Latin American social movements

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Brazilian, Afro-Brazilian, and Latin American Literatures and Cultural Studies, Urban Studies, Globalization, Popular Culture, and Social Movements

Brazilian, Afro-Brazilian, and Latin American Literatures and Cultural Studies, Urban Studies, Globalization, Popular Culture, and Social Movements

“Pixações, Graffiti, and the Writing of Inequality on São Paulo’s Walls.” Cross/words-Cross/roads: An Intersection of Language, Art and Culture Colloquium, San Diego State University, 2[r]

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Podemos and their Latin American Connection

Podemos and their Latin American Connection

Iglesias continued to be fascinated by the events of Bolivia. He wrote an article about the same topic in the same year but this time with the help of Iñigo Errejón. Together, they insisted on the worldwide importance of the electoral victory obtained by Morales in 2005, arguing that it was "more than a mere change in the country's political elite." To them, it was "the institutional crystallization of a set of processes that converged with the start of a cycle of anti-neo-liberal fights that initiated in the year 2000" 44 , in reference to the Cochabamba protests. They want to understand the context in which the counter hegemonic projects of Latin America emerged, especially in Bolivia, and the possible alliances they can make with other anti-neo-liberal movements, in particular with European ones. Their persistence with this idea becomes somewhat clearer when they introduce an argument that Boswell and Chase-Dunn made in their book from year 2000 The Spiral of Capitalism and Socialism. Toward Global Democracy. It makes reference to the idea that the European Union is the best candidate to lead, economically and politically, the transition in the shaping of the configuration of global power, so that the eventual success of the European social movements affects the world economy. For these authors, this would require the alliance of global movements and the revolutionary states of the semi-periphery to be actively linked to the challenge of internationalism, which is a political principle that advocates greater global cooperation and the transcendence of nationalism. 45 It is worth noting, while the chapter is mainly focused on Bolivia, Iglesias and Errejón recognise Venezuela as a model of leftist counter-hegemonic resistance. 46
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POL-3393- Latin American Politics

POL-3393- Latin American Politics

dictatorship, and experimented with different forms of economic development strategies. This introductory course thus examines trends and variations in political development in Latin America during the last century. The main focus is on the interaction between states and citizens, social relations, and economic development. The themes we will cover include the historical trajectories, political and economic development, democratization, and social movements. This course examine issues affecting Latin America as a whole, but readings and lectures will also explore some individual countries within the region.
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Contested mobilities in the Latin American context

Contested mobilities in the Latin American context

We bring together both established scholars and new voices The authors hail from a variety of academic disciplines including geography sociology urban studies planning and engineering most are themselves from Latin America backgrounds and or have undertaken extensive empirical research studies in these contexts The case studies they present feature both the well known and the under explored Buenos Aires Mexico City Montevideo Sao Paulo Rio de Janeiro and Santiago de Chile We also include both the large scale interventions for which Latin America is becoming famous and the many smaller scale changes or lack thereof which are often forgotten They also offer a broad range of examples of contestation whilst also demonstrating that in the case of Latin American cities the same issues act as a locus for contested mobilities by social protest movements
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Lawyers, Rule of Law, and Social Justice: A Latin American Perspective

Lawyers, Rule of Law, and Social Justice: A Latin American Perspective

not changed from the nineteenth century onwards, the most recent trend is a more serious allegiance of lawyers with democracy and rule of law (P´erez- Perdomo 2006b, 188–189; P´erez-Perdomo 2007, 349; Couso 2007). For ex- ample, many lawyers and the Ordem dos Advogados Brasileiros actively opposed the military dictatorship in Brazil. In Chile, Uruguay, and Argen- tina many lawyers, under the umbrella of the Catholic Church and with the help of international organizations, used the court system to document human rights abuses and put pressure on dictatorial regimes or in-transition- to-democracy regimes for punishment of human rights violations (Lutz and Sikkink 2001; Sikkink 2005). In Venezuela, most lawyers, including the Colegio de Abogados de Caracas and the deans of law schools, have issued numerous declarations against Chavez’s authoritarian policies (P´erez- Perdomo 2007, 353). International fora like the Inter-American Court of Human Rights and the International Criminal Court could strengthen the fight for legality and rule of law (Sikkink 2005). This recent trend of strengthening traditional values requires additional explanation. Perhaps the growing importance of markets, international investments, and international organizations has changed the job market for lawyers and fortified their independence and liberal values.
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On booms and busts in Latin American economies

