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ISO 9001 aspects related to performance and their level of implementation

ISO 9001 aspects related to performance and their level of implementation

In our research, we found that different implementation “levels” can and do provide firms with opportunities for improvement, and we would go as far as to suggest these ‘windows of opportunity’ are created in accordance with how and to what extent a company has implemented the standard. According to the factor analysis, the sector has three groups of ISO requirements which follow a similar pattern to implementing the standard. Comparing averages of the factors found that the level of implementation depends on all the items studied and are grouped according to certain factors, although it has been shown that F3 (External integration and analysis) seldom, according to GAS, achieves the highest level of implantation in the sector.
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The Level Of Implementation Of Poverty Alleviation Programs In Isabela, Philippines

The Level Of Implementation Of Poverty Alleviation Programs In Isabela, Philippines

Implementation of 4Ps in terms of ―Economic Resources‖ revealed that it was ―Implemented‖ having an average mean of 3.57. Among the indicators, three (3) got a qualitative description of ―Implemented‖ and the remaining two (2) got ―Moderately Implemented‖. ―Support of LGU in production and marketing of products of 4Ps‖ revealed the highest with a mean value of 3.96 followed by ―Presence of livelihood program for member beneficiaries‖ and ―Presence of technical assistance to the family members‖, both got a mean of 3.60 then ―Sustained program for the economic resources of members‖ with 3.42. ―Membership in a cooperative in the municipality‖ revealed the lowest with a mean of 3.26. This result showed that this was the weakest area of the program wherein all the indicators got relatively low scores that truly speak of weakness. It matched with the findings of [1] and [7] that area on economic resources was less implemented and is congruent with [14] despite huge amount of budget spent towards development assistance, actual impact of projects to the poor was very little. However, ―Support of LGU in production and marketing of products of 4Ps‖ was a bit higher among other indicators which indicate that unquestionably the LGUs are committed and that their thrusts and strategies were along the needs of the respondents that helped them augment their daily expenses and certainly improved their living condition. These results confirmed the LGU’s promotion of local industry/products through One- Barangay-One-product/One-Town-One-Product and continuous efforts through technical assistance and livelihood program and relevant capacity building (LGUs ELA 2016- 2019) which is in harmony with the Provincial Government of Isabela’s thrusts wherein they allotted P80 million additional fund for agricultural programs and projects which can cater to the financial needs of agri-micro-business operators such as fish ball vendors, vegetable sellers and other small and medium entrepreneurs (Isabela Province Official Website). ―Membership in a cooperative in the municipality‖ revealed the lowest, basically because membership is not mandatory, it is a free will of the beneficiaries to join or not in the cooperative. However, there are cooperatives in the LGUs/Barangays where the study was conducted.
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The Level of Implementation of the Strategic Management in Primary Schools

The Level of Implementation of the Strategic Management in Primary Schools

Results of One-way variation analysis which was carried out to find out whether primary school principles’ and teachers’ views show a remarkable difference depending on the groups are shown in table 4. As it can be seen in table 4, a remarkable difference was found between the strategic thinking scores of participants (F=98,112; p=0,000<0, 05). As a result of Scheffe test which was conducted to specify the reasons for this difference, principals’ strategic thinking scores were found higher than teachers’. The difference between participants’ scores for strategic analysis, guidance and forming strategies was found remarkable (F=77,708; p=0,000<0, 05). As a result of Scheffe test which was conducted to specify the reasons for this difference, principals’ strategic analysis, guidance and forming strategy points was found higher than teachers’. The difference between participants’ scores for strategic implementation and evaluation was found statistically remarkable (F=77,708; p=0,000<0, 05). As a result of Scheffe test which was conducted to specify the reasons for this difference, principals’ strategic implementation and evaluation scores were found higher than teachers’. The differentiation of school principals’ and teachers’ views depending on the variables such as gender, age, graduation school, field and Professional seniority.
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Validity and Reliability of a Questionnaire on Primary and  Secondary School Teachers’ Perception of Teaching a  Competence-based Curriculum Model
                Validez y fiabilidad de un cuestionario sobre la percepción del profesorado de Educación Pri

