prostaglandin cervical ripening than dinoprostone in women with a high BMI and that mechanical cervical ripening may work better than pharmacological cervical ripening. The time to birth was longer for women who were induced and women who had a higher BMI, but there is little literature regarding the time to birth in women with a high BMI. What is known about labor induction with cervical ripening among women with a high BMI has been largely based on the retrospective analysis of cohort studies. While there are a few studies with large sample sizes, these existing studies do not appropriately control for parity, which plays a significant role in labor induction outcomes regardless of obesity category. A multiparous woman with a previous vaginal birth has a higher chance at a subsequent vaginal birth than a nulliparous woman who has not yet had a vaginal birth. Little is known regarding whether a woman’s BMI affects labor induction
Although various pessimistic concurrency control techniques such as locking  and turn-taking  can be used to prevent such a divergence problem from happen- ing, they are unsuitable for supporting real-time collaborative editing due to poor responsiveness and lack of concurrent work support . As introduced in Chap- ter 1, optimistic serialization technique is responsive and can support concurrent work. It can be used to tackle the divergence problem by ensuring the final result is as if operations are executed in the same order at all sites. But its disadvantage is that a undo-redo repairing process may cause an unpleasant flash on the user in- terface [46, 128]. The proposed solution in this thesis is to emulate serialized effects, although operations are not executed in the same order at all sites. Like the op- timistic serialization technique, this solution is responsive and supports concurrent work. Local highlighting operations are executed immediately on generation without any restriction. When a remote highlighting operation arrives out of order, a novel repairing process is used to achieve the serialized effect according to a global order and it does not cause any flash on the user interface.
that he had created and explained, “I drawed it. It makes me look like Adam,” another classmate. The mask, created from a cardboard template common in craft stores, was decorated rather simply with scribblings from green, blue, purple, and red markers and two glued-on plastic jewels. Using the mask, Sam was able to take on the identity of his friend, a child who in that moment was engaged with other children in the classroom, a member of their affinity group, and was positioned as an insider to the playframe. Moments later, Sam used the mask to take on a new identity as a “blood superhero.” Significantly, instead of only enacting a fictional character as a “blood superhero,” Sam also chose to enact a role based on his friend, a real person in the classroom. Sam also later asked me to take on his identity. During that interaction, several girls were engaged in language play inside a sheet fort, and Sam wished to join. As an access strategy, he asked me to pretend to be him. In that case, Sam engaged in what Cromdal (2001) calls agent work. That is, Sam used me to advocate indirectly for his entry into other children’s ongoing play by pretending to be him, and I, too, became a resource for Sam.
97 for special education teachers. Additionally, the data indicated the program participants are more likely to work post-residency at a school with a higher percentage of students participating in the NSLP. However, there was a sizeable decrease in retention odds between years one and three. The demands of teaching in a school serving large percentages of students living in poverty may manifest over time. As a result, future longitudinal research should focus on teacher retention rates based on school socioeconomic composition. While some predictors are not considered statistically significant, they remained in the model due to both prior research on teacher retention showing variable importance and the results of model fit analyses.
Voice assistants and internal video cameras can be extremely intrusive as they listen and see everything. Once these are translated to real emotions, multiple aspects could be targeted at people based on their emotions. In the current work, the voice assistant has been simulated with a program that listens to all conversations, translates them to plain text and converts them to a sentiment, optimistic, negative or anxious. Correlation with additional indicators like facial expression detection, eating habits, etc. help in accurately assessing the emotional state of a person. A person being bored or thoughtful is detected by patterns of pacing around or watching videos, and the emotional dimensional analysis done using voice data. As the activities increase and our interactions with the external world increases, multiple domains like financial transactions or social interactions have a huge impact on the emotional state of a person. This work aims to drive a deeper understanding of the privacy intrusion into the emotional state of a person through a dimensional analysis of the emotional state.
