Tivoli SecurityPolicy Manager has a dynamic and ontology based data model. It uses the Java persistent data architecture and can be extended by exploiters. Tivoli SecurityPolicy Manager uses an additional layer to abstract the use of a database so it can work with major RDBMSs on the market. Tivoli SecurityPolicy Manager works with Apache Derby, and has been tested with IBM DB2 as well. You can choose several databases from major vendors for policy storage. The Tivoli SecurityPolicy Manager policy server maintains the policy database, and distributes calculated effective policy to the policy distribution targets. The policy distribution targets can be an RTSS server, RTSS local client, WebSphere DataPower, WebSphere Service Registry and Repository, and other systems. The policy distribution targets must be registered with the Tivoli SecurityPolicy Manager policy server before they can participate in the policy exchange. The purpose of the registration is to establish a public key based mutual trusted relationship and a secure communication between the policy server and the policy distribution targets. The policy distribution target registration is secured through a certificate exchange and unique identity assigned to each target. The policy server acts as a Certificate Authority (CA) and issues public key
A securitypolicy is different from security processes and procedures, in that a policy will provide both high level and specific guidelines on how your company is to protect its data, but will not specify exactly how that is to be accomplished. This provides leeway to choose which security devices and methods are best for your company and budget. A securitypolicy is technology and vendor independent – its intent is to set policy only, which you can then implement in any manner that accomplishes the specified goals.
Concerning the Support and Use of Information Systems and Communications Technology at
Fairfax County, Virginia
I, ________________________________, working as an employee, consultant, volunteer or partner, with Fairfax County Government, have been granted an exception to IT SecurityPolicy enabling permissions or access to IT systems or resources beyond the regular access provided to regular County users. I recognize my legal and ethical obligation to conduct my work on any Fairfax county information or communications system using computer hardware and/or software (programming languages, operating systems, databases, third party application software and databases (COTS), system utilities, security solutions, data or voice communications software and electronics), and the Internet and Web-based applications including WEB 2.0 and Social Media sites herein referred to as “technology”, in a responsible and accountable manner in performance of my approved County duties, and will not abuse these privileges. I understand that my use of information technology is to perform work for Fairfax County Government business functions, and therefore I am subject to the county’s technology standards, IT Security and Privacy policies, procedures, and ethics and behavior policies of Fairfax County Government, and any public law that governs use of technology.
Policy makers across the world have taken concrete measures to combat food insecurity. The United Nations World Food Programme has several projects aimed at improving ac- cess to nutritious food for people living in developing countries, like food e-vouchers and vouchers, cash and food for work, improving food logistics, connecting farmers to market, to name a few (World Food Programme (2013)). Several countries have laid constitutional and legal protection to the human right to food (Knuth and Vidar (2011)). Recently, India joined the existing group of nine countries 2 to provide its citizens the right to food by law.
Mar 2006 A Ashforth Revised in view of new policy template 1.0 Mar 2007 A Ashforth Revised in view of new policy template 1.0 Sept 2010 A Ashforth Revised in view of new policy template 2.0 May 2013 A Ashforth Revised in view of comments 2.2 Feb 2014 A Ashforth &
Company 3 addresses reliability by clustering and consolidating data storage and processing and by employing redundant circuitry throughout its logical and physical network. The company has strategically located regional data centers which are controlled by an on-site security detail, with access card and biometric access devices installed at points of entry to computer rooms. Additionally, Company 3 has identified a comprehensive list of hardware and software documentation (i.e. business benefits, technologies used, backup and application recovery contacts and requirements, and field support impact) which IT personnel use to maintain each IT resource? Company 3 employs multiple firewalls throughout the enterprise, each of which is dedicated to a certain class of user (e.g., affiliates, business partners, employees). Company 3 conducts systematic backups at all its data centers. In addition to backups at the data center level, Company 3 has implemented an application which enables employees to backup critical files residing on a desktop PC. In the event that a Data center experiences an event
YOU have the power to stop them. There is a new type of Internet piracy called Phishing (see above definition). It’s pronounced "fishing" and that's exactly what these thieves are doing: "fishing" for your personal financial information. What they want are account numbers, passwords, Social Security Numbers, and other confidential information that they can use to loot your checking account or run up bills on your credit cards. In the worst case, you could find yourself a victim of identity theft. With the sensitive information obtained from a successful Phishing scam, these thieves can take out loans or obtain credit cards and even driver's licenses in YOUR name. They can do damage to your financial history and personal reputation that can take years to unravel. But if you understand how Phishing works and how to protect yourself, you can help stop this crime. Please refer to the Phishing section above.