Validity and Reliability of a Questionnaire on Primary and Secondary School Teachers’ Perception of Teaching a Competence-based Curriculum Model Validez y fiabilidad de un cuestionario sobre la percepción del profesorado de Educación Primaria y Secundaria de la enseñanza en un modelo de currículo basado en competencias

The study by Quirós (2013) on teacher competences in edu- cational assessment used a five-point Likert-type scale in a questionnaire measuring the four dimensions of technical, me- thodological, participatory and personal teaching competences. However, our questionnaire, the validation process of which is described in the present work, attempts to go one step further by obtaining information on the current situation of one of the most significant pedagogical innovations proposed in recent edu- cation laws in Spain, that is, the competence-based curriculum model. The questionnaire analyses five key factors related to the implementation of this educational reform: (1) teachers’ beliefs about the model; (2) level of implementation of the model; (3) the difficulties experienced by teachers in implementing the model; (4) teachers’ perceptions of resources available to implement the model; and (5) professional development received for developing the model.
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Policy implications of integration of disaster risk reduction to infrastructure reconstruction

Policy implications of integration of disaster risk reduction to infrastructure reconstruction

Infrastructure facilities need to be planned and constructed in such a way not only to change the vulnerable conditions of the infrastructure facility itself but also the society, the economy and the environment. Literature emphasises that integration of disaster risk reduction (DRR) to planning processes is a key to reduce natural disaster losses, boost socio-economic development needs and ensure sustainability in development gains. But linking development concerns and DRR to infrastructure reconstruction has become a challenge in developing country settings. Therefore, the purpose of the main research, of which this paper is based on, is to explore how integration of DRR to infrastructure reconstruction could contribute to socio-economic development process. However, this paper focuses on the existing gap in the concept of DRR at the policy making level and the construction project level. Thus, the paper seeks to review the current policies on post-disaster reconstruction and DRR at the national and intermediate-organisational level and integration of DRR concept within these policies. Not limiting to the policies, those were assessed on their success through the level of implementation of them at the post-disaster infrastructure reconstruction projects.This paper is based on data collated from a case study conducted in a water supply and sanitation reconstruction project in Sri Lanka supported by expert interviews among national and intermediate-organisational level policy makers. The results highlight the lack of individual policies for reconstruction or DRR of reconstruction at the national and intermediate-organisational level except certain sections within certain policies. It was found that integration of DRR within these policies is lower than the level of importance of such integration. Further, the level of implementation of these policies in practice is below average as it is averted by absence of legitimacy of policies, the level of awareness about policies by the relevant bodies, attitude of construction professionals, required speed and quality of reconstruction, availability of finances for reconstruction etc.
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ALBANIA TOWARD THE APPLICATION OF IFRS FOR SME: A SIMPLY DESIRE OR REAL OPTION

ALBANIA TOWARD THE APPLICATION OF IFRS FOR SME: A SIMPLY DESIRE OR REAL OPTION

Licensed under Creative Common Page 893 Asked about the sixth question associated with the implementation of the NAS, it showed that by the profession level of implementation is presented with a clear 89.7%, while in terms of the data collected by entities, measures and implementation of NAS presented in size 68.6%. Asked about the seventh question associated with the level of implementation of the NAS, the data appear in the same graph, where the entities level of recognition presented to level 'Much' 68.4%, 'Little' 16.4% and 'No' 15.2 %. While these figures are for professionals in the levels 'Much' 89.2%, 'Little' 7.5% and 'No' 3.3%. Although figures for use by professionals seem high, it is worth mentioning that these figures are not at the level of love because their use is mandatory by law. Pursuant to Article 4 of the Law no. 9228 dated 29.04.2004 "On Accounting and Financial Statements "(changed) and with the proposal of the National Council of Accounting, NAS have become mandatory for use since 01.01.2008.
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Implementation of 81 Level Inverter Using Trinary Logic

