AIDS, including emerging disease that has no cure has been discovered for it and primary prevention is the only way to avoid it, Barbers are those who use sharp tools as a means for work and contamination of these devices is effective at infecting others. This study aimed to determine the knowledge, attitude and practice of the male and female barber carried about AIDSprevention in Zavjan. Methods: In this cross - sectional study involving questionnaires to examine the knowledge and attitude about AIDS among male and female barbers in Zanjan city who were selected randomly distributed the necessary information. Statistical analysis was then extracted information and considered. In this study we evaluated information of 375 questionnaires, of which among them 4.42 percent were male and 6.57 percent were female barbers. The average age of men is 34.85 ± 47 years, the average age of women is 34.25± 9.36 years and the mean age of the patients studied 36.9 ± 25.34 years.4.26 of low level of knowledge, 3.28% of moderate of knowledge and 4.45 percent had good knowledge. In attitude part 1.26 percent positive attitude and 1.62 percent acceptable attitude, and 7.11 percent had moderate attitude, knowledge and attitudes have positive relationship between gender, level of education and years of education. The results of this study showed that knowledge of the subjects is at relatively low levels, and among people with low literacy and the education and men and those with a history of less do not have AIDS majority of people in an appropriate level of awareness the propose future studies will also be considered in addition to the knowledge and attitude of the people.
This study is limited by its cross sectional nature; the constraints posed by the urge and need to graduate on time (more especially being a student from a foreign land) and limited financial resources constrained the researcher from embarking into a longitudinal design on the subject. Purposely to uncover results that are more definitive and compare results across long periods to decipher more influences factoring on the HIV/AIDSknowledgeattitude and practice associated with prolonged exposure to mass media HIV/AIDS messages. This study has nonetheless functioned as a pointer to future direction of research and a glimpse of evidence on the relationships of HIV/AIDS important cognitive, psychological and behavioral constructs operating at the background on avoidance or approaching the HIV/AIDS risk. Again, due to financial constraints and Boko Haram insecurity predicaments pervading Northeastern Nigeria (Hamid & Baba, 2014), the study could not draw sample from the whole of Northeast Nigeria; which comprised of six states that have cultural and religious homogeneity. Nevertheless, in essence it will be conducted in Bauchi because it is the most populous state in the whole region of Northeast Nigeria and at the same time relatively more peaceful than all other states namely Borno, Yobe, Adamawa, Gombe and Taraba, which are afflicted by the Boko Haram tragedy (ibid). The results however, because of cultural and religious homogeneity of the whole Northeast Nigerian region, can be generalized to the entire geopolitical zone.
As per BSS 7th round survey it was found that 0.9 percent vulnerable population have infected with HIV. Among them 7 percent of the IDUs were found infected with HIV. Rickshaw puller is one of the most at risk group population. Knowledgeattitude and practice of rickshaw puller need to know how to combat HIV/AIDS. Among the vulnerable groups of HIV/AIDS is mostly limited to IDUs and FSWs. Recent rounds of behavioral surveillance, rickshaw pullers in Dhaka city are among the client groups of street and brothel based FSWs. 72.8% of the rickshaw pullers having sex with FSWs in the last 12 months, mostly without consistently using a condom (Anonymous, 2004). As more than 2 million rickshaws are estimated to be operating nationwide (Anonymous, 2001) and with .3 million in Dhaka city (pulled by more than .05 million rickshaw pullers (Anonymous, 2006). The HIV-related risk behaviors of the rickshaw pullers may have a substantial impact on the future course of the HIV epidemic in Bangladesh. HIV/AIDS is a serious concern in Bangladesh. Most at risk group are CSW, MSM, IDU, rickshaw puller, truckers/helpers, hijra and youth. We therefore decided to conduct a cross-sectional study on the HIV-related risk behavior of rickshaw pullers of Chittagong city in a specified geographical area to accurately describe the HIV-related risk behavior profile of this population and its correlates using probability samples.
Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection and acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS) is a globally emerging public health problem. It has profoundly affected every aspect of the public health sector . Since the first report on HIV and consequently AIDS which appeared in the early 1980s, new infections have developed despite continued prevention education efforts. The AIDS epidemic generated discrimination and prejudice toward HIV-infected patients. The possibility of HIV transmission in the oral health care is rare if proper precautions are taken . During most dental therapeutic procedures, blood and saliva are often involved, which may contain infectious pathogens and microorganisms. Although there is a small chance of HIV transmission during dental procedures, many dentists are reluctant to treat HIV patients. The reason may be ignorance of HIV-related knowledge and to treat an HIV- positive individual. Some research indicates that as the knowledge of HIV increases, the willingness to treat HIV patients may also increase .
Background: AIDS is a syndrome caused by a virus called HIV (Human Immunodeficiency Virus). The illness alters the immune system, making people much more vulnerable to infections and diseases. Aim: The present study aimed to assess the effectiveness of IEC package on knowledge and attitude regarding HIV / AIDS among women residing in tribal areas at chengalpattu. Methods: The present study was conducted in selected tribal areas such as Senneri and Kothimangalam at Chengalpattu, Kancheepuram District. True experimental -Pre test & post test only design was adopted for the study. The study sample comprised of 80 tribal women, out of which 40 were allotted to study group and 40 to control group. Simple random sampling technique was used for the selection of tribal women for the study. The inclusion criteria for sample selection includes a) Women in the age group between 21 – 45 years, b) Women who are willing to participate in the study and c) Women who can speak and understand Tamil. The exclusion criterias include a) Women with sexually transmitted infections like chlamydia, gonorrhea, genital herpes and b) Women those who are diagnosed with HIV/AIDS. Structured questionnaire was used to assess the knowledge and Likert scale was used to assess the attitude of tribal women regarding HIV/AIDS. Results: The current study results show that, after IEC package, majority of women 22(55%) had adequate
With 71.5% of the students agreeing or strongly agreeing to treat HIV/AIDS patients and no students responding with ‘strongly disagree’, it is clear that they are prepared to provide dental treatment to all patients without discrimination. Proper knowledge and a professional attitude to giving care and managing potentially infectious patients may impact positively on the willingness of students to treat patients. In contrast to the present study, Kadeh et al. (6) and Al-Sandook et al. (13) reported that most dentists in their studies refused to treat this kind of patient. Current guidelines are that dentists must not refuse to treat a patient solely on the grounds of HIV infection, and they cannot legally refer these patients to speciality clinics for routine dental care (11).
In general, in our study the pregnant women held correct attitude about HIV infected people and had a good general knowledge about AIDS. Only 40% agreed with the statement "The infected people should be quarantined" and only 33.3% agreed with "I am afraid of contact with infected people", which shows that some of them had an incorrect attitude toward AIDS. This problem should be eliminated with proper education by health educators and doctors. Radio and television could have an important role in this regard. The recent increase number of infected cases in Iran put the pregnant women at an increased risk of HIV infection. Therefore, there is an urgent need for HIVprevention efforts, such as health education, with special focused on the pregnant women. Health educators should tailor education programs for women at risk, particularly those at lower education levels, to enhance their knowledge about HIV transmission from mother to child, and to promote their awareness of safe sex.
HIV/AIDS infection, although of particular gravity in developing countries, today affects all countries of the world. Among the means used to combat this pathology is voluntary testing, which is both an effective and economical strategy for facilitating behavior change. This study allowed us to contribute to the improvement of the knowledge, attitude and practice of the population on voluntary HIV/AIDS testing. This is a cross-sectional study of the know- ledge, attitude and practice of the Kamina population on voluntary testing for HIV infection. A total of 384 people from 82 Ward in Kamina was inter- viewed using a pre-established questionnaire. Ninety-six respondents (25%) said they knew about voluntary testing; Of these, 79% or 82.3% thought knowing their HIV status was the only benefit of voluntary testing. The level of knowledge about voluntary testing appears to be low among the population studied; there are still misunderstandings about the benefits of voluntary test- ing and the means of prevention. This result could be used as reference data in the revitalization of a voluntary testing center and the protection of moth- er-to-child transmission (PMTCT) in our environment.
