Nevertheless, several national IP offices have started implementing green IP such as green patent application where the subject matter eligibility defines the categories of green technology that qualify for an accelerated examination . Malaysia should follow IP offices from Brazil, Korea, Australia, United Kingdom and Japan that have all set up fast-track schemes to accelerate the processing of the green patent application . Currently, a pilot program that involves the collaboration between IntellectualProperty Corporation of Malaysia (MyIPO), Japan Patent Office (JPO) and European Patent Office is carried out for a period of 3 years [23-24]. The pilot program of the fast-track schemes of green patent is known as the Patent Prosecution Highway (PPH) in Malaysia. On the contrary, the establishment of SIRIM ecolabel and MyHIJAU mark are both good examples of Malaysia’s efforts in implementing Green IP in the trademark perspective. The existence of these ecolabels will be able to put added values on any green product or service generated by ensuring that the trademarks are able to provide enough information. This is because an ecolabel can provide consumers with the information about the environmental quality of individual products at the point of purchase that can make consumers choose products that are acceptable from an environmental point of view .
The empirical part of this thesis which is incorporated in Chapter 5 consists of studies on related bodies, agencies and companies in Malaysia which have direct involvement with agricultural biotechnology. These include Malaysian Biotechnology Corporation (BiotechCorp), Plant Varieties Office at the Department of Agriculture (DOA), IntellectualProperty Corporation of Malaysia (MyIPO), Malaysian Agricultural Research and Development Institute (MARDI), Forest Research Institute of Malaysia (FRIM), Malaysian Rubber Board (MRB), Malaysian Cocoa Board (MCB), and Malaysian Palm Oil Board (MPOB). The report and analysis of the data, information and statistics obtained from the study in the form of semi-structured interviews are incorporated in this chapter. The main focus of the study is to examine the current practice of the agricultural biotechnology industry and to address the issues such as; whether the plant related invention is adequately protected under the intellectualproperty laws in Malaysia and to what extent there is a need of an improved legal system in Malaysia. The general headings under which the information obtained from the study are aimed to cover the plant breeding activities, type of intellectualproperty used, general levels of use, awareness and satisfaction with the protection, research and development activities, the ideal legislation 27 and current issues relevant to the study. This study is aimed as an indicator of the general view held across the agricultural biotechnology industry in Malaysia.
provider. He found out that there are 51% of the Malaysian companies successfully invest their business through social media. 68 % of business in Malaysia tends to use social media for example twitter to engage in their business. Companies also encourage employees to join social network to help to promote their business plan. In this case, infringement of social media will easily happen. To solve this problems, company can establish clear and specific guidelines to guide employees to conduct their business through social media without infringing others intellectualproperty. Guidelines must be treated as a mandatory obligation on employees. Situations often occur when employees are unaware that certain photographs or videos that are presented online are protected by copyright or trademark. Therefore, they might adopt the similar word, name or symbol in promoting their new products. In this case, infringement of intellectualproperty indirectly occurred without aware by the employees. Hence, it is very important to set a guideline on what can do and what cannot do. If they failed to comply those guidelines, they might be subjected to disciplinary actions or even termination. These enable employees to avoid from infringing others’ intellectualproperty.
This chapter discusses the definition and theory of crowdfunding in reference to research conducted on the subject and frameworks used to understand it. The literature review defines all the terms and concepts of crowdfunding used in this thesis throughout the supporting points starting from the existing secondary data, such as books and academic journals. Furthermore, this study discusses crowdfunding and intellectualproperty issues that are involved in crowdfunding practices because it is critical to protect intellectualproperty rights in crowdfunding practice before launching a crowdfunding campaign. At the end of this chapter, the conceptual framework that guides the research is provided. The presented framework will help enhance crowdfunding practices in Malaysia.
The law of confidential information is an ancillary right used to protect commercially sensitive, valuable and private information which is not afforded protection under more usual intellectualproperty rights such as copyright. This protection is generally owed to the person who created the information (or paid for it to be created), but the rule is not absolute and is largely dependant on the circumstances in each case. An obligation of confidence can also apply to third parties who receive information by accident or through any other means, even if they don’t know at first that it is confidential.
Because accounting enjoys a high level of official sanction, probably similar to the Latin of the Christian Church, it has significant power in shaping certain understandings of a subject and turn it into generally accepted truths. Certain positions are legitimized, while others are discredited, nullified or excluded. 15 For that reason, accounting constitutes the symbolic dimension of business, a major feature that an intellectual capital report can not provide since it neither enjoys the same claim to truth nor the same level of official recognition. Thus, the firm may be viewed as an artifact of accounting production. The distinction between the agent and the network collapses and, as can be shown for the accounting of intellectualproperty, the capacity of social agents to radically transform organizational structures are very limited.
is designed to provide corporate counsel with a general overview of intellectualproperty and to suggest useful practices for the handling of intellectualproperty issues in the corporate setting. This information should not be construed as legal advice or legal opinion on specific facts, or representative of the views of ACC or any of its lawyers, unless so stated. This is not intended as a definitive statement on the subject but a tool, providing practical information for the reader. We hope that you find this material useful. Thank you for contacting the Association of Corporate Counsel.