Implementation of 81 Level Inverter Using Trinary Logic

The most popular and simple switching scheme for multilevel voltage source converter is Multi-carrier- PWM (MCPWM) shown in Fig.9 (7 Level). For an N- Ievel converter, N-l carrier signals with the same frequency "fc" and peak-to-peak amplitude "Ac" are placed in such a way, that they occupy continuous bands between the positive and negative dc rail of the inverter [22]. The voltage reference or modulation waveform has peak-to-peak amplitude "A m " and frequency "f in ", and it

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Leaders Implementation of the AVID program at the High School Level

Leaders Implementation of the AVID program at the High School Level

As a requirement, throughout the school year each school collects data in a variety of ways. The school district collects data from all schools at the end of the school year and sends it into the AVID Center. As a result, the AVID Center analyzes the data and then shares it with each school on multiple levels: overall level, state level, county level, district level, and school level in order for them to examine how the AVID program in their school is progressing (AVID Center, 2013). This equips the schools with information that will help them know what areas need addressed for further growth. Various data on all AVID students is collected at Arrow-Smith and shared periodically when AVID training occurs throughout the school year. The AVID students ACT scores are compared to the rest of the eleventh grade non-AVID students and shared with the faculty. Other AVID data is discussed in PLC’s toward the end of the semester when EOC’s and NC Finals are coming up. Mrs. Harington stated that because the AVID coordinator gathered the data for the school district, he was the one who presented it to the staff. She also stated that it is probably not shared as often as it should be, because of time constraints. She mentioned that the data he shares lets the teachers see where they are and then she follows up with ideas on what can be done from that point. Mrs. Harrington said that the purpose of him sharing data was not to point anyone out but an attempt to guide the instructional piece (E.D. Harrington, Personal
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Design and Implementation of Liquid Level Detector using Ultrasonic Sensor

Design and Implementation of Liquid Level Detector using Ultrasonic Sensor

When the switch is turn ON, the power supply unit supplies 5V DC to the circuit, the pic16f877a (microcontroller) initializes its internal registers, configures Pin 29 to 30 as digital input pins that connects directly to the US-100 Level sensor, when done, initializes the LCD display and sends a value of “000” to the displays. The controller outputs High (5v) at PIN33 to activate the FCE, then it also Performs ADC conversion to get the output of the pressure transmitter, the microcontroller computes the level from ADC output, and then update the LCD display. the microcontroller then compare the distance with the height of the reservoir , if it is equal, the controller deactivate the FCE, then output high at PIN19, to activate the ALARM Unit.
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Implementation of technological breakthroughs at sector level and the technology bias

Implementation of technological breakthroughs at sector level and the technology bias

improve the technologies of sectors and industries. Rather a lot of research, ideas and/or inventions are necessary to implement a general breakthrough at sector level. For example, improvements in productivity of services, which come from the invention of the microchip, required a lot of ideas and research in software programming and hardware before they increased the productivity of services. That is, general breakthroughs require further breakthroughs to be implemented. Hence, we can distinguish between general breakthroughs and “implementation breakthroughs”. 2.) Depending upon the industry or sector, different sorts of ideas are necessary to
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Algorithm and Architecture for Bit  Level Implementation of the IDCT and IDST