Although the ASX obliges a Director to notify the ASX within 5 business days after any dealings in Company's securities (either personally or through a third party) which results in a change in the relevant interests of the Director in Company's securities, MGP has instituted a policy where the company secretary is responsible for the Directors’ interests register.
A Director, employee or contractor who is not in possession of inside information in relation to the Company, may be given prior written clearance by the Chairman (or in the case of the Chairman all of the other members of the board) to sell or otherwise dispose of Company securities outside of a trading window where the person is in severe financial hardship or where there are exceptional circumstances as set out in this policy.
Within a rapidly expanding and competitive global space marketplace, the United Kingdom’s science and commercial space sector shows great innovation and promise for further growth. It is open to the world, relying far less on national government support and contracts than counterparts in any other large economy. British universities, research bodies and companies are leaders in a range of specialist fields, from small satellites to space applications. British companies and academic and research institutions therefore continue to need a good understanding of potential threats and a clear regulatory framework, to allow them to grasp international opportunities in ways which support, or are at least not harmful to, our national security interests.
While methods already exist to create more security- hardened pages using protection boundaries, these meth- ods are designed with programmers in mind and often require a significant amount of learning, effort and time to implement on an existing website. As such, it is hard for these otherwise good solutions to gain traction among web page creators and maintainers who may not have pro- gramming skills or the time necessary to learn and imple- ment security enhancements. ViSP deals with this prob- lem by providing a simpler method for creating web se- curity policies, one which is based upon the visual lay- out of a page. Because it is based in the visual realm in which many designers and users think, it is much easier to understand at a glance and is easier to specify, all while still protecting against a wide variety of XSS and mali- cious inclusion attacks. ViSP is thus intended to be a so- lution which better meets the needs of those who create and maintain web pages.
Any policy development geared towards space security and cyber-security should take into account the significance of preserving open access to these two global commons. In the initial reflections about a possible policy development, recently promoted by several think tanks in Europe and in the US, some basic principles appear to be widely accepted. A good starting point is information sharing, within the so-called transparency and confidence building measures, a mechanism that has received particular attention in the cyberspace context through ICANN xii and in the space debris context through SDA xiii . Information sharing on threats and vulnerabilities should ultimately develop into public-private partnerships preserving access to the commons and managing any risks arising out of it. Any policy approach should also strongly consider the human factor as all technical elements and systems are managed by humans. Lastly, existing institutional partnerships could be expanded starting with a collaborative effort e.g. between the European Union and the North Atlantic Treaty Organization xiv . However, many points still remain to be clarified and are currently subject of harsh debate. For instance, vulnerabilities can be related to hazards as well as hostile acts. Assessing the nature of an (space or cyber) incident and attributing it, however, represents a difficult task as it requires a thorough understanding of the incident and the intent behind it. This effort is further complicated by the lack of awareness and information on (space and cyber)
• Any potential / actual information security should be reported to your team Information Asset Owner (IAO) who will make a decision as to whether the issue should be reported onto Datix. If logged on Datix, the CSU IG team will investigate / take action as appropriate (please also refer to CCG Information Incident Management Reporting Procedures). In addition they should also be reported to the IT service desk to determine if any immediate action is
The blurring of the boundaries between internal and exter- nal policies: In the area of cyber security, it is almost
impossible to maintain the traditional division into internal and external policies. Internet-based attacks can originate in Ghana, Russia or right next door, and it is often difficult (if not impossible) to identify the source of the attack. As a result, the boundaries between justice and home affairs policy on the one hand and foreign policy on the other become in- creasingly blurred. Threats can no longer be clearly defined as belonging to the area of responsibility of either policy field. A visible sign of this development is the increasing level of cooperation between authori- ties and institutions responsible for different policy fields. This erosion of traditional roles is more prob- lematic in the EU than it is in the national context, but it is by no means a new phenomenon. In the last years, the development of European securitypolicy has largely been driven by an internationalisation of the EU’s justice and home affairs policy, whereas the role of the CFSP in cyber securitypolicy is limited to the actions of the five dominant member states (Ger- many, France, Great Britain, the Netherlands and Sweden). In this new political structure, both the Euro- pean Commission and the European Parliament gain new possibilities for influencing the policy-making process.
