology of the work of different objects of transport, including its infrastructure.
The implementation and certification of quality (ISO 9001), environmental (14001) and occupational health and safety (OHSAS 18001) systems have been an important activity for many organizations. These management systems can create competitive advantages for firms and contribute to a sustainable development. Implementing these standards in parallel often results in some problems. Hence, IMS are being advocated. In this paper, the technique of power spectrum was used to analyze the experience of the firms in implementing an IMS. It was revealed that the main motivations for implementing IMS were: “To satisfy customers’ requirements”, “To respond to government’s appeal” and “To cope with stress from competitors”. The significant benefits achieved were: “Simplify certification process”, “Decrease management costs” and “Decrease paper work”.