Algorithm and Architecture for Bit Level Implementation of the IDCT and IDST

Bit-level systolic arrays are more regular and require simpler PEs compared with word level structures. The basic PEs comprised of only gated full adders, are very small and an array of such PEs may be integrated on a small chip. The computation time of the bit- level PEs is very small compared with the word-level PEs, so that high throughput computation can be achieved by bit-level systolic arrays [1]. Therefore, bit-level systolic arrays have been used for efficient computation of the DST. Chakrabarti and Ja Ja [2] have suggested a bit-level architecture for prime-factor DHT which is computed via four temporary output. Besides, they have shown that prime-factor DCT can also be computed from the DHT structure by simple modification. The prime-factor approach of [2] involves significant hardware and time in the input and output interfaces for index mapping and storing of data matrices. Apart from that, structures for implementation of prime-factor algorithms require additional time, as well as, hardware for transposition of intermediate result for implementing in a planar architecture. Sun et al. [3] have presented a regular and efficient IC realization for DCT by concurrent architecture using distributed arithmetic and memory oriented structure. The ROM size of this architecture increases rapidly with the order of the DCT so that it may be useful for implementing the DCT of lower order only. It would not be suitable for implementing the DCT of higher order such as N = 1024 which is often required for image processing applications. Mc. Govern et al. [4] have suggested a bit-serial architecture for implementation of (8×8) point 2-D DCT, which is not modular and requires complicated interconnections. In Section II, we have presented a 3-D bit-serial systolic architecture for VLSI implementation of prime-factor IDCT and IDST. We have used distributed arithmetic combined with bit-parallel data structure to implement vector inner products concurrently. It is interesting to note that no extra hardware/time is necessary for transposition of the intermediate results. Thus the RAM used for transposition operation is avoided. Hardware and throughput considerations have been discussed in section III. Conclusion is given in Section IV.
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Implementation of National Renewable Energy Obligations at the Regional Level

Implementation of National Renewable Energy Obligations at the Regional Level

Wood fuels in South Savo are mostly utilised in communities’ energy produc- tion in heating and CHP plants. The total consumption of wood fuels was 11.1 PJ in 2006, 10.4 PJ in 2015 and it was estimated that in 2030 it would be 11.1 PJ. The utilisation of forest biomass has growth most significantly in past ten years and the consumption will further increase to 3600 TJ by 2030. Sixty-one per cent of solid wood fuels are utilised in communities’ district heat and electricity pro- duction, and 39% of solid wood fuels are utilised in industrial heat and power production, e.g. forest industry and greenhouses. The use of wood fuels in in- dustry is expected to stay at the same level by 2030, but the use of peat fuel in CHP production, both in the production of district heat and process steam, will be replaced by forest biomass. The use of wood pellets has not become as com- mon as predicted a decade ago, and by 2030, the use of wood pellets should only increase slightly in district heating as a backup fuel.
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Implementation of Security System Using 3-Level Authentication

Implementation of Security System Using 3-Level Authentication

Abstract - Increasing security has always been an issue since Internet and Web Development came into existence, text based passwords is not enough to counter such problems, which is also an anachronistic approach now. Therefore, this demands the need for something more secure along with being more user-friendly. Therefore, we are trying to increase the security by involving a 3-level security approach, involving text based password at Level 1, Pattern-Lock Based Authentication at Level 2, and automated generated one-time password (received through an automated SMS to the authentic user) at Level 3. And an assiduous effort has been done for thwarting Shoulder attack, Tempest attack, and Brute-force attack at client side, through the use of unique pattern set in the System Authentication plays a crucial role in protecting resources against unauthorized and illegal use. This unique user-friendly System named as 3 Level Security that can be employed in any organization for storing crucial and confidential documents, and ensures the security through its three levels– Firstly-through Text Password, Secondly-through Pattern-Lock based Authentication, and Thirdly- through One-Time Automated Password.
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Cost Effective Implementation of Asynchronous Two-Level Logic

Cost Effective Implementation of Asynchronous Two-Level Logic

input signals switch on/off. Therefore, C-element output notifies on the moment when circuit inputs are in the working or space state. Due to term orthogonality, only one C-element switches on/off. The signal from C-element output propagates through the single path to gate OR (circuit) output. As a result, the circuit output notifies on the new input state. One can easily see that DIMS operates under Seitz’s strong constraints. As an example, consider two-level implementation of function AND of 2 variables (fig.5). The function is given by its canonical representation: f=x 1 x 2 . After dual-rail encoding, function right
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Implementation of the Extended Promethee II in Upgrade Level of Mechanic