The present study showed that the frequency of positive attitude i.e; if AIDS patients should not be isolated from the society (42.2% males/44.0% females in controls; 18.5% males/36.5% females in cases), should be allowed to attend school/college(83.6% males/70.9% females in controls; 57.0% males/44.3% females cases), should be allowed to continue in the job (84.5% males/71.6% females; 56.3% males/44.3% females) and if there should be inclusion of sex education in schools/colleges (86.2% males/76.1% females in controls; 43.0% males/31.3% females in cases) were found to be significantly higher in males of both controls and cases. This was in accordance with the study of Shiferaw Y et al, 2011. Rai Y et al, 2009 stated that in traditional Indian culture, sex and sexuality are not openly discussed. Having incorrect knowledge is more dangerous than having no knowledge about the disease. Alleviation of the misconceptions in general population is important because if not addressed, a phobia may get created in the messages that may stigmatize the disease to such an extent that would result in discrimination of HIV/AIDS patients. Pramanik S et al, 2006 stated that individuals may hesitate to interact with persons who are known to have HIV because it is contagious, life-threatening and presently incurable.
The study examined the knowledgeattitude and opinion of the university undergraduates to HIV/AIDS and its screening in Edo State Nigeria. The sample comprised 600 undergraduates randomly selected from three universities in Edo State. A researcher constructed questionnaire was used to test the five hypotheses formulated for the study. One-way Analysis of Variance (ANOVA) and independent t-test statistical techniques were used for data analysis. The findings showed that the students had very good level of knowledge regarding the mode of transmission of the disease and HIV screening centres. However, the good knowledge did not translate itself into positive attitude towards those living with HIV/AIDS in the hostel. There was also a significant difference in their opinion of how one gets infected with the virus. The study therefore recommended that counselling and public enlightenment should be intensified.
students towards HIV/AIDs patients as stigma and discrimination is a key factor driving the epidemic. In a study with 120 students across 6 selected secondary schools in Nigeria  showed that, there was high positive attitude towards PLHIV as only 15% and 18% said they would drive them away and boycott them respectively. Another Nigeria study carried out in the secondary schools showed all the students had heard about HIV, and had a fairly good knowledge about the disease. Despite this knowledge, only 55% were willing to be tested. However, none had been tested for HIV. HCT is an essential first step to treatment. A healthy carrier is not known unless sero-status is assessed. If sero-status is unknown, sexual partners are at risk of being victims of HIV infection, thereby increasing new infection rate and prevalence of the disease.
This study was conducted with the expectation to iden- tify high risk sexual behavior, knowledge, attitude and prevention practice with regard to HIV/AIDS among male workers working in factories manufacturing alcohol in Myanmar. In this study, the numbers of male workers were significantly higher than female workers in alcohol factories. The risk of HIV infection is high in male dominated profession and working in geographically isolated environment with limited social interaction and health facilities . Moreover, previous studies have shown that factory workers have higher rate of alcohol consumption [14,15] and the people who abuse alcohol are more likely to engage in high risk sexual behaviors which can make them prone to HIV and other sexually transmitted diseases (STDs) [14,16]. In this study, two- third of the respondents consumed alcohol and half of them had intercourse after consuming alcohol. One-third of the workers could procure alcohol product from their factories at lower price and it was found to be one of the most important factor responsible for alcohol consump- tion. Heavy alcohol use has been correlated with a life- time tendency toward high-risk behaviors including mul- tiple sex partners, drug abuse, unprotected intercourse, having intercourse with high-risk partners and the ex- change of sex for money or drugs [14,17,18].