Intellectual Property Law SMU Law Review Volume 59 Issue 3 Annual Survey of Texas Law Article 19 2006 Intellectual Property Law David L McCombs Phillip B Philbin Follow this and additional works at ht[.]
To provide intellectualproperty support for the OLED lighting business, Konica Minolta has filed more than 1,000 patent applications worldwide in areas of technology related to this business. Recently, we have focused efforts on securing rights relating to these patent applications in preparation for the sale of OLED lighting panels. As a result, we were able to increase the number of patent registrations worldwide by approximately fourfold from fiscal 2009 to fiscal 2013. The number of patents held is also increasing steadily, surpassing 630 as of the end of March 2014 (see right graph).
The better public policy choices in intellectualproperty should always keep at the forefront the optimal distribution and not just the absolute amount of knowledge (or “learning” in the vernacular of Anne). What intellectualproperty law does—what the Statute of Anne did, for example—is to create an artificial scarcity in the form of an exclusive right. Prior to the Statute of Anne, the Crown had used its prerogative—its royal power, its printing patents or privileges, and its stationers’ copyright—to control the directions of knowledge in ways that were top-down, hierarchical, nontransparent, ad hoc, and predictably, distributionally unequal. 12 The government also repressed religious dissent by providing
Intellectual Property Law SMU Law Review Volume 58 Issue 3 Annual Survey of Texas Law Article 20 2005 Intellectual Property Law Phillip B Philibin Carmen E Griffin Follow this and additional works at[.]
As part of the United Nations system of specialized agencies, WIPO serves as a forum for its Member States to establish and harmonize rules and practices for the protection of intellectualproperty rights. WIPO also services global registration systems for trademarks, industrial designs and appellations of origin, and a global filing system for patents. These systems are under regular review by WIPO’s Member States and other stakeholders to determine how they can be improved to better serve the needs of users and potential users.
prices. We estimate that the value advertising generates for consumers justifies its cost, before even considering its value to firms. As a result of this considerable value, the costs of patents are lower than previously believed in the long-run, and may even be negative in the short-run.
The paper suggests several avenues of future research. First, our analysis can be generalized to other forms of non-price competition. If the monopoly power induced by patents has effects beyond price-competition — and its attendant restriction in quantity —those effects may offset or reinforce the traditional costs of patents. In particular, advertising—when viewed as a complement to the good advertised—resembles quality provision more generally. Therefore, quality competition might have similar effects on the analysis of intellectualproperty.
The only exception is a scientific, literary or artistic work. In spite of its common understanding there is no explicit legal definition of this result of intellectual activities in the Civil Code of the Russian Federation as well as in international law. It is usually considered as a result or production in the literary, scientific and artistic spheres. The law just enumerates their possible types (literary works; dramatic and dramatic-musical works, script works; choreographic works and mime shows; musical works with or without a text; audiovisual works; painting, sculpture, graphic, design, graphic stories, comics and other works of art; artistic craftsmanship and scenographic works; works of architecture, city planning and landscaping, including designs, drawings, images and models; photographic works and works produced by methods similar to photography; geographic, geological and other maps, layouts, sketches and plastic works that have to do with geography, topography and other sciences; other works. (Article 1259(1) of the Civil Code of the Russian Federation). 6 Meanwhile some concepts
A new engineering scholarship was made official at a private reception on Tuesday, Oct. 16, 2001 supporting students in the Padnos School of Engineering at Grand Valley State University in Grand Rapids, Michigan. The Price-Heneveld Engineering Scholarship was created in memory of patent attorneys Peter P. Price and Lloyd A. Heneveld, who both died in late November 2000. The two were cofounders of the Grand Rapids-based intellectualproperty law firm of Price, Heneveld, Cooper, DeWitt & Litton.
Intellectualproperty spurs innovation by raising the rewards for discovery, but it does so by granting a monopoly in the event of discovery. According to classical theory (cf, Nordhaus, 1969), the additional research and development (R&D) induced by a patent must be weighed against the output loss from monopoly. This implies that patent expirations always lead to increased competition, lower prices, and higher market output. However, Figure 1 suggests that the predicted reductions in output do not always materialize. The figure depicts the percentage change in quantity—comparing the month before patent expiration to the month after—for a sample of US pharmaceutical products whose patents expired between 1992 and 2002. 1 For about 40% of drugs, output actually falls after patent expiration, and expands only modestly for many others.
Though the globalization of cultural and entertainment markets may itself have contributed to the rise of TV formats, interconnecting programming industries in a world of multiplying channels, this paper theorizes that global broadcasting and programme marketing strategies can also be used by TV format producers to protect their intellectualproperty rights. Specifically, eight different strategies may be used: (a) trade show infrastructure and dynamics; (b) visual brand identity and channel fit; (c) brand extension and merchandising; (d) corporate branding; (e) national branding; (f) genre branding; (g) constant brand innovation; (h) fan communities.