Implementation of the Extended Promethee II in Upgrade Level of Mechanic

criteria used by the company to determine the service mechanical decisions that can be increased level based on loyalty, report, absenteeism. However, various problems are found when deciding the decision by not using an information system. Use of information systems[1], [2] that support decision system is a tool for corporate leaders to determine a more accurate choice. There are several methods applied to the decision support system such as Simple Additive Weighting (SAW)[3]–[5], Technique for Order Performance by Similarity to Ideal Solution (TOPSIS)[6][7], Weighted Product (WP), Extended PROMETHEE II [8][9], Fuzzy Tsukamoto [10].
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The implementation of technology to enhance learning at undergraduate and postgraduate level

The implementation of technology to enhance learning at undergraduate and postgraduate level

• Waite, M., Bingham, H.   Best practice guidance for blended learning approaches to CPD education for NHS staff . [online]  http://www.nesc.nhs.uk/Docs/EL%20Marions%20Report.doc [Access[r]

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The preferences of users of electronic medical records in hospitals: quantifying the relative importance of barriers and facilitators of an innovation

The preferences of users of electronic medical records in hospitals: quantifying the relative importance of barriers and facilitators of an innovation

To realize the potential benefits (eg in communication, patient management, research and patient safety [14]; structuring the health care process, health care costs reduc- tion [15], and improvement of quality [16], efficiency and safety [17]) clinicians need to incorporate EMR usage in their daily practice. The more accurate, concise and timely the patient data are entered into the system, the more beneficial the system will be for all its users. Since physi- cians and nurses showed positive attitudes towards the EMR after using it for a while [17], nothing seems to slow down the implementation of this innovation. However, des- pite that some studies show positive attitudes and expecta- tions, the speed of the adoption remains slow [16,18] and the main cause for this slow speed is not always clear.
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The Relationship Between Transformational Leadership And Group Cohesiveness In Manufacturing Organization

The Relationship Between Transformational Leadership And Group Cohesiveness In Manufacturing Organization

There are two types of leadership which are ‘transformational’ and ‘transactional’. Transactional leadership is a type of leadership that their styles are more focus on maintaining the normal flow of operations. Transactional leadership also can be defined as “keeping the ship afloat”. Leaders will use disciplinary power and an array of incentives to give motivation towards their employees to perform at their best. While transformational leadership is a leader that goes beyond managing day to day operations and created strategies for taking his or her company, department or work team to the next level of performance and success. This type of leadership is a style that focuses on team building, motivation and collaborates with their employees at different levels of an organization to achieve change for the better.
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The Relationship Between Transformational Leadership And 
Group Cohesiveness

The Relationship Between Transformational Leadership And Group Cohesiveness

staff to perform at their best. Whereas transformational leadership is a leader that goes beyond managing day to day operations and created strategies for taking his or her company, department or work team to the consecutive level of performance and success. This kind of leadership is a style that focuses on team building, motivation and collaborates with their staff at completely different levels of a corporation to realizeamedment for the higher.

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HR Practice Implementation in MNCs – Why managers do what they do

HR Practice Implementation in MNCs – Why managers do what they do

An HR practice comprises two major elements: it entails (1) (un)written rules of how a certain HRM function should be conducted and (2) a set of underlying values and beliefs on the practice’s purpose (Kostova, 1999). Similarly, the implementation of an HR practice has two components as well: the “development of patterned behaviours and development of symbolic properties attached to these behaviours at the adopting unit.” (Kostova & Roth, 2002, pp. 216-217) Whether both components are accepted and which effect the implementation has depends on the perception of the line managers. When subsidiary‘s managers simply adhere to formal rules, without adopting the underlying values and beliefs the practice is only imitated. This ceremonial adoption without perceiving a practice as valuable is likely to have less favourable outcomes compared to a practice where both elements - rules as well as underlying values and beliefs - are adopted by implementing managers (Kostova, 1999; Kostova & Roth, 2002; Martin & Beaumont, 2001). Ceremonial in this context means practices are executed for the sake of executing it instead of its intended purpose: for example, employees
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