This study is to assess the level and sources of stress among allied health sciences students of Bayero University Kano. A total of 230 participants were recruited in this cross-sectional survey using stratified sampling technique. The data on level and sources of stress was assessed using medical student stressor questionnaire. Descriptive statistics of means, standard deviations, frequency and percentage were used to summarise the data while inferential statistic of independent t-test and one- way ANOVA were used to test the differences between or among variables. The study revealed that majority of the students of Faculty of Allied Health Science’s level of stress ranges from moderate to high level of stress. Academic related stress was the highest stressor and pre-clinical phase of study was found out to be more stressful than clinical phase of study (p < 0.05). No significant difference in the level of male and female student’s level and sources of stress was found (p > 0.05). This study found no significant difference in the level of stress among the various departments of Faculty of Allied Health Sciences (p > 0.05). The level of stress among these students ranges from moderate to high level of stress. Academic related stress was the highest stressor among the students. Therefore, curriculum, mode of assessment and other academic related activities for allied health sciences students should be set in the range of their coping limit.
The Research entitled “A STUDY ON THE LEVEL OF STRESS AMONG NURSES IN THE GOVT MEDICAL COLLEGE HOSPITAL AT NAGERCOIL”. The Govt. Medical College Hospital at Nagercoil is the multi speciality hospital in Kanyakmari District which offers quality medical care to the patients. The hospital has the bed strength of 700 and it is fully equipped with the necessary equipment, Operation Theaters and Intensive surgical wards, cared by dedicated team of doctors and nurses. The study was conducted from March to April. Sampling design and descriptive in nature sampling are used. Random sample is selected from the list of 250 nurses working in the hospital. Questionnaire is used to collect primary data from nurses selected for this research. The Analysis of the study is done by SPSS (Statistical Package for Social Service) with the aid of various tools which fix to the objectives of the study. The outcomes are noted and suggestions are pointed. If the stress causing factors are prevented, the efficiency and productivity of the professionals will be more.
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Table no.2 shows that there is a negative relationship between stress and patience and stress and confidence. It can be thus interpreted that higher the patience and confidence, less is the stress level in the adolescents. Adolescent children should build up the confidence level and practice the art of patiently dealing all the endeavours, whether academic or other environmental to deal with stressors effectively. On the basis of the obtained negative correlation the hypothesis no.2&3 are accepted.
It is the first priority to identify the measure by which teachers can avoid and cope with stress. Hence in this particular, to get somewhat more definite results a systematic study is needed to be conducted. The study will go a long way to help the authorities to organize guidance and counseling programmes in which the teacher can discuss their mental tension. So, the aim of study is to compare occupational stress level among school & college teacher. STATEMENT OF THE PROBLEM
Stress at the workplace was considered to be a rising concern in many organizations in Malaysia. As we do know, high level of stress could raise to problems and negative impact especially to the employees’ work performance such as low productivity, increased of employees’ absenteeism and staff turnover and other health problems including hypertension, drug abuse and alcoholism. Today, most of the people are talking about stress and pressure. We are not only able to hear it through everyday conversation but also through television, radio and newspapers. This statement is supported by many scholars in the state of stress is an inevitable reality in most work environments. Stress is considered as a part of the routine that we had to encounter in life and some say that stress is the spice of life at the present time.
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The study concluded that most of the 31 (62%) geriatric clients have mild stress; 19 (38%) clients have moderate stress and none of them have severe stress. The analysis revealed that 18 (36%) geriatric clients have moderately adequate level of coping; 32 (64%) have adequate level of coping and none of them have inadequate level of coping. Further the results revealed that there was no significant correlation (r = 0.142) between the level of stress and coping strategies. With regard to level of stress and coping to association there was no significant association found with majority of demographic variables. So the investigator helped them to cope up with any stressful situations through an educational approach.
