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Development and validation of the Arizona Cognitive Test Battery for Down syndrome

Development and validation of the Arizona Cognitive Test Battery for Down syndrome

After exclusions, the total sample included 74 individuals (38 males; 36 females) with DS, ages 7–38 years old. The mean KBIT-II IQ of the full sample was 44.71±7.34 (range 40–75) and the mean SIB-R scaled score of adaptive behavior was 36.50±25.28 (range 0–89). The median total family income of the sample was $40–60,000 (corresponding to a score of “ 4.00 ” measured on a 10 point scale), with a substantial range starting from $0–15,000 to over $200,000. The ethnic distribution of the sample (i.e., maternal ethnicity) included 65.8% Caucasian, 24.7% Hispanic, 4.1% Black, 2.7% American Indian and 2.7% Asian American. The sample included 5/74 of individuals who had a parent report of a doctor ’ s diagnosis of autism. Because this study constitutes a trial to test the validity of these assessments, the number of participants varies based on the introduction of the measures. To test the sensitivity of these measures in detecting deficits in DS, we generated a matched sub-sample of individuals with DS and controls. Fifty typically developing mental age-matched children (ages 3 – 8 years) were recruited as controls at the Arizona site via advertisement and Experian corporation databases (i.e., a set of purchased marketing contacts). From this pool of 50 participants, we generated a sample of 36 (15 female, 21 male, ages 3– 6 years) children in which the mean total of the verbal and nonverbal KBIT-II raw scores (a test of IQ; see below for description) was equivalent to a sample of 55 (26 female, 29 male) individuals with DS. Gender did not differ significantly between the matched samples, χ 2 (1, 91)= 0.28, p =0.60.
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Fast Infrared Transceiver Module (FIR, 4 Mbit/s) for 2.4 V to 5.5 V Operation

Fast Infrared Transceiver Module (FIR, 4 Mbit/s) for 2.4 V to 5.5 V Operation

The TFDU6103 is in the SIR mode after power on as a default mode, therefore the FIR data transfer rate has to be set by a programming sequence using the TXD and SD inputs as described below. The low frequency mode covers speeds up to 115.2 kbit/s. Signals with higher data rates should be detected in the high frequency mode. Lower frequency data can also be received in the high frequency mode but with reduced sensitivity.

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Serial Infrared Transceiver SIR, kbit/s, 2.4 V to 5.5 V Operation

Serial Infrared Transceiver SIR, kbit/s, 2.4 V to 5.5 V Operation

(5) Using an external current limiting resistor is allowed and recommended to reduce IRED intensity and operating current when current reduction is intended to operate at the IrDA low po[r]

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Wiring and Installation kbit/s, Voltage Mode, Wire Medium Application Guide

Wiring and Installation kbit/s, Voltage Mode, Wire Medium Application Guide

Another solution is to back off from the plan of making a single network. Assuming a 24 volt supply, each existing pair can supply power to about 3 devices (60 mA x 0.26 ohm/meter x 890 meter = 14 volts). Five networks would be required for 13 devices. At the control end, we can’t connect the 5 pairs together in an attempt to get back to one network. This would grossly exceed the 1200 m (3936 ft.) length limit. We can, however, combine all 5 networks at the H2 level by connecting each pair through a bridge to a single H2 network. Or, one could connect each of 4 pairs by a repeater to the 5th pair, to form a single H1 network.
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Infrared Transceiver, 9.6 kbit/s to kbit/s (SIR)

Infrared Transceiver, 9.6 kbit/s to kbit/s (SIR)

Operated at a clean low impedance power supply the TFBS4652 needs only one additional external component when the IRED drive current should be minimized for minimum current consumptio[r]

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On Commutative Δ Semigroups

On Commutative Δ Semigroups

Proof: We define a relation  on S as a b  if and only if N a ( ) = N b ( ) that is a b  if and only if a ∈ F if and only if b ∈ F for any filter containing a. Now we show that  is an equivalence relation. Let a a  so that N a ( ) = N a ( ) thus  is reflexive. Let a b  so that N a ( ) = N b ( ) and thus a ∈ F if and only if b ∈ F and therefore N b ( ) = N a ( ) and hence b a  . Thus  is symmetric. Let a b  and b c  so that N a ( ) = N b ( ) and N b ( ) = N c ( ) and thus a ∈ F if and only if b ∈ F and b ∈ F if and only if
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4.	S. Gogate and S. Rahman