On booms and busts in Latin American economies

This thesis deals with one obsession: the role of external factors in generating boom- bust cycles - periodic structural changes in macroeconomic dynamics - in Latin America, and in particular, Argentina. In view of some pundits, a “double-tailwind” scenario - a combination of low global interest rates and high commodity prices - is currently propelling forward the major South American economies and planting the seeds of the next bust (crisis for the pessimists). This has stirred up the debate about the appropriateness of introducing some form of capital inflow restrictions as a way of isolating domestic economies from the quandaries of external conditions, but the absence of a formal framework on which to ground the analysis makes this debate futile. In the first chapter I contribute to this debate threefold: First, I statistically validate the claim that the region is experiencing a “double-tailwind” scenario. For this purpose, I employ the Expectation Maximization algorithm to separately estimate two Markov switching processes, one for the ex-ante real U.S. interest rate (financial tailwind) and the other for the price of the commodity ex- porting bundle (terms of trade tailwind). The results confirm both the non-linear nature of external shocks and the unique external favourable conditions over the last few years. Second, I introduce a model of a natural resource-rich small open economy (receiving an endowment of tradable goods) with financial frictions (an intratemporal one in the form of a working capital constraint at the firm level and an intertemporal one in the form of an elastic debt risk premium) that operates in an environment with two global stochastic regimes (affecting commodity prices and global interest rates). I label the regime representing the current environment “windfall” and the one forecasting conditions once the situation returns to normal- ity “shortfall”. Then, I simulate a calibrated version of the model and show that a switch to “windfall” produces a boom with similar characteristics to those recently observed in the data. In a sensitivity analysis, I discuss the critical role played by the elasticity of substitution in consumption in characterizing the dynamic transi- tion after a regime switch and, as a consequence, I highlight the deficiencies of the standard one-good model.
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A LATIN AMERICAN IN SEARCH OF EDUCATIONAL INNOVATIONS

A LATIN AMERICAN IN SEARCH OF EDUCATIONAL INNOVATIONS

It is important to mention that the accounts of the thematic autobiographies showed that inside the characters´s social space it existed a general fear of thinking about the cultural signi- fi cations as determinant elements of the personal behaviour of men and women. That omission was giving place to ignorance wich led to a feeling of inabiliy for thinking of, understanding and taking the responsability every human being has for make changes happen. Facing that situation, looking for the individuals to asume the task of accomplish those changes, it was set as a premise that it was the education at all it levels the one who should offer formative groundings, as well as an appropriate enviroment where the dialogue propiciated the understanding of the personal identity, where myself would stand in the daily work as a promoter of the relationships with the I of the others, in order to give a new dimension to the familiar (social) context and a comitted participation in the cultural changes the same person seemed to demand. Specially starting from an educational conception based on Piaget’s approach for whom the asimilation plus the adjust- ment performed by the learning individual means not only a change of the cognitive structures but also the emotionals.
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The Latin-American Flavor of Enforced Disappearances

The Latin-American Flavor of Enforced Disappearances

Enforced disappearances occur when persons are deprived of their liberty by state officials, organized groups, or private individuals acting on behalf of, or with the support, direct or indirect, consent, or acquiescence of the government. The deprivation of liberty is followed by a refusal to disclose the fate or whereabouts of the persons concerned or a refusal to acknowledge the deprivation of their liberty. Consequently, such persons are placed outside the protection of the law. As such, the crime and the human rights violation of enforced disappearance comprise many different types of state repression. Given this multiplicity of scenarios in which enforced disappearances take place, some insist on the danger of over-using the term enforced disappearance, highlighting the need for a definition that separates the Latin American “true” cases of disappearance from those in which the term corresponds to a popular misuse. This Article describes this strong connection between enforced disappearances and Latin America.
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Latin American Democracy: Flourishing or Floundering?

Latin American Democracy: Flourishing or Floundering?