Personal factors and Organisational factors; Personal factors include ability, perception, level of self-confidence, desire to work and beliefs.Differences in such individual characteristics as personality and coping style are most important in predicting whether certain job conditions will result in stress-in other words, what is stressful for one person may not be a problem for someone else. Organisational factors include nature of job, employer-employee relationship, targets, time management and work conditions. Other factors to consider in workplace stress include the design of tasks, autocratic management style, work roles, job insecurity or such difficult environmental conditions as noisy or dangerous working conditions
female geriatric patients had a very high level of perceived stress when compared to male (14.7%). This difference was statistically significant. 67.5 % of married geriatric patients had a moderate level of perceived stress and 43.3% of geriatric patients, those belonged to Unmarried / widow category had a very high level of perceived stress. As per chi-square, level of perceived stress of the geriatric patients and their marital status was statistically significant. With regards to education, 36.2% of non literate geriatric patients had a very high level of perceived stress. As per Gamma value, this result was statistically significant. There were no significant relation between levels of perceived stress and their residence, occupation number of children and family type.
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The Present study aimed to investigate level of stress and factors associated with stress. This study showed that large proportion of participants were in stress 138(55.2%) were with moderate stress 104(44.6%) were with high stress and 8(3.2%) were with low stress. Gender, different age groups and BMI were not significant predictors. Level of education, profession and place residence were the significant predictors. In terms of gender, in the present study results showed no significant differences in stress levels; thus, men and women did not differ in reported stress levels, a finding which is in line with some research in the area.  In addition, both genders do not differ in terms of the specific stressors they report, suggesting no gender specificity in the appraisal of stressors in the working environment.  Recent studies in Sweden and in Pakistan showed similar results in terms of overall gender differences. [15,16] However, a study conducted in Egypt on 288 undergraduate medical students reported no gender differences for stress. 
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Psychology is derived from Latin word ‘psyche’ and ‘loges’ which means ‘soul study’. Today psychology is considered as the science of behaviour. Psychology defined as “psychology is the science of human behaviour and relationship” (Crow & Crow). Sports psychology is the branch of applied psychology which sports performance and behaviour of a player during training and competitions. Sports psychology defined as “Sports psychology is the study of the application of psychological principles to sports and physical activities at all levels of skill improvement”. (Browne & Mankoney). Stress is the integral part of our lives. “It is a natural by-product of all our activities”. Life is a dynamic process, forever changing thus stressful. Our body responds to acute stress by deliberation of chemicals. This is known as the fight-or-flight response of the body which is medicated by adrenaline and other stress hormones is comprised of such physiological change as increased heart rate and blood pressure, faster breathing, muscles tension, dry mouth and increased blood sugar. The definition of stress is “Stress is the body’s reaction to a change that requires a physical mental or emotional adjustment or response” by (Wills, T.A. 1981). Vulnerability is considered a characteristics of all people, ecosystems, and regions confronting environmental or socioeconomic stress and although the level of Vulnerability varies widely. It is generally higher among poorer people (Kasperson, R.E. & Dow, K. 2001). Vulnerability has also been defined as “a human condition or process resulting from physical , social, economical, and environmental factor, which determine the likelihood and scale of damage from the impact of a given hazard”(Clark, W.C. 2000).