4. S. Gogate and S. Rahman

The pathways through which the clock regulates overt rhythms are not well understood. Pigment- dispersing factor (PDF) is the best characterized output molecule of the circadian clock system. Its involvement was first notified when immune histochemistry revealed that PDF co localized with PER in some clock neurons, s-LNv and l-LNv, in the Drosophila brain and is now thought to be an output neurotransmitter of the circadian clock in a wide variety of insects. It is a member of the pigment dispersing hormone (PDH), an octadeca peptide that was first found in crustacean as a hormone that disperses pigments in the epithelium. PDF gene expression shows no circadian rhythm in Drosophila while the dorsomedial termini of PDF- expressing neurons show daily morphological changes probably controlled by the circadian clock. Drosophila, PDF in cockroaches is both a phase regulator and a locomotors rhythm driver. In crickets, however, since the partial destruction of the optic lobe leads to arrhythmic locomotors activity without elimination of the PDF neurons, PDF may play only minor roles in the behavioural rhythm. Besides regulation of the activity rhythms; PDF plays an important role in the sensory system of crickets. PDF plays dual roles: 1) Synchronizing molecular oscillations of circadian clock neurons 2) Output pathway from the circadian clock. The vicinity of PDF fibres + mushroom bodies (Apis mellifera) famous for their marvelous time memory. So these PDF plays important role in output pathways for entrainment.
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Chapters 4 and 5

Chapters 4 and 5

Ice cream workers form a union and demand and receive a pay increase. What happens in the market for ice cream?.. Exhibit 7: Effects of an Increase in Supply.. Exhibit 7: Effects of[r]

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Crystal structure of (5′S,8′S) 3 (2,5 di­methyl­phen­yl) 8 meth­­oxy 3 nitro 1 aza­spiro­[4 5]decane 2,4 dione

Crystal structure of (5′S,8′S) 3 (2,5 di­methyl­phen­yl) 8 meth­­oxy 3 nitro 1 aza­spiro­[4 5]decane 2,4 dione

Geometry . All e.s.d.'s (except the e.s.d. in the dihedral angle between two l.s. planes) are estimated using the full covariance matrix. The cell e.s.d.'s are taken into account individually in the estimation of e.s.d.'s in distances, angles and torsion angles; correlations between e.s.d.'s in cell parameters are only used when they are defined by crystal symmetry. An approximate (isotropic) treatment of cell e.s.d.'s is used for estimating e.s.d.'s involving l.s. planes.

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(–) (3a′S,4′S,9b′S,1R,2S,5R) 4′ Ethyl 3a′,4′,5′,7′,8′,9b′ hexa­hydro 2 iso­propyl 5 methyl 2′ phenyl­spiro­[cyclo­hexane 1,7′ dioxino[3,2 e]iso­indole] 1′,3′,9′ trione

(–) (3a′S,4′S,9b′S,1R,2S,5R) 4′ Ethyl 3a′,4′,5′,7′,8′,9b′ hexa­hydro 2 iso­propyl 5 methyl 2′ phenyl­spiro­[cyclo­hexane 1,7′ dioxino[3,2 e]iso­indole] 1′,3′,9′ trione

H10B 0.5258 0.2449 0.2865 0.066* C11B 0.6348 (4) 0.1436 (4) 0.29675 (18) 0.0597 (11) O12B 0.4973 (3) −0.0289 (3) 0.36026 (17) 0.0802 (11) O13B 0.6994 (3) 0.1616 (3) 0.26958 (16) 0.0855 (12) C14B 0.4785 (3) 0.1834 (4) 0.40066 (16) 0.0559 (11) C15B 0.5473 (3) 0.2402 (4) 0.42441 (16) 0.0544 (11) C16B 0.6290 (3) 0.2841 (4) 0.39801 (15) 0.0570 (10)

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The role of alliance and symptomatic change within cognitive behaviour therapy for depression : a thesis presented in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree of Doctor of Clinical Psychology at Massey University, Albany, New Zealand