4 It is worth emphasizing that the CBO’s “no-policy change” baseline projections assume that discretionary spending grows with inflation and therefore shrinks over time relative to GDP. Under a baseline that assumed that discretionary spending would remain constant relative to GDP, the policy category would receive credit for the fact that discretionary spending declined underestimated the share of income that would be received by people in the highest tax brackets. 3 And health spending slowed much more sharply after the 1997 reforms than anticipated, perhaps because the reforms had more bite than the CBO realized. Third, the policy actions presumably played a role in improving economic conditions and thereby contributed to the positive economic and technical factors. Fourth, the relative lack of policy actions in the face of large and growing surpluses in the late 1990s could be viewed as an active contribution of policy, because the political system had previously aimed simply to balance the unified budget. We return to the third and fourth issues later. 4
The concept of attractiveness is proposed by ISO 9126 and is the ability for the software to be attractive, in terms of interface design, to the user. In terms of software quality, the attractiveness of the interface is often paramount to the success of the product and, understandably is a critical issue to the success of many commercial products. However, for securitypolicy there, in essence, is no real “interface” as such, except for the paper on which the physical representation of the policy is written. An exception to this may be where the policies are available to stakeholders via an organizations intranet, in which case the presentation of the policy may have some impact on stakeholder’s perceptions of quality. In practice, whilst many organizations make their policies available via their intranets, they often do so in the form of an Adobe PDF or Microsoft Word file, rather than making use of HTML or equivalent and as such the attractiveness of the policy will be the same as the hard copy document. If organizations were to make use of HTML technologies, policies could be designed to be more interactive, rather than just being paper based and in such cases policy attractiveness (let alone any of the other usability characteristics) will be more important to stakeholders.
Index Terms – SCADA systems, policy, administrative con-
trol, security administration.
1. SCADA MANAGEMENT CONTROLS
SCADA systems support our critical infrastructures such as electrical power generation, transmission and distribu- tion, oil & gas transport, and water supplies. The primary purpose of SCADA systems is to monitor and control infra- structure equipment. The Sandia interpretation of the terms PCS and SCADA include the overall collection of control systems that measure, report, and change the process. Es- sentially, any subsystem that electronically measures state, alters process control parameters, pre- sents/stores/communicates data, or the management thereof is subsumed in our definition of SCADA.
The CA states have joint doctrinal interests in international cooperation; non-interference; peaceful settlement of disputes; no-first use of armed force; no enemies; no territorial claims; and inviolability of borders. Moreover, the doctrines underline typical military aspects, e.g. peaceful settlement of disputes; no-first use of armed force and no states regarded as enemies. As usual, Turkmenistan emphasizes its policy of permanent neutrality, which doctrinally subsequently leads to the rejection of Turkmenistan in participating in military blocs / alliances. The enumeration of internal threats lists the familiar extremism, terrorism and separatism, but also drugs trafficking and illegal migration. Moreover, typical military threats, such as supply of arms to illegal armed groups and sabotage, are also mentioned. As external threats the CA doctrines declare: CA regional political instability; CA regional border, water, energy, ethnic and religious conflicts; armed provocations; terrorism, separatism and extremism; proliferation of weapons of mass destruction; regional CA consequences of Afghanistan’s situation; states striving to influence the CA region; as well as military build-up by states in the region. Most notable external threats are non-military threats related to border, water and energy issues, as well as military-political power play in the region. Since all CA states regard Russia as a strategic partner, would this entry refer to the USA and/or China? Kazakhstan stresses information warfare and the unresolved legal status of the Caspian Sea. The latter makes sense, due to the energy rich contents of this sea and its importance for the Kazakh economy. With regard to ensuring security, the CA countries agree on maintaining a defence capability to counter the aforementioned threats; international cooperation; action against (proliferation of) weapons of mass destruction; and a preference for non-military measures. Militarily, with the exception of Turkmenistan and Uzbekistan, the other CA states are members of the Russian-led military alliance, the CSTO. The diverting policy lines of some CA states, are those with recur in most security documents: Kazakhstan puts emphasis on security of the Caspian region; Turkmenistan and Uzbekistan declare themselves against deployment of their forces abroad; and against foreign military bases/troops on its territory.
NOT PROTECTIVELY MARKED 11. WHICH CLASSIFICATION TO USE
11.1 It is very important that, as an author, care is taken in selecting the appropriate protective marking. Over-marking should be avoided, as this risks bringing the system into disrepute as well as introducing inefficiencies such as unnecessarily limiting access, increasing the costs of security controls required to protect the information and impairing business efficiency. Equally, under-marking should be avoided which may put the asset at risk of accidental or deliberate compromise through inadequate protection.
1.1 Equality and Diversity
The Trust is committed to an environment that promotes equality and embraces diversity in its performance as an employer and service provider. It will adhere to legal and performance requirements and will mainstream equality and diversity principles through its policies, procedures and processes. This policy should be implemented with due regard to this commitment.