Human resource is the most important asset in an organization. Nonetheless, the existence of stress in the workplace will reduce employees’ contributions to the organization. This is because, employees under stress usually have poor performance, more likely to be absent from the workplace, more prone to having accident in the workplace and have higher level of work dissatisfaction. In addition, lack of employees commitment towards the organization may also affect the organization’s performance. Nevertheless, not much study has been conducted to examine the relationship between employee’s commitment towards their organization and occupational stress. The aim of this study is to investigate the relationship between organizational commitment and occupational stress among the academic staff of Universiti Teknologi Malaysia (UTM), Skudai, Johor. In addition to that, the objectives of this study include identifying the stress factor that most influence commitment, the difference of stress level based on demography, the difference of commitment level based on demography as well as identifying the coping strategies adopted by the respondents. Correlation method, Stepwise regression analysis and Kruskal Wallis test were utilized in analyzing the data. The results show that majority of the UTM academic staff experience low level of stress and are moderately committed to the organization. Furthermore, this study also confirms that there exist negative significant relationship between stress and commitment. The results also show that the stress factors that most influence commitment are role ambiguity and role conflict. However, the influence of these stress factors on the
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The conceptual framework of the study was based upon the Helping Art in Clinical Nursing Theory by Ernestine Wiedenbach in 1964. The present study was conducted at Avarampalayam, an urban area in Coimbatore. A quasi experimental one group pre test post test design was adopted and purposive sampling technique was used to select the postmenopausal women. Total number of postmenopausal women selected for the study was 30. A pre test was administered using the modified perceived stress scale to assess the level of stress among postmenopausal women. The Benson’s relaxation therapy was imparted to the postmenopausal women for 20 minutes once daily for 10 days. The post test was carried out using the same scale. The data obtained were analysed using descriptive and inferential statistics. The results revealed that there was a significant reduction in the level of stress. Hence, it was concluded that Benson’s relaxation therapy was effective in reducing the level of stress among the postmenopausal women.
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Fig. 4 shows the relationship between valence levels and DASS level scores (stress, depression and anxiety) for 12 data sets (session S1CS, S1ICS, S2CS, S2ICS, S3CS and S3ICS). Pearson product-moment are used to calculate the r value. The r and p values are determined between valence level and DASS scores (stress, depression and anxiety). No significant correlation is found between DASS scores and valence levels (stress: r = -0.1244; p>0.05, depression: r = -0.1010; p>0.05, and anxiety: r = 0.0072; p>0.05). A higher valence level shows more positive and pleasant emotions (e.g., joy, excitement, pleasure, or fulfillment) whereas negative and unpleasant feelings (stress, anxiety, or depression) express when DASS score is higher. This indicates that, there is no correlation exhibits the STW emotion session result which did not affected by participant’s feeling/emotion before the test. Therefore, STW is practically suitable for emotional state under control environment.
Engineering students were suffering the highest level of stress while sport and recreational management flair the best in almost all aspects examined in the present study, although some of the latter are experiencing high level of perceived stress. The present study proposed that higher level physical activities centered in the curriculum of sport and recreational management course may be a factor of this finding but further in depth investigation on design students may be needed to clarify result. Findings from design students were inconclusive and the present study proposed for further study to be conducted in exploring academic stress facing students who are studying design courses. Further studies in developing a theoretical framework and exploration of essential generic stressors included academic stress are necessary. Effective intervention could also be developed to help students manage stress and perform better academically and socially.
The calculated F-ratio (2.768) which is greater than the table value at 0.05 level of significance, it is concluded that there exist a significant difference in stress and anxiety based on family Configuration. Hence the null hypothesis is rejected. The table has been analyzed further among the groups using ‘t’ test.
of workload, uncertainty concerning treatment, patient and family and the level of discrimination) were the same in both Hospitals. However, workload was found to be higher at Ridge Hospital. These findings agree with United Kingdom Department of Health documents and also literature about the views of practitioners was consulted. These findings revealed that workload, leadership/management styles, professional conflict and emotional cost of caring have been the main sources of distress for Nurses for many years, but there is a disagreement as to the magnitude of their impact. The findings reflect the true picture because Ridge Hospital has a higher patient load as compared to Pantang Hospital. Apart from that the incidence of mental illness is lower in the general population which partly accounts for low work load in the Mental Hospital. The second objective which was to compare Mental Health Nurses and General Nurses on levels of job satisfaction also found out that the Nurses at both Hospitals have equal levels of job satisfaction which means their satisfaction levels are the same. However a research by Landeweerd and Boumans (1988) revealed that Nurses were more satisfied working in Psychiatric Hospital and that they were more satisfied than when referred to General Hospitals. He attributed this to factors such as lack of support, poor communication with doctors, small space and violent incidence leading to job satisfaction. He also found out that all Psychiatric Nurses in all units were satisfied with their work and those in admission unit were most satisfied and this they attributed to the relative quick results from their effort and their work required interacting with other Nurses. The third objective was to determine the relationship between stress and job satisfaction in both Hospitals. This research revealed that there is a weak negative correlation between stress and job satisfaction among the Nurses in Pantang and Ridge Hospitals. This means as stress increases job satisfaction decreases and this finding is consistent with the work of Cushway et al. (1996) that there is a negative relationship between these two variables. Nolan et al. (1995) also found out that there was no relationship between job stress and job satisfaction. This finding is, however, questionable since the sample size was small and was drawn from only one Hospital.