The role of alliance and symptomatic change within cognitive behaviour therapy for depression : a thesis presented in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree of Doctor of Clinical Psychology at Massey University, Albany, New Zealand

psychotherapy (e.g., psychoanalytic, humanistic or behavioural). Cecero et al. (2001) expanded upon Tichenor and Hill’s (1989) study and evaluated the same six alliance measures across three treatments. Data for their study was drawn from psychotherapy sessions (i.e., CBT plus disulfiram, twelve-step facilitation (TSF) plus disulfiram, clinical management plus disulfiram, CBT plus no medication or TSF plus no medication) with 60 participants who were videotaped at week 2 during a clinical trial evaluating treatment for cocaine and alcohol dependence. Despite lack of clear definitional consensus, results from both these studies suggested that the CALPAS, Penn, VTAS and WAI (therapist, client and observer versions) had acceptable levels of internal consistency (i.e., alphas were above .90), reliability, and inter-rater reliability (i.e., intraclass correlation coefficients were all .7 or above). Cecero et al. (2001) found that all the measures were highly related and all seemed to tap a similar construct, whereas Tichenor and Hill (1989) suggested that the Penn may be more of a measure of client capacity than the interaction between the therapist and client. Cecero et al. (2001) also found that reliabilities did vary by treatment condition, which suggested that psychometric properties and alliance–outcome relationships may vary across treatments. However, as pointed out by both sets of researchers, these studies are placed in question when various methodological issues are examined. Small sample sizes (in both studies) could have affected the results and analyses were based on measurement of different sessions and a different number of sessions for each case (i.e., 1, 4, 7, and 11 for 12 session cases or 1, 4, 7, and 15 for 20 session cases) or only on a single, early (Session 2) session per case (Tichenor & Hill, 1989 and Cecero et al., 2001 respectively). It is not unreasonable to posit that the alliance may fluctuate across even a single session, but any sample of one session may not be an accurate reflection of the relationship as a whole. Furthermore, to protect client confidentiality, Cecero et al. (2001) designed their study so that only the therapists were visible on the tapes, although both clients and therapists voices were recorded. This limitation of not being able to see the client may have impacted the validity of these ratings (Cecero et al., 2001).
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Synthesis and structure of ( R,S )-2-methyl-4-(4-nitrophenyl)-pyrano[3,2-c]chromen-5(4 H )-one

Synthesis and structure of ( R,S )-2-methyl-4-(4-nitrophenyl)-pyrano[3,2-c]chromen-5(4 H )-one

[1] D. C. Mungra, M. P. Patel, D. P. Rajani, R. G. Patel, Synthesis and identification of b-aryloxyquinolines and their pyrano[3,2-c]chromene derivatives as a new class of antimicrobial and antituberculosis agents, Eur. J. .Med. Chem., 46, 4192–4200 (2011). [2] E. Melliou, P. Magiatis, S. Mitaku, A. L. Skaltsou- nis, E. Chinou, I. Chinou, Natural and synthetic 2,2-dimethylpyranocoumarins with antibacterial activity, J. Nat. Prod., 68, 78–82 (2005).

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Mechanical and Machining Properties Analysis of Al6061 Cu Reinforced SiCP Metal Matrix Composite

Mechanical and Machining Properties Analysis of Al6061 Cu Reinforced SiCP Metal Matrix Composite

pact strength material removal rates of workpiece. It is found that at different pouring rates material hardness and impact strength of workpiece are highly significant but the material removal rate of workpiece is having no significance value. At pouring rate of 2.5 cm/s and 700 ˚C ± 5˚C pouring temperature, optimum values of hard- ness and impact strength are observed as compared to other values of pouring rates (1.5 cm/s, 2.0 cm/s, 3.0 cm/s and 3.5 cm/s). Material Removal rate for work pieces of Al6061 + 4% Cu alloy is less as compared to MMC. So it can be concluded that MMC has better machining ability compared to Al6061 + 4% Cu alloy. Material removal rate of Al6061 + 4% Cu, reinforced 5% SiC p MMC has maximum values at 1.5 cm/s pouring rate compared to
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Methods of Grading S/N TYPES OF GRADING SCORE (%) 1. Assignment Test Class participation 5 4. Online forum 5 5. Examination

Methods of Grading S/N TYPES OF GRADING SCORE (%) 1. Assignment Test Class participation 5 4. Online forum 5 5. Examination