The majority party countered that in this case, it was best to dispense with the proceeding before the Constitutional Commission and instead debate the issue before the whole[r]

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Evaluating the efficiency of Latin American banks

Evaluating the efficiency of Latin American banks

The empirical model used is the pooled cross-section with ordinary least squares (OLS) as well as pooled OLS with ‘fixed effects’ to examine the factors behind the profitability of fourteen banks in five Latin American countries, namely, Honduras, Mexico, Paraguay, Peru, and Venezuela, for the year 2004.

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Latin American International Relations-3520_2015

Latin American International Relations-3520_2015

Students will complete two brief research assignments, each of which will contribute 7.5% of the final grade, for a total of 15%. The purpose of these research assignments is to encourage students to inform themselves about relevant policy issues by finding data, primary/secondary documents, as well as factual statements from reliable sources through library research. An expert in Latin American issues should know where to look for regional information to inform, prescribe and recommend policy. Hence, students will think beyond the course material and engage in research related to Latin American relations. With this in view, the professor will request specific data, such as defense expenditure by country, growth rates, purchasing power, statistics on drug-related issues by country and sub-region, as well as trade balances. Students will then have a week to provide a written brief that must be documented with the requested data. These briefs will have to identify and properly cite at least three different references and sources (certainly, more sources are better). Wikipedia or any other Google searches are strictly prohibited for this task; students who fail to follow this rule will be reprimanded, and penalized at the discretion of the professor. Students will have to consult official data, government resources, indexes, and other
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Locating Displacement in Latin American Urbanism

Locating Displacement in Latin American Urbanism

of “change in the population of land-users such that the new users are of a higher socio-economic status than the previous users, together with an associated change in the built environment through a reinvestment in fixed capital”. Or, to put it another way, in the words of the late Neil Smith, gentrification is “a vehicle for transforming whole areas into new landscape complexes that pioneer a comprehensive class-inflected urban remake (…) whole new complexes of recreation, consumption, production, and pleasure, as well as residence(…) [that] weaves global financial markets together with large- and medium-sized real-estate developers, local merchants, and property agents with brand- name retailers, all lubricated by city and local governments for whom beneficent social outcomes are now assumed to derive from the market rather than from its regulation” 9 .Gentrification can
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GLA-2013 Latin American Foundations

GLA-2013 Latin American Foundations

Too much of the educational experience at UTSA has been focused towards Latino studies; this course broadens this experience by exposing students to cultures, societies, politics, literature and art of a civilization that is far more diverse and enriching than just Latino or Mexican-American cultures in Texas. LAS-2013 Latin American Studies: Foundations is a hybrid, thematic-based, and inter-disciplinary course designed specifically for minors in Latin American studies at UTSA. Latin American studies is broadly defined as an inter-disciplinary field of study that examines the societies, cultures, politics, history, artistic expressions, technological and development achievements and failures, as well as world interactions of all territories south of the Bravo river. Hence, modern San Antonio or any other aspect of US owned Texas or California territories are not analyzed in this class, unless they relate to Mexico and its concrete relationship with Latin America (and not just the US). There will be absolutely no treatment or analysis of Texan cultures in this class. This course combines face-to- face seminar sessions with online lectures. Each week there will be an online lecture, a mandatory reading from an open source, and a movie/song/or other visual activity to see, listen or undertake. The course coordinator will then organize discussion
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Latin American Green City Index

Latin American Green City Index

Land use & buildings Category results Lima Montevideo Medellín Quito Brasília Buenos Aires Curitiba Guadalajara Monterrey Porto Alegre Puebla Santiago Belo Horizonte Bogotá Mexico Ci[r]

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Human rights and Latin American southern voices

Human rights and Latin American southern voices

The story about the modern, constant, sovereign subject that Western commissioners expected but failed to find among Amerindians is also a story about how this subject is able to privatize religion and belief, rather than prevail over it. With religion neutralized and relegated to the inner sanctum of constant, isolated subjectivity, the question arises: what will replace the fading social bond? What can now gather us in a disenchanted, technocratic world without moral virtues? This was the problematic question that law inherited from the work of sociologists Emile Durkheim and Max Weber after the crises of the 1930s and World War II, taken up by such leading figures as H. L. A. Hart, whose lectures Twining attended at Oxford. 6
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Branding Latin America: film Festivals and the international circulation of Latin American films