The videoconferencing module is based on the OpenH323 software , which is an open source protocol stack incorporating a set of communication protocols developed by the International Telecommunications Union (ITU) and used by programs such as Microsoft NetMeeting and equipment such as Cisco Routers to transmit and receive audio and video information over the Internet. The subset of communication protocols we chose relies on the call control and media control protocols and the H.261 video compression standard for low-bandwidth video transmission. The video stream of the FireWire camera images gives a resolution of 320 x 240 pixels / frame with a frame rate of 30 fps, which is encoded using the Common Intermediate Format (CIF) standard providing 352 x 288 pixels / frame and a frame rate of ca. 10-15 fps. This frame size does not allow for displaying fine details in the images, however, the bandwidth demand of the system is low. The actual required bandwidth depends on the speed of the motion in the camera image but even in the worst case it does not exceed 150 kbps.
back from the resistance and rejection they experienced during this process was a result of the strength they gained behind the “veiled” walls of their Black communities. Resilience has been a hallmark of African American culture since 1619, when the first slave ship arrived in Virginia. 266 Take Mary for instance, when she learned that she was the only one of her friends to advance to the next step, the loneliness sank in, but the support of her family forced her to continue. She recalled going to school, receiving the cold shoulder, being insulted by other students, and having to follow her mother’s advice and not cry in front of others at school, “all day long it’s sitting there, just sitting there. And then when she [mom] got off that bus from work, when I heard her feet, it was like the damn broke.” Her mother’s strength came in handy as Mary walked the halls of Grady. She says she would never have survived the lonely stay at Grady without it. Mary admits being nervous, but her fears did not stand a chance given the cultural capital (strength, courage, intellect) she received from her family and community.
Historically Black Colleges and Universities. I found that the participants who graduated from HBCUs had a stronger sense of preparation to teach in urban schools than those who graduated from Predominately White Institutions. This is evidenced in the narratives shared by the HBCU graduates. Six out of 10 participants in my study attended HBCUs. Based on their responses, their preparation to teach band in urban schools was fostered largely through their relationships and conversations with their professors. Alicia explained how her professor would have discussions about what they could expect when teaching in urban school settings. Malik and Matthew also explained how their professors created assignments centered around teaching in urban schools as well. This directly aligns with the literature that supports the nurturing and cultivation of culture that is inherent to the HBCU experiences. Toldson (2018) suggests that mentoring among HBCU faculty members and undergraduate students occurs naturally even while HBCU faculty members carry higher teaching loads. Likewise, the number of faculty members of color at HBCUs also foster a greater sense of cultural identity and student success (Gasman & Nguyen, 2016; Toldson, 2018).
The chromatin structure of the viral genome in persistent infection is largely unstudied. Unlike AdV-vector DNA, which often has viral genes mutated or excised, wild-type genomes with fully intact viral genes establish persistent infection (10). The normal progression of viral gene expression is delayed in all lymphocyte cell-line models of infection relative to infection in epithelial cells (29), but whether this is a result of suboptimal chromatin structure has not been studied. Considering that both genomes of lytic infection and viral vectors associate with cellular histones (20), and that viral transcripts can be detected in persistently infected cells (10,31,32), the in-coming viral chromatin/VII structure is likely remodeled to include cellular histones at least to some degree. We also recently reported that AdV gene expression in persistent infections is responsive to treatment with HDAC inhibitor trichostatin A (TSA) (Wilms et al., submitted) further supporting a role for histones and their modification in the chromatin structure. In a recent study using a padlock probe-based rolling-circle amplification (RCA) to evaluate concurrent AdV DNA and mRNAs in single epithelial or lymphocytic cells, viral DNA could not be detected in lymphocytes expressing low amounts of viral mRNA (31). This was interpreted to be a result of protein VII interference with probe binding (31), and suggests that at least some lymphocytes contained viral genomes which lacked proper chromatin remodeling for gene expression.