Abstract: This study determined the HIV/AIDS related knowledge, attitude towards person living with HIV/AIDS, risk perception and sexual behavior among college students. There are three designs involved in this study. A descriptive research design which described the demographic profile, related knowledge of HIV/AIDS, attitude towards person living with HIV/AIDS, risks perception and sexua l behavior. A correlational design was also utilized to determine the relationship between knowledge to their attitude. Developmental design was used for the development of HIV/AIDS awareness and prevention program. Findings of the study revealed that HIV/AIDSknowledge in mode of transmission obtained a percentage of 57.75 with moderate level of knowledge, while prevention garnered a percent rating of 47.18 with fair level of knowledge. In terms of attitude of students, data revealed a grand mean of 3.33 with fair level of avoidance while empathy obtained an overall mean of 4.65 with high level of empathy. In addition, there was significant relationship between the knowledge of mode of transmission to empathetic attitude while knowledge of prevention to empathetic attitude, knowledge of prevention to avoidance and knowledge of mode of transmission to avoidance, showed no significant relationship. In the level of students’ risk perception of contracting HIV/AIDS, data revealed 0.63% showed a high perceived risk while low perceived risk consist of 42.09% and no risk comprised of 50.00%. In the level of students’ sexual risk behavior, results demonstrated 2.22% of students are considered to have high risk level of behavior, while 7.59% had moderate risk and 37.97% had low risk. Thus, based on its significant findings, HIV/AIDS program was developed.
Since oral lesions are common in HIV/AIDS patients, oral health care is an important component of their treatment plan. According to Shan et al 14 in their study found that only 62% dental students were aware of universal precautions, where else in the current study majority of the students from final year and intern were aware of the universal precautions of treating the HIV/AIDS patients. Although many dentists used to reject providing dental treatment to AIDS patients, dentists' attitudes toward the treatment of these patients have improved in recent years. 15 In our study, the attitude and willingness to treat HIV/AIDS patients was assessed and there was an overall positive attitude of students towards HIV/AIDS patients. This finding differs from previous research from Seacat et al 16 and Azodo et al 17 who reported dental students having negative attitude towards HIV/AIDS patients. In the present study, only 35% from final years and 8% from intern were unwilling to treat HIV/AIDS patients. This could be attributed to the recent lectures which were given to the students about HIV/AIDS condition and they were emphasized about the duty of dentists in treating HIV patients. Dentists have a responsibility to provide oral health care in HIV-infected patients, particularly because oral lesions are common among these patients. It is obvious that having adequate knowledge about HIV/AIDS enhances confidence in student's ability to manage HIV infected patients.
A community based cross sectional study was carried out for a period of three months from June 2017 to August 2017 conducted in the rural area of Namakkal district, TamilNadu. The study population included both men and women between the age group of 16-40 years. Total 754 participants were participated in the study. Data collection was done using a semi structured questionnaire, consists of certain questions, including the demographics, educational status, economic status, occupation, and to assess the knowledge about the causes and modes of transmission of HIV / AIDS, and to assess the attitude towards people living with HIV / AIDS. People aged above 16 years were included and below 16 were excluded. Data was analyzed using MS Excel and it was summarized as counts and percentages.
Overall, community groups appear to raise awareness of HIV/AIDS-related knowledge. Therefore, increasing the percentage of migrants who are members of community groups could help increase HIV/AIDSknowledge. Al- though the knowledge is transferred into positive behav- ior, the two groups show different abilities. Due to excellent organization capacity, scale and the advantages in resources, the party organization could transfer know- ledge into positive behavior better than alumni associ- ation as a government agency. It also indicates that organizations that target migrants specifically could have a much larger impact in HIV/AIDSknowledge on this relatively clandestine and high-risk population. As HIV/ AIDSknowledge publicity is not comprehensive, mi- grants with high knowledge on HIV/AIDS would have more negative attitudes towards HIV/AIDS than that with low-levels of HIV/AIDSknowledge. Although the current situation there is not complete, social organiza- tions still play an important positive role on HIV/AIDSprevention for migrants. They present great potential in curbing the spread of HIV/AIDS. With the completing of organizational mechanism, social organizations will make a greater contribution to HIV/AIDSprevention for migrants in the future.