Branding Latin America: film Festivals and the international circulation of Latin American films

The example of Up to a Certain Point is particularly illustrative of the lack of international attention received by Cuban films throughout the 1980s. Combining real interviews with fictional characters, the film explores the relationship between Oscar (Oscar Álvarez), a director making a film about sexism among workers at Havana’s port, and Lina (Mirta Ibarra), an unconventional woman who challenges most of his assumptions. Although the film had recently won Best Film and Best Actress awards in Havana in December 1983, Berlin’s programming choice, including the film at the Forum instead of the more prestigious competition or Panorama sections, reflected international critics and festivals’ limited enthusiasm for Cuban cinema. Thus Up to a Certain Point tended to go unmentioned in the festival reports published by Film Comment (H. Kennedy 1984, 64, 69–71), Sight & Sound (Jenkins 1984, 164), Cahiers du Cinéma (Lardeau 1984, 30–34) and Films & Filming (Taylor 1984, 33). The film was briefly mentioned in Positif which labelled it as a ‘Forum “militant” fiction’. For the magazine the film was an unsuccessful attempt to question sexism ‘but which in fact remained faithful to the monogamous conception of sexual desire’ 105 (Amengual 1984, 46). In a similar vein, Variety discarded it as ‘barely more than a trifle’ for a filmmaker of Gutiérrez Alea’s stature and a film that was generally only of interest to Cuban cinema scholars (Edna 1984). Up to a Certain Point was welcomed by Latin American cinema specialists and left-wing publications like Jeune Cinéma (Tournès 1984a, 13) and Cineaste (Crowdus 1985, 24–29), but not by the main critical and festival establishment. Thus neither the film’s screening at Berlin nor the Havana festival – where it received its main prize – were regarded as suitable occasions to declare Gutiérrez Alea or Cuban cinema’s triumphant ‘return’. This would only happen a decade later when Strawberry and Chocolate/ Fresa y chocolate (CU/MX dir. Tomás Gutiérrez Alea and Juan Carlos Tabío 1993) – having won top awards at Havana in December 1993 – was screened at the Berlin competition and awarded a Special Jury Prize in February 1994.
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Imperialism in Woodrow Wilson's Latin American policy

Imperialism in Woodrow Wilson's Latin American policy

Wilson firmly believed in constitutional government and justice for all people, the need to avoid instability in government and the importance of the spread of Christianity; but at the s[r]

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Gender differences in the distribution of total work time of Latin  American families: the importance of social norms

Gender differences in the distribution of total work time of Latin American families: the importance of social norms

Over the past three decades one of the most significant changes in Latin-America has been the growing economic contribution of women in the region, due mainly to millions of women having entered the labour market. The rate of female labour participation on the Mainland increased from 35% in 1980 to 53% in 2007 (Pages and Piras, 2010) and between 30% and 40% of the increase in the labor force participation of women is due to changes related to educational level (Duryea et al 2004). Despite these increases in the labor force participation of women, specialization within the household has changed very little in recent decades. According to Folbre (2006), in Latin America, as in the Caribbean, the primary responsibility for the care of the sick, the elderly, and children still falls on women. While this creates well-being for households, it imposes costs on, and substantial limitations to, the female members of the family.
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Canada, Latin America and the Organization of American States.

Canada, Latin America and the Organization of American States.

Canada has undertaken a valuable and effective role in international affairs especially since 1945. As a middle power of considerable stature she has participated in several regional and universal organizations to her own benefit and that of her allies and friends. Canada is a member of the North American Air Defence Command (NORAD), North Atlantic Treaty Organization (N.A.T.O.) and the United Nations (U.N.), as well as a participant in numerous trade and aid agencies including the Geneva Agreement on Trade and Tariffs (G.A.T.T.) and the Colombo Plan. Since 1956, the role of peace-keeping has become a vital aspect of Canadian foreign policy and negotiated peace settlement the goal of her international involvement. Canada's own domestic
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Evangelization in the writings of Latin American liberation theologians

Evangelization in the writings of Latin American liberation theologians

and Report Mission of the Commission on World and Evangelism of the Assembly Council December 31,1972 9-12, of Churches, of the World and January 1973.. World New York: Council Publicati[r]

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