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Employees in many countries increasingly complain about high and rising levels of stress at work. As stress levels have increased, employers have faced rising medical bills, more accident insurance claims, increased absenteeism, and declining morale. The objectives of this study is: to identify the factors that will cause job stress in the private banks, to analyze the level of stress that exists among the employees in banks and to find out the ways and means to overcome such job stress of the employees in private banks. The research questions are: what are the factors that impact the job stress in the private banks? What extent they impact on job stress in the private banks? And what are the ways and means to overcoming stress that exists among the employees? This study tests occupational stress by administering questionnaires to 100 employees selected as random sampling. As a result, the findings suggest that the managers to decrease the work demand and increase the decision latitude to keep the stress in a balance level to get higher productivity.
The data were analyzed using SPSS (Statistical Package for Social Sciences) version 23. Frequency and percent- age were given for each statement of Perceived Stress Scale (PSS) and sources of stress. Perceived severity was given in median with interquartile range. Mean ± SD was given for quantitative variables, i.e., PSS. The Shapiro– Wilk test was used to check the normality of data. Data was normally distributed, so independent sample t-test and one-way ANOVA test were used to observe the mean difference in PSS between demographic variables and groups of stressors. Univariate and multivariate logistic regression were applied to evaluate causal factors of stressed cases considering perceived stress (stressed cases) as the dependent variable, groups of stressors (i.e. academic, psychosocial and health-related) and demographic variables as the independent variables. Univariate and adjusted odds ratios (OR) with 95% confidence intervals (95% CI) were computed. The level of p-value < 0.05 was taken as significant.
Schwarze and Markjason (2011), conducted a study to examine the effect of mindfulness based cognitive therapy in individual session in reducing self reported stress and increasing self reported mindfulness level of nursing student in North America South Eastern University. Perceived Stress Scale and Mindful Attention Awareness Scale were used to collect baseline data and completed six weeks of a modified mindfulness based cognitive therapy intervention with five nursing students. The results indicated that modified mindfulness based cognitive therapy intervention reduced stress among nursing students. The study concludes that attention should be devoted to develop comprehensive guidelines for effective partnership between college counseling centers and professional relaxation training program.
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A research was conducted to study alcoholic patients experiencing psychological symptoms during their alcohol abuse treatment. Findings showed that there was a significant level of improvement score (p<0.01) and high satisfaction score (p<0.05). The outcome of the studies showed that alcohol-dependent patients have psychological distress problems (Simpson, 2013). A quantitative study method shown the findings of depression level, 36% of samples were experiencing severe depression, 36% anxiety level and 38% severe stress (Faulkner, 2001). A study examined the effect of walking exercise on depression, in people >65 years, with moderate to severe depression and showed a positive impact of walking in people with severe and moderate depression. 10 A very large number of people, their families and communities suffer the consequences of the harmful use of alcohol through injuries, violence, mental health problems and diseases such as stroke and cancer”. Now, “It’s time to steer up action to prevent this serious threat to the development of healthy societies (http:// www.livemint.com).” The present study was an attempt to identify the effects of Calisthenics on psychological wellbeing among alcohol dependents. So the researcher has stated the problem of the study as the effectiveness of Calisthenics on Psychological parameters among Alcohol Dependents. The study finding has revealed that the levels of Psychological parameters among Alcohol dependents showed significant changes before and after Calisthenics.