during their break time, some were returned same day while the class representative helped to collect the outstanding ones. It was divided into four sections with section A: requiring demographic data of the respondents, section B: knowledge about HIV/AIDS, section C: knowledge about the awareness and the use of universal safety precautions, section D: attitude of the respondents toward patients living with HIV/AIDS. All data were cleaned and analyzed in descriptive and inferential statistics at a level 0.05 of significance using Statistical Package for Social Sciences (SPSS) version 21. Ethics statement
HIV/AIDS remains one of the world’s most significant public health chal- lenges, particularly in low and middle-income region. China has witnessed a moderate effect of global HIV/AIDS endemic for which HIV/AIDS awareness and prevention program have been developed and conducted. In China the university students are among the affected target population because of the recent development of casual attitude towards sex, the rapid economic revolu- tion and degradation of traditional value. The purpose of this paper is to de- scribe HIV/AIDSknowledge, attitudes, and practice and identify personal risk behaviors among students in China. Selection of the articles suitable for the review was done from 2007 to 2016 on the basis of their study regarding HIV/AIDS in accordance with different students of schools, undergraduate and postgraduate study. Knowledge of the students is accordance with their education level while attitude have no relation with the knowledge and still there is unsafe sexual practice present among students. Although students have good knowledge regarding HIV/AIDS, they have still negative attitude towards HIV/AIDS patients. There are still misconceptions especially con- cerning mosquitos and kissing as routes of transmission of HIV. There is dif- ficulty in separating HIV from AIDS by many students. Due to insufficient knowledge regarding HIV/AIDS among school students many of them believe that there is a medicine that can cure HIV/AIDS. Comparatively Students are more focused on knowledge regarding HIV/AIDS rather than developing and maintaining safe sexual behavior among the students. We believe that the re- view will help to focus further into the more effective attitude based imple- mentation of knowledge and practice among Chinese students.
The main objective of this study was to investigate the knowledge, attitude and practice of standard precautions for HIVprevention among clinical year medical students when taking care patient with HIV/AIDS; and the socio- demographic characteristics among the respondents. The total number of respondents participated in this study was 162 respondents, contributed to the response rate of 81%. In terms of year of study, majority of the respondents were fifth year medical students with 43.2%; followed by third year medical students, 38.3%; and fourth year medical students with only 18.5%. The response rate for fifth year medical students was 100% and for third year medical students, the response rate was 91%. However, the response rate for the fourth year medical students was only 48%. It was principally because all the fourth year medical students were in their elective posting; whereas some of them were in the rural area with problem accessing to the internet. Hence, they were unable to answer our self-administered questionnaire through internet.
Summary. The aim of this research was to explore people’s knowledge, attitude, behaviour and practice towards HIV/AIDS and sexual activity in rural Kenya, where HIV is widespread. The study community was located in south-eastern Kenya, 50 km north of Mombassa, and had an estimated population of 1500. Subjects aged between 16 and 49 were recruited using a stratified cluster-sampling method and they completed self-administered questionnaires.Almost all respondents knew the word ‘HIV’. Around 50% knew of a person living with HIV. About 80% gave ‘death’ or ‘fear’ as words representing their image of AIDS. With regard to sexual activity, the distri- bution of answers to the question ‘how many partners have you ever had in your life’ was bimodal in males but had only one peak in females, indicating that some men have a large number of sexual partners in their lifetime. First sexual intercourse was at around 12–13 years for both sexes, but female teenagers were more sexually experienced than their male counterparts.