These poems evoke numerous ancestors, some of whom were family members of the artists. There are many references to black heroes, which include civil rights activists, music artists, entertainers, comedians, and athletes. Remembrances also recall family tragedy, familial love and support, as well as recollections of living loved ones. The observed artists demonstrated their reverence for their ancestors by professing remembrances of their skills, platforms, and goals. These artists used their poetry to express gratitude for the martyrdom and sacrifice that their ancestors endured, as well as the accomplishments that they achieved. I would argue that the remembrance of ancestors by present-day African Americans helps to alleviate the history of oppression and uplift the consciousness of the black community, as the observed poetry is evidence that “cultural autonomy can be partially maintained through the work of memory” (Cole 1998: 610).
interview, 2017). High school participants also indicated that in high school, they had Wi-Fi on campus although the school Wi-Fi limited some content such as YouTube or social media including Facebook and Instagram. Out of school contexts, they had Wi-Fi at home, and most of the libraries or local coffee shops they visited to hang out with friends and study together offered unlimited Wi-Fi. In Kaye’s case, she did not have any data usage restrictions even on campus, as the university did not limit the access except to illegal websites. Although having unlimited plans or enough data access did not guarantee that they were on the Internet constantly, having this access suggested that participants’ mobile phone provided a means of continual communication and learning. With access to the Internet via Wi-Fi and unlimited data plans that participants could utilize the Internet at a cheaper or no cost, they had instant access to the rich resources such as various websites or applications they needed for both entertainment and academic work. As Brown et al. (2011) suggested in their research on minority and low-income teenagers and their mobile phones, the Wi-Fi access on mobile phones could help teens who do not have other means of accessing the Internet (e.g. laptop, desktop) as their phones offer a new portal to the Internet along with communication tools for teenagers. However, they also point out that the rich resources can make teenagers overuse their mobile devices as it is easy and simple to access the Internet.
A total of 24 samples were retrieved from KAP-01 for charcoal and fungi taxa analysis. Sampling intervals were done at varying intervals while paying acute attention to core sediments that displayed significant changes in sediment composition based on LOI data. Each sample vial was spiked with two tablets of Lycopodium spores before the chemical treatment to determine the accuracy and variability of the fungal spore results (Meng, 1994). All samples were prepared and treated with KOH, HF, HCl, acetolysis, sieved for fine concentrations, and suspended in silicon oil following the standard method of pollen processing (Faegri, Kaland, & Krzywinski, 1989). Fungal spores samples were then mounted on slides for identification and counting. Identification of fungal spores and microscopic charcoal was performed using Olympus BX 43 microscope at 60X magnification.
This section briefly outlines the surveys concerning Recommender Systems. We classify the existing surveys into four categories. The first category deals with general introduction to Recommender Systems research. This includes the works of (Adomavicius & Tuzhilin, 2005; Bouraga, Jureta, Faulkner, & Herssens, 2014; Park, Choi, Kim, & Kim, 2011). The second category of the surveys provide methods; Context-aware systems (Baldauf, Dustdar, & Rosenberg, 2007), approaches and limitations (M. Sharma, 2013), Collaborative Filtering based on social networks (Yang, Guo, Liu, & Steck, 2013); Basic approaches in Recommender Systems (Felfernig et al., 2014). The third category is dedicated to the various applications of Recommender Systems. This include travel package recommendations (Patil & Kolhe, 2014), tourist guide (Umanets, Ferreira, & Leite, 2014), radio station hosting (Ignatov, Nikolenko, Abaev, & Konstantinova, 2014) and the fourth category cover the evaluation of the various Recommender Systems techniques (Hornung et al., 2013; Krohn-Grimberghe, Nanopoulos, & Schmidt-Thieme, 2010; Shinde & Potey, 2015).