By the end of the lecture, students should be able to explain what change management is, its impact on MIS culture and entrenchment in an organization.. Description Fir[r]

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(2S*,3R*,4S*,5R*) 3 (S* 1 Benzyl­­oxy­ethyl) 4 methyl 4 nitro 5 phenyl­proline methyl ester

(2S*,3R*,4S*,5R*) 3 (S* 1 Benzyl­­oxy­ethyl) 4 methyl 4 nitro 5 phenyl­proline methyl ester

The amine group of the molecule forms long, weak bifurcated hydrogen bonds with the carbonyl O atom of the ester substituent (Table 2). One interaction is intramolecular and completes a closed five-membered loop with a graph set motif of S(5) (Bernstein et al., 1995). The second is an intermolecular interaction with a neighbouring molecule, which is related to the original molecule by a centre of inversion. The intermolecular interactions thus link the molecules into hydrogen-bonded dimers which have a graph set motif of R 2

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Crystal structure of (S) 5 chloro N ({2 oxo 3 [4 (3 oxomorpholin 4 yl)phen­yl]oxazolidin 5 yl}meth­yl)thio­phene 2 carboxamide

Crystal structure of (S) 5 chloro N ({2 oxo 3 [4 (3 oxomorpholin 4 yl)phen­yl]oxazolidin 5 yl}meth­yl)thio­phene 2 carboxamide

the sum of van der Waals radii, they are highlighted in red, longer contacts in blue and contacts around the sum of van der Waals radii in white. The Hirshfeld surface analyses and two- dimensional fingerprint plots for the title compound were generated by CrystalExplorer (Wolff et al., 2013), and are illustrated in Figs. 3 and 4, respectively.

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Crystal structure of ethyl 4 [4 (di­methyl­amino)­phen­yl] 2,7,7 tri­methyl 5 oxo 1,4,5,6,7,8 hexa­hydro­quinoline 3 carboxyl­ate

Crystal structure of ethyl 4 [4 (di­methyl­amino)­phen­yl] 2,7,7 tri­methyl 5 oxo 1,4,5,6,7,8 hexa­hydro­quinoline 3 carboxyl­ate

A search in the Cambridge Structural Database (Version 5.39, November 2017) for related compounds with a 4-aryl-hexa- hydroquinolone-3-carboxylate fragment gave 30 hits. All these compounds share the common structural features such as the flat-boat conformation of the1,4-dihydropyridine (1,4-DHP) ring, the envelope conformation of the fused cyclohexanone ring, and the substituted phenyl ring at the pseudo-axial position and orthogonal to the 1,4-DHP ring.

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$0--&(& 0' )&"-5) $"3& 4$*&/$&4 Physical Therapy )&"-5) 13 )&"- 0'&44*0/4 %*7*4*0/ t &/5&3*/ 5) 13 ( $- 0'&44*0/4 %*7*4*0/ t &/5&3*/ "44 "44

$0--&(& 0' )&"-5) $"3& 4$*&/$&4 Physical Therapy )&"-5) 13 )&"- 0'&44*0/4 %*7*4*0/ t &/5&3*/ 5) 13 ( $- 0'&44*0/4 %*7*4*0/ t &/5&3*/ "44 "44

Nova Southeastern University’s Doctor of Philosophy in Physical Therapy Program addresses these needs in a curriculum that will prepare its students to become leaders of the professio[r]

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4 [5 (4 Formyl­phen­­oxy)pent­­oxy]benzaldehyde

4 [5 (4 Formyl­phen­­oxy)pent­­oxy]benzaldehyde

Geometry . All e.s.d.'s (except the e.s.d. in the dihedral angle between two l.s. planes) are estimated using the full covariance matrix. The cell e.s.d.'s are taken into account individually in the estimation of e.s.d.'s in distances, angles and torsion angles; correlations between e.s.d.'s in cell parameters are only used when they are defined by crystal symmetry. An approximate (isotropic) treatment of cell e.s.d.'s is used for estimating e.s.d.'s involving l.s. planes.

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5��4���D�6� 5��� ������6� 5� ����6�

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Percentage of individuals finding the pre-specified pages.. immediately or somewhat immediately.[r]

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