First, Benoit emphasizes the importance of audience analysis for a successful image repair effort, arguing that “understanding the accusations expressed to the audience…may provide insights into potential image repair messages” (2014, p. 30). However, it needs attention here that rather than explicitly referring to the audience’s actual perceptions, Benoit suggests understanding the rhetor’s perceptions of the audience’s accusations, an argument that first appears in his first elucidation of the image repair theory in 1995. Benoit differentiates these two versions of perceptions, noting that they “may or may not correspond” (p. 82). While he admits the differences, Benoit insists analyzing the rhetor’s perceptions of the audience’s reaction to attacks since “[they] are all the rhetor has available to prompt and guide image restoration efforts” (p. 82). Benoit’s excuse is no longer valid in the context of social media and Internet where the audiences’ perceptions can be instantaneously available for the interested parties. Benoit details audience analysis in his 2008 book Persuasive Messages, but unfortunately, he just suggests not only focuses on factors of audience’s size, homogeneity, history with the persuader but also on their knowledge about, interest in, and attitude toward the persuasive messages without offering an empirical basis. The purpose of conducting audience analysis, however, is not for the stakeholders’ good but for the accused organizations. Benoit also
Mindfulness has shown an impact on employee well-being and in the workforce as well. A study conducted by Slutsky et. al (2018) examined whether mindfulness training improved employee well-being and focus through the workday. This was a randomized controlled trial with 60 participants recruited through a midwestern marketing company. Recruitment was done through an in-person presentation and internal e-mails explaining a brief introduction to the study and its intentions on testing mindfulness training in the workplace. Participants were screened for eligibility by being above the age of 18 and had no recent mindfulness experience. They had to be English-speaking and own a smartphone. Eligible participants were asked to attend a mindfulness workshop (based on their availability) and then randomly assigned to either a high or lose dose group at the end of the workshop. The high-dose mindfulness training
group gave an outside perspective and included conference office employees, NCAA staff, and consultants that work with HBCUs. When selecting the number of participants for an interview study, the researcher should turn attention to a deep focus on a select number of participants rather than trying to get as many responses as possible. The intent of an interview study should be, “the chance to look in detail at how selected people experience the world” (Brinkmann, 2013, p. 59). Thus, the more in-depth the interviews are with each participant, the fewer participants will be necessary for the study (Taylor, Bogdan, & DeVault, 2016). The sample size selected for this study represents various groups of people that work at or with HBCU athletic departments, but ensured little saturation in the data collected, giving the researcher an opportunity to focus in depth on each interview. According to Hancock and Algozzine (2017), a researcher should select a key individual in the situation whose knowledge and opinions may provide important insights regarding the research questions. To meet this objective, the list of interviewees will all have experience and expertise with HBCU and PWI athletic departments.
To understand the impact that the visual arts can have on young displaced children, we first need to have an understanding of the different theories of child development in art (Efland, 2002; Gardner, 2006; Kindler & Darras, 1997; Lowenfeld & Brittain, 1970); the role that the learning and making of art plays in child development cognitively (Eisner, 2002; Thompson 1995), linguistically (Chang & Cress, 2014; Duh, 2016), and socially-emotionally (Brown, 2013; Brown & Sax, 2013; National Endowment for the Arts, 2015; Upitis, 2011); in addition to the role the visual arts play with refugee children in particular (Cumming & Visser, 2009; Rousseau, Singh, Lacroix, Bagilishya, & Measham, 2004; Rousseau et al., 2005; Ugurlu et al., 2016; Wellman & Bey, 2015). The literature reviewed below looked at the process of storytelling through the visual arts (Agosto, 2013; Parsons, 2016) using puppetry as a medium of expression (Butler, Guterman, & Rudes, 2009; Dyson, 2018; Irwin, 2018). This approach was inspired by the Reggio Emilia approach to learning (Hong et al., 2017; Santìn & Torruella, 2017) based on developmentally appropriate practices (Colbert, 1995; Freedman, 1997; Griebling, 2011; National Association for the Education of Young Children, 2009) and the experiential learning process (Kolb et al., 1999; Wurdinger, 2005) in art making that guided the development